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#32126223   2020/02/29 To Up

Novel fatty acid-binding protein 3 ligand inhibits dopaminergic neuronal death and improves motor and cognitive impairments in Parkinson's disease model mice.

The main symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD) is motor dysfunction and remarkably approximately 30-40% of PD patients exhibit cognitive impairments. Recently, we have developed MF8, a heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (FABP3)-specific ligand, which can inhibit α-synuclein (α-syn) oligomerization induced by arachidonic acid in FABP3 overexpressing neuro2A cells. The present study aimed to determine whether MF8 attenuates dopaminergic neuronal death and motor and cognitive impairments in 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-induced PD mice model. MF8 can penetrate the blood-brain barrier and its peak brain concentration (21.5 ± 2.1 nM) was achieved 6 h after the oral administration (1.0 mg/kg). We also compared its effects and pharmacological action with those of L-DOPA (3,4-dihydroxy-l-phenylalanine). PD model mice were developed by administering MPTP (25 mg/kg, i.p.) once a day for five consecutive days. Twenty-four hours after the final MPTP injection, mice were administered MF8 (0.3, 1.0 mg/kg, p.o.) or L-DOPA (25 mg/kg, i.p.) once a day for 28 consecutive days and subjected to behavioral and histochemical studies. MF8 (1.0 mg/kg, p.o.), but not L-DOPA, inhibited the dopaminergic neuronal death in the ventral tegmental area and the substantia nigra pars compacta region of the MPTP-treated mice. MF8 also improved both, motor and cognitive functions, while L-DOPA ameliorated only motor dysfunction. Taken together, our results showed that MF8 attenuated the MPTP-induced dopaminergic neuronal death associated with PD pathology. We present MF8 as a novel disease-modifying therapeutic molecule for PD, which acts via a mechanism different from that of L-DOPA.
Hidaka Haga, Ryo Yamada, Hisanao Izumi, Yasuharu Shinoda, Ichiro Kawahata, Hiroyuki Miyachi, Kohji Fukunaga

1266 related Products with: Novel fatty acid-binding protein 3 ligand inhibits dopaminergic neuronal death and improves motor and cognitive impairments in Parkinson's disease model mice.

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#12788905   // To Up

Endocrine and metabolic responses to long-term monotherapy with the antiepileptic drug valproate in the normally cycling rhesus monkey.

An association between epilepsy and reproductive disturbances with an apparent increase in a polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) has been reported. Whether this association can be attributed to epilepsy itself or is related to antiepileptic drug therapy, in particular valproate (VPA), remains controversial. We studied effects of a long-term VPA treatment on cycling monkeys, postulating that, if VPA monotherapy were to promote abnormal endocrine and metabolic parameters that are characteristic of PCOS, changes in cyclicity would be readily demonstrated. After a 2-month control, a 12- to 15-month VPA monotherapy was initiated in 7 regularly cycling rhesus monkeys. Overall mean levels of VPA were 88.7 +/- 4.0 (SE) microg/ml. Mean body weight increased progressively during VPA treatment from 8.5 +/- 0.5 kg before treatment to 9.6 +/- 0.7 kg in the last week of treatment (P < 0.05). Monkeys continued to have regular ovulatory menstrual cycles throughout VPA monotherapy. Length of the cycles was 28 +/- 0.58 d in control and 28.4 +/- 1.18 d in the last 3 months of VPA treatment. Follicular and luteal lengths and peak preovulatory estradiol and integrated luteal progesterone levels did not differ between control and treatment. Ovaries from VPA-treated monkeys showed histological evidence of ovulation, and none had characteristic features of PCOS. Endocrine PCOS markers, such as increased early follicular LH/FSH ratio and androgen levels were not different in control and VPA treatment cycles. LH and 17-hydroxyprogesterone responses to GnRH agonist challenges and the insulin response to glucose tolerance tests were similar in control and VPA groups. Lipid profiles were not affected by VPA treatment. The data indicate that a 12- to 15-month therapeutic exposure to VPA does not induce cyclic hormonal or morphological ovarian abnormalities or characteristics of the PCOS when administered to nonepileptic normally cycling nonhuman primates.
Michel Ferin, Martha Morrell, Ennian Xiao, Lisa Kochan, Fang Qian, Thomas Wright, Mark Sauer

1151 related Products with: Endocrine and metabolic responses to long-term monotherapy with the antiepileptic drug valproate in the normally cycling rhesus monkey.

500 gm.150

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