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Search results for: CIB1 (m)

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#32907751   2020/09/06 To Up

Sphingosine 1-phosphate receptors are dysregulated in endometriosis: possible implication in transforming growth factor β-induced fibrosis.

To study the molecular mechanisms involved in the appearance of the fibrotic trait in endometriosis by investigating whether the signaling pathway of the bioactive sphingolipid sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) was altered in endometriotic lesions.
Caterina Bernacchioni, Tommaso Capezzuoli, Valentina Vannuzzi, Francesca Malentacchi, Francesca Castiglione, Francesca Cencetti, Marcello Ceccaroni, Chiara Donati, Paola Bruni, Felice Petraglia

1729 related Products with: Sphingosine 1-phosphate receptors are dysregulated in endometriosis: possible implication in transforming growth factor β-induced fibrosis.

4 Membranes/Box10ug100.00 ug20ugProtein100.00 ug10ug0.1ml (1mg/ml)2 Pieces/Box100.00 ug100 μg100.00 ug

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#31728272   2019/09/04 To Up

Targeted Delivery of siRNA Lipoplexes to Cancer Cells Using Macrophage Transient Horizontal Gene Transfer.

Delivery of nucleic acids into solid tumor environments remains a pressing challenge. This study examines the ability of macrophages to horizontally transfer small interfering RNA (siRNA) lipoplexes to cancer cells. Macrophages are a natural candidate for a drug carrier because of their ability to accumulate at high densities into many cancer types, including, breast, prostate, brain, and colon cancer. Here, it is demonstrated that macrophages can horizontally transfer siRNA to cancer cells during in vitro coculture. The amount of transfer can be dosed depending on the amount of siRNA loaded and total number of macrophages delivered. Macrophages loaded with calcium integrin binding protein-1 (CIB1)-siRNA result in decreased tumorsphere growth and decreased mRNA expression of CIB1 and KI67 in MDA-MB-468 human breast cancer cells. Adoptive transfer of macrophages transfected with CIB1-siRNA localizes to the orthotopic MDA-MB-468 tumor. Furthermore, it is reported that macrophage activation can modulate this transfer process as well as intracellular trafficking protein . As macrophages are heavily involved in tumor progression, understanding how to use macrophages for drug delivery can substantially benefit the treatment of tumors.
Elizabeth C Wayne, Christian Long, Matthew J Haney, Elena V Batrakova, Tina M Leisner, Leslie V Parise, Alexander V Kabanov

1038 related Products with: Targeted Delivery of siRNA Lipoplexes to Cancer Cells Using Macrophage Transient Horizontal Gene Transfer.

1.00 flask10 ug100 extractions96T1 mg1 module1 kit(96 Wells)200 ug

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#29786079   2018/05/21 To Up

Dissection of DNA double-strand-break repair using novel single-molecule forceps.

Repairing DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) by nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ) requires multiple proteins to recognize and bind DNA ends, process them for compatibility, and ligate them together. We constructed novel DNA substrates for single-molecule nanomanipulation, allowing us to mechanically detect, probe, and rupture in real-time DSB synapsis by specific human NHEJ components. DNA-PKcs and Ku allow DNA end synapsis on the 100 ms timescale, and the addition of PAXX extends this lifetime to ~2 s. Further addition of XRCC4, XLF and ligase IV results in minute-scale synapsis and leads to robust repair of both strands of the nanomanipulated DNA. The energetic contribution of the different components to synaptic stability is typically on the scale of a few kilocalories per mole. Our results define assembly rules for NHEJ machinery and unveil the importance of weak interactions, rapidly ruptured even at sub-picoNewton forces, in regulating this multicomponent chemomechanical system for genome integrity.
Jing L Wang, Camille Duboc, Qian Wu, Takashi Ochi, Shikang Liang, Susan E Tsutakawa, Susan P Lees-Miller, Marc Nadal, John A Tainer, Tom L Blundell, Terence R Strick

1926 related Products with: Dissection of DNA double-strand-break repair using novel single-molecule forceps.

200 units10 200 units2100ug Lyophilized25 mg 100ul 5 G100100 200 ug100mg

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#29167336   2018/01/30 To Up

Insight into the Roles of E3 Ubiquitin Ligase c-Cbl, ESCRT Machinery, and Host Cell Signaling in Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus Entry and Trafficking.

Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) infection of dermal endothelial cells begins with its binding to host cell surface receptor molecules such as heparan sulfate (HS), integrins (α3β1, αVβ3, and αVβ5), xCT, and EphA2 receptor tyrosine kinase (EphA2R). These initial events initiate dynamic host protein-protein interactions involving a multimolecular complex of receptors, signal molecules (focal adhesion kinase [FAK], Src, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase [PI3-K], and RhoA-GTPase), adaptors (c-Cbl, CIB1, Crk, p130Cas, and GEF-C3G), actin, and myosin II light chain that lead to virus entry via macropinocytosis. Here we discuss how KSHV hijacks c-Cbl, an E3 ubiquitin ligase, to monoubiquitinate the receptors and actin, which acts like a marker for trafficking (similar to zip codes), resulting in the recruitment of the members of the host endosomal sorting complexes required for transport (ESCRT) Hrs, Tsg101, EAP45, and the CHMP5 and -6 proteins (zip code readers) recognizing the ubiquitinated protein and adaptor machinery to traffic through the different endosomal compartments in the cytoplasm to initiate the macropinocytic process and infection.
Binod Kumar, Arunava Roy, Mohanan Valiya Veettil, Bala Chandran

1623 related Products with: Insight into the Roles of E3 Ubiquitin Ligase c-Cbl, ESCRT Machinery, and Host Cell Signaling in Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus Entry and Trafficking.

50 ug 50 ug 2 Pieces/Box50 ug 0.1ml (1mg/ml)10 ug8 inhibitors1x10e7 cells96 samples

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#27854239   2016/11/14 To Up

KSHV Entry and Trafficking in Target Cells-Hijacking of Cell Signal Pathways, Actin and Membrane Dynamics.

Kaposi's sarcoma associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is etiologically associated with human endothelial cell hyperplastic Kaposi's sarcoma and B-cell primary effusion lymphoma. KSHV infection of adherent endothelial and fibroblast cells are used as in vitro models for infection and KSHV enters these cells by host membrane bleb and actin mediated macropinocytosis or clathrin endocytosis pathways, respectively. Infection in endothelial and fibroblast cells is initiated by the interactions between multiple viral envelope glycoproteins and cell surface associated heparan sulfate (HS), integrins (α3β1, αVβ3 and αVβ5), and EphA2 receptor tyrosine kinase (EphA2R). This review summarizes the accumulated studies demonstrating that KSHV manipulates the host signal pathways to enter and traffic in the cytoplasm of the target cells, to deliver the viral genome into the nucleus, and initiate viral gene expression. KSHV interactions with the cell surface receptors is the key platform for the manipulations of host signal pathways which results in the simultaneous induction of FAK, Src, PI3-K, Rho-GTPase, ROS, Dia-2, PKC ζ, c-Cbl, CIB1, Crk, p130Cas and GEF-C3G signal and adaptor molecules that play critical roles in the modulation of membrane and actin dynamics, and in the various steps of the early stages of infection such as entry and trafficking towards the nucleus. The Endosomal Sorting Complexes Required for Transport (ESCRT) proteins are also recruited to assist in viral entry and trafficking. In addition, KSHV interactions with the cell surface receptors also induces the host transcription factors NF-κB, ERK1/2, and Nrf2 early during infection to initiate and modulate viral and host gene expression. Nuclear delivery of the viral dsDNA genome is immediately followed by the host innate responses such as the DNA damage response (DDR), inflammasome and interferon responses. Overall, these studies form the initial framework for further studies of simultaneous targeting of KSHV glycoproteins, host receptor, signal molecules and trafficking machinery that would lead into novel therapeutic methods to prevent KSHV infection of target cells and consequently the associated malignancies.
Binod Kumar, Bala Chandran

1967 related Products with: KSHV Entry and Trafficking in Target Cells-Hijacking of Cell Signal Pathways, Actin and Membrane Dynamics.

1x10e7 cells96 tests100 µg1.00 flask1x10e7 cells96 tests1.5 x 10^6 cells96 wells

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#27764233   2016/10/20 To Up

ESCRT-I Protein Tsg101 Plays a Role in the Post-macropinocytic Trafficking and Infection of Endothelial Cells by Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus.

Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) binding to the endothelial cell surface heparan sulfate is followed by sequential interactions with α3β1, αVβ3 and αVβ5 integrins and Ephrin A2 receptor tyrosine kinase (EphA2R). These interactions activate host cell pre-existing FAK, Src, PI3-K and RhoGTPase signaling cascades, c-Cbl mediated ubiquitination of receptors, recruitment of CIB1, p130Cas and Crk adaptor molecules, and membrane bleb formation leading to lipid raft dependent macropinocytosis of KSHV into human microvascular dermal endothelial (HMVEC-d) cells. The Endosomal Sorting Complexes Required for Transport (ESCRT) proteins, ESCRT-0, -I, -II, and-III, play a central role in clathrin-mediated internalized ubiquitinated receptor endosomal trafficking and sorting. ESCRT proteins have also been shown to play roles in viral egress. We have recently shown that ESCRT-0 component Hrs protein associates with the plasma membrane during macropinocytosis and mediates KSHV entry via ROCK1 mediated phosphorylation of NHE1 and local membrane pH change. Here, we demonstrate that the ESCRT-I complex Tsg101 protein also participates in the macropinocytosis of KSHV and plays a role in KSHV trafficking. Knockdown of Tsg101 did not affect virus entry in HMVEC-d and human umbilical vein endothelial (HUVEC) cells but significantly inhibited the KSHV genome entry into the nucleus and consequently viral gene expression in these cells. Double and triple immunofluorescence, proximity ligation immunofluorescence and co-immuoprecipitation studies revealed the association of Tsg101 with the KSHV containing macropinosomes, and increased levels of Tsg101 association/interactions with EphA2R, c-Cbl, p130Cas and Crk signal molecules, as well as with upstream and downstream ESCRT components such as Hrs (ESCRT-0), EAP45 (ESCRT-II), CHMP6 (ESCRT-III) and CHMP5 (ESCRT-III) in the KSHV infected cells. Tsg101 was also associated with early (Rab5) and late endosomal (Rab7) stages of KSHV intracellular trafficking, and CHMP5 (ESCRT-III) was also associated with Rab 5 and Rab 7. Knockdown of Tsg101 significantly inhibited the transition of virus from early to late endosomes. Collectively, our studies reveal that Tsg101 plays a role in the trafficking of macropinocytosed KSHV in the endothelial cells which is essential for the successful viral genome delivery into the nucleus, viral gene expression and infection. Thus, ESCRT molecules could serve as therapeutic targets to combat KSHV infection.
Binod Kumar, Dipanjan Dutta, Jawed Iqbal, Mairaj Ahmed Ansari, Arunava Roy, Leela Chikoti, Gina Pisano, Mohanan Valiya Veettil, Bala Chandran

1653 related Products with: ESCRT-I Protein Tsg101 Plays a Role in the Post-macropinocytic Trafficking and Infection of Endothelial Cells by Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus.

100 UG1 Set1 Set1 Set1.00 flask100 μg1 Set1 Set1 Set1 Set1 Set1 Set

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#27118676   2016/04/26 To Up

CIB1: a small protein with big ambitions.

Calcium- and integrin-binding protein 1 (CIB1) is a small, ubiquitously expressed protein that was first identified as an intracellular binding partner of a platelet-specific α-integrin cytoplasmic tail. Although early studies revealed a role for CIB1 in regulating platelet integrin activity, recent studies have indicated a more diverse role for CIB1 in many different cell types and processes, including calcium signaling, migration, adhesion, proliferation, and survival. Increasing evidence also points to a novel role for CIB1 in cancer and cardiovascular disease. In addition, an array of CIB1 binding partners has been identified that provide important insight into how CIB1 may regulate these processes. Some of these binding partners include the serine/threonine kinases, p21-activated kinase 1 (PAK1), apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1), and polo-like kinase 3 (PLK3). Structural and mutational studies indicate that CIB1 binds most or all of its partners via a well-defined hydrophobic cleft. Although CIB1 itself lacks known enzymatic activity, it supports the PI3K/AKT and MEK/ERK oncogenic signaling pathways, in part, by directly modulating enzymes in these pathways. In this review, we discuss our current understanding of CIB1 and key questions regarding structure and function and how this seemingly diminutive protein impacts important signaling pathways and cellular processes in human health and disease.-Leisner, T. M., Freeman, T. C., Black, J. L., Parise, L. V. CIB1: a small protein with big ambitions.
Tina M Leisner, Thomas C Freeman, Justin L Black, Leslie V Parise

1467 related Products with: CIB1: a small protein with big ambitions.

1 Set1 Set1 Set0.1ml (1mg/ml)100 1 kit100ul10ml100ug Lyophilized1 mg2100ug Lyophilized

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#26340541   2015/09/04 To Up

Human Herpesvirus-6 U14 Induces Cell-Cycle Arrest in G2/M Phase by Associating with a Cellular Protein, EDD.

The human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6) infection induces cell-cycle arrest. In this study, we found that the HHV-6-encoded U14 protein induced cell-cycle arrest at G2/M phase via an association with the cellular protein EDD, a mediator of DNA-damage signal transduction. In the early phase of HHV-6 infection, U14 colocalized with EDD dots in the nucleus, and similar colocalization was also observed in cells transfected with a U14 expression vector. When the carboxyl-terminal region of U14 was deleted, no association of U14 and EDD was observed, and the percentage of cells in G2/M decreased relative to that in cells expressing wild-type U14, indicating that the C-terminal region of U14 and the U14-EDD association are critical for the cell-cycle arrest induced by U14. These results indicate that U14 is a G2/M checkpoint regulator encoded by HHV-6.
Junko Mori, Akiko Kawabata, Huamin Tang, Kenjiro Tadagaki, Hiroyuki Mizuguchi, Kazumichi Kuroda, Yasuko Mori

1846 related Products with: Human Herpesvirus-6 U14 Induces Cell-Cycle Arrest in G2/M Phase by Associating with a Cellular Protein, EDD.

100ug Lyophilized100ug Lyophilized100ug Lyophilized100ug Lyophilized100ug Lyophilized 100ul100ug Lyophilized5ug100 μg100 μg5ug 100ul

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#25253349   2014/09/24 To Up

p130Cas scaffolds the signalosome to direct adaptor-effector cross talk during Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus trafficking in human microvascular dermal endothelial cells.

Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) interacts with cell surface receptors, such as heparan sulfate, integrins (α3β1, αVβ3, and αVβ5), and EphrinA2 (EphA2), and activates focal adhesion kinase (FAK), Src, phosphoinositol 3-kinase (PI3-K), c-Cbl, and RhoA GTPase signal molecules early during lipid raft (LR)-dependent productive macropinocytic entry into human dermal microvascular endothelial cells. Our recent studies have identified CIB1 as a signal amplifier facilitating EphA2 phosphorylation and subsequent cytoskeletal cross talk during KSHV macropinocytosis. Although CIB1 lacks an enzymatic activity and traditional adaptor domain or known interacting sequence, it associated with the KSHV entry signal complex and the CIB1-KSHV association was sustained over 30 min postinfection. To identify factors scaffolding the EphA2-CIB1 signal axis, the role of major cellular scaffold protein p130Cas (Crk-associated substrate of Src) was investigated. Inhibitor and small interfering RNA (siRNA) studies demonstrated that KSHV induced p130Cas in an EphA2-, CIB1-, and Src-dependent manner. p130Cas and Crk were associated with KSHV, LRs, EphA2, and CIB1 early during infection. Live-cell microscopy and biochemical studies demonstrated that p130Cas knockdown did not affect KSHV entry but significantly reduced productive nuclear trafficking of viral DNA and routed KSHV to lysosomal degradation. p130Cas aided in scaffolding adaptor Crk to downstream guanine nucleotide exchange factor phospho-C3G possibly to coordinate GTPase signaling during KSHV trafficking. Collectively, these studies demonstrate that p130Cas acts as a bridging molecule between the KSHV-induced entry signal complex and the downstream trafficking signalosome in endothelial cells and suggest that simultaneous targeting of KSHV entry receptors with p130Cas would be an attractive potential avenue for therapeutic intervention in KSHV infection.
Chirosree Bandyopadhyay, Mohanan Valiya Veettil, Sujoy Dutta, Bala Chandran

2571 related Products with: p130Cas scaffolds the signalosome to direct adaptor-effector cross talk during Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus trafficking in human microvascular dermal endothelial cells.

1.00 flask1.00 flask1.00 flask1.00 flask1.00 flask1.00 flask1.00 flask1.00 flask1.00 flask1.00 flask1.00 flask

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#24550731   2014/02/13 To Up

CIB1 synergizes with EphrinA2 to regulate Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus macropinocytic entry in human microvascular dermal endothelial cells.

KSHV envelope glycoproteins interact with cell surface heparan sulfate and integrins, and activate FAK, Src, PI3-K, c-Cbl, and Rho-GTPase signal molecules in human microvascular dermal endothelial (HMVEC-d) cells. c-Cbl mediates the translocation of virus bound α3β1 and αVβ3 integrins into lipid rafts (LRs), where KSHV interacts and activates EphrinA2 (EphA2). EphA2 associates with c-Cbl-myosin IIA and augmented KSHV-induced Src and PI3-K signals in LRs, leading to bleb formation and macropinocytosis of KSHV. To identify the factor(s) coordinating the EphA2-signal complex, the role of CIB1 (calcium and integrin binding protein-1) associated with integrin signaling was analyzed. CIB1 knockdown did not affect KSHV binding to HMVEC-d cells but significantly reduced its entry and gene expression. In contrast, CIB1 overexpression increased KSHV entry in 293 cells. Single virus particle infection and trafficking during HMVEC-d cell entry was examined by utilizing DiI (envelope) and BrdU (viral DNA) labeled virus. CIB1 was associated with KSHV in membrane blebs and in Rab5 positive macropinocytic vesicles. CIB1 knockdown abrogated virus induced blebs, macropinocytosis and virus association with the Rab5 macropinosome. Infection increased the association of CIB1 with LRs, and CIB1 was associated with EphA2 and KSHV entry associated signal molecules such as Src, PI3-K, and c-Cbl. CIB1 knockdown significantly reduced the infection induced EphA2, Src and Erk1/2 activation. Mass spectrometry revealed the simultaneous association of CIB1 and EphA2 with the actin cytoskeleton modulating myosin IIA and alpha-actinin 4 molecules, and CIB1 knockdown reduced EphA2's association with myosin IIA and alpha-actinin 4. Collectively, these studies revealed for the first time that CIB1 plays a role in virus entry and macropinocytosis, and suggested that KSHV utilizes CIB1 as one of the key molecule(s) to coordinate and sustain the EphA2 mediated signaling involved in its entry, and CIB1 is an attractive therapeutic target to block KSHV infection.
Chirosree Bandyopadhyay, Mohanan Valiya-Veettil, Dipanjan Dutta, Sayan Chakraborty, Bala Chandran

2936 related Products with: CIB1 synergizes with EphrinA2 to regulate Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus macropinocytic entry in human microvascular dermal endothelial cells.

1.00 flask1.00 flask1.00 flask1.00 flask1.00 flask1.00 flask1.00 flask1.00 flask1.00 flask1.00 flask1.00 flask1.00 flask

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