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Search results for: Caspase 9 Inhibitor Z LEHD FMK

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#30885713   2019/03/15 To Up

Camptothecin induces mitotic arrest through Mad2-Cdc20 complex by activating the JNK-mediated Sp1 pathway.

Camptothecin (CPT) is a popular therapeutic agent that targets topoisomerase I. Our findings demonstrated that CPT-induced microtubule polymerization results in markedly increased histone H3 phosphorylation. CPT also enhanced interactions between the mitotic checkpoint proteins, Mad2 and Cdc20, and thereby increased mitotic arrest. Transient knockdown of Mad2 completely restored cell cycle progression from CPT-induced mitotic arrest, while simultaneously reduced cyclin B1 and Cdk1 expression. Moreover, we found that c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) acts upstream of Sp1, which upregulates p21-mediated mitotic arrest in response to CPT; furthermore, knockdown of p21 restored cell cycle progression, while inhibition of Cdks completely restored cell cycle progression from CPT-induced mitotic arrest. We hypothesized that, during mitotic arrest in response to CPT, cell survival signaling blocks apoptosis, thereby enhancing mitotic arrest. As expected, a caspase-9 inhibitor, z-LEHD-FMK, and an autophagy inhibitor, 3-methyladenine (3 MA), significantly diminished CPT-induced mitotic arrest. On the other hand, when Mad2 was depleted, z-LEHD-FMK and 3 MA markedly increased apoptosis, and restored cell cycle progression. Taken together, these results suggest that CPT decodes the action of topoisomerase I-mediated tubulin targeting drugs, leading to mitotic arrest by upregulating Mad2 through the JNK-mediated Sp1 pathway and autophagy formation from tubulin polymerization.
Matharage Gayani Dilshara, Rajapaksha Gedara Prasad Tharanga Jayasooriya, Wisurumuni Arachchilage Hasitha Maduranga Karunarathne, Yung Hyun Choi, Gi-Young Kim

1749 related Products with: Camptothecin induces mitotic arrest through Mad2-Cdc20 complex by activating the JNK-mediated Sp1 pathway.

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#29717031   2018/05/31 To Up

Piperine functions as a tumor suppressor for human ovarian tumor growth via activation of JNK/p38 MAPK-mediated intrinsic apoptotic pathway.

Piperine, a kind of natural alkaloid found in the fruit of black ( Linn) and long ( Linn), has shown antitumor activities toward various cancer cell lines. However, the antitumor effects of Piperine on ovarian cancer and the underlying mechanism are not fully elucidated. Our result showed that Piperine reduced the cell viability of A2780 cells in a concentration and time-dependent manner, but has not any effect on normal ovarian cells. Flow cytometric analysis revealed that Piperine suppressed cells proliferation via induction of apoptosis, which was followed by release of mitochondrial cytochrome to cytosol, activation of caspase-3 and -9, as well as cleaved PARP. Moreover, Western blot results confirmed that Piperine (8, 16, and 20 μM) decreased phosphorylation of JNK and p38 MAPK in A2780 cells. In addition, caspase-3 inhibitor (Z-DEVD-FMK), caspase-9 inhibitor (Z-LEDH-FMK), JNK-inhibitor (SP600125), or p38 MAPK inhibitor (SB203580) could abate the apoptosis induced by Piperine (20 μM) treatment, while caspase-8 inhibitor (Z-IETD- FMK) exhibited no inhibitory effect on the induction of apoptosis in A2780 cells. These results provide the first evidence for the anticancer potential of Piperine in ovarian cancer cells, partially via JNK/p38 MAPK-mediated intrinsic apoptotic pathway.
Lihui Si, Ruiqi Yang, Ruixin Lin, Shuli Yang

2253 related Products with: Piperine functions as a tumor suppressor for human ovarian tumor growth via activation of JNK/p38 MAPK-mediated intrinsic apoptotic pathway.

100 μg10ug1 mg1 kit(96 Wells)

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#29579407   2018/11/07 To Up

Modulatory effect of curcumin on ketamine-induced toxicity in rat thymocytes: Involvement of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) pathway.

Ketamine is a widely used anesthetic in pediatric clinical practice. Previous studies have demonstrated that ketamine induces neurotoxicity and has a modulatory effect on the cells of the immune system. Here, we evaluated the potential protective effect and underlying mechanisms of natural phenolic compound curcumin against ketamine-induced toxicity in rat thymocytes. Rat thymocytes were exposed to 100 µM ketamine alone or combined with increasing concentrations of curcumin (0.3, 1, and 3 μM) for 24 hours. Cell viability was analyzed with CCK-8 assay kit. Apoptosis was analyzed using flow cytometry and propidium iodide as well as Z-VAD-FMK and Z-LEHD-FMK inhibitors. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and mitochondrial membrane potential [MMP] were measured by flow cytometry. Colorimetric assay with DEVD-pNA substrate was used for assessing caspase-3 activity. Involvement of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) signaling pathway was tested with Wortmannin inhibitor. Ketamine induced toxicity in cells, increased the number of hypodiploid cells, caspase-3 activity and ROS production, and inhibited the MMP. Co-incubation of higher concentrations of curcumin (1 and 3 μM) with ketamine markedly decreased cytotoxicity, apoptosis rate, caspase-3 activity, and ROS production in rat thymocytes, and increased the MMP. Application of Z-VAD-FMK (a pan caspase inhibitor) or Z-LEHD-FMK (caspase-9 inhibitor) with ketamine effectively attenuated the ketamine-induced apoptosis in rat thymocytes. Administration of Wortmannin (a PI3K inhibitor) with curcumin and ketamine significantly decreased the protective effect of curcumin on rat thymocytes. Our results indicate that ketamine-induced toxicity in rat thymocytes mainly occurs through the mitochondria-mediated apoptotic pathway and that the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway is involved in the anti-apoptotic effect of curcumin.
Svetlana Pavlovic, Zorica Jovic, Radmila Karan, Dane Krtinic, Gorana Rankovic, Mladjan Golubovic, Jelena Lilic, Voja Pavlovic

2165 related Products with: Modulatory effect of curcumin on ketamine-induced toxicity in rat thymocytes: Involvement of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) pathway.

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#29308536   2018/01/08 To Up

Rabdocoestin B exhibits antitumor activity by inducing G2/M phase arrest and apoptosis in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.

Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is one of the most aggressive squamous cell carcinomas and is generally resistant to chemotherapy. In the present study, the cytotoxic activity of Rabdocoestin B (Rabd-B) against ESCC and the underlying mechanisms were investigated.
Jingnan Wang, Zhirong Zhang, Yun Che, Zuyang Yuan, Zhiliang Lu, Yuan Li, Jun Wan, Handong Sun, Zhaoli Chen, Jianxin Pu, Jie He

2125 related Products with: Rabdocoestin B exhibits antitumor activity by inducing G2/M phase arrest and apoptosis in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.

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#29305928   2018/01/03 To Up

Anti-proliferative activity of biochanin A in human osteosarcoma cells via mitochondrial-involved apoptosis.

Biochanin A is a major isoflavone in red clover and a potent chemopreventive agent against cancer. However, the effects of biochanin A on human osteosarcoma cells have never been clarified. This study investigated the anti-proliferative potential of biochanin A in osteosarcoma cells. The results indicate that biochanin A inhibited cell growth and colony formation in a dose-dependent manner with a minimal toxicity to normal cells. The combination of doxorubicin and biochanin A could synergistically inhibit osteosarcoma cell growth. The cytotoxic effect of biochanin A via the induction of apoptosis as evidenced by formation of apoptotic bodies, externalization of phosphatidylserine, accumulation of sub-G phase cells, caspase 3 activation, and cleavage of PARP. Apoptosis was associated with loss of the mitochondrial membrane potential, release of cytochrome c, caspase 9 activation, increased Bax expression, and reduced Bcl-2 and Bcl-X expression. Pre-treatment with a caspase-9 specific inhibitor (Z-LEHD-FMK) partially attenuated cell death, suggesting involvement of the intrinsic mitochondrial apoptotic cascade. However, pre-treatment with the JNK inhibitor SP600125, the MEK inhibitor PD-98059, and the p38 MAPK inhibitor SB203580 or the antioxidants vitamin E, N-acetylcysteine, and glutathione failed to prevent biochanin A-induced cell death. Our results suggest that biochanin A inhibits cell growth and induces apoptosis in osteosarcoma cells by triggering activation of the intrinsic mitochondrial pathway and caspase-9 and -3 and increasing the Bax: Bcl-2/Bcl-X ratio.
Yen-Nien Hsu, Huey-Wen Shyu, Tsui-Wen Hu, Jou-Pei Yeh, Ya-Wen Lin, Ling-Yi Lee, Yao-Tsung Yeh, Hong-Ying Dai, Daw-Shyong Perng, Shu-Hui Su, Yu-Hsuan Huang, Shu-Jem Su

2175 related Products with: Anti-proliferative activity of biochanin A in human osteosarcoma cells via mitochondrial-involved apoptosis.

100 ug/vial100 ug/vial100 100 μg0.2 mL100 μg100 μg100.00 ug500 100 μg500

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#29301308   2018/01/02 To Up

MSP-4, an Antimicrobial Peptide, Induces Apoptosis via Activation of Extrinsic Fas/FasL- and Intrinsic Mitochondria-Mediated Pathways in One Osteosarcoma Cell Line.

Osteosarcoma (OS) is a common malignant bone cancer. The relatively high density of a person's bone structure means low permeability for drugs, and so finding drugs that can be more effective is important and should not be delayed. MSPs are marine antimicrobial peptides (AMP) and natural compounds extracted from Nile tilapia (). MSP-4 is a part of the AMPs series, with the advantage of having a molecular weight of about 2.7-kDa and anticancer effects, although the responsible anticancer mechanism is not very clear. The goal of this study is to determine the workings of the mechanism associated with apoptosis resulting from MSP-4 in osteosarcoma MG63 cells. The study showed that MSP-4 significantly induced apoptosis in MG63 cells, with Western blot indicating that MSP-4 induced this apoptosis through an intrinsic pathway and an extrinsic pathway. Thus, a pretreatment system with a particular inhibitor of Z-IETD-FMK (caspase-8 inhibitor) and Z-LEHD-FMK (caspase-9 inhibitor) significantly attenuated the cleavage of caspase-3 and prevented apoptosis. These observations indicate that low concentrations of MSP-4 can help induce the apoptosis of MG63 through a Fas/FasL- and mitochondria-mediated pathway and suggest a potentially innovative alternative to the treatment of human osteosarcoma.
Hsiao-Mei Kuo, Chung-Chih Tseng, Nan-Fu Chen, Ming-Hong Tai, Han-Chun Hung, Chien-Wei Feng, Shu-Yu Cheng, Shi-Ying Huang, Yen-Hsuan Jean, Zhi-Hong Wen

2419 related Products with: MSP-4, an Antimicrobial Peptide, Induces Apoptosis via Activation of Extrinsic Fas/FasL- and Intrinsic Mitochondria-Mediated Pathways in One Osteosarcoma Cell Line.

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#28514905   2017/05/18 To Up

Evodiamine Prevents Glioma Growth, Induces Glioblastoma Cell Apoptosis and Cell Cycle Arrest through JNK Activation.

Evodiamine (EVO) is an active medicinal compound derived from the traditional herbal medicine Evodia rutaecarpa. It has been reported that evodiamine has several beneficial biological properties, including anticancer and anti-inflammatory activities. However, the in vitro and in vivo anticancer activities of EVO against the growth of glioblastoma cells remain undefined. EVO induced significant decreases in the viability of U87 and C6 glioma cells, but not of primary astrocytes, according with the occurrence of apoptotic characteristics including DNA ladders, caspase-3 and poly(ADP ribose) polymerase (PARP) protein cleavage, and hypodiploid cells. The disruption of the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) was detected, and it was found that the peptidyl caspase-9 inhibitor, Z-LEHD-FMK, significantly prevented glioma cells from EVO-induced apoptosis. Increased c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) protein phosphorylation by EVO was observed, and the addition of JNK inhibitors, SP600125 and JNKI inhibited the EVO-induced apoptosis was inhibited. Additionally, EVO treatment induced G2/M arrest with increased polymerized tubulin protein expression in U87 and C6 cells. Elevated expressions of the cyclin B1, p53, and phosphorylated (p)-p53 proteins were detected in EVO-treated glioma cells, and these were inhibited by JNK inhibitors. An in vivo study showed that EVO significantly reduced the growth of gliomas elicited by the subcutaneous injection of U87 cells with increases in cyclin B1, p53, and p-p53 protein expressions in tumors. An analysis of eight EVO-related chemicals showed that alkyl groups at position 14 in EVO are important for its anti-glioma effects which involve both apoptosis and G2/M arrest. Evidence is provided that supports EVO induction of apoptosis and G2/M arrest via the activation of JNK-mediated gene expression and disruption of MMP in glioblastoma cells. EVO was shown to penetrate the blood-brain barrier; EVO is therefore predicted to be a promising compound for the chemotherapy of glioblastomas and deserves further investigations.
Wen-Shin Wu, Chih-Chiang Chien, Kao-Hui Liu, Yen-Chou Chen, Wen-Ta Chiu

1335 related Products with: Evodiamine Prevents Glioma Growth, Induces Glioblastoma Cell Apoptosis and Cell Cycle Arrest through JNK Activation.

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#27886059   2016/11/23 To Up

Regulation of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Apoptotic Pathways in Osteosarcoma Cells Following Oleandrin Treatment.

Our previous study has reported the anti-tumor effect of oleandrin on osteosarcoma (OS) cells. In the current study, we mainly explored its potential regulation on intrinsic and extrinsic apoptotic pathway in OS cells. Cells apoptosis, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) were detected using fluorescence staining and flow cytometry. Caspase-3 activity was detected using a commercial kit. The levels of cytoplasmic cytochrome c, mitochondrial cytochrome c, bcl-2, bax, caspase-9, Fas, FasL, caspase-8 and caspase-3 were detected by Western blotting. z-VAD-fmk was applied to block both intrinsic and extrinsic apoptosis pathways, and cells apoptosis was also tested. Furthermore, we used z-LEHD-fmk and Fas blocking antibody to inhibit intrinsic and extrinsic pathways, separately, and the selectivity of oleandrin on these pathways was explored. Results showed that oleandrin induced the apoptosis of OS cells, which was accompanied by an increase in ROS and a decrease in MMP. Furthermore, cytochrome c level was reduced in mitochondria but elevated in the cytoplasm. Caspase-3 activity was enhanced by oleandrin in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. Oleandrin also down-regulated the expression of bcl-2, but up-regulated bax, caspase-9, Fas, FasL, caspase-8 and caspase-3. In addition, the suppression of both apoptotic pathways by z-VAD-fmk greatly reverted the oleandrin-induced apoptosis. Moreover, the suppression of one pathway by a corresponding inhibitor did not affect the regulation of oleandrin on another pathway. Taken together, we concluded that oleandrin induced apoptosis of OS cells via activating both intrinsic and extrinsic apoptotic pathways.
Yunlong Ma, Bin Zhu, Lei Yong, Chunyu Song, Xiao Liu, Huilei Yu, Peng Wang, Zhongjun Liu, Xiaoguang Liu

2107 related Products with: Regulation of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Apoptotic Pathways in Osteosarcoma Cells Following Oleandrin Treatment.

96 wells100 µg1x10e7 cells10 96 tests1 mg1.00 flask100 µg1x10e7 cells2

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#27735993   2016/10/26 To Up

Apoptosis Inducing Factor Is Involved in Stretch-Induced Apoptosis of Myoblast via a Caspase-9 Independent Pathway.

The apoptosis of myoblast in response to excessive cyclic stretch is crucial in adaptive construction of skeletal muscles in orthopedic functional therapy. Mitochondria signaling pathway is the central links in the execution of the intrinsic apoptotic cascade, but its molecular mechanism in stretch-induced apoptosis in myoblasts remains incompletely understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanobiological roles of caspase-9 and Apoptosis Inducing Factor (AIF), two important components in mitochondrial pathway, in stretch-induced apoptosis of myoblast. Hoechst 33258 was used to observe apoptotic cells morphologically and flow cytometry to analyze apoptosis rate of myoblasts. Protein and mRNA of caspase-9 and AIF were detected by Western blotting and RT-PCR. Furthermore, caspase-9 specific inhibitor z-LEHD-fmk was applied to clear the mechanism of caspase-9 pathway in stretch-induced apoptosis. We found that apoptotic rate induced by cyclic stretch increased in a time-dependent manner, and the same tendency of mRNA and protein of caspase-9 and AIF. Caspase-9 inhibition reduced stretch-induced apoptosis, but had no effect on expression of AIF. We concluded that caspase-9 and AIF played an important role in stretch-induced apoptosis in myoblast, and AIF was involved in the process in a caspase-9 independent way. J. Cell. Biochem. 118: 829-838, 2017. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Fang Wang, Zhu-Liang Wei, Xian-Rui Sun, Qiang Zhang, Cai-Xia Zhang, Wen-Xin Jiang, Xiao Yan, Jia-Ning Liu, Xiao Yuan

1213 related Products with: Apoptosis Inducing Factor Is Involved in Stretch-Induced Apoptosis of Myoblast via a Caspase-9 Independent Pathway.

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