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#31732053   2019/09/12 To Up

Evaluation of head and broken rice of long grain Indica rice cultivars: Evidence for the role of starch and protein composition to head rice recovery.

Brown rice of different long-grain Indica cultivars was polished to variable degree of milling (DoM) to see the difference in proteins and starches characteristics in head (HR) and broken rice (BR). Study revealed differential accumulation of starch, fat and proteins in both HR and BR. Extended DoM of brown rice resulted in a progressive decrease in HR yield and increase in BR yield. The extended DoM caused a decrease in protein and fat content in both HR and BR, whereas; an increase in peak viscosity and final viscosity was observed. On the contrary, the setback viscosity of HR and BR of different rice cultivars was influenced by cultivars and extended DoM. Milled rice from different cultivars milled to 6% DoM showed higher levels of 59 kDa, 54 kDa, 51 kDa, 32 kDa, 31 kDa, 30 kDa, 28 kDa, 24 kDa, 23 kDa, 15 kDa, 13 and 12 kDa PPs, while 28 kDa, 24 kDa, 23 kDa, 15 kDa, 13 kDa and 12 kDa PPs was the least or not observed in BR. The major quantitative changes were observed in 28 kDa, 24 kDa, and 23 kDa PPs. MALDI-ToF/MS analysis revealed the identity of 28 kDa PP as 60S ribosomal protein L10a and glutelin type-D 1 proteins. Whereas, the identity of 24 and 23 kDa PP, respectively was established as pathogenesis-related protein 1 (Oryza sativa Japonica Group) and Oryza sativa 1-Cys peroxiredoxin A. HR showed the presence of highly condensed packaged starch granules with smooth edges, which were tightly imbibed in the proteins matrix. However, the inter-cultivar differences in the starch structure and packaging were also observed. On the contrary, BR revealed lesser accumulation of starch particles with abnormal protein filling and several fissures and cracks in the starch granules of BR of different cultivars.
Amardeep Singh Virdi, Narpinder Singh, Priyanka Pal, Parmeet Kaur, Amritpal Kaur

2150 related Products with: Evaluation of head and broken rice of long grain Indica rice cultivars: Evidence for the role of starch and protein composition to head rice recovery.

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#31715237   2019/11/09 To Up

Recombinant engineered phage-derived enzybiotic in Pichia pastoris X-33 as whole cell biocatalyst for effective biocontrol of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in aquaculture.

Vibrio parahaemolyticus is a major seafood-borne pathogen causing significant economic losses in aquaculture systems. Therefore, application of phage encoded enzymes, particularly endolysin, as a new strategy for effective biocontrol and therapeutic agent against bacterial diseases. In the present study, we synthesized endolysin gene (Vplys60) of bacteriophage qdv001 and biochemically characterized by expressing in Pichia pastoris X-33. In addition to, we also investigated the anti-biofilm and anti-vibriosis activity of Pichia-expressing Vplys60 against vibrio challenged in vivo aquaculture model, Artemia franciscana. The result indicated that the predicted molecular size of Pichia expressed Vplys60 was approximately 28 kDa as verified by SDS-PAGE and zymogram. Vplys60 manifested stable activity over broad range of pH (6-10), temperatures (37-75 °C) and salinity (100-600 mM NaCl). Biochemical and in silico analysis revealed that addition of calcium ion (Ca) enhanced the lytic activity of Vplys60 whereas other metal ions inhibited the activity. Additionally, calcium-dependent Vplys60 has showed a strong amidase activity by cleaving the peptidoglycan of V. parahaemolyticus. Our data also showed that Vplys60 (75 μg/ml) significantly inhibits biofilm formation (91.6%) and significantly reduced the bacterial population. The in vivo challenge study showed enhanced survival rate in combination with reduced vibrio load in Artemia after administration of Pichia-expressing Vplys60.
Ramachandran Srinivasan, Amballa Chaitanyakumar, Parthiban Subramanian, Anbazhagan Mageswari, Ajitha Gomathi, Velmurugan Aswini, Aathi Muthu Sankar, Mohandass Ramya, Kodiveri Muthukaliannan Gothandam

1542 related Products with: Recombinant engineered phage-derived enzybiotic in Pichia pastoris X-33 as whole cell biocatalyst for effective biocontrol of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in aquaculture.

24 tests96 samples24 tests24 tests96 samples96 assays1 mg1 kit96 samples96 tests

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#31655030   2019/10/23 To Up

Fisetin, via CKIP-1/REGγ, limits oxidized LDL-induced lipid accumulation and senescence in RAW264.7 macrophage-derived foam cells.

To test the hypothesis that the flavonoid compound, fisetin, protects macrophages from lipid accumulation and senescence through regulation of casein kinase 2-interacting protein-1 (CKIP-1)/REGγ (11S regulatory particles, 28 kDa proteasome activator, proteasome activator subunit 3) signaling. RAW264.7 macrophage cells were exposed to 100 μg/ml oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) with or without 20 μg/ml fisetin for 24 h. Cell viability was detected by CCK-8 after 1 h. Intracellular lipid accumulation was measured using Oil Red O staining. Total cholesterol (TC) and free cholesterol (FC) contents were measured using assay kits, and cell senescence was inferred by β-gal staining. Protein expression levels of CKIP-1, REGγ, organic cation transporter 1 (Oct-1), lectin-like oxidized LDL receptor-1 (LOX-1), tumor suppressor protein p53 (p53), cell cycle regulatory protein p21 (p21), and multiple tumor suppressor-1 (p16) were detected by immunofluorescence and confirmed by Western blot. Stimulating RAW264.7 macrophage cells with 100 μg/ml ox-LDL for 24 h induced the formation of foam cells, increased intracellular lipid accumulation, increased TC and FC content, and promoted cell senescence. Furthermore, cells induced with 100 μg/ml ox-LDL for 24 h showed decreased CKIP-1 and REGγ protein, while the expressions of Oct-1, LOX-1, p53, p21 and p16 were increased. In contrast, treatment with 20 μg/ml fisetin reversed 100 μg/ml ox-LDL effects to increase cell viability, and decrease β-gal staining, intracellular lipid levels and TC and FC levels. These beneficial effects were associated with increased CKIP-1 and REGγ and decreased Oct-1, LOX-1, p53, p21, and p16 protein expression. Results indicated that fisetin limited ox-LDL-mediated lipid accumulation and senescence in RAW264.7 macrophage-derived foam cells. The mechanism underlying these effects may involve regulation of CKIP-1/REGγ signaling.
QingLing Jia, Hui Cao, DingZhu Shen, Li Yan, Chuan Chen, Sanli Xing

2010 related Products with: Fisetin, via CKIP-1/REGγ, limits oxidized LDL-induced lipid accumulation and senescence in RAW264.7 macrophage-derived foam cells.

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#30771689   2019/02/11 To Up

Purification and biochemical characterization of a novel copper, zinc superoxide dismutase from liver of camel (Camelus dromedarius): An antioxidant enzyme with unique properties.

A novel copper, zinc superoxide dismutase (CuZnSOD) was purified to homogeneity from the liver of an animal well adapted to the stressful living conditions of the desert, the camel (Camelus dromedarius). The biochemical properties of camel liver CuZnSOD were examined. The purified enzyme had a native molecular weight of 28 kDa, as judged by gel filtration chromatography, and showed a single band at 27 kDa on SDS-PAGE, indicating that it is a monomeric protein. Optimal activity of the purified enzyme occurred at 43 °C and pH 6.0, and the activation energy was 1.42 kJ/mol. CuZnSOD activity was strongly inhibited by β-ME, DTT, HO and SDS and slightly inhibited by EDTA, NaN and PMSF. Al, Ca, Cd, Mg and Zn stimulated CuZnSOD activity, whereas Ba, Co, Fe and Ni inhibited it. The purified enzyme contained 0.010 µg of Cu and 0.69 µg of Zn per mg of protein. K, V, k and k/K values for NBT and riboflavin were 16.27 and 0.16 µM, 20.85 and 21.54 U/mg, 9.65 and 9.97 s, and 0.59 and 62.33 s µM, respectively. Camel liver CuZnSOD exhibited unique biochemical properties compared to those of other CuZnSODs, including lower molecular weight with a monomeric structure, higher optimum temperature, very low E, very low optimum pH, very low contents of Cu and Zn, and higher affinity, turnover number and catalytic efficiency for riboflavin. These unique properties of camel liver CuZnSOD might be related to the ability of this animal to inhabit stressful desert conditions.
Abdelbasset Chafik, Abdelkhalid Essamadi, Safinur Yildirim Çelik, Ahmet Mavi

2086 related Products with: Purification and biochemical characterization of a novel copper, zinc superoxide dismutase from liver of camel (Camelus dromedarius): An antioxidant enzyme with unique properties.

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#30716434   2019/02/01 To Up

Cloning and characteristic of MMP1 gene from Hyriopsis cumingii and collagen hydrolytic activity of its recombinant protein.

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play an essential role in a variety of biological processes including wound healing, inflammation, cell invasion, angiogenesis and immune defense. In this study, a putative MMP1 cDNA was cloned and characterized from Hyriopsis cumingii (designated as HcMMP1). The cDNA was 1822 bp in length and encoded a putative protein of 510 amino acids, with a predicted molecular mass of 58.28 kDa and an isoelectric point (pI) of 9.27. HcMMP1 contained all prototype MMPs family signatures, such as signal peptide, prodomain, catalytic center, hinge region, and hemopexin like domain. Quantitative real time-PCR (qRT-PCR) revealed that in mussels HcMMP1 mRNA was expressed in all tissues tested, and the transcriptional expression levels were significantly up-regulated in hepatopancreas and hemocytes after Aeromonas hydrophila, peptidoglycan stimulations and in mantle after wounding. Moreover, the recombination HcMMP1 protein, successfully expressed in Escherichia coli, was purified by affinity chromatography with the concentration of final yield at 0.3 mg/mL. The recombinase had an essentially hydrolytic activity toward rat type I collagen, mouse II and IV collagen after renaturation.
Baoqing Hu, Jun Xiao, Peipei Yi, Chenxi Hu, Mingxing Zhu, Shuyuan Yin, Chungen Wen, Jielian Wu

2571 related Products with: Cloning and characteristic of MMP1 gene from Hyriopsis cumingii and collagen hydrolytic activity of its recombinant protein.

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#30453296   2018/11/19 To Up

Vitamin K Supplementation Modulates Bone Metabolism and Ultra-Structure of Ovariectomized Mice.

Osteoporosis is a bone metabolic disease that affects mostly post-menopausal women. There has been shown that vitamin K (VK) supplementation during menopause may decrease bone loss as well as risk of bone breaking. Aiming to clarify the beneficial role of VK in bone metabolism during menopause, we investigated mineral metabolism and bone ultrastructure of ovariectomized (OVX) mice.
Letícia Batista Azevedo Rangel, Daniel de Siqueira, Olívia do Rosário Soares, Higor Scardini Santana, Emílio de Castro Miguel, Maura da Cunha, Andre Lacerda de Abreu Oliveira, Diego França Pedrosa, Ludmilla Carvalho Rangel Resgala, Helder Azevedo Rangel Neto, Neuza Felix Gomes-Rochette, Sérgio Ragi Eis, Jones Bernardes Graceli, Ian Victor Silva

2868 related Products with: Vitamin K Supplementation Modulates Bone Metabolism and Ultra-Structure of Ovariectomized Mice.

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#30389593   2018/10/31 To Up

High-level expression and characterization of a stereoselective lipase from Aspergillus oryzae in Pichia pastoris.

Pichia pastoris expression is a mature and efficient eukaryotic expression system. In this work, Aspergillus oryzae lipase (AOL, with the molecular mass of 28 kDa), which can perform highly stereoselective hydrolysis of (R, S)-methyl 2-(4-hydroxyphenoxy) propanoate, was expressed in P. pastoris X-33. The specific activity of AOL was 432 U/mg, which was obtained by fed-batch cultivation in a 5 L bioreactor using a methanol feeding strategy. After fermentation, the supernatant was concentrated by ultrafiltration with a 10 kDa cut-off membrane and purified with DEAE-Sepharose™ FF ion-exchange chromatography and phenyl Seflnose™ 6 FF hydrophobic interaction chromatography. The purified lipase activity reached 5509 U/mg. AOL showed high activity toward short-chain triacylglyceride (C), and the optimum temperature and pH were 40 °C and 8.0, respectively. The purified enzyme activity was inhibited by Zn and Cu. Moreover, the K and V values were 1 mM and 32.89 mmol/min, respectively.
Jian-Yong Zheng, Xing Lan, Xiao-Jun Li, Li-Juan Huang, Yin-Jun Zhang, Zhao Wang

1047 related Products with: High-level expression and characterization of a stereoselective lipase from Aspergillus oryzae in Pichia pastoris.

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#30352229   2018/10/21 To Up

Production, purification and biochemical characterization of a novel detergent-stable serine alkaline protease from Bacillus safensis strain RH12.

A novel extracellular protease (SAPRH) was hyper-produced (9000 U/mL) from Bacillus safensis RH12, a newly isolated enzyme from a Tunisian offshore oil field. The enzyme was purified to homogeneity, using salt-precipitation, heat-treatment and FPLC anion-exchange chromatography. The purified enzyme was a monomer of molecular mass of ~28 kDa. The NH-terminal 23 amino-acid sequence of SAPRH showed high homology with those of Bacillus-proteases. SAPRH displayed optimal activity at pH 9 and 60 °C. It was strongly inhibited by phenylmethanesulfonyl fluoride (PMSF) and diiodopropyl fluorophosphates (DFP), indicating that it belongs to the serine-proteases family. Moreover, SAPRH was extremely stable at a broad range of temperature and pH retaining 85% of its activity at 50 °C and 75% at pH 11. The enzyme exhibited excellent stability and compatibility with surfactants and commercial detergents, revealing 90% stability with SDS and 100% stability with Class commercial laundry detergent. One of the most distinctive properties is its catalytic efficiency, which is higher than that of Alcalase 2.5 L, typeDX (commercial enzyme) and SAPB from B. pumilus CBS. Interestingly, the results of the wash performance analysis demonstrated considerably good de-staining at 40 °C for 30 min with low supplementation (500 U/mL). Accordingly, such a protease could be considered as a good detergent-additive in detergent industry.
Hatem Rekik, Nadia Zaraî Jaouadi, Fares Gargouri, Wacim Bejar, Fakher Frikha, Najah Jmal, Samir Bejar, Bassem Jaouadi

1351 related Products with: Production, purification and biochemical characterization of a novel detergent-stable serine alkaline protease from Bacillus safensis strain RH12.

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#30300736   2018/10/06 To Up

An MBT domain containing anti-lipopolysaccharide factor (PtALF8) from Portunus trituberculatus is involved in immune response to bacterial challenge.

Anti-lipopolysaccharide factors are effective antimicrobial peptides that can bind and neutralize lipopolysaccharide (LPS). In the present study, a new sequence encoding for ALF (designated as PtALF8) was cloned by suppression subtractive hybridization method using ovary of swimming crab Portunus trituberculatus as material. The full-length cDNA of PtALF8 consisted of 531 bp with an ORF of 348 bp encoding a peptide of 115 amino acids containing a putative signal peptide of 19 amino acids. The mature PtALF8 had a predicted molecular weight (MW) of 11.28 kDa and theoretical isoelectricpoint (pI) of 5.11. The PtALF8 contains an MBT domain which was not found in the other 7 isoforms of ALF reported in P. trituberculatus. Unlike most ALFs expressed in hemocytes, PtALF8 transcript was predominantly detected in hepatopancreas. After challenge with Vibrio alginolyticus, the temporal expression level of PtALF8 transcript in hemocytes reached the highest level at 3 h, then decreased to the lowest level at 24 h, and started to increase at 48 h. The recombinant protein showed antimicrobial and bactericidal activity against several bacteria, such as Gram-positive bacteria, Staphylococcus aureus, Micrococcus luteus and Gram-negative bacteria, V. alginolyticus, indicated that the PtALF8 isoform might play protective function against invading bacteria in P. trituberculatus.
Xiaodong Wu, Yanwei Huang, Zuoben Yu, Changkao Mu, Weiwei Song, Ronghua Li, Lei Liu, Yangfang Ye, Ce Shi, Chunlin Wang

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