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#34091862   2021/06/06 To Up

Expression gradient of metalloproteinases and their inhibitors from proximal to distal segments of abdominal aortic aneurysm.

Abdominal aortic aneurysm refers to abnormal, asymmetric distension of the infrarenal aortic wall due to pathological remodelling of the extracellular matrix. The distribution of enzymes remodelling the extracellular matrix and their expression patterns in the affected tissue are largely unknown. The goal of this work was to investigate the expression profiles of 20 selected genes coding for metalloproteinases and their inhibitors in the proximal to the distal direction of the abdominal aortic aneurysm. RNA samples were purified from four lengthwise fragments of aneurysm and border tissue obtained from 29 patients. The quantities of selected mRNAs were determined by real-time PCR to reveal the expression patterns. The genes of interest encode collagenases (MMP1, MMP8, MMP13), gelatinases (MMP2, MMP9), stromelysins (MMP3, MMP7, MMP10, MMP11, MMP12), membrane-type MMPs (MMP14, MMP15, MMP16), tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMP1, TIMP2, TIMP3, TIMP4), and ADAMTS proteinases (ADAMTS1, ADAMTS8, and ADAMTS13). It was found that MMP, TIMP, and ADAMTS are expressed in all parts of the aneurysm with different patterns. A developed aneurysm has such a disturbed expression of the main participants in extracellular matrix remodelling that it is difficult to infer the causes of the disorder development. MMP12 secreted by macrophages at the onset of inflammation may initiate extracellular matrix remodelling, which, if not controlled, initiates a feedback loop leading to aneurysm formation.
Aleksandra Augusciak-Duma, Karolina L Stepien, Marta Lesiak, Ewa Gutmajster, Agnieszka Fus-Kujawa, Malwina Botor, Aleksander L Sieron

1708 related Products with: Expression gradient of metalloproteinases and their inhibitors from proximal to distal segments of abdominal aortic aneurysm.

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#33622125   2021/02/24 To Up

Positive selection and gene duplications in tumour suppressor genes reveal clues about how cetaceans resist cancer.

Cetaceans are the longest-living species of mammals and the largest in the history of the planet. They have developed mechanisms against diseases such cancer, although the underlying molecular bases of these remain unknown. The goal of this study was to investigate the role of natural selection in the evolution of 1077 tumour suppressor genes (TSGs) in cetaceans. We used a comparative genomic approach to analyse two sources of molecular variation in the form of / rates and gene copy number variation. We found a signal of positive selection in the ancestor of cetaceans within the gene, an important regulator of DNA damage, tumour dissemination and immune system. Further, in the ancestor of baleen whales, we found six genes exhibiting positive selection relating to diseases such as breast carcinoma, lung neoplasm () and leukaemia (). The TSGs turnover rate (gene gain and loss) was almost 2.4-fold higher in cetaceans when compared with other mammals, and notably even faster in baleen whales. The molecular variants in TSGs found in baleen whales, combined with the faster gene turnover rate, could have favoured the evolution of their particular traits of anti-cancer resistance, gigantism and longevity. Additionally, we report 71 genes with duplications, of which 11 genes are linked to longevity (e.g. and ) and are important regulators of senescence, cell proliferation and metabolism. Overall, these results provide evolutionary evidence that natural selection in TSGs could act on species with large body sizes and extended lifespan, providing novel insights into the genetic basis of disease resistance.
Daniela Tejada-Martinez, João Pedro de Magalhães, Juan C Opazo

1435 related Products with: Positive selection and gene duplications in tumour suppressor genes reveal clues about how cetaceans resist cancer.



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#33227396   2020/11/20 To Up

Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound promotes aggrecan expression via ZNT-9 in temporomandibular joint chondrocytes.

Temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis (TMJ-OA) is one of the most common joint diseases. It causes severe pain and poor quality of life. One key feature of TMJ-OA is degeneration of the chondrocyte extracellular matrix (ECM). Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) can promote the synthesis of ECM in cartilage. However, the exact mechanism is still unclear. We aimed to explore the mechanism by which LIPUS promotes the expression of aggrecan in chondrocytes. In vivo, TMJ-OA rats established by unilateral occlusal trauma were treated with LIPUS. In our RNA sequencing data, we found that ADAMTS-8 was downregulated by LIPUS. In vitro, chondrocytes were treated with IL-1β and LIPUS. Among Zn exporters, ZNT-9 was specifically upregulated by LIPUS. Activation of ZNT-9 by LIPUS downregulated ECM-degrading enzymes (MMP-3, ADAMTS-5 and ADAMTS-8) and metal regulatory transcription factor-1 (MTF-1) and upregulated aggrecan in chondrocytes. Furthermore, ZNT-9 knockdown caused upregulation of MMP-3, ADAMTS-5, ADAMTS-8 and MTF-1, with concomitant downregulation of aggrecan. The opposite results were obtained after ZNT-9 overexpression. Our experiments demonstrate that LIPUS protects chondrocytes by increasing the expression of aggrecan through ZNT-9.
Dong He, Jing Wang, Yanhua Li, Gaoyi Wu, Guoxiong Zhu, Lei Chen

2314 related Products with: Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound promotes aggrecan expression via ZNT-9 in temporomandibular joint chondrocytes.

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#33054388   2020/10/15 To Up

Inhibits Progression of Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

A disintegrin and metallopeptidase with thrombospondin motifs (ADAMTSs), which is frequently dysregulated in cancers and is involved in carcinogenesis and cancer progression. The present study identified that ADAMTS8 expression is downregulated in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) tissues when compared with nontumor tissue. The expression of ADAMTS8 is closely associated with clinical stage and lymph node metastasis in patients with ESCC. Furthermore, functional studies have shown that overexpression could reduce abilities of proliferation, migration, and invasion and promote apoptosis of ESCC cells. Meanwhile, monocyte chemotactic protein-1 and interleukin-6 are markedly deregulated by overexpression. Consistently, data showed that overexpression led to a reduction in tumor growth. These results indicate that altering expression could modify the outcomes of ESCC by inhibiting cell proliferation and invasion, while promoting the apoptosis of ECSS cells. Thus, represents a potential therapeutic target for ESCC therapy.
Zhonglin Wu, Yanjun Shi, Shuguang Ren, Yingchao Ju, Yueyang Hu, Jianhua Wu

2842 related Products with: Inhibits Progression of Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

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#32774167   2020/08/05 To Up

Significance of tumor mutation burden combined with immune infiltrates in the progression and prognosis of ovarian cancer.

Ovarian cancer (OC) is the most malignant tumor in the female reproductive system. About 75% of OC in complete remission of clinical symptoms still develop a recurrence. Therefore, searching for new treatment methods plays an important role in improving the prognosis of OC.
Fangfang Bi, Ying Chen, Qing Yang

1854 related Products with: Significance of tumor mutation burden combined with immune infiltrates in the progression and prognosis of ovarian cancer.



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#32296631   2020/03/31 To Up

Bioinformatics Identified 17 Immune Genes as Prognostic Biomarkers for Breast Cancer: Application Study Based on Artificial Intelligence Algorithms.

An increasing body of evidence supports the association of immune genes with tumorigenesis and prognosis of breast cancer (BC). This research aims at exploring potential regulatory mechanisms and identifying immunogenic prognostic markers for BC, which were used to construct a prognostic signature for disease-free survival (DFS) of BC based on artificial intelligence algorithms. Differentially expressed immune genes were identified between normal tissues and tumor tissues. Univariate Cox regression identified potential prognostic immune genes. Thirty-four transcription factors and 34 immune genes were used to develop an immune regulatory network. The artificial intelligence survival prediction system was developed based on three artificial intelligence algorithms. Multivariate Cox analyses determined 17 immune genes (ADAMTS8, IFNG, XG, APOA5, SIAH2, C2CD2, STAR, CAMP, CDH19, NTSR1, PCDHA1, AMELX, FREM1, CLEC10A, CD1B, CD6, and LTA) as prognostic biomarkers for BC. A prognostic nomogram was constructed on these prognostic genes. Concordance indexes were 0.782, 0.734, and 0.735 for 1-, 3-, and 5- year DFS. The DFS in high-risk group was significantly worse than that in low-risk group. Artificial intelligence survival prediction system provided three individual mortality risk predictive curves based on three artificial intelligence algorithms. In conclusion, comprehensive bioinformatics identified 17 immune genes as potential prognostic biomarkers, which might be potential candidates of immunotherapy targets in BC patients. The current study depicted regulatory network between transcription factors and immune genes, which was helpful to deepen the understanding of immune regulatory mechanisms for BC cancer. Two artificial intelligence survival predictive systems are available at https://zhangzhiqiao7.shinyapps.io/Smart_Cancer_Survival_Predictive_System_16_BC_C1005/ and https://zhangzhiqiao8.shinyapps.io/Gene_Survival_Subgroup_Analysis_16_BC_C1005/. These novel artificial intelligence survival predictive systems will be helpful to improve individualized treatment decision-making.
Zhiqiao Zhang, Jing Li, Tingshan He, Jianqiang Ding

1617 related Products with: Bioinformatics Identified 17 Immune Genes as Prognostic Biomarkers for Breast Cancer: Application Study Based on Artificial Intelligence Algorithms.

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#32033751   2020/02/06 To Up

ADAMTS8 is frequently down-regulated in colorectal cancer and functions as a tumor suppressor.

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is known for being a great threat to human health due to its high incidence and mortality. ADAMTS8 that belongs to the zinc metalloproteinases family acts as a tumor suppressor and is silenced by CpG methylation in several carcinomas through previous studies, but its functions in CRC remain unknown. In this report, we analyzed its expression in CRC cell lines and primary CRC tumor tissues. The results showed that ADAMTS8 was significantly down-regulated in CRC cell lines and primary tumor tissues and its expression was restored in Lovo cell lines with treatment DNA methyltransferase inhibitor 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine and TSA. Over-expression of ADAMTS8 in HCT116 and HT-29 resulted in inhibited cell proliferation and induced apoptosis. We also observed that ADAMTS8 suppressed cell invasion and migration. In addition, ADAMTS8 induced cell cycle arrest in G2/M phase. Furthermore, we found that ADAMTS8 led to the decrease of BCL-XL, phospho-GSK3β, β-catenin and c-myc as well as increase of cleaved caspase-9, Bax and PARP. Our findings suggest that ADAMTS8 may be considered as a functional tumor suppressor gene in CRC and has the potential to be developed as a valuable biomarker.
Lin Li, Shiyun Yuan, Xunping Zhao, Tao Luo

2539 related Products with: ADAMTS8 is frequently down-regulated in colorectal cancer and functions as a tumor suppressor.

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