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#35961533   2022/08/09 To Up

Thiobencarb induces phenotypic abnormalities, apoptosis, and cardiovascular toxicity in zebrafish embryos through oxidative stress and inflammation.

Thiobencarb is a representative herbicide used on rice paddies. Because thiobencarb is used extensively on agricultural lands, especially on paddy fields, there is a high risk of unintended leaks into aquatic ecosystems. For this reason, several studies have investigated and reported on the toxicity of thiobencarb to aquatic species. In European eels, thiobencarb affected acetylcholinesterase levels in plasma and impaired adenosine triphosphatase activity in their gills. In medaka, thiobencarb-exposed embryos showed lower viability. However, molecular mechanisms underlying thiobencarb-mediated embryotoxicity have yet to be clarified. Therefore, the objective of our study was to investigate its mechanism of toxicity using zebrafish embryos. The viability of zebrafish embryos decreased upon exposure to thiobencarb and various phenotypic abnormalities were observed at concentrations lower than the lethal dose. The developmental toxicity of thiobencarb was mediated by pro-inflammatory cytokines (il1b, cxcl8, cxcl18b, and cox2a) and excessive generation of reactive oxygen species due to the downregulation of genes such as catalase, sod1, and sod2, which encode antioxidant enzymes. In addition, severe defects of the cardiovascular system were identified in response to thiobencarb exposure. Specifically, deformed cardiac looping, delayed common cardinal vein (CCV) regression, and interrupted dorsal aorta (DA)-posterior cardinal vein (PCV) segregation were observed. Our results provide an essential resource that demonstrates molecular mechanisms underlying the toxicity of thiobencarb on non-target organisms, which may contribute to the establishment of a mitigation strategy.
Garam An, Junho Park, Whasun Lim, Gwonhwa Song

2055 related Products with: Thiobencarb induces phenotypic abnormalities, apoptosis, and cardiovascular toxicity in zebrafish embryos through oxidative stress and inflammation.

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#35961531   2022/08/09 To Up

Seminal plasma N-glycome as a new biomarker of environmental exposure associated with semen quality.

Male infertility, a condition that has during the last decade raised significant concern, is a diagnostically demanding and socially sensitive topic. The number of unsolved issues on infertility etiology, especially potential environmental causes, in couples demonstrates the need for further investigations into infertility biomarkers. Semen parameters are often insufficient for reliable profiling of male infertility. Thus, this study aims to evaluate for the first time seminal plasma N-glycosylation as a biomarker of environmental exposure in semen samples from 82 normozoospermic men and 84 men with abnormal semen parameters and compare it with genome damage measured by DNA fragmentation. We obtained information about chronic exposure to environmental factors from the self-reported questionnaire, and determined sperm DNA fragmentation by sperm chromatin dispersion, while N-glycans were characterized with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). Based on previously published results, ten N-glycans were selected. Results show that the selected seminal plasma N-glycans were significantly associated with smoking, exposure to pesticides, air pollution, agents emitted during photocopying, alcohol consumption, and obesity. Some N-glycans showed a simultaneous association with DNA fragmentation, semen parameters, and environmental stressors. These subgroups of N-glycans are new potential candidates for biomonitoring of exposure to different environmental factors in men with semen abnormalities.
T Marić, Wójcik, A Katušić Bojanac, A Matijević, M Ceppi, M Bruzzone, E Evgeni, T Petrović, Trbojević-Akmačić, G Lauc, D Ježek, A Fučić

1035 related Products with: Seminal plasma N-glycome as a new biomarker of environmental exposure associated with semen quality.