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#35973771   2022/07/01 To Up

Investigation of resistance mechanisms to bentazone in multiple resistant Amaranthus retroflexus populations.

Redroot amaranth (Amaranthus retroflexus L.) is a noxious weed that affects soybean production in China. Experiments were conducted to determine the molecular basis of resistance to bentazone. Whole-plant dose-response experiments showed that two populations (R1 and R2) exhibited resistance to bentazone with resistance indices of 9.01 and 6.85, respectively. Sequencing of the psbA gene revealed no amino acid substitution in the two populations. qRT-PCR analysis verified that psbA gene expression in R1 and R2 populations was increased significantly after treatment with bentazone, which was 3-fold and 5-fold higher than that in S1 and S2 populations, respectively. The P450 inhibitor malathion significantly reduced the level of resistance in the R1 and R2 populations when used prior to bentazone treatment. The R1 population exhibited multiple resistance to thifensulfuron-methyl and lactofen, caused by target site mutations (Asp-376-Glu in ALS, Arg-128-Gly in PPO2). In conclusion, increased gene expression of the psbA gene and enhanced herbicide metabolism seem to be the basis of resistance to bentazone in these A. retroflexus populations.
Wenyu Li, Yi Cao, Zhen Liu, Shouhui Wei, Hongjuan Huang, Yuning Lan, Ying Sun, Zhaofeng Huang

1537 related Products with: Investigation of resistance mechanisms to bentazone in multiple resistant Amaranthus retroflexus populations.

5mg5mg5mg16 Arrays/Slide10mg10mg10mg

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#35973770   2022/06/28 To Up

SDH mutations confer complex cross-resistance patterns to SDHIs in Corynespora cassiicola.

Succinate dehydrogenase inhibitors (SDHIs) are one of the most frequently used fungicides in cucumber fields in China. Our previous studies indicated that the sensitivity profile of Corynespora cassiicola, the causal agent of Corynespora leaf spot, to different SDHIs varied greatly; however, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. The 50% effective concentration (EC) values of boscalid, fluopyram, fluxapyroxad and isopyrazam in C. cassiicola collected from 2017 to 2020 shifted, with resistance frequencies of 79.83%, 78.43%, 83.19% and 49.86%, respectively. The sequence alignment of sdhB/C/D of resistant strains revealed that eight single amino acid mutations (B-H278Y/L, B-I280V, C-S73P, C-N75S, C-H134R, D-D95E and D-G109V), and three dual-mutations (B-I280V&C-S73P, B-I280V&C-N75S and C-S73P&C-N75S) conferred various SDHI resistance levels and cross-resistance profiles. The expression level of the sdhB/C/D gene and succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) activity in the mutants were significantly altered by the presence of SDHIs, compared with the wild type strain. Additionally, molecular docking results suggested that the missense mutation influenced the crystal structure of SDH and subsequently interfered with the interaction bonds and bond distances among the target protein and chemicals. In brief, amino acid mutations altered the fungicide response of target gene expression, SDH activity and the binding features of SDH-ligand complexes and subsequently conferred multiple resistance levels and complex cross-resistance patterns to SDHIs in C. cassiicola. The evaluation of C. cassiicola resistance to SDHIs provided a significant foundation for efficient chemical development and integrated CLS management strategies.
Jiamei Zhu, Jin Li, Dicheng Ma, Yangyang Gao, Jiagao Cheng, Wei Mu, Beixing Li, Feng Liu

2982 related Products with: SDH mutations confer complex cross-resistance patterns to SDHIs in Corynespora cassiicola.

50 ul10100 25 500 gm.96 wells (1 kit)100 ul1 mg

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#35973760   2022/06/28 To Up

Multiple resistance to ALS-inhibiting and PPO-inhibiting herbicides in Chenopodium album L. from China.

Common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album L.) is a broadleaf weed that can severely damage soybean fields. Two C. album populations (1744 and 1731) suspected resistant to imazethapyr were investigated for resistance levels to imazethapyr, thifensulfuron-methyl, and fomesafen and their resistance mechanisms were investigated. Whole-plant dose-response assays revealed that, compared to the susceptible (S) population, the 1744 population was 16.5-fold resistant to imazethapyr, slightly resistant to thifensulfuron-methyl (resistance index [R/S], <3). The 1731 population was 18.8-fold resistant to imazethapyr, 2.9-fold resistant to thifensulfuron-methyl, and 5.1-fold resistant to fomesafen. In vitro acetolactate synthase (ALS) assays showed 17.1-fold and 19.3-fold resistance levels of 1744 and 1731 populations to imazethapyr respectively. ALS gene sequence analysis identified Ala122Thr amino acid substitution in the 1744 population and Ser653Thr amino acid substitution in the 1731 population. No mutations of the protoporphyrinogen oxidase (PPO) gene were detected. However, pre-treatment with malathion reversed fomesafen resistance, suggesting nontarget-site resistance mechanisms likely play a role in the 1731 population.
Yi Cao, Xinxin Zhou, Shouhui Wei, Hongjuan Huang, Yuning Lan, Wenyu Li, Ying Sun, Zhaofeng Huang

2807 related Products with: Multiple resistance to ALS-inhibiting and PPO-inhibiting herbicides in Chenopodium album L. from China.