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#34563052   2021/09/18 To Up

Antioxidant and Anti-Melanogenic Activities of Heat-Treated Licorice (Wongam, × ) Extract.

Melanin is a brown or black pigment that protects skin from ultraviolet radiation and reactive oxygen species (ROS). However, overproduction of melanin is associated with lentigines, melasma, freckles and skin cancer. Licorice has shown antioxidant, anti-tumor, anti-platelet, anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory activities and is used as a natural treatment for skin whitening. We aimed to confirm the potential of Wongam, a new cultivar of licorice developed by the Rural Development Administration (RDA), as a whitening agent in cosmetics. In addition, we verified the effect of heat treatment on the bioactivity of licorice by comparing antioxidant and anti-melanogenic activities of licorice extract before and after heating (130 °C). The heat-treated licorice extract (WH-130) showed higher radical-scavenging activities in the ABTS (2,2'-azino-bis-(3-ethylbenzothiazolin-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt) and DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) assays. In addition, WH-130 inhibited melanogenesis more effectively due to downregulation of tyrosinase in B16F10 melanoma cells than non-heated licorice extract. Moreover, heat treatment increased total phenolic content. In particular, isoliquiritigenin, an antioxidant and anti-melanogenic compound of licorice, was produced by heat treatment. In conclusion, WH-130, with increased levels of bioactive phenolics such as isoliquiritigenin, has potential for development into a novel skin whitening material with applications in cosmetics.
Min Hye Kang, Gwi Yeong Jang, Yun-Jeong Ji, Jeong Hoon Lee, Su Ji Choi, Tae Kyung Hyun, Hyung Don Kim

1700 related Products with: Antioxidant and Anti-Melanogenic Activities of Heat-Treated Licorice (Wongam, × ) Extract.

100.00 ul100ul1000 TESTS/0.65ml500 1 mg100ul100 1 mg0.1 mg200 100 1 ml

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#34563048   2021/09/08 To Up

Exhibits Anti-Oncogenic Effect in Hepatocellular Carcinoma, HepG2 Cancer Cell Line by Bcl-2 Mediated Apoptotic Pathway and Mitochondrial Cytochrome C Release.

: is an important species of the Asteraceae family with several purposes in traditional medicine. This study intended to explore the cytotoxic effect of on HepG2 cancer cell proliferation. The effects of an n-butanol extract on the induction of apoptosis were investigated by flow cytometry and mitochondrial cytochrome C-releasing apoptosis assay. Additionally, real-time PCR was employed to confirm apoptosis initiation. Further, qualitative estimation of the active constituent of was done by gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC-MS). : The cell viability study revealed that the n-butanol extract of demonstrated potent cytotoxicity against HepG2 cancer cells, with an IC50 value of 56.76 μg/mL. Cell morphology with dual staining of acridine orange (AO)-ethidium bromide (EB) showed an increase in orange/red nuclei due to cell death by n-butanol extract compared to control cells. Apoptosis, as the mode of cell death, was also confirmed by the higher release of cytochrome C from mitochondria, the increased expression of caspase-3 and bax, along with down regulation of Bcl-2. These findings conclude that is a cause of hepatic cancer cell death through apoptosis and a potential natural source suggesting furthermore investigation of its active compounds that are responsible for these observed activities.
Amal A Alotaibi, Asmatanzeem Bepari, Rasha Assad Assiri, Shaik Kalimulla Niazi, Sreenivasa Nayaka, Muthuraj Rudrappa, Shashiraj Kareyellapa Nagaraja, Meghashyama Prabhakara Bhat

2216 related Products with: Exhibits Anti-Oncogenic Effect in Hepatocellular Carcinoma, HepG2 Cancer Cell Line by Bcl-2 Mediated Apoptotic Pathway and Mitochondrial Cytochrome C Release.

1 mL1 mL100ug Lyophilized

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#34563040   2021/08/28 To Up

Active Ingredients from Steam Distilled Essential Oil Inhibit PC-3 Prostate Cancer Cell Growth via Direct Action and Indirect Immune Cells Conditioned Media In Vitro.

Active constituents isolated from (ER) steam distilled essential oil (SDEO) against PC-3 prostate cancer cell growth remain unclear. To clarify the puzzle, ER SDEO was extracted and further resolved into six isolated fractions ERF1-F6 with Sephadex LH-20 gel filtration chromatography to analyze their biological activities. Active ingredients in the isolated fractions were analyzed with GC-MS. Potential isolated fractions were selected to treat PC-3 cells with direct action and indirect treatment by mouse splenocyte- (SCM) and macrophage-conditioned media (MCM). The relationship between PC-3 cell viabilities and corresponding total polyphenols, flavonoid contents as well as Th1/Th2 cytokine profiles in SCM was analyzed using the Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient (r). As a result, ERF1-F3 was abundant in total polyphenols and flavonoids contents with diverse active ingredients. Treatments with ERF1-F3 at appropriate concentrations more or less inhibit PC-3 cell growth in a direct action manner. Only SCM, respectively, cultured with ER SDEO and ERF1-F3 markedly enhanced the effects to inhibit PC-3 cell growth, suggesting that secretions by splenocytes might involve anti-PC-3 effects. There are significantly negative correlations between PC-3 cell viabilities and IL-2, IL-10 as well as IL-10/IL-2 ratios in the corresponding SCM. Total polyphenol and flavonoid contents in the media cultured with ER SDEO isolated fractions positively correlated with IL-10 (Th2) and IL-10/IL-2 (Th2/Th1) cytokine secretion ratios by splenocytes, indicating that polyphenol and flavonoid components in ER SDEO isolated fractions promote Th2-polarized and anti-inflammatory characteristics. These new findings concluded that the inhibitory effects against PC-3 prostate cancer cell growth are attributed to active anti-inflammatory ingredients in ER SDEO and its active ERF1-F3 fractions through direct action and indirect treatment by modulating splenocytes' cytokine secretion profiles.
Tzu-He Yeh, Jin-Yuarn Lin

1560 related Products with: Active Ingredients from Steam Distilled Essential Oil Inhibit PC-3 Prostate Cancer Cell Growth via Direct Action and Indirect Immune Cells Conditioned Media In Vitro.

5 x 50 ug50 ug30ml1.00 flask1 ml1x10e7 cells30ml

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#34562999   2021/09/06 To Up

Review of the Effectiveness of Various Adjuvant Therapies in Treating .

Tuberculosis disease is caused by the bacterium . It is estimated that 10 million people have developed tuberculosis disease globally, leading to 1.4 million deaths in 2019. Treatment of tuberculosis has been especially challenging due to the rise of multidrug-resistant (MDR-TB) and extensive drug-resistant (XDR-TB) tuberculosis. In addition to drug-resistant genotypes, the standard treatment of tuberculosis by first-line agents is also challenging due to toxicity and costs. In the last four decades, there have only been two new anti-tuberculosis agents-bedaquiline and delamanid. Therefore, shorter, safer, and more cost-effective therapies are needed to adequately treat tuberculosis. In this review, we explore various adjuvants such as glutathione, everolimus, vitamin D, steroid, aspirin, statin, and metformin and their usefulness in reducing the burden of tuberculosis. Glutathione, everolimus, aspirin, and metformin showed the most promise in alleviating the burden of tuberculosis. Despite their potential, more clinical trials are needed to unequivocally establish the effectiveness of these adjuvants as future clinical therapies. Methods: The journals for this review were selected by conducting a search via PubMed, Google Scholar, and The Lancet. Our first search included keywords such as "tuberculosis" and "adjuvant therapy." From the search, we made a list of adjuvants associated with tuberculosis, and this helped guide us with our second online database search. Using the same three online databases, we searched "tuberculosis" and "respective therapy." The adjuvants included in the paper were selected based on the availability of sufficient research and support between the therapy and tuberculosis. Adjuvants with minimal research support were excluded. There were no specific search criteria regarding the timing of publication, with our citations ranging between 1979 to 2021.
Arman Amin, Artin Vartanian, Aram Yegiazaryan, Abdul Latif Al-Kassir, Vishwanath Venketaraman

2523 related Products with: Review of the Effectiveness of Various Adjuvant Therapies in Treating .

1 5 G5 sets100 μg

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#34562980   2021/09/10 To Up

The Current and Potential Application of Medicinal Cannabis Products in Dentistry.

Oral and dental diseases are a major global burden, the most common non-communicable diseases (NCDs), and may even affect an individual's general quality of life and health. The most prevalent dental and oral health conditions are tooth decay (otherwise referred to as dental caries/cavities), oral cancers, gingivitis, periodontitis, periodontal (gum) disease, Noma, oro-dental trauma, oral manifestations of HIV, sensitive teeth, cracked teeth, broken teeth, and congenital anomalies such as cleft lip and palate. Herbs have been utilized for hundreds of years in traditional Chinese, African and Indian medicine and even in some Western countries, for the treatment of oral and dental conditions including but not limited to dental caries, gingivitis and toothaches, dental pulpitis, halitosis (bad breath), mucositis, sore throat, oral wound infections, and periodontal abscesses. Herbs have also been used as plaque removers (chew sticks), antimicrobials, analgesics, anti-inflammatory agents, and antiseptics. L. in particular has been utilized in traditional Asian medicine for tooth-pain management, prevention of dental caries and reduction in gum inflammation. The distribution of cannabinoid (CB) receptors in the mouth suggest that the endocannabinoid system may be a target for the treatment of oral and dental diseases. Most recently, interest has been geared toward the use of Cannabidiol (CBD), one of several secondary metabolites produced by L. CBD is a known anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anxiolytic, anti-microbial and anti-cancer agent, and as a result, may have therapeutic potential against conditions such burning mouth syndrome, dental anxiety, gingivitis, and possible oral cancer. Other major secondary metabolites of L. such as terpenes and flavonoids also share anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anxiolytic and anti-microbial properties and may also have dental and oral applications. This review will investigate the potential of secondary metabolites of L. in the treatment of dental and oral diseases.
Henry Lowe, Ngeh Toyang, Blair Steele, Joseph Bryant, Wilfred Ngwa, Kaveh Nedamat

1037 related Products with: The Current and Potential Application of Medicinal Cannabis Products in Dentistry.

100ul100ug Lyophilized 100ul50ul 100ul100ug Lyophilized1mg0.1ml 100ul

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#34562931   2021/09/16 To Up

Genetically Encoded Sensor Cells for the Screening of Glucocorticoid Receptor (GR) Effectors in Herbal Extracts.

Although in vitro sensors provide facile low-cost ways to screen for biologically active targets, their results may not accurately represent the molecular interactions in biological systems. Cell-based sensors have emerged as promising platforms to screen targets in biologically relevant environments. However, there are few examples where cell-based sensors have been practically applied for drug screening. Here, we used engineered cortisol-detecting sensor cells to screen for natural mimetics of cortisol. The sensor cells were designed to report the presence of a target through signal peptide activation and subsequent fluorescence signal translocation. The developed sensor cells were able to detect known biological targets from human-derived analytes as well as natural product extracts, such as deer antlers and ginseng. The multi-use capability and versatility to screen in different cellular environments were also demonstrated. The sensor cells were used to identify novel GR effectors from medicinal plant extracts. Our results suggest that decursin from dongquai had the GR effector function as a selective GR agonist (SEGRA), making it a potent drug candidate with anti-inflammatory activity. We demonstrated the superiority of cell-based sensing technology over in vitro screening, proving its potential for practical drug screening applications that leads to the function-based discovery of target molecules.
Chungwon Kang, Soyoun Kim, Euiyeon Lee, Jeahee Ryu, Minhyeong Lee, Youngeun Kwon

1232 related Products with: Genetically Encoded Sensor Cells for the Screening of Glucocorticoid Receptor (GR) Effectors in Herbal Extracts.

100 μg100 assays2 Pieces/Box-100ug Lyophilized100 assays100ug100ug100ug Lyophilized96T

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#34562924   2021/09/13 To Up

An Electrochemical Enzyme Biosensor for Ammonium Detection in Aquaculture Using Screen-Printed Electrode Modified by Gold Nanoparticle/Polymethylene Blue.

A SPEC/AuNPs/PMB modified electrode was prepared by electrodeposition and electro-polymerization. The electrochemical behavior of reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) on the surface of the modified electrode was studied by cyclic voltammetry. A certain amount of substrate and glutamate dehydrogenase (GLDH) were coated on the modified electrode to form a functional enzyme membrane. The ammonia nitrogen in the water sample could be calculated indirectly by measuring the consumption of NADH in the reaction. The results showed that the strength of electro-catalytic current signal was increased by two times; the catalytic oxidation potential was shifted to the left by 0.5 V, and the anti-interference ability of the sensor was enhanced. The optimum substrate concentration and enzyme loading were determined as 1.3 mM NADH, 28 mM α-Ketoglutarate and 2.0 U GLDH, respectively. The homemade ceramic heating plate controlled the working electrode to work at 37 °C. A pH compensation algorithm based on piecewise linear interpolation could reduce the measurement error to less than 3.29 μM. The biosensor exhibited good linearity in the range of 0~300 μM with a detection limit of 0.65 μM NH. Compared with standard Nessler's method, the recoveries were 93.71~105.92%. The biosensor was found to be stable for at least 14 days when refrigerated and sealed at 4 °C.
Cong Wang, Tan Wang, Zhen Li, Xianbao Xu, Xiaoshuan Zhang, Daoliang Li

2157 related Products with: An Electrochemical Enzyme Biosensor for Ammonium Detection in Aquaculture Using Screen-Printed Electrode Modified by Gold Nanoparticle/Polymethylene Blue.

100ug100ug Lyophilized100ug Lyophilized100ug900 tests100ug Lyophilized100ug Lyophilized100ug100 μg100 μg1-8 Sample Kit100 μg

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#34562896   2021/08/30 To Up

A Smart Core-Crosslinked Supramolecular Drug Delivery System (SDDS) Enabled by Pendant Cyclodextrins Encapsulation of Drug Dimers via Host-Guest Interaction.

Owing to poor aqueous solubility and low delivery efficiency, most of anti-cancer chemodrugs depend on various smart drug delivery platforms to enhance the treatment efficacy. Herein, a stimuli-responsive supramolecular drug delivery system (SDDS) is developed based on polymeric cyclodextrins (PCD) which crosslinked by stimuli-cleavable drug dimers via host-guest interaction. PEGylated PCD was precisely controlled synthesized by ring-opening polymerization and azide-alkyne click chemistry, and two doxorubicins (DOX) were linked with a disulfide bond to form a drug dimer (ss-DOX). They then co-assembled into supramolecular micelles. Drug dimers were utilized as cross-linkers to stabilize the micelles. The drug loading efficiency was very high that could be up to 98%. The size and morphology were measured by DLS and TEM. Owing to the disulfide bonds of drug dimers, these supramolecular micelles were dissociated by treating with dithiothreitol (DTT). In the meanwhile, the free DOXs were recovered and released from cavities of cyclodextrins because of dynamic equilibrium and hydrophilicity changes. The release profile was studied under mimic physiological conditions. Furthermore, in vitro cytotoxicity study showed excellent anti-cancer efficacy of reduced-responsive supramolecular polymeric micelles. Therefore, it can be served as a safe and stimuli-responsive SDDS for cancer therapy.
Xin Xing, Zhijun Guo, Yue Su, Zhen Yang, Jiwen Qian, Chunlai Tu, Lijuan Zhu, Feng Xu

2841 related Products with: A Smart Core-Crosslinked Supramolecular Drug Delivery System (SDDS) Enabled by Pendant Cyclodextrins Encapsulation of Drug Dimers via Host-Guest Interaction.

100 assays100 assays100 assays100 assays100 assays100 ug/vial100 assays100 assays500 ug

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#34562871   2021/09/20 To Up

Continuous glucose monitoring and Rituximab treatment in insulin autoimmune syndrome.

Insulin autoimmune syndrome (IAS) or Hirata's disease is a rare cause of hypoglycemia. It is characterized by hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia, elevated insulin autoantibody titers, no prior exposure to exogenous insulin and no pathological abnormalities of pancreatic islets. Hypoglycemia usually occurs in the post prandial and post absorptive state. Most cases of IAS are self-limiting, with resolution of symptoms within six months to one year. In intractable cases, treatment modalities include low-carbohydrate meals; acarbose; diazoxide; glucocorticoids; immune-suppressants like Azathioprine, cyclophosphamide, mycophenolate mofetil; plasmapheresis and partial pancreatectomy. Rituximab, an anti CD20 monoclonal antibody, was first used in 2016 in a patient with IAS who did not respond to glucocorticoids. Subsequently, there have been three more case reports of IAS where Rituximab was used along with other modalities of treatment. Here, we report the case of a 64-year old Asian Indian woman who presented with recurrent episodes of severe post prandial hypoglycemia and was diagnosed with insulin autoimmune syndrome. She was managed with continuous glucose monitoring and two doses of Rituximab 10 weeks apart, that resulted in resolution of hypoglycemia. This case report underlies the role of Rituximab as a first line agent for treatment of hypoglycemia in IAS.
Hiya Boro, Uttio Gupta, Charandeep Singh, Rakhi Malhotra, Rajesh Khadgawat

1690 related Products with: Continuous glucose monitoring and Rituximab treatment in insulin autoimmune syndrome.

2 Pieces/Box96 assays100 mg100ug100ug10ug100ug100ug250ul100ug100ug Lyophilized96 wells (1 kit)

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