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#35973769   2022/06/29 To Up

A novel naturally Phe206Tyr mutation confers tolerance to ALS-inhibiting herbicides in Alopecurus myosuroides.

Herbicide-resistant weeds pose a serious threat to world food production. The rapid and widespread development of target-site based resistance limits the application of herbicides. Alopecurus myosuroides Huds. (blackgrass) has spread rapidly in winter wheat regions in China, and the field recommended dose of ALS herbicides no longer controls blackgrass populations in recent years. A highly resistant population TW18(R) was collected in 2018 from Shandong Province. Dose-response assays showed that the TW18 was resistant to mesosulfuron-methyl, flucarbazone-sodium, and imazethapyr, with resistance index values of 5.96, 6.1, and 4.09, respectively. DNA sequencing of the TW18 population revealed a Phe206Tyr (F206Y) mutation in the ALS, which was not yet reported. Blackgrass ALS gene with the F206Y mutation (R gene) was expressed in Arabidopsis and rice. Transgenic studies have shown that both Arabidopsis and rice expressing this R gene have resistance to imazethapyr. However, it did not confer resistance to tribenuron methyl and florasulam in transgenic Arabidopsis. This study showed that the F206Y substitution caused herbicide resistance in blackgrass. To our knowledge, this is the first-reported F206Y mutation of a weed species in the natural environment. Transgenic plants showed this functional site could be utilized to generate imazethapyr-resistant rice to control herbicide-resistant weed damage.
Jian Li, Yanbang Li, Feng Fang, Dexing Xue, Rumei Li, Xingxiang Gao, Mei Li

1408 related Products with: A novel naturally Phe206Tyr mutation confers tolerance to ALS-inhibiting herbicides in Alopecurus myosuroides.

100 μg1 kit100 96T100 1 mg

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#35973763   2022/07/09 To Up

Sodium channel-directed alkaloids synergize the mosquitocidal and neurophysiological effects of natural pyrethrins.

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Edmund J Norris, Jeffrey R Bloomquist

1858 related Products with: Sodium channel-directed alkaloids synergize the mosquitocidal and neurophysiological effects of natural pyrethrins.

100 MG720/kit 25 MG100ug10 mg 100 G100 ml (5M) 100 G100 MG100ug Lyophilized1 g

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#35973761   2022/07/02 To Up

Investigating resistance levels to cyhalofop-butyl and mechanisms involved in Chinese sprangletop (Leptochloa chinensis L.) from Anhui Province, China.

Chinese sprangletop (Leptochloa chinensis (L.) Nees) is a common grass species that severely threatens rice (Oryza sativa L.) cropping systems globally. Cyhalofop-butyl is a highly efficient acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACCase)-inhibiting herbicide widely used for control of this species in China. However, some L. chinensis populations have gradually evolved resistance to this herbicide in recent years. To better understand the cyhalofop-butyl resistance status of L. chinensis in the major rice planting area of the middle-lower Yangtze River basin, 73 populations collected from the rice fields across Anhui Province were investigated for cyhalofop-butyl susceptibility and potential herbicide resistance-conferring mutations. Single-dose testing indicated that of the 73 populations, 25 had evolved resistance to cyhalofop-butyl and were separately classified as "RRR" and "RR" populations according to their fresh weight reductions, 8 had a high risk of evolving cyhalofop-butyl resistance and were classified as "R?" populations, and 40 were susceptible and classified as "S" populations. Whole-plant dose-response experiments showed that the resistance index (RI) of these R?, RR, and RRR populations to cyhalofop-butyl ranged from 2.47 to 36.94. Target gene sequencing identified seven ACCase resistance mutations (I1781L, W1999C, W2027S, W2027L, W2027C, I2041N, and D2078G), with W1999C and W2027C the two most common detected in about three quarters of all the resistant populations. Seven populations including LASC3, BBHY1, AQQS1, HFFD3, HFFD4, AQWJ1, and HFLJ6 each carrying a specific ACCase mutation were tested for their cross- and multiple-resistance patterns. Compared with a standard susceptible population HFLY1, the seven resistant populations showed distinct cross-resistance. All had low- to high-level cross-resistance to metamifop (RIs ranging from 6.16 to 17.65), fenoxaprop-P-ethyl (RIs ranging from 6.39 to 24.08), and quizalofop-P-ethyl (RIs ranging from 2.20 to 10.25), but responded differently to clodinafop-propargyl and clethodim. Multiple-resistance testing suggested that the seven resistant populations were all susceptible to the 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase inhibitor tripyrasulfone, the protoporphyrinogen oxidase inhibitor oxyfluorfen, and the auxin mimic herbicide florpyrauxifen. In conclusion, this study has shown that cyhalofop-butyl resistance was prevalent in L. chinensis in Anhui Province, China, and target site mutation was one of the most common resistance mechanisms.
Minghao Jiang, Yafei Wang, Wei Li, Qi Li, Jingxu Zhang, Min Liao, Ning Zhao, Haiqun Cao

2749 related Products with: Investigating resistance levels to cyhalofop-butyl and mechanisms involved in Chinese sprangletop (Leptochloa chinensis L.) from Anhui Province, China.