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#36359890 2022/11/04 To Up
Short-Term Omega-3 Supplementation Modulates Novel Neurovascular and Fatty Acid Metabolic Proteome Changes in the Retina and Ophthalmic Artery of Mice with Targeted Gene Deletion.Cytochrome P450 (CYP) gene mutations are a common predisposition associated with glaucoma. Although the molecular mechanisms are largely unknown, omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3 PUFA) and their CYP-derived bioactive mediators play crucial roles in the ocular system. Here, we elucidated the proteome and cell-signalling alterations attributed to the main human gene deficiency using a homologous murine model (), and unravelled the effects of acute ω-3 PUFA supplementation in two ocular vascular beds comprising the retrobulbar ophthalmic artery (OA) and retina (R). Male mice (KO) and their floxed littermates (WT) were gavaged daily for 7 days with 0.01 mL/g of ω-3 PUFA composed of menhaden fish oil. Another group in respective strains served as vehicle-treated controls. OA and R were isolated at day 8 post-treatment ( = 9/group) and subjected to mass spectrometry (MS)-based proteomics and bioinformatics analyses. resulted in significant detrimental proteome changes associated with compromised vascular integrity and degeneration in the OA and R, respectively. However, notable changes in the OA after ω-3 PUFA intake were associated with the maintenance of intercellular junctional and endothelial cell functions, as well as activation of the fatty acid metabolic pathway in the KO mice. Conversely, ω-3 PUFA supplementation profoundly influenced the regulation of a large majority of retinal proteins involved in the preservation of neuronal and phototransduction activities in WT mice, namely synaptophysin, phosducin and guanylate cyclase-1, while significantly abrogating degenerative processes in the KO mice the regulation of, namely, synaptotagmin-1 and beta-crystallin B2. In gist, this study demonstrated that dietary supplementation with ω-3 PUFA for a short period of seven days regulated specific neuro-vasculoprotective mechanisms to preserve the functionality of the OA and R in the absence of Cyp2c44. The potential adjunct use of ω-3 PUFA for glaucoma therapy needs further investigation.
Natarajan Perumal, Anna Herfurth, Norbert Pfeiffer, Caroline Manicam