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#33598181   2020/12/30 To Up

Effects of enzymatic treatments on the hydrolysis and antigenicity reduction of natural cow milk.

Cow milk (CM) allergy is one of the most common food allergies worldwide; the most abundant CM proteins, such as casein (CN), β-lactoglobulin (β-LG), and ɑ-lactalbumin (ɑ-LA), are all potentially allergenic. Reducing the antigenicity of CM continues to be a major challenge. However, previous studies have focused on the antigenicity of individual allergic CM proteins. Thus, in the present study, we aimed to evaluate the effects of different food-grade enzymes on the antigenicity of CN, β-LG, ɑ-LA in natural CM. The degree of hydrolysis (DH) and molecular mass (MW) distribution of CM hydrolysates were assessed. Additionally, the residual antigenicity of CM hydrolysates was evaluated through enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and Western blotting with anti-CN, anti-β-LG, and anti-ɑ-LA rabbit polyclonal antibodies. The results showed that Alcalase- and Protamex-mediated hydrolysis could efficiently reduce the antigenicity of CN, β-LG, and ɑ-LA, inducing a higher DH, the loss of density of CM proteins, and the increasing levels of low MW (<3 kDa) peptides in CM hydrolysates. Further, Protamex and Alcalase could more efficiently hydrolyze the major allergenic components of CM than the other enzymes, which could represent an advantage for the development of hypoallergenic CM. These findings add further knowledge about the study and development of hypoallergenic CM.
Xiaona Liang, Hui Yang, Jing Sun, Jiao Cheng, Xue Luo, Zongzhou Wang, Mei Yang, Dong Bing Tao, Xiqing Yue, Yan Zheng

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