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#37103583   2023/04/27 To Up

The quantity and quality of anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies show contrariwise association with COVID-19 severity: lessons learned from IgG avidity.

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Mehrdad Hajilooi, Fariba Keramat, Akram Moazenian, Mohsen Rastegari-Pouyani, Ghasem Solgi

2201 related Products with: The quantity and quality of anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies show contrariwise association with COVID-19 severity: lessons learned from IgG avidity.

0.1 ml100 ul1 ml0.1 mg1 mg0.1 mg250 ug0.5 mg100 ug/vial100 ul100 μg0.2 mg

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#34939678   2021/12/23 To Up

Interleukin 10 and transforming growth factor-beta 1 plasma levels in atopic dogs before and during immunotherapy.

Human studies suggest that the cytokines, interleukin 10 (IL-10) and transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-ß1) may play an important role in allergen-specific immunotherapy (ASIT). However, there is little known about the function of these cytokines in atopic dogs. This study compared the plasma levels of IL-10 and TGF-ß1 in atopic and control dogs and investigated their changes during different ASIT approaches.
Franco Martini, Ana Rostaher, Claude Favrot, Nina Fischer

1415 related Products with: Interleukin 10 and transforming growth factor-beta 1 plasma levels in atopic dogs before and during immunotherapy.

10ug10ug 100ul10ug100ug1000 tests100ug10ug100ug Lyophilized100ug Lyophilized100ug Lyophilized

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#33010062   2020/10/15 To Up

Circulating mRNA and plasma levels of osteoprotegerin and receptor activator of NF-κB ligand in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.

Pathogenesis of the beginning and progression of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has not been clarified exactly. The osteoprotegerin (OPG)/receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL) axis seems to play an imperative function in the onset and progression of this disease. The goal of the present study was to investigate the peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) expression and plasma levels of RANKL and OPG cytokines in NAFLD patients and compare them with healthy group. Plasma levels of OPG and RANKL were determined with ELISA kits in 57 men with NAFLD and 25 healthy men as controls. Biochemical and anthropometric parameters tests were also evaluated in the study groups. RANKL and OPG mRNA contents were evaluated by quantitative RT-PCR. OPG contents were markedly decreased in NAFLD patients as compared with healthy patients [1.43 (1.05-5.45)] versus [2.94 (1.76-4.73)] ng/mL; P = 0.007). The levels of RANKL were significantly reduced in NAFLD patients [74.00 (56.26-203.52) ng/mL] than in healthy patients [119.37 (83.71-150.13) ng/mL]; (P = 0.03). Also, OPG and RANKL gene expression were significantly decreased in NAFLD patients in comparison with the control group (P < 0.05). Moreover, receiver operating characteristic curve indicated that OPG may have a good capability to discriminate between NAFLD patients and normal individuals. A positive correlation was observed between OPG and RANKL in plasma sample (r = 0.495) (P = 0.000). Decreased plasma levels and gene expression of RANKL and OPG cytokines in NAFLD patients indicate that there is a relationship between these cytokines and the pathology of NAFLD disease. Confirmation of this association as well as the mechanism and role of these cytokines in NAFLD require further studies.
Mohsen Nikseresht, Nahid Azarmehr, Arash Arya, Behnam Alipoor, Reza Fadaei, Bahman Khalvati, Hassan Abidi, Amir Hossein Doustimotlagh

2258 related Products with: Circulating mRNA and plasma levels of osteoprotegerin and receptor activator of NF-κB ligand in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.

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#31278094   2019/07/04 To Up

The effect of resveratrol supplementation on the expression levels of factors associated with cellular senescence and sCD163/sTWEAK ratio in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: study protocol for a double-blind controlled randomised clinical trial.

Over the past decades, the number of people with type 2 diabetes (T2D) has increased globally. One of the major complications in these patients is cardiovascular disease; it seems that the cell proliferation inhibition can improve vascular function in these patients. It is proposed that peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα) can induce cell cycle arrest via cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2A (p16) activation. Also, it has been shown that phosphorylated tumour suppressor protein p53 is involved in cell senescence by cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1 (p21) upregulation. Resveratrol is a natural polyphenol and appears to improve the vascular function through the mentioned pathways. We will aim to evaluate the effects of resveratrol supplementation on mRNA expression of PPARα, p53, p21 and p16 in patients with T2D. We will also measure serum levels of cluster of differentiation 163 (CD163) and tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) as the indicators of cardiovascular status.
Shima Abdollahi, Amin Salehi-Abargouei, Mahtab Tabatabaie, Mohammad Hasan Sheikhha, Hossein Fallahzadeh, Masoud Rahmanian, Omid Toupchian, Elham Karimi-Nazari, Hassan Mozaffari-Khosravi

2730 related Products with: The effect of resveratrol supplementation on the expression levels of factors associated with cellular senescence and sCD163/sTWEAK ratio in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: study protocol for a double-blind controlled randomised clinical trial.

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#29661225   2018/04/17 To Up

Lymphocyte subset expression and serum concentrations of PD-1/PD-L1 in sepsis - pilot study.

Sepsis remains a major cause of mortality in critical care, for which specific treatments are lacking. The dysregulated response to infection seen in sepsis includes features of lymphocyte dysfunction and exhaustion, suggesting that immune-stimulatory therapy may improve outcomes in certain patient groups. Monoclonal antibodies targeting checkpoint molecules, such as programmed-death 1 protein (PD-1) and its ligand PD-L1, have shown success in stimulating the immune response in patients with cancer, and are being considered for future sepsis trials. The aims of this pilot study were to compare lymphocyte subset expression of PD-1 and its ligands between patients with sepsis and controls; to characterize serum levels of PD-1 and PD-L1 in patients with sepsis and controls, and determine if serum concentrations correlated with cell surface expression.
Julie K Wilson, Yuan Zhao, Mervyn Singer, Jo Spencer, Manu Shankar-Hari

2600 related Products with: Lymphocyte subset expression and serum concentrations of PD-1/PD-L1 in sepsis - pilot study.

50 ml50 ml300 units100ml500 ml100 ml96T100ml

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#29109181   2017/11/06 To Up

Achievements of an eradication programme against caprine arthritis encephalitis virus in South Tyrol, Italy.

Small ruminant lentivirus infections in goats affect both production and animal welfare. This represents a threat to the qualitative and quantitative growth of goat farming, recently observed in mountainous regions such as the Autonomous Province of Bolzano - South Tyrol (Italy). To monitor and eradicate the caprine arthritis encephalitis virus in this goat population, a compulsory eradication campaign was launched, based on a strict census of small ruminants and yearly serological testing of all animals, followed by the consequent culling of seropositive individuals. The campaign succeeded in completely eliminating cases of clinical disease in goats, while drastically reducing the seroprevalence at the herd as well as individual animal level. The serological outcome of the introduced control measures was determined using commercially available ELISA kits, demonstrating their suitability for use in this type of campaign, aimed at reducing seroprevalence as well as clinical manifestations of these infections. However, this clear success is diminished by the failure to achieve a complete eradication of these viruses. The reasons leading to the observed tailing phenomenon and the occurrence of new infections in already sanitised flocks are discussed and implementation of further measures are proposed.
Alexander Tavella, Astrid Bettini, Marco Ceol, Paolo Zambotto, Ernst Stifter, Natashia Kusstatscher, Rosalba Lombardi, Stefano Nardeli, Maria Serena Beato, Katia Capello, Giuseppe Bertoni

2403 related Products with: Achievements of an eradication programme against caprine arthritis encephalitis virus in South Tyrol, Italy.

100 1001 mg1 mL1 mL1 mg1 mg1 mL100 µg1001 mg1 mL

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#28713178   2013/11/28 To Up

Glucose transporter-4 in white blood cells of young and old sled dogs: a model for human biomarker development.

The insulin responsive glucose transporter, GLUT4 is found predominantly in muscle and adipose cells. Maratou and others (2007) reported that there is GLUT4 in white blood cells (WBC) collected from human subjects in response to insulin activation. This study was designed to validate the presence of GLUT4 in white blood cells of sled dogs and furthermore to investigate whether changes in levels of the GLUT4 protein might be associated with aging. Additionally, we examined the blood insulin concentration of two populations of dogs, young and old, before and after a meal to observe their insulin response. It is documented in skeletal muscle that GLUT4 expression is increased as a result of conditioning, making sled dogs an excellent model in the circumpolar north for studying the effects of exercise, nutrition and diabetes (Felsburg 2002; Kararli 2006). Blood was withdrawn from 11 healthy sled dogs: 6 young (1-5 years) and physically fit, conditioned for racing and 5 old (7-13 years), retired from racing. The insulin response was determined using blood plasma and ELISA. The buffy coat (containing WBC) was collected with a glass pipette after centrifugation and washed and suspended in 1x phosphate buffer. GLUT4 was measured using ELISA kits (USCN Life Sciences). The results validate that GLUT4 is present in white blood cells in sled dogs. Age had no significant effect in the concentration of GLUT4 between the populations of old and young dogs. A significant difference in insulin levels pre and post meal in young (0.13 ± 0.03 ng/mL (pre), 0.22 ± 0.04 ng/mL (post), p < 0.05) and old (0.13 ± 0.02 ng/mL (pre), 0.22 ± 0.03 ng/mL (post), p < 0.05) dogs was observed, displaying the typical postprandial insulin spike. No significant difference was found in insulin concentration comparing old versus young dogs. Our data shows that white blood cells in young (40.4 ± 2.4 ng/mL) and old (35.3 ± 8.8 ng/mL) sled dogs have quantifiable but non-significant different GLUT4 levels (p > 0.05). Detecting GLUT4 via an ELISA in white blood cells, opens up minimally invasive avenues for studying the underlying molecular mechanisms associated with insulin resistance in more complex, dynamic and physiological systems. This project was the first step in developing a protocol for this simple, technique with a potential clinical application for diagnosing insulin resistance.
Theresia M Schnurr, Arleigh J Reynolds, Lawrence K Duffy, Kriya L Dunlap

2508 related Products with: Glucose transporter-4 in white blood cells of young and old sled dogs: a model for human biomarker development.

96 assays50 mg1.00 flask1.00 flask100 extractions 100 UG1 mg100 μg100Tests100 μg100ug Lyophilized

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#24408313   2014/01/08 To Up

Prevalence of paratuberculosis in cattle and control measures within the herd influence the performance of ELISA tests.

Commercial ELISA kits are widely used in the diagnosis of paratuberculosis of dairy cattle. It is critically important to understand the influences on these test results and their relation to faecal culture (FC) results in order to interpret the findings and to make decisions concerning serial testing and control measures. A total of 1021 cattle (423 FC positive, 598 FC negative) from 14 Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) positive herds were tested with four ELISA systems and FC simultaneously to calculate the kappa coefficients for the agreement of the different ELISA systems as well as find influencing factors. For the agreement of FC and ELISA, the kappa coefficients were low and ranged from 0.19 to 0.24, whereas, results of the different ELISA were consistently high (0.74-0.90). Agreement with FC was enhanced with the duration of control (P≤0.001) and the lactation number (P≤0.01), and reduced with within-herd prevalence (P≤0.001). There were substantial differences in the detection rate of low (15-24 per cent) and high (85-100 per cent) MAP shedders. In conclusion, the factors shown to influence test sensitivity, should be taken into account for validation and interpretation of ELISA tests. The benefit of serial ELISA testing is low.
K Donat, K Schlotter, G Erhardt, H R Brandt

1237 related Products with: Prevalence of paratuberculosis in cattle and control measures within the herd influence the performance of ELISA tests.

96 tests196 tests96 tests96 tests96 tests

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#22027187   2011/10/25 To Up

Transfer of tumour necrosis factor-α via colostrum to foals.

This study aimed to determine whether TNF-α is transferred to equine neonates via colostrum and the relationship between TNF-α and IgG concentrations in the equine neonate. Colostrum, presuckle and postsuckle foal serum samples were collected from healthy mares and their foals. Equine TNF-α ELISA and IgG SRID kits were used to determine the concentrations of TNF-α and IgG, respectively. Statistical analysis was performed using the Spearman rank correlation. TNF-α concentrations in all presuckle foal serum were below the limit of detection in 15/16 foals and increased in postsuckle foal serum to a mean concentration of 7.7 x 10(4) pg/ml. TNF-α concentrations in postsuckle foal serum and colostrum showed significant correlation (rho=0.668; P=0.005). However, TNF-α and IgG concentrations in colostrum or postsuckle foal serum did not correlate (rho<-0.016; P>0.05). Ratios of TNF-α/IgG in colostrum or postsuckle foal serum showed significant correlation (rho=0.750; P=0.0008). These results indicate that TNF-α is transferred to the foal via colostrum absorption and may play a role in early immunity.
E J Secor, M B Matychak, M J B Felippe

1234 related Products with: Transfer of tumour necrosis factor-α via colostrum to foals.

20 5ug96T100 ug/vial0.1 mg96T100ug/vial1 mg96T5ug 96T/Kit 5ug

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#21257399   // To Up

Technical and financial evaluation of assays for progesterone in canine practice in the UK.

The concentration of progesterone was measured in 60 plasma samples from bitches at various stages of the oestrous cycle, using commercially available quantitative and semi-quantitative ELISA test kits, as well as by two commercial laboratories undertaking radioimmunoassay (RIA). The RIA, which was assumed to be the 'gold standard' in terms of reliability and accuracy, was the most expensive method when analysing more than one sample per week, and had the longest delay in obtaining results, but had minimal requirements for practice staff time. When compared with the RIA, the quantitative ELISA had a strong positive correlation (r=0.97, P<0.05) and a sensitivity and specificity of 70.6 per cent and 100.0 per cent, respectively, and positive and negative predictive values of 100.0 per cent and 71.0 per cent, respectively, with an overall accuracy of 90.0 per cent. This method was the least expensive when analysing five or more samples per week, but had longer turnaround times than that of the semi-quantitative ELISA and required more staff time. When compared with the RIA, the semi-quantitative ELISA had a sensitivity and specificity of 100.0 per cent and 95.5 per cent, respectively, and positive and negative predictive values of 73.9 per cent and 77.8 per cent, respectively, with an overall accuracy of 89.2 per cent. This method was more expensive than the quantitative ELISA when analysing five or more samples per week, but had the shortest turnaround time and low requirements in terms of staff time.
R Moxon, D Copley, G C W England

2729 related Products with: Technical and financial evaluation of assays for progesterone in canine practice in the UK.

100 assays500 MG25ml100 assays96 assays 100 assays100 assays100 assays

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