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#35709896   2022/06/14 To Up

A RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase (CgAKT1) involved in the synthesis of CgIFNLP in oyster Crassostrea gigas.

The RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase (AKT) is one of the most important protein kinases involved in many biological processes in eukaryotes. In the present study, a novel AKT homologue named CgAKT1 was identified from the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas. The open reading frame (ORF) of CgAKT1 cDNA was of 1482 bp encoding a peptide with 493 amino acid residues. There were classical domains in the predicted CgAKT1 protein, including an N-terminal pleckstrin homology domain, a central catalytic domain and a C-terminal hydrophobic domain. The mRNA transcripts of CgAKT1 were detected in all the examined tissues of C. gigas with higher level in gills (8.24-fold of that in mantle, p < 0.05) and haemocytes (3.62-fold of that in mantle, p < 0.05). After poly (I:C) stimulation, the mRNA expression of CgAKT1 decreased significantly in haemocytes from 3 h (0.44-fold of that in the control group, p < 0.001) to 24 h (0.20-fold of that in the control group, p < 0.001), and then increased significantly at 48 h (3.65-fold of that in the control group, p < 0.05). The expression level of CgAKT1 mRNA increased significantly at 6 h after rCgIFNLP stimulation, which was 3.60-fold of that in the control group (p < 0.001). The Alexa Fluor 488 positive signals of CgAKT1 protein were found to be distributed in the cytoplasm and cell membrane of haemocytes, while those in the cytoplasm became weaker after poly (I:C) stimulation. In CgAKT1-RNAi oysters, the mRNA expression of cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (CgcGAS) and TANK-binding kinase 1 (CgTBK1) did not change significantly, but the mRNA expression level of stimulator of interferon gene (CgSTING), interferon regulatory factor-1 (CgIRF-1), interferon regulatory factor-8 (CgIRF-8) and IFN-like protein (CgIFNLP) increased significantly, which was 1.40-fold, 1.53-fold, 1.72-fold and 1.99-fold of that in EGFP-RNAi oysters (p < 0.05), respectively. In CgIFNLP-RNAi oysters, the transcripts of CgAKT1 decreased significantly compared to those in EGFP-RNAi oysters (0.16-fold, p < 0.01). Moreover, the expression of p-CgTBK1, CgSTING and CgIFNLP at the protein level in the oysters treated with p-AKT1 activator (SC-79) was significantly suppressed after poly (I:C) stimulation. After the transfection of CgAKT1, the expression of p-cGAS protein in HEK293T cells increased significantly, while the cyclic GMP-AMP in the cells and the interferon (IFN-β) in the cell culture fluid decreased significantly compared with that in the control group. These results indicated that CgAKT1 might play a negative role in antiviral immunity of oyster by regulating the synthesis of CgIFNLP.
Lilin Hou, Xue Qiao, Youjing Li, Yuhao Jin, Ranyang Liu, Sicong Wang, Kai Zhou, Lingling Wang, Linsheng Song

1240 related Products with: A RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase (CgAKT1) involved in the synthesis of CgIFNLP in oyster Crassostrea gigas.

100μg100μg100ug Lyophilized100ug Lyophilized50 100ug Lyophilized1mg100ug Lyophilized100ug Lyophilized2ug100 100ug Lyophilized

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#35692737   2022/06/05 To Up

Improving immunoassay detection accuracy of anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies through dual modality validation.

A novel test strategy is proposed with dual-modality detection techniques for COVID-19 antibody detection. The full-length S protein of SARS-CoV-2 was chemically immobilized on a glass surface to capture anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG in patient serum and was detected through either Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) or fluorescence imaging with labeled secondary antibodies. Gold nanoparticles conjugated with protein G were used as the probe and the bound GNP-G was detected through EIS measurements. Anti-human-IgG conjugated with the fluorescent tag Alexa Fluor 488 was used as the probe for fluorescence imaging. Clinical SARS-CoV-2 IgG positive serum and negative controls were used to validate both modalities. For fluorescence-based detection, a high sensitivity was noticed with a quantification range of 0.01-0.1 A.U.C. and a LOD of 0.004 A.U.C. This study demonstrates the possibility of utilizing different measurement techniques in conjunction for improved COVID-19 serology testing.
Yuhao Ma, Daniel To, Jie Zeng, Lian C T Shoute, Meng Wu, Shawn Babiuk, Ran Zhuo, Carmen Charlton, Jamil N Kanji, Lorne Babiuk, Jie Chen

2448 related Products with: Improving immunoassay detection accuracy of anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies through dual modality validation.

0.1 mg 25UG100 μg1 ml250ug100 150 ug Product tipe: Antib0.1 ml1 ml100 100

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#35624192   2022/05/27 To Up

On-site rapid and simultaneous detection of acetamiprid and fipronil using a dual-fluorescence lab-on-fiber biosensor.

A dual-fluorescence lab-on-fiber biosensor was developed for the rapid and simultaneous on-site determination of acetamiprid and fipronil, based on time-resolved effect and indirect competitive immunoassay principle. The optical fiber modified with two hapten-protein conjugates serves as a bifunctional bio-probe. The dual-color fluorescent reporters were prepared via labeling acetamiprid and fipronil antibodies with Cy5.5 and Alexa Fluor 555, which were excited at 635-nm and 520-nm laser wavelengths, respectively. In the presence of targets, the binding sites of corresponding antibodies were occupied and less antibodies were connected to the probe surface, resulting in the reduction of fluorescence signal. The concentration of acetamiprid and fipronil was determined by measuring the fluorescence signals at 568 nm and 702 nm (emission wavelengths), respectively. Under optimal conditions, the linear response range was 14.2-225.4 ng/L for acetamiprid and 25.1-162.8 ng/L for fipronil, and the limit of detection was 6.51 ng/L and 17.8 ng/L for acetamiprid and fipronil, respectively. The method was successfully applied to the simultaneous detection of acetamiprid and fipronil in three environmental samples, and the recoveries were between 90 and 128%. The dual-fluorescence lab-on-fiber biosensor provides a feasible platform for simultaneous and rapid detection of multiple pesticide residues. A dual-fluorescence lab-on-fiber biosensor was developed for the rapid and simultaneous on-site determination of acetamiprid and fipronil. A bifunctional bio-probe was prepared from the optical fiber modified with two hapten-protein conjugates. Acetamiprid and fipronil antibodies were labeled with different fluorophores and used as dual-color fluorescent reporters.
Dan Song, Jiayao Liu, Wenjuan Xu, Xiangzhi Han, Hongliang Wang, Yuxin Zhuo, Chunsheng Li, Feng Long

2168 related Products with: On-site rapid and simultaneous detection of acetamiprid and fipronil using a dual-fluorescence lab-on-fiber biosensor.

100ul96 wells (1 kit)1000 1 g100 mg100ul200ul1 ml10 mg100ug 25 MG100ug

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#35616412   // To Up

[Effect of electroacupuncture on ocular surface sensory neuralgia and expression of P2X receptor and PKC in cornea and trigeminal ganglion of dry eye guinea pigs].

To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on ocular surface sensory neuralgia and the expression of P2X receptor (P2XR) and protein kinase C(PKC)in cornea and trigeminal ganglion (TG) in dry eye disease (DED) guinea pigs, so as to explore its mechanism underlying improvement of ocular surface sensory neuralgia in DED.
Hu-Xing Shen, Xiao-Jun Zheng, Tuo Jin, Pei-Chen Li, Wei-Ping Gao, Qing-Bo Wei, Xin-Yi Sun, Ling Xie

1834 related Products with: [Effect of electroacupuncture on ocular surface sensory neuralgia and expression of P2X receptor and PKC in cornea and trigeminal ganglion of dry eye guinea pigs].

100ug200ul100ug100ul50 ug 100ug100ug200ul100ug200ug0.1 mg

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#35605891   2022/05/20 To Up

Modulating insulin signaling and trafficking at the blood-brain barrier endothelium using lipid based nanoemulsions.

The compositionally distinct lipid rafts present in the plasma membrane regulate the restrictive trafficking and signal transduction in the blood-brain barrier (BBB) endothelium. Several metabolic and neurodegenerative diseases are associated with lipid homeostasis disruption within the BBB endothelium. Here, we hypothesized that the delivery of lipid triglyceride based nanoemulsions containing unsaturated fatty acids (UFAs) provides a novel non-pharmacological approach to modulate lipid raft integrity and rectify the aberrant trafficking and signal transduction. The current study has shown that soybean oil nanoemulsions (SNEs) altered the morphology of lipid rafts that are stained by Alex Fluor 647 labelled cholera toxin (AF647-CTX) in polarized human cerebral microvascular endothelial (hCMEC/D3) cell monolayers. Moreover, western blot and flow cytometry analysis showed that SNEs containing polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) increased phospo-AKT (p-AKT) expression, a marker for the stimulation of metabolic arm of insulin signaling, and insulin uptake in hCMEC/D3 monolayers. However, olive oil nanoemulsions (ONEs) containing monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) had no detectable impact on lipid raft integrity, AKT phosphorylation, or insulin uptake. These findings provided direct evidence that SNEs containing PUFAs can upregulate insulin-pAKT pathway, facilitate insulin trafficking at the BBB, and potentially address cerebrovascular dysfunction in metabolic and neurodegenerative diseases.
Lushan Wang, Timothy S Wiedmann, Karunya K Kandimalla

2442 related Products with: Modulating insulin signaling and trafficking at the blood-brain barrier endothelium using lipid based nanoemulsions.

96 tests2 Pieces/Box10 mg200ul100μl10reactions 100ug Lyophilized100ml100 extractions

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#35577008   2022/05/13 To Up

Cell-based flow cytometry assay for simultaneous detection of multiple autoantibodies in a single serum sample.

Accurate serologic evaluation of autoantibodies in patients with autoimmune diseases is critical. In the present study, we established a live cell-based assay for simultaneous detection of multiple autoantibodies in a single serum sample. Autoantibody seropositivity was determined by 3-color flow cytometry using live Chinese hamster ovary cells transiently expressing a target protein of interest fused to enhanced green fluorescent protein and labeled with Alexa Fluor 647 and Hoechst 33342. As a representative example, we applied the strategy for simultaneous detection of 2 recently established biomarkers for central nervous system autoimmune inflammatory demyelinating disorders, anti-aquaporin-4 autoantibody and anti-myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein autoantibody, in a single serum sample. This analysis revealed the coexistence of these 2 autoantibodies. We demonstrated that this assay can simultaneously detect 3 different autoantibodies. We propose a quadrant gating strategy of flow cytometry contour plots to clearly distinguish seropositive sera from seronegative sera regardless of the extent of the background signal level or the autoantibody titer. This novel and practical method using a combination of fluorescent proteins and fluorochromes to simultaneously detect multiple autoantibodies improves the efficiency of evaluating serum samples, and therefore provides significant benefits to both the patient and the healthcare professionals performing autoantibody testing.
Yukihiro Tanimura, Yoko Hiroaki, Masahiro Mori, Yoshinori Fujiyoshi

2814 related Products with: Cell-based flow cytometry assay for simultaneous detection of multiple autoantibodies in a single serum sample.

1 kit1 kit1 kit1 kit1 kit1 kit1 kit1 kit1 kit1 kit1 kit

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#35572104   2022/04/28 To Up

3D Single Molecule Super-Resolution Microscopy of Whole Nuclear Lamina.

Single molecule (SM) super-resolution microscopies bypass the diffraction limit of conventional optical techniques and provide excellent spatial resolutions in the tens of nanometers without overly complex microscope hardware. SM imaging using optical astigmatism is an efficient strategy for visualizing subcellular features in 3D with a -range of up to ∼1 µm per acquisition. This approach however, places high demands on fluorophore brightness and photoswitching resilience meaning that imaging entire cell volumes in 3D using SM super-resolution remains challenging. Here we employ SM astigmatism together with multiplane acquisition to visualize the whole nuclear lamina of COS-7 and T cells in 3D. Nuclear lamina provides structural support to the nuclear envelope and participates in vital nuclear functions including internuclear transport, chromatin organization and gene regulation. Its position at the periphery of the nucleus provides a visible reference of the nuclear boundary and can be used to quantify the spatial distribution of intranuclear components such as histone modifications and transcription factors. We found Alexa Fluor 647, a popular photoswitchable fluorophore, remained viable for over an hour of continuous high laser power exposure, and provided sufficient brightness detectable up to 8 µm deep into a cell, allowing us to capture the entire nuclear lamina in 3D. Our approach provides sufficient super-resolution detail of nuclear lamina morphology to enable quantification of overall nuclear dimensions and local membrane features.
Ashley M Rozario, Alison Morey, Cade Elliott, Brendan Russ, Donna R Whelan, Stephen J Turner, Toby D M Bell

2465 related Products with: 3D Single Molecule Super-Resolution Microscopy of Whole Nuclear Lamina.

5 mg 125 ml Unit1kit10 mg0.2 mg1 mg10 mg10

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#35537537   2022/05/11 To Up

Recyclable cell-surface chemical tags for repetitive cancer targeting.

Metabolic glycan labeling provides a facile yet powerful tool to install chemical tags to the cell membrane via metabolic glycoengineering processes of unnatural sugars. These cell-surface chemical tags can then mediate targeted conjugation of therapeutic agents via efficient chemistries, which has been extensively explored for cancer-targeted treatment. However, the commonly used in vivo chemistries such as azide-cyclooctyne and tetrazine-cyclooctene chemistries only allow for one-time use of cell-surface chemical tags, posing a challenge for long-term, continuous cell targeting. Here we show that cell-surface ketone groups can be recycled back to the cell membrane after covalent conjugation with hydrazide-bearing molecules, enabling repetitive targeting of hydrazide-bearing agents. Upon conjugation to ketone-labeled cancer cells via a pH-responsive hydrazone linkage, Alexa Fluor 488-hydrazide became internalized and entered endosomes/lysosomes where ketone-sugars can be released and recycled. The recycled ketone groups could then mediate targeted conjugation of Alexa Fluor 647-hydrazide. We also showed that doxorubicin-hydrazide can be targeted to ketone-labeled cancer cells for enhanced cancer cell killing. This study validates the recyclability of cell-surface chemical tags for repetitive targeting of cancer cells with the use of a reversible chemistry, which will greatly facilitate future development of potent cancer-targeted therapies based on metabolic glycan labeling.
Rimsha Bhatta, Joonsu Han, Jingyi Zhou, Haoyu Li, Hua Wang

1894 related Products with: Recyclable cell-surface chemical tags for repetitive cancer targeting.

1 ml

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