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#33091749   2020/10/02 To Up

Effectiveness of motivational interviewing in enhancing cancer screening uptake amongst average-risk individuals: A systematic review.

Although cancer is a worldwide public health problem, it can be detected early and prevented through cancer screening. Recommendations for screening methods and screening intervals are currently available for several types of cancer. However, not all average-risk individuals are motivated to undergo cancer screening.
Dorothy N S Chan, Winnie K W So

2022 related Products with: Effectiveness of motivational interviewing in enhancing cancer screening uptake amongst average-risk individuals: A systematic review.



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#33091188   2020/10/22 To Up

Tune in to the right frequency: Theta changes when distancing from emotions elicited by unpleasant images and words.

Emotion regulation allows humans to successfully modulate their reactions to life events. Whether regulation strategies may alter brain oscillatory activity and how they are influenced by format and emotional dimensions is still under debate. We investigated oscillatory brain dynamics during the implementation of the strategy of Distancing and during the regulation of the emotions elicited by neutral and unpleasant pictures and, for the first time, words. When implementing the strategy, an early increase in theta band in posterior regions was observed (Effect of Strategy). We interpret this effect as a marker of emotion regulation, and we suggest an integrative framework of the role of theta on regulatory processes. When regulating the emotional impact elicited by stimuli, a decrease in the theta and beta bands in posterior regions for pictures, but not for words, was observed (Effect of Regulation). Behaviorally, the Effect of Regulation was evident for both pictures and words and more pronounced for Valence than for Arousal. These results contribute to better understand the neural and behavioral features of Distancing (both Effect of Strategy and of Regulation), and open up the possibility to clarify which strategy works better to modulate specific stimulus types and emotional dimensions.
Simone Sulpizio, Alessandro Grecucci, Remo Job

2874 related Products with: Tune in to the right frequency: Theta changes when distancing from emotions elicited by unpleasant images and words.

100ul 1 G1mg100.1 mg1 mg

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#33091101   2020/10/22 To Up

Development and perceived value of a master's degree in health-system pharmacy administration training.

To describe the development, format, and alumni and employer perceptions of a program combining a master of science (MS) degree with a residency in health-system pharmacy administration and leadership (HSPAL).
Evan W Colmenares, Jacqueline E McLaughlin, Kathryn A Morbitzer, Stephen F Eckel

2270 related Products with: Development and perceived value of a master's degree in health-system pharmacy administration training.

0.1ml (1mg/ml)300 units100 μg1 Set

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#33090833   2020/10/22 To Up

Giving a larger amount or a larger proportion: Stimulus format impacts children's social evaluations.

Young children show remarkably sophisticated abilities to evaluate others. Yet their abilities to engage in moral evaluation undergoes protracted development. Namely, young children evaluate someone who shares more as being "nicer" than someone who shares more (e.g., sharing 3-out-of-6 is nicer than sharing 2-out-of-3, because 3 > 2, even though 3/6 < 2/3), whereas adults think the opposite. We investigate the hypothesis that this prior work underestimates children's proportional social reasoning by relying on discrete and spatially separated quantities (e.g., individual stickers), which can hinder proportional reasoning even outside social contexts. In three experiments we examine whether 4- and 5-year-old children's social evaluations are impacted by the discreteness and spatial separation of the resource and compare their behavior to adults (18 to 63 years; across all samples: 38% girls/women, 62% boys/men; no other demographic data was collected). We find that children are sensitive to these features: when the resource was divided into discrete units (Experiment 1) or spatially separated (Experiment 2) children were more likely to use absolute amount, as opposed to proportion, relative to when the resources were not divided and remained spatially connected. However, adults were highly sensitive to proportion regardless of the display's perceptual features (Experiment 3), and children's use of proportion remained below adult-levels. These results suggest that perceptual features influence children's use of absolute versus proportional information in their social evaluations, which has theoretical and methodological implications for understanding children's conceptions of fairness. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).
Michelle A Hurst, Alex Shaw, Nadia Chernyak, Susan C Levine

2853 related Products with: Giving a larger amount or a larger proportion: Stimulus format impacts children's social evaluations.

1 mg0.2 mg1 LITRE15 mg

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#33090748   2020/04/21 To Up

Using 6 Degrees of Freedom to Systematically Reduce and Fix Distal Radius Fractures.

Six degrees of freedom (6DOF) refers to the freedom of movement of a rigid body in 3-dimensional space. Specifically, the object can move in 3 translations: up/down, left/right, and in/out, and in 3 rotations: pitch, yaw, and roll. In fracture care, the principle of 6DOF can be applied to each individual fracture fragment to help better understand fracture reduction and alignment. In the instance of a distal radius fracture, the 6DOF concept can be utilized to reduce the articular block in a systematic and controlled fashion. The articular block may be displaced in 3 translations-shortened (proximal/distal axis), dorsally translated (volar/dorsal axis), and radially translated (radial/ulnar axis). The articular block may also be displaced in 3 rotations-dorsally tilted (rotated about the radial/ulnar axis or in the sagittal plane), decreased radial inclination (rotated about the volar/dorsal axis or in the coronal plane), and supinated (rotated about the proximal/distal axis or in the axial plane). We present a surgical technique of open reduction and internal fixation of a distal radius fracture through a volar approach where we address the distal segment's instability in 6DOF in a stepwise format.
Adam M Gordon, Eric Perez, Kanu S Goyal

2360 related Products with: Using 6 Degrees of Freedom to Systematically Reduce and Fix Distal Radius Fractures.

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#33090341   2020/10/22 To Up

GPU algorithms for density matrix methods on MOPAC: linear scaling electronic structure calculations for large molecular systems.

Purification of the density matrix methods should be employed when dealing with complex chemical systems containing many atoms. The running times for these methods scale linearly with the number of atoms if we consider the sparsity from the density matrix. Since the efficiency expected from those methods is closely tied to the underlying parallel implementations of the linear algebra operations (e.g., P = P × P), we proposed a central processing unit (CPU) and graphics processing unit (GPU) parallel matrix-matrix multiplication in SVBR (symmetrical variable block row) format for energy calculations through the SP2 algorithm. This algorithm was inserted in MOPAC's MOZYME method, using the original LMO Fock matrix assembly, and the atomic integral calculation implemented on it. Correctness and performance tests show that the implemented SP2 is accurate and fast, as the GPU is able to achieve speedups up to 40 times for a water cluster system with 42,312 orbitals running in one NVIDIA K40 GPU card compared to the single-threaded version. The GPU-accelerated SP2 algorithm using the MOZYME LMO framework enables the calculations of semiempirical wavefunction with stricter SCF criteria for localized charged molecular systems, as well as the single-point energies of molecules with more than 100.000 LMO orbitals in less than 1 h. Graphical abstract Parallel CPU and GPU purification algorithms for electronic structure calculations were implemented in MOPAC's MOZYME method. Some matrices in these calculations, e.g., electron density P, are compressed, and the developed linear algebra operations deal with non-zero entries only. We employed the NVIDIA/CUDA platform to develop GPU algorithms, and accelerations up to 40 times for larger systems were achieved.
Julio Daniel Carvalho Maia, Lucidio Dos Anjos Formiga Cabral, Gerd Bruno Rocha

2887 related Products with: GPU algorithms for density matrix methods on MOPAC: linear scaling electronic structure calculations for large molecular systems.

20 ug 2x5L100 ug 1L96 Well50 ml1 kit 1 G1 g500 MG

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#33090216   // To Up

How do Nigerian newspapers report COVID-19 pandemic? The implication for awareness and prevention.

This study examined media coverage of COVID-19 in Nigeria with attention to the frequency and depth of coverage, story format, news sources, media tone and themes. Four widely read newspapers were content analysed between February 2020 and April 2020. Focus was on Daily Sun, Vanguard, Daily Trust and Leadership. Results indicated that the Nigerian media performed well in terms of covering the pandemic, which in turn created awareness. However, the coverage was not in-depth as most of the reported stories were short and were predominantly straight news. It was also observed that the media cited more of the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) and government officials. Further findings disclosed that most of the stories were alarming and induced panic. Most common topics were coverage of cases in Nigeria, death rates and concerns about Nigeria's preparedness. Public sensitization and education were sparingly covered. Ethics healthcare workers could adhere to received minimal attention. The media should focus more on sensitizing and educating the public on the necessary steps to take in curbing the virus. They should refrain from over usage of alarming and panic tone in presenting the stories of COVID-19 pandemic in Nigeria.
Oberiri Destiny Apuke, Bahiyah Omar

2321 related Products with: How do Nigerian newspapers report COVID-19 pandemic? The implication for awareness and prevention.

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#33089724   2020/10/22 To Up

Buprenorphine implants: a model for expedited development and approval of new drugs.

Regulations for new drug approvals require stringent safety testing and efficacy trial programs. The approval process for generic drugs, however, is significantly streamlined. Bioavailability data can substitute for new rounds of efficacy trials, thereby decreasing both time to approval as well as reducing the costs required for new studies. This regulatory choice has not been available when generic drugs are offered in a controlled release format such as a subcutaneous depot, transdermal patch, or implant. The purpose of this review is to suggest that the approval of generic drugs in inert controlled release envelopes should be eligible for similar regulatory relief. Proof for this concept is provided by the example of the numerous controlled release buprenorphine products. Buprenorphine is a generic opioid used since the 1980s in tablet form to treat pain and to treat opioid addiction. Long-acting, inert delivery vehicles for the drug have become available for the same indications. Safety and bioavailability profiles of the long-acting products are the same or improved over the parent product. A review of the long-acting drugs provides compelling evidence to recommend that generic drug-controlled release products may be eligible for alternative regulatory programs.
Michael Guarnieri, Jayanidhi Kedda, Betty Tyler

2435 related Products with: Buprenorphine implants: a model for expedited development and approval of new drugs.

25 g1 mg250 ml100 mg 1 G0.1 ml100ug100ug 25 MG1 mg

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#33089455   2020/10/21 To Up

Rapid Adaptation of Cancer Education in Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic: Evaluation of a Live Virtual Statistics and Research Skills Workshop for Oncology Trainees.

Due to COVID-19, an annual interactive statistics and research methodology workshop for radiation oncology trainees was adapted at short notice into a live virtual format. This study aimed to evaluate trainee opinions around the educational value of the workshop, logistical aspects and impact on interactivity. A post-course on-line survey was completed by 26/42 trainee attendees (response rate 62%). For five pre-specified learning outcomes (LO), 58 to 69% of trainees agreed that the LO was completely or largely met (Likert scores 6 and 7 on a scale 1 = not met at all; 7 = completely met). All trainees felt that logistical aspects of the workshop including organisation, accessibility to the platform and sound/image quality were good or excellent. With regard to opportunities for interaction and suitability for small-group 'break-out' sessions, the majority felt that interaction could be adequately maintained whilst just under a quarter felt the delivery method was not fit for the purpose. Networking/social engagement with peers and teachers was the factor most impaired using the live virtual delivery format. Over three-quarters of trainees replied they would favour the current event or other educational sessions being offered (at least as an option) in a virtual format in the future. Cost and convenience were given as the major non-COVID-19-related benefits of virtual on-line learning. These preliminary findings provide valuable feedback to help adapt or develop further on-line educational and training initiatives that will be necessary in the COVID-19 pandemic period and beyond.
Sandra Turner, Trang Pham, Kristy Robledo, Sara Turner, Chris Brown, Purnima Sundaresan

2505 related Products with: Rapid Adaptation of Cancer Education in Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic: Evaluation of a Live Virtual Statistics and Research Skills Workshop for Oncology Trainees.



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