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#33080598   2020/10/20 To Up

Parental Acceptance Rate of Testicular Tissue Cryopreservation in Danish Boys with Cryptorchidism.

Despite orchidopexy within the first year of life, 20-25% of boys with nonsyndromic cryptorchidism may risk infertility according to histological and hormonal data obtained during surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the acceptance rate of testicular tissue cryopreservation among parents of prepubertal boys with cryptorchidism. Fourteen boys with cryptorchidism and high infertility risk were offered cryopreservation as an additional procedure after orchidopexy based on abnormal histopathological findings at primary surgery, whereas 27 boys with bilateral cryptorchidism were offered cryopreservation at the initial orchidopexy. A total of 90% of parents (37/41, 13/14, and 24/27) gave consent to perform cryopreservation, despite being well-informed that the procedural efficacy is largely unproven and may only be needed in about 20% of cases. The number of germ cells per tubule cross-section was 0.03-1.70 (median 0.37) and 22 boys (54%, 22/41) had a value below the lower range. Twelve boys (29%, 12/41) had no type A dark spermatogonia in their biopsy. Cryopreservation of testicular tissue is the first step to introduce spermatogonial stem cell-based therapy into clinical male infertility treatment. At the time of orchidopexy, a testicular biopsy can be collected to ascertain the infertility risk, and it may be an option for boys with bilateral cryptorchidism to have spermatogonial stem cells frozen as a fertility reserve.
Simone Hildorf, Dina Cortes, Murat Gül, Lihua Dong, Stine G Kristensen, Christian F S Jensen, Erik Clasen-Linde, Jens Fedder, Claus Y Andersen, Eva R Hoffmann, Jens Sønksen, Magdalena Fossum, Jørgen Thorup

2576 related Products with: Parental Acceptance Rate of Testicular Tissue Cryopreservation in Danish Boys with Cryptorchidism.

100 μg

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#33080568   2020/10/15 To Up

Fertilizing capacity of vitrified stallion sperm assessed utilizing heterologous IVF after different semen warming procedures.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the fertilizing capacity of frozen or vitrified stallion sperm after assessing different warming procedures. In Experiment 1, different warming procedures were compared after sperm vitrification: immersion in extender at 43 °C (C), or in a water bath at 37 °C/30 s (W37), 43 °C/10 s (W43) or 60 °C/5 s (W60). With the W60 treatment, there were greater values (P < 0.05) for VCL (83.93 ± 3.6 μm/s) and ALH (3.00 ± 0.2 μm) than freezing and with the C group, and greater values (P < 0.001) for PM (35.33 ± 2.5 %) than with the W43 treatment. In Experiment 2, the fertilizing capacity of vitrified and frozen sperm was assessed utilizing heterologous IVF procedures, using cattle oocytes. Vitrification resulted in greater values (P < 0.05) than freezing for the number of bound sperm (1.36 ± 0.3 and 0.69 ± 0.2, respectively). There were no differences between frozen or vitrified sperm in pronuclear formation (26 hours post-insemination - hpi; 14.08 ± 4.2 % and 22.78 ± 4.8 %, respectively) or cleavage rate (32.77 ± 4.3 % and 39.66 ± 4.6 %, respectively). In conclusion, vitrified stallion sperm warmed in a water bath at 60 ºC had the capacity to penetrate cattle oocytes, leading to pronuclear formation and hybrid embryo cleavage after heterologous IVF.
C Consuegra, F Crespo, J Dorado, M Diaz-Jimenez, B Pereira, M J Sánchez-Calabuig, P Beltrán-Breña, S Pérez-Cerezales, D Rizos, M Hidalgo

2714 related Products with: Fertilizing capacity of vitrified stallion sperm assessed utilizing heterologous IVF after different semen warming procedures.

1 mg20 ug100ug Lyophilized3x 500 ml24 wells100ug Lyophilized0.1 mg 1 G 500 ml 100ug Lyophilized

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#33080452   2020/09/28 To Up

Comparison of the 7 & 7 Synch protocol and the 7-day CO-Synch + CIDR protocol among recipient beef cows in an embryo transfer program.

An experiment was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of the recently developed 7 & 7 Synch protocol to synchronize estrus among recipients prior to embryo transfer (ET). Postpartum beef cows (n = 1358) across thirteen locations were assigned to either the 7-d CO-Synch + CIDR protocol or the 7 & 7 Synch protocol prior to ET. Cows were preassigned to balanced treatments within location based on age and days postpartum, with body condition score recorded at ET. Cows assigned to the 7-d CO-Synch + CIDR protocol were administered gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH; 100 μg gonadorelin acetate) on Day 7, an intravaginal controlled internal drug release (CIDR; 1.38 g progesterone) from Day 7 to Day 14, and prostaglandin F (PGF; 25 mg dinoprost tromethamine) coincident with CIDR removal on Day 14. Cows assigned to the 7 & 7 Synch protocol were administered PGF (25 mg dinoprost tromethamine) coincident with CIDR insertion on Day 0, GnRH (100 μg gonadorelin acetate) on Day 7, and PGF (25 mg dinoprost tromethamine) coincident with CIDR removal on Day 14. Cows were observed for visible signs of estrus, with GnRH (100 μg gonadorelin acetate) administered to cows failing to express estrus during the detection period. Embryo transfer was performed approximately seven days after estrus or GnRH administration. Presence of corpora lutea (CL) was determined via transrectal palpation by a single veterinarian blinded to treatment, and embryos were transferred only to cows with palpable CL. Embryo transfer was performed using either fresh or frozen embryos, with embryo stage and grade recorded for each recipient. The proportion of cows expressing estrus was increased (P < 0.0001) among cows assigned to the 7 & 7 Synch protocol (86% [529/615] vs 76% [488/640]). The proportion of cows expressing estrus and presenting with palpable CL at ET was greater (P < 0.0001) among cows following treatment with the 7 & 7 Synch protocol compared to the 7-d CO-Synch + CIDR protocol (76% [466/615] vs 65% [418/640]). Consequently, the proportion pregnant to ET was greater (P < 0.03) following the 7 & 7 Synch protocol (40% [263/653]) compared to the 7-d CO-Synch + CIDR protocol (34% [228/664]). In summary, the 7 & 7 Synch protocol involving administration of PGF and treatment with a CIDR for 7 days prior to GnRH improved the likelihood of estrus expression in recipients, increased the proportion of cows eligible to receive an embryo, which resulted in a greater pregnancy rate to ET.
R C Bonacker, K R Gray, C A Breiner, J M Anderson, D J Patterson, C M Spinka, J M Thomas

1609 related Products with: Comparison of the 7 & 7 Synch protocol and the 7-day CO-Synch + CIDR protocol among recipient beef cows in an embryo transfer program.

11 mg100ug Lyophilized100ug Lyophilized 25 G

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#33080279   2020/10/17 To Up

Regulation of NF-κB, FHC and SOD2 in response to oxidative stress in the freeze tolerant wood frog, Rana sylvatica.

The wood frog, Rana sylvatica, is the primary model animal used for studying vertebrate freeze tolerance. Freeze tolerance adaptations by wood frogs are usually mediated by a set of well-tuned regulatory controls at the molecular level, starting from cell signal transduction and gene expression events that are ultimately reflected in protective responses by multiple cell systems. Previous studies provided excellent presumptive evidence for the involvement of the NF-κB transcription factor in freeze tolerance. The present NF-κB pathway study focussed on freezing time points, 4 h frozen and 24 h frozen for liver and skeletal muscle in wood frog. The total protein levels for major NF-κB subunits p50 and p65, its inhibitor, p-IκB, and downstream targets (ferritin heavy chain (FHC), manganese superoxide dismutase) were quantified using western blots. Results showed a significant increase in the levels of NF-κB subunits and its downstream targets during freezing. Nuclear distributions of NF-κB subunits and transcript levels of FHC were analysed to delve deeper into the pathway. Results obtained from nuclear distribution analysis were consistent with the total protein levels with increased levels of p50 and p65 during 24 h freezing conditions compared to control and no change in pp65 levels. Further, FHC transcript levels increased in 24 h frozen liver but did not change in frozen muscles. These findings suggest the activation of NF-κB antioxidant defenses in wood frogs during freezing in anticipation of high oxidative stress during reperfusion during thawing.
Aakriti Gupta, Craig Brooks, Kenneth B Storey

2601 related Products with: Regulation of NF-κB, FHC and SOD2 in response to oxidative stress in the freeze tolerant wood frog, Rana sylvatica.

100 UG 1 G1mg96T96 wells1 mg100 μg

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#33079974   2020/10/20 To Up

Optimal time interval between hysteroscopic polypectomy and frozen-thawed blastocyst transfer: A retrospective study.

The optimal timing of frozen-thawed blastocyst transfer following hysteroscopic polypectomy is an important and unanswered clinical question. In this study, we conducted a retrospective survey of cases from an infertility center at an academic hospital. We reviewed the charts of all patients who received in-vitro fertilization and frozen-thawed blastocyst transfers (FBT) at the center from January 2009 to November 2019. One hundred and two patients with prior diagnosis of endometrial polyp that were treated with hysteroscopic polypectomy before received their first FBT at the center were identified as cases. Patients without prior diagnosis of endometrial polyp, and who received their first FBT at the center were defined as controls. Controls were enrolled at a 1-to-1 ratio to the cases. The cases and controls did not show differences in baseline characteristics, endometrial thickness, or the number of good blastocysts transferred. The clinical pregnancy rates and live birth rates were similar. Regarding the optimal interval between polypectomy and FBT, a cut-off of 120 days was identified from the ROC curve. A stratified analysis showed that when FBT was performed within an interval of 120 days after polypectomy, there were higher biochemical pregnancy rates (73.2%, 45.2%; OR 3.3; P = .007) and clinical pregnancy rates (64.8%, 41.9%; OR 2.54; P = .032), when compared with intervals greater than 120 days. There were no significant differences in implantation and live birth rates. In conclusion, pregnancy rates following FBT in patients who had received prior endometrial polypectomy were comparable to pregnancy rates after FBT in patients without endometrial polyp. Subgroup analysis showed that an interval greater than 120 days between hysteroscopic polypectomy and FBT was associated with decreased pregnancy rates. Patients who wish to receive embryo transfer after polypectomy should wait no longer than 120 days.
Yi-An Tu, Po-Kai Yang, Shee-Uan Chen, Jehn-Hsiahn Yang

1491 related Products with: Optimal time interval between hysteroscopic polypectomy and frozen-thawed blastocyst transfer: A retrospective study.

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#33079923   2020/10/09 To Up

Importance of Intraoperative Transfusions of Packed Red Blood Cells and Fresh Frozen Plasma in Liver Transplantation for Hepatocellular Cancer.

BACKGROUND The impact of packed red blood cells (PRBCs) and fresh frozen plasma (FFP) transfusions in patients with hepatocellular cancer (HCC) undergoing liver transplantation has rarely been evaluated. The aim of the current study was to assess the impact of intraoperative transfusions on posttransplant outcomes. MATERIAL AND METHODS This retrospective cohort study was based on 229 HCC transplant recipients. The primary outcome measure was 5-year recurrence-free survival. Secondary outcome measures comprised overall and long-term survival at 5 years and 90-day mortality. Cox proportional hazard models and logistic regression were used to assess risk factors. RESULTS After adjustment for potential confounders, no association was found with respect to tumor recurrence for PRBCs (P=0.368) or FFP (P=0.081) transfusions. Similarly, PRBC transfusion (P=0.623) and FFP transfusion (P=0.460) had no impact on survival between 90 days and 5 years. PRBC transfusion increased the risk of 90-day mortality (P=0.005), while FFP transfusion was associated with a lower risk (P=0.036). CONCLUSIONS Intraoperative transfusions of blood products does not impair recurrence-free and long-term survival of patients with HCC undergoing liver transplantation. Intraoperative PRBC transfusion increases the risk of early mortality, whereas adequate supplementation of FFP plays a protective role.
Łukasz Masior, Michał Grąt, Karolina Grąt, Maciej Krasnodębski, Karolina M Wronka, Jan Stypułkowski, Waldemar Patkowski, Mariusz Frączek, Marek Krawczyk, Krzysztof Zieniewicz

2864 related Products with: Importance of Intraoperative Transfusions of Packed Red Blood Cells and Fresh Frozen Plasma in Liver Transplantation for Hepatocellular Cancer.

100ml30ml30ml15ml

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#33079835   2020/10/13 To Up

Nail vs. plate: a biomechanical comparison of a locking plate vs. an intramedullary nail with angular stable locking system in shoulder simulator with active muscle forces using a two part fracture model.

To compare a locking compression plate versus an intramedullary nail with an angular stable locking system (ASLS) using a two-part fracture model in a shoulder test bench.
Susanne Strasser, Franz Kralinger, Michael Blauth, Werner Schmoelz

1350 related Products with: Nail vs. plate: a biomechanical comparison of a locking plate vs. an intramedullary nail with angular stable locking system in shoulder simulator with active muscle forces using a two part fracture model.

1 kit96 T96 T50 ul5 plate kit20 ul96 T20 ul96 T20 ul96 T20 ul

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#33079697   2020/10/20 To Up

Analytical assessment of ortho clinical diagnostics high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I assay.

Objectives To analytically evaluate Ortho Clinical Diagnostics VITROS high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI) assay in specific matrices with comparison to other hs-cTn assays. Methods The limit of detection (LoD), imprecision, interference and stability testing for both serum and lithium heparin (Li-Hep) plasma for the VITROS hs-cTnI assay was determined. We performed Passing-Bablok regression analyses between sample types for the VITROS hs-cTnI assay and compared them to the Abbott ARCHITECT, Beckman Access and the Siemens ADVIA Centaur hs-cTnI assays. We also performed Receiver-operating characteristic curve analyses with the area under the curve (AUC) determined in an emergency department (ED)-study population (n=131) for myocardial infarction (MI). Results The VITROS hs-cTnI LoD was 0.73 ng/L (serum) and 1.4 ng/L (Li-Hep). Stability up to five freeze-thaws was observed for the Ortho hs-cTnI assay, with the analyte stability at room temperature in serum superior to Li-Hep with gross hemolysis also affecting Li-Hep plasma hs-cTnI results. Comparison of Li-Hep to serum concentrations (n=202), yielded proportionally lower concentrations in plasma with the VITROS hs-cTnI assay (slope=0.85; 95% confidence interval [CI]:0.83-0.88). In serum, the VITROS hs-cTnI concentrations were proportionally lower compared to other hs-cTnI assays, with similar slopes observed between assays in samples frozen <-70 °C for 17 years (ED-study) or in 2020. In the ED-study, the VITROS hs-cTnI assay had an AUC of 0.974 (95%CI:0.929-0.994) for MI, similar to the AUCs of other hs-cTn assays. Conclusions Lack of standardization of hs-cTnI assays across manufacturers is evident. The VITROS hs-cTnI assay yields lower concentrations compared to other hs-cTnI assays. Important differences exist between Li-Hep plasma and serum, with evidence of stability and excellent clinical performance comparable to other hs-cTn assays.
Peter A Kavsak, Tara Edge, Chantele Roy, Paul Malinowski, Karen Bamford, Lorna Clark, Shana Lamers, Stephen Hill, Andrew Worster

1995 related Products with: Analytical assessment of ortho clinical diagnostics high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I assay.

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#33079471   // To Up

Yersinia pseudotuberculosis: Cultivation, Storage, and Methods for Introducing DNA.

Yersinia pseudotuberculosis has been studied for many decades, and research on this microbe has taught us a great deal about host-pathogen interactions, bacterial manipulation of host cells, virulence factors, and the evolution of pathogens. This microbe should not be cultivated at 37°C because this is a trigger that the bacterium uses to sense its presence within a mammalian host and results in expression of genes necessary to colonize a mammalian host. Prolonged growth at this temperature can result in accumulation of mutations that reduce the virulence of the strain, so all protocols need to be modified for growth at room temperature, or 26°C. This article describes protocols for cultivating this microbe and for its long-term storage and its genetic manipulation by transformation and conjugation. © 2020 Wiley Periodicals LLC. Basic Protocol 1: Growth of Y. pseudotuberculosis from a stock Basic Protocol 2: Growth of Y. pseudotuberculosis in liquid medium from a single colony Basic Protocol 3: Freezing Y. pseudotuberculosis in glycerol for long-term storage Basic Protocol 4: Transformation of Y. pseudotuberculosis by electroporation Basic Protocol 5: Tri-parental mating/conjugation.
Robert K Davidson, Kimberly M Davis

2563 related Products with: Yersinia pseudotuberculosis: Cultivation, Storage, and Methods for Introducing DNA.

0.1 mg500 1000 TESTS/0.65ml100ug1,000 tests100ul25 μg10 mg5 x 20 Boxes/case 1000 ml 1 mg

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