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#36182082   2022/09/28 To Up

Safety assessment of different unloaded polymeric nanocapsules in Caenorhabditis elegans.

Nano-sized drug delivery systems have been the subject of intense research in recent years because polymeric materials allow the absorption and release of active substances in a controlled manner. Despite the benefits, the safety of nanoparticulate systems is an aspect to be understood, particularly in vivo systems. Caenorhabditis elegans is a very useful alternative model for nanotoxicology and has been recently applied in this field. The aim of this study was to evaluate toxicological endpoints in C. elegans exposed to nanocapsules (NC) prepared with different coatings: polysorbate 80 (NCP80); polyethylene glycol (NCPEG), Eudragit® RS 100 (NCEUD) and chitosan (NCCS). Nanocapsules were prepared by nanoprecipitation method and showed acceptable physico-chemical characterization. Polyethylene glycol nanocapsules and chitosan nanocapsules increased worms lethality in a dose-dependent manner in acute exposure; polysorbate 80 nanocapsules, polyethylene glycol nanocpsules and chitonan nanocapsules also increased lethality following chronic exposure. Chitosan nanocapsules were the most toxic in all exposures, demonstrating toxicity even at low concentrations. Reproduction and body length were not affected by any of the nanocapsules exposures. The expression of superoxide dismutase showed that polysorbate 80 nanocapsules at the highest concentration slightly increased SOD-3::GFP expression. On the other hand, chitosan nanocapsules exposure blunted SOD-3 expression. This work demonstrates the toxicological differences between nanocapsule produced with different coatings and indicates higher safety for the use of eugragit nanocapsule in new formulations for future drug delivery and targeting systems.
Danielle Araujo Agarrayua, Ana Claudia Funguetto-Ribeiro, Paula Trevisan, Sandra Elisa Haas, Daiana Silva Ávila

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