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Search results for: Human Retinal Microvascular Endothelial Cells

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#32382040   2020/05/07 To Up

PKCθ-JunB axis via upregulation of VEGFR3 expression mediates hypoxia-induced pathological retinal neovascularization.

Pathological retinal neovascularization is the most common cause of vision loss. PKCθ has been shown to play a role in type 2 diabetes, which is linked to retinal neovascularization. Based on these clues, we have studied the role of PKCθ and its downstream target genes JunB and VEGFR3 in retinal neovascularization using global and tissue-specific knockout mouse models along with molecular biological approaches. Here, we show that vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) induces PKCθ phosphorylation in human retinal microvascular endothelial cells (HRMVECs) and downregulation of its levels attenuates VEGFA-induced HRMVECs migration, sprouting and tube formation. Furthermore, the whole body deletion of PKCθ or EC-specific deletion of its target gene JunB inhibited hypoxia-induced retinal EC proliferation, tip cell formation and neovascularization. VEGFA also induced VEGFR3 expression via JunB downstream to PKCθ in the regulation of HRMVEC migration, sprouting, and tube formation in vitro and OIR-induced retinal EC proliferation, tip cell formation and neovascularization in vivo. In addition, VEGFA-induced VEGFR3 expression requires VEGFR2 activation upstream to PKCθ-JunB axis both in vitro and in vivo. Depletion of VEGFR2 or VEGFR3 levels attenuated VEGFA-induced HRMVEC migration, sprouting and tube formation in vitro and retinal neovascularization in vivo and it appears that these events were dependent on STAT3 activation. Furthermore, the observations using soluble VEGFR3 indicate that VEGFR3 mediates its effects on retinal neovascularization in a ligand dependent and independent manner downstream to VEGFR2. Together, these observations suggest that PKCθ-dependent JunB-mediated VEGFR3 expression targeting STAT3 activation is required for VEGFA/VEGFR2-induced retinal neovascularization.
Raj Kumar, Arul M Mani, Nikhlesh K Singh, Gadiparthi N Rao

2614 related Products with: PKCθ-JunB axis via upregulation of VEGFR3 expression mediates hypoxia-induced pathological retinal neovascularization.

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#32319024   2020/04/21 To Up

Inhibition of hsa_circ_0002570 suppresses high-glucose-induced angiogenesis and inflammation in retinal microvascular endothelial cells through miR-1243/angiomotin axis.

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the most severe microvascular complication of diabetes and a major cause of visual impairment and blindness. However, the treatment for DR is still limited. Our study aimed to explore the role of circular RNA_0002570 in DR. First, we predicted the potential microRNA and mRNA that could bind to circ_0002570 and identified the miR-1243 and angiomotin gene; then, we used RT-PCR and Western blot to measure their expression. Next, we evaluated the abilities of proliferation, migration, and angiogenesis in vitro in human retinal microvascular endothelial cells (hRMECs) by CCK-8, transwell assay, and tube formation assay, respectively. To analyze the relationship among miR-1243, circ_0002570, and angiomotin, RNA pull-down and luciferase assay were performed. Our results showed that, in DR patients and high-glucose-induced hRMECs, miR-1243, circ_0002570, and angiomotin were all abnormally expressed. MiR-1243 could directly and competitively bind to both circ_0002570 and angiomotin mRNA to inhibit their expression. Moreover, circ_0002570 suppressed the abilities of proliferation, migration, and angiogenesis in hRMECs induced by high glucose, which was dependent on miR-1243-angiomotin axis. Furthermore, circ_0002570 could upregulate angiomotin by targeting miR-1243 to mediate the dysfunction of hRMECs induced by high glucose. In conclusion, circ_0002570 might serve as a potential target for diagnosis and treatment for DR.
Guodan Liu, Shifeng Zhou, Xinge Li, Xuchen Ding, Miao Tian

2420 related Products with: Inhibition of hsa_circ_0002570 suppresses high-glucose-induced angiogenesis and inflammation in retinal microvascular endothelial cells through miR-1243/angiomotin axis.

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#32247542   2020/04/01 To Up

Adipose-derived mesenchymal stromal cells reverse high glucose-induced reduction of angiogenesis in human retinal microvascular endothelial cells.

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is characterized by a progressive alteration of the retinal microvasculature, arising from microaneurysms to leaky vessels and finally abnormal neovascularization. The hyperglycemia-mediated loss of pericytes is a key event in vessel degeneration causing vascular destabilization. To overcome this, mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) have been tested as pericyte replacement in several animal models showing repair and regeneration of DR-damaged vasculature.
Agnese Fiori, Hans-Peter Hammes, Karen Bieback

1573 related Products with: Adipose-derived mesenchymal stromal cells reverse high glucose-induced reduction of angiogenesis in human retinal microvascular endothelial cells.

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#32210827   2020/03/10 To Up

MicroRNA-18a-5p Administration Suppresses Retinal Neovascularization by Targeting FGF1 and HIF1A.

Pathologic ocular neovascularization commonly results in visual impairment or even blindness in numerous fundus diseases, including proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR), retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), and age-related macular degeneration (AMD). MicroRNAs regulate angiogenesis through modulating target genes and disease progression, making them a new class of targets for drug discovery. In this study, we investigated the potential role of miR-18a-5p in retinal neovascularization using a mouse model of oxygen-induced proliferative retinopathy (OIR). We found that miR-18a-5p was highly expressed in the retina of pups as well as retinal endothelial cells, and was consistently down-regulated during retinal development. On the other hand, miR-18a-5p was increased significantly during pathologic neovascularization in the retinas of OIR mice. Moreover, intravitreal administration of miRNA mimic, agomiR-18a-5p, significantly suppressed retinal neovascularization in OIR models. Accordingly, agomir-18a-5p markedly suppressed human retinal microvascular endothelial cell (HRMEC) function including proliferation, migration, and tube formation ability. Additionally, we demonstrated that miR-18a-5p directly down-regulated known vascular growth factors, fibroblast growth factor 1 (FGF1) and hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF1A), as the target genes. In conclusion, miR-18a-5p may be a useful drug target for pathologic ocular neovascularization.
Ji-Tian Guan, Xin-Xin Li, De-Wei Peng, Wen-Meng Zhang, Jia Qu, Fan Lu, Robert J D'Amato, Zai-Long Chi

1284 related Products with: MicroRNA-18a-5p Administration Suppresses Retinal Neovascularization by Targeting FGF1 and HIF1A.

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#32147400   2020/03/05 To Up

Neutralization of Bombina variegata peptide 8 suppresses retinal neovascularization in two different murine models: The oxygen-induced retinopathy model and the rhodopsin promoter/VEGF transgenic mouse model.

Bombina variegata 8 (Bv8), also known as prokineticin-2 (PK-2), is a potent pro-angiogenic factor. However, its role in retinal neovascularization (RNV) remains unknown. In this study, we explored the role of Bv8 in the pathogenesis of RNV. We found that the expression of Bv8 was significantly increased in two different models of retinal neovascularization: the oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR) mouse model and the rhodopsin promoter (rho)/VEGF transgenic mouse model. Neutralization of Bv8 by intravitreal injections of its antibody, not only inhibited retinal and subretinal neovascularization but also decreased the mRNA and protein levels of several pro-angiogenic factors. Our in vitro assay showed that recombinant human Bv8 (RhBv8) protein promoted human retinal microvascular endothelial cells (HRECs) tube-formation, cell proliferation and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1 (VEGFR1) and receptor 2 (VEGFR2) expression. Our findings suggest that Bv8 could be used as a novel target for the treatment of RNV-related ocular diseases.
Yiyun Yao, Yixuan Yao, Anna M Demetriades, Ailing Sui, Ting Su, Yanji Zhu, Xi Shen, Bing Xie

1568 related Products with: Neutralization of Bombina variegata peptide 8 suppresses retinal neovascularization in two different murine models: The oxygen-induced retinopathy model and the rhodopsin promoter/VEGF transgenic mouse model.

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#32116694   2020/02/03 To Up

MicroRNA-96 Promotes Vascular Repair in Oxygen-Induced Retinopathy-A Novel Uncovered Vasoprotective Function.

Vascular degeneration is a hallmark in the pathogenesis of oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR). Dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs), key regulators of genes expressions, has been implicated in the regulation of ocular angiogenesis. However, miRNAs specific functions in impaired vascular development during OIR are poorly understood. Herein, we identified miR-96 as one of the most highly expressed miRNAs in the retina and choroid during vascular development and investigated the potential role of miR-96 on microvascular degeneration in a rat OIR model.
Michel Desjarlais, Maëlle Wirth, José Carlos Rivera, Isabelle Lahaie, Rabah Dabouz, Samy Omri, Pakiza Ruknudin, Celine Borras, Sylvain Chemtob

2888 related Products with: MicroRNA-96 Promotes Vascular Repair in Oxygen-Induced Retinopathy-A Novel Uncovered Vasoprotective Function.

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#32084532   2020/02/19 To Up

Inhibitory role of miR-203 in the angiogenesis of mice with pathological retinal neovascularization disease through downregulation of SNAI2.

Pathological retinal neovascularization is a disease characterized by abnormal angiogenesis in retina that is a major cause of blindness in humans. Previous reports have highlighted the involvement of microRNAs (miRNAs) in retinal angiogenesis. Therefore, we aimed at exploring the mechanism underlying miR-203 regulating the progression of pathological retinal neovascularization.
Li Yu, Shuai Wu, Songtian Che, Yazhen Wu, Ning Han

1228 related Products with: Inhibitory role of miR-203 in the angiogenesis of mice with pathological retinal neovascularization disease through downregulation of SNAI2.

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