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#35973453 2022/08/13 To Up
Spatio-temporal patterns of occurrence of microplastics in the freshwater fish Gambusia affinis from the Brantas River, Indonesia.The first investigation of microplastics in G. affinis from the Brantas River was carried out in this study. Microplastics were found at higher concentrations in gambusia fish captured downstream (209.18â¯Â±â¯48.85 particles/gram) than upstream (24.44â¯Â±â¯0.14 particles/gram). Microplastic particle concentrations in G. affinis have a positive linear relationship with fish length. The fiber was the most prominent shape at Sites 1 and 2, whereas the fragment was dominant at Sites 3 and 4. With a value of 45-48%, black dominates the entire site, followed by blue (29-38%), transparent colors (7-11%), red (2-4%), purple (1-3%), and other colors (5-7%). Microplastics measuring <0.1â¯mm are commonly found in fish bodies. Cyclohexylmethyl octyl ester (phthalic acid) is the most abundant component found in microplastics, accounting for 30.11% of the total. This study provides evidence that G. affinis can be used to monitor the presence of microplastic pollution in the Brantas River but further studies are needed regarding the effects of microplastics and their health hazards on fish.
Nanik Retno Buwono, Yenny Risjani, Agoes Soegianto