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#35745788   2022/06/07 To Up

Liposomal β-Sitosterol Suppresses Metastasis of CT26/luc Colon Carcinoma via Inhibition of MMP-9 and Evoke of Immune System.

β-sitosterol (SITO) has been reported with anticancer effects; however, with poor bioavailability. The current study aimed to investigate whether liposomal encapsulated β-sitosterol (LS) has a better inhibition effect on tumor metastasis than β-sitosterol in a CT26/ lung metastasis mouse model and the possible underlying mechanism. LS was liposomal-encapsulated SITO and was delivered to mice by oral gavage. The cell viability was determined by the MTT assay, and invasiveness of the tumor cells and related protein expression were evaluated with the invasion assay and Western blotting. For therapeutic efficacy evaluation, male BALB/c mice were treated with PBS, SITO, and LS once a day for 7 days prior to intravenous injections of CT26/ cells; treatments were continued twice a week post-cell inoculation throughout the entire experiment. Tumor growth inhibition was monitored by bioluminescent imaging (BLI). IL-12, IL-18, and IFN-γ in the intestinal epithelium were determined by ELISA. The results show that LS treatment had a better invasion inhibition with lower cytotoxicity than SITO when the same dose was utilized. Notably, mice treated with LS significantly exhibited fewer metastases to the lungs and other tissues/organs compared with the Control and SITO groups. Additionally, the IL-12, IL-18, and IFN-γ levels were significantly increased in the LS-treated mice compared with the Control and SITO groups. The underlying mechanism may be through the inhibition of MMP-9 and elicitation of the antitumoral Th1 immune response, such as increasing CD4 and CD8 T cells, IL-12, IL-18, and IFN-γ.
Chao-Yu Shen, Chia-Fen Lee, Wei-Taur Chou, Jeng-Jong Hwang, Yeu-Sheng Tyan, Hui-Yen Chuang

2112 related Products with: Liposomal β-Sitosterol Suppresses Metastasis of CT26/luc Colon Carcinoma via Inhibition of MMP-9 and Evoke of Immune System.

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#35741458   2022/06/20 To Up

Enhanced Anxiety and Olfactory Microglial Activation in Early-Stage Familial Alzheimer's Disease Mouse Model.

Anxiety is a known comorbidity and risk factor for conversion to neuroinflammation-mediated dementia in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Here, we investigated if anxiety occurred as an early endophenotype of mutant familial AD (5 × FAD) male mice and the underlying neuroinflammatory mechanisms. We observed that compared to wildtype (WT) littermates, 5 × FAD mice showed enhanced anxiety at as early as 2 months old (mo). Interestingly, these 5 × FAD male mice had concomitantly increased mRNA levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin 1 beta () and tumor necrosis factor () in the olfactory bulb (OB) but not the frontal cortex (FC). Increased expression of in the OB was significantly correlated with the anxious behavior in the FAD but not WT mice. Furthermore, we found more prominent microglial activation and morphological changes in the OB of 2 mo 5 × FAD mice, while only microglial ramification was seen in the FC. To understand if neuroinflammatory changes in the FC could occur at a later stage, we studied 5~6 mo male mice and found that , interleukin 18 (), and were upregulated in the FC at this older age. Furthermore, we observed that numbers of microglia and macrophage as well as microglial synaptic pruning, as indicated by phagocytosis of presynaptic component of vesicular glutamate transporter-2, were increased in the OB but not the FC of 5~6 mo 5 × FAD mice. Our findings demonstrated the OB as a more sensitive brain region than the cerebral cortex for microglia-mediated neuroinflammation in association with anxiety in FAD mice and supported the notion that the OB can be an early-stage biomarker in AD.
Keerthana Chithanathan, Fang-Ling Xuan, Miriam Ann Hickey, Li Tian

1187 related Products with: Enhanced Anxiety and Olfactory Microglial Activation in Early-Stage Familial Alzheimer's Disease Mouse Model.

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#35740095   2022/06/18 To Up

SOD3 and IL-18 Predict the First Kidney Disease-Related Hospitalization or Death during the One-Year Follow-Up Period in Patients with End-Stage Renal Disease.

End-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients experience oxidative stress due to excess exogenous or endogenous oxidants and insufficient antioxidants. Hence, oxidative stress and inflammation cause endothelial damage, contributing to vascular dysfunction and atherosclerosis. Therefore, ESRD patients suffer more cardiovascular and hospitalization events than healthy people. This study aims to test the correlations between ROS, SOD3, IL-2, IL-6, and IL-18 and the first kidney disease-related hospitalization or death events in ESRD patients undergoing regular hemodialysis. A total of 212 participants was enrolled, including 45 normal healthy adults and 167 ESRD patients on regular dialysis. Blood samples from all participants were collected for ROS, SOD3, IL-2, IL-6, and IL-18 measurement at the beginning of the study, and every kidney disease-related admission or death was recorded for the next year. Multivariate analysis was conducted by fitting a linear regression model, logistic regression model, and Cox proportional hazards model to estimate the adjusted effects of risk factors, prognostic factors, or predictors on continuous, binary, and survival outcome data. The results showed that plasma SOD3 and serum IL-18 were two strong predictors of the first kidney disease-related hospitalization or death. In the Cox proportional hazards models (run in R), higher IL-18 concentration (>69.054 pg/mL) was associated with a hazard ratio of 3.376 for the first kidney disease-related hospitalization or death (95% CI: 1.2644 to 9.012), while log(SOD3) < 4.723 and dialysis clearance (Kt/V; 1.11 < value < 1.869) had a hazard ratio = 0.2730 (95% CI: 0.1133 to 0.6576) for reducing future kidney disease-related hospitalization or death. Other markers, including body mass index (BMI), transferrin saturation, total iron binding capacity, and sodium and alkaline phosphate, were also found to be significant in our study. These results reveal the new predictors SOD3 and IL-18 for the medical care of end-stage renal disease patients.
Yu-Hsien Liu, Yu-Hsuan Chen, Chi-Hua Ko, Chia-Wen Kuo, Chih-Ching Yen, Wei Chen, Kowit-Yu Chong, Chuan-Mu Chen

1922 related Products with: SOD3 and IL-18 Predict the First Kidney Disease-Related Hospitalization or Death during the One-Year Follow-Up Period in Patients with End-Stage Renal Disease.

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#35734175   2022/06/06 To Up

CaMK4 Promotes Acute Lung Injury Through NLRP3 Inflammasome Activation in Type II Alveolar Epithelial Cell.

Type II alveolar epithelial cell (AEC II), in addition to its roles in maintaining lung homeostasis, takes an active role in inflammatory response during acute lung injury (ALI). Ca/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase IV (CaMK4) activated by Ca/calmodulin signaling, has been implicated in immune responses. This study was to investigate the roles of CaMK4 in the development of ALI and the underlying mechanisms.
Tengyue Zhang, Mengyuan Li, Siyuan Zhao, Mianjing Zhou, Huai Liao, Haiyan Wu, Xinyue Mo, Hongxing Wang, Chaohuan Guo, Hui Zhang, Niansheng Yang, Yuefang Huang

1315 related Products with: CaMK4 Promotes Acute Lung Injury Through NLRP3 Inflammasome Activation in Type II Alveolar Epithelial Cell.



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#35732646   2022/06/22 To Up

Macronutrient intake modulates impact of EcoRI polymorphism of ApoB gene on lipid profile and inflammatory markers in patients with type 2 diabetes.

We sought to examine whether dietary intakes may affect the relationship between ApoB EcoRI and lipid profile, as well as serum inflammatory markers, in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). This current study consisted of 648 diabetic patients. Dietary intake was calculated by a food frequency questionnaire. Biochemical markers (high-density lipoprotein (HDL), total cholesterol (TC), LDL, TG, CRP, IL-18, PGF2α) were measured based on standard protocols. Genotyping of the Apo-B polymorphisms (rs1042031) was conducted by the PCR-RFLP method. The gene-diet interactions were evaluated using GLMs. In comparison to GG homozygotes, A-allele carriers with above the median -CHO intake (≥ 54 percent of total energy) had considerably greater TC and PGF2a concentrations. Furthermore, as compared to GG homozygotes, A-allele carriers with above the median protein intake (≥ 14 percent of total energy) had higher serum levels of TG (P = 0.001), CRP (P = 0.02), TG/HDL (P = 0.005), and LDL/HDL (P = 0.04) ratios. Moreover, A-allele carriers with above the median total fat intake (≥ 35 percent of total calories) had significantly higher TC level (P = 0.04) and LDL/HDL (P = 0.04) ratios compared to GG homozygotes. Furthermore, when compared to GG homozygotes, A-allele carriers who consumed above the median cholesterol (> 196 mg) had greater TG (P = 0.04), TG/HDL (P = 0.01) ratio, and IL-18 (P = 0.02). Furthermore, diabetic patients with the GA, AA genotype who consume above the median cholesterol had lower ghrelin levels (P = 0.01). In terms of LDL/HDL ratio, ApoB EcoRI and dietary intakes of specific fatty acids (≥ 9 percent for SFA and ≥ 12 percent for MUFA) had significant interaction. LDL/HDL ratio is greater in A-allele carriers with above the median SFA intake (P = 0.04), also when they consumed above the median MUFA this association was inverse (P = 0.04). Our study showed that plasma lipid levels in participants carrying the (AA or AG) genotype were found to be more responsive to increasing the percentage of energy derived from dietary fat, CHO, protein, SFA, and cholesterol consumption. Therefore, patients with a higher genetic susceptibility (AA or AG) seemed to have greater metabolic markers with a higher percentage of macronutrient consumption. Also, ApoB EcoRI correlations with metabolic markers might be attenuated with above the median MUFA consumption.
Faezeh Abaj, Fariba Koohdani

1105 related Products with: Macronutrient intake modulates impact of EcoRI polymorphism of ApoB gene on lipid profile and inflammatory markers in patients with type 2 diabetes.

1mg50 ug1 mL50 ug200ul50 100 μg96 wells (1 kit)20ug200ul100.00 ug96T

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#35729837   2022/06/03 To Up

Protective effect of Ulinastatin on acute lung injury in diabetic sepsis rats.

This study explored the protective effect and its possible mechanism of ulinastatin (UTI) on acute lung injury (ALI) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) sepsis rats. Following treatment with UTI, the wet/dry weight (W/D) ratio, pathological changes, hypoxia-inducible factor-1ɑlpha (HIF-1ɑ) protein and Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) mRNA expression of lung tissues, the expression levels of interleukin-1beta (IL-1ß), IL-18, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-ɑ), the contents of malondialdehyde (MDA) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in serum were detected in type 2 DM sepsis rats. It was found that rats with type 2 DM and sepsis showed obvious damage in lung tissues with significantly increased inflammatory cells, necrosis, and swelling of alveolar epithelial cells, but UTI decreased the lung damage induced by DM and sepsis. In addition, compared with the control, the W/D ratio, serum IL-1ß, IL-18 and TNF-ɑ contents, HIF-1ɑ protein expression, TLR4 mRNA expression, pulmonary microvascular permeability, MDA content in serum in type 2 DM and sepsis groups were significantly increased in type 2 DM sepsis rats (p < 0.05). However, compared with the groups with type 2 DM sepsis, the W/D ratio, serum IL-1ß, IL-18, TNF-ɑ contents, HIF-1ɑ protein expression, TLR4 mRNA expression, and pulmonary microvascular permeability in UTI-treated group were significantly decreased, but the activity of SOD increased (p < 0.05). This study indicates that UTI can effectively reduce ALI induced by diabetic sepsis in rats through inhibiting inflammatory response, reducing oxidative stress, regulating hypoxia response pathway, and improving pulmonary microvascular permeability.
Zhe Jin, Meng-Yun Li, Lijuan Tang, Yufeng Zou, Kai Chen

2894 related Products with: Protective effect of Ulinastatin on acute lung injury in diabetic sepsis rats.

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#35727014   2022/06/21 To Up

Genome Sequence of Atyrau-5BJN(IL18), a Recombinant Lumpy Skin Disease Virus with Knockout of Virulence Genes.

Here, we present the coding sequence of the genome of the recombinant lumpy skin disease virus (LSDV) Atyrau-5BJN(IL18), obtained by knocking out four genes in the genome of a virulent field LSDV isolate. Genome sequencing confirmed the deletion of genes and the insertion of a foreign sequence in the viral genome.
Aisha U Issabek, Mukhit B Orynbayev, Kulyaisan T Sultankulova, Asylulan Amirgazin, Kunsulu D Zakarya, Zamira Omarova, Olga V Chervyakova

2314 related Products with: Genome Sequence of Atyrau-5BJN(IL18), a Recombinant Lumpy Skin Disease Virus with Knockout of Virulence Genes.

100 2100 µg100 ug/vial1 mg200 100ug/vial1 mg100 µg

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#35722142   2022/06/09 To Up

Somatostatin plus Ulinastatin in the Treatment of Severe Acute Pancreatitis and Its Effect on Serum Cytokine Levels.

To investigate the effect of somatostatin combined with ulinastatin in the treatment of patients with severe acute pancreatitis and its effect on serum cytokine levels.
Li Yang, Zhibin Zhao

1481 related Products with: Somatostatin plus Ulinastatin in the Treatment of Severe Acute Pancreatitis and Its Effect on Serum Cytokine Levels.

4 Arrays/Slide5ml4 Membranes/Box500 ml10 ml10 ug100ug2 Pieces/Box4 Membranes/Box96T

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