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Search results for: Human Heat shock proteins 27 (Hsp 27)...

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#38730108   2024/05/11 To Up

Heat Shock Protein HSP27 and the Status of the Glutathione System in Dexamethasone-Induced Apoptosis of Jurkat Tumor Cells.

We studied the effect of the HSP27 inhibitor, 5-(5-ethyl-2-hydroxy-4-methoxyphenyl)-4-(4-methoxyphenyl)-isoxazole, at a final concentration of 0.1 μM and/or the apoptosis inducer dexamethasone at a final concentration of 10 μM on the content of hydroxyl radical, reduced and oxidized glutathione, HSP27, activity of glutathione reductase, glutathione peroxidase, caspase-3, and the number of Annexin Jurkat tumor cells. The involvement of HSP27 in apoptosis of Jurkat tumor cells was demonstrated. Simultaneous exposure to the HSP27 inhibitor and dexamethasone resulted in an increase in the level of HSP27 against the background of developing oxidative stress (increase in the concentration of hydroxyl radicals and changes in the state of the glutathione system).
O L Nosareva, E A Stepovaya, L S Litvinova, K A Yurova

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#38682349   // To Up

Exosomal HSPB1, interacting with FUS protein, suppresses hypoxia-induced ferroptosis in pancreatic cancer by stabilizing Nrf2 mRNA and repressing P450.

Ferroptosis is a new type of programmed cell death, which has been involved in the progression of tumours. However, the regulatory network of ferroptosis in pancreatic cancer is still largely unknown. Here, using datasets from GEO and TCGA, we screened HSPB1, related to the P450 monooxygenase signalling, a fuel of ferroptosis, to be a candidate gene for regulating pancreatic cancer cell ferroptosis. We found that HSPB1 was enriched in the exosomes derived from human pancreatic cancer cell lines SW1990 and Panc-1. Then, hypoxic SW1990 cells were incubated with exosomes alone or together with HSPB1 siRNA (si-HSPB1), and we observed that exosomes promoted cell proliferation and invasion and suppressed ferroptosis, which was reversed by si-HSPB1. Moreover, we found a potential binding affinity between HSPB1 and FUS, verified their protein interaction by using dual-colour fluorescence colocalization and co-IP assays, and demonstrated the promoting effect of FUS on oxidative stress and ferroptosis in hypoxic SW1990 cells. Subsequently, FUS was demonstrated to bind with and stabilize the mRNA of Nrf2, a famous anti-ferroptosis gene that negatively regulates the level of P450. Furthermore, overexpressing FUS and activating the Nrf2/HO-1 pathway (using NK-252) both reversed the inhibitory effect of si-HSPB1 on exosome functions. Finally, our in vivo studies showed that exosome administration promote tumour growth in nude mice of xenotransplantation, which was able to be eliminated by knockdown of HSPB1. In conclusion, exosomal HSPB1 interacts with the RNA binding protein FUS and decreases FUS-mediated stability of Nrf2 mRNA, thus suppressing hypoxia-induced ferroptosis in pancreatic cancer.
Lun Zhang, Liuxu Yang, Keyuan Du

1950 related Products with: Exosomal HSPB1, interacting with FUS protein, suppresses hypoxia-induced ferroptosis in pancreatic cancer by stabilizing Nrf2 mRNA and repressing P450.

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#38578345   // To Up

HSPB1 mutation causing distal Hereditary Motor Neuropathy type 2B in a Polish family.

The heat-shock protein beta-1 (HSPB1) is one of small heat-shock proteins that play an important role in cell functioning by promoting correct folding of other proteins. The HSPB1 mutations are known to cause distal Hereditary Motor Neuropathy type 2B (dHMN2B) and Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2F (CMT2F). More than 30 different mutations in the HSPB1 have been found in patients with CMT2F and dHMN2B. There are cases of the Thr151Ile HSPB1 mutation described in 4 countries: Croatia, Japan, France and Poland. In this paper we present a Polish family with p.Thr151Ile mutation causing distal hereditary motor neuropathy. A 48-year-old male patient presented progressive bilateral lower limb weakness and gait difficulty of typical onset. The presentation of the disease in his daughter, who carries the same mutation is yet uncertain. She has currently no clinical symptoms of the disease but registered mild muscle damage in EMG with correct conduction parameter in ENG.
Katarzyna Homa, Kamila Żur-Wyrozumska

1625 related Products with: HSPB1 mutation causing distal Hereditary Motor Neuropathy type 2B in a Polish family.

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#38553306   2024/03/02 To Up

HSP27 promotes vasculogenic mimicry formation in human salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma via the AKT-MMP-2/9 pathway.

To explore the role and mechanism of heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) in SACC VM formation.
Zhao-Yuan Xu, Jing Han, Kun Yang, Guan-Meng Zhang, Mai-Ning Jiao, Su-Xia Liang, Ying-Bin Yan, Wei Chen

1358 related Products with: HSP27 promotes vasculogenic mimicry formation in human salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma via the AKT-MMP-2/9 pathway.

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#38542777   2024/03/16 To Up

Exploring the Role of Serum Osteonectin and Hsp27 in Pediatric MAFLD Diagnosis and Cardiometabolic Health.

Childhood obesity is one of the major challenges of public health policies. The problem of fatty liver in childhood, known as MAFLD (metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease), is of particular interest as the gold standard diagnosis technique is invasive (liver biopsy). Hence, efforts are made to discover more specific biomarkers for the MAFLD signature. Therefore, the aim of the study was to evaluate Osteonectin and Hsp27 as biomarkers for MAFLD diagnosis and to assess their links with auxological and biochemical profiles of overweight and obese pediatric subjects.
Anca Bălănescu, Paul-Cristian Bălănescu, Ioana Florentina Codreanu, Iustina-Violeta Stan, Valentina-Daniela Comanici, Alina Maria Robu, Tatiana Ciomârtan

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#38537528   2024/03/22 To Up

Distinct induction pathways of heat shock protein 27 in human keratinocytes: Heat stimulation or capsaicin through phosphorylation of heat shock factor 1 at serine 326 and/or suppression of ΔNp63.

Epidermal keratinocytes, forming the outermost layer of the human body, serve as a crucial barrier against diverse external stressors such as ultraviolet radiation. Proper keratinocyte differentiation and effective responses to external stimuli are pivotal for maintaining barrier integrity. Heat is one such stimulus that triggers the synthesis of heat shock proteins (HSPs) when cells are exposed to temperatures above 42 °C. Additionally, activation of the transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1 (TRPV1) occurs at 42 °C. Here, we explore the interplay between TRPV1 signaling and HSP induction in human keratinocytes. Both heat and capsaicin, a TRPV1 agonist, induce expression of HSP27, HSP70, and HSP90 in keratinocytes. Interestingly, pharmacological inhibition of TRPV1 attenuates heat-induced HSP27 expression, but not that of HSP70 or HSP90. Furthermore, both heat and capsaicin stimulation result in distinct phosphorylation patterns of heat shock factor 1 (HSF1), with phosphorylation at serine 326 being a common feature. Notably, genetic manipulation to mimic dephosphorylation of HSF1 at serine 326 reduces HSP27 levels. Additionally, ΔNp63, a key regulator of epidermal differentiation, negatively modulates HSP27 expression independently of HSF1 phosphorylation status. While heat stimulation has no effect on ΔNp63 expression, capsaicin reduces its levels. The precise role of TRPV1 signaling in keratinocytes warrants further investigation for a comprehensive understanding of its impact on barrier function.
Terufumi Kubo, Kenta Sasaki, Sayuri Sato, Tomoyuki Minowa, Tokimasa Hida, Kenji Murata, Takayuki Kanaseki, Tomohide Tsukahara, Yoshihiko Hirohashi, Hisashi Uhara, Toshihiko Torigoe

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#38474045   2024/02/28 To Up

Extract Induces Apoptosis via Generation of Reactive Oxygen Species and Inhibition of Heat Shock Protein 27 and Androgen Receptor in Prostate Cancers.

Although is known to have anti-inflammatory, anti-obesity, and anti-oxidant properties, the underlying apoptotic mechanism of extract has never been elucidated in prostate cancer. In this paper, the apoptotic mechanism of a water extract from the dried root of (WAM) was investigated in prostate cancer cells in association with heat shock protein 27 (HSP27)/androgen receptor (AR) signaling. WAM increased cytotoxicity and the sub-G1 population, cleaved poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) and cysteine aspartyl-specific protease 3 (caspase 3), and attenuated the expression of B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) in LNCaP cells after 24 h of exposure. Consistently, WAM significantly increased the number of terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL)-positive LNCaP cells. WAM decreased the phosphorylation of HSP27 on Ser82 and inhibited the expression of the AR and prostate-specific antigen (PSA), along with reducing the nuclear translocation of p-HSP27 and the AR via the disturbed binding of p-HSP27 with the AR in LNCaP cells. WAM consistently inhibited the expression of the AR and PSA in dihydrotestosterone (DHT)-treated LNCaP cells. WAM also suppressed AR stability, both in the presence and absence of cycloheximide, in LNCaP cells. Taken together, these findings provide evidence that WAM induces apoptosis via the inhibition of HSP27/AR signaling in prostate cancer cells and is a potent anticancer candidate for prostate cancer treatment.
Seok-Young Kim, Ji Eon Park, Hyo-Jung Lee, Deok Yong Sim, Chi-Hoon Ahn, Su-Yeon Park, Bum-Sang Shim, Bonglee Kim, Dae Young Lee, Sung-Hoon Kim

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#38428104   2024/02/27 To Up

Transcriptional modulation of heat shock proteins and adipogenic regulators in bovine adipocytes following heat exposure.

This research endeavored to elucidate the transcriptional modulation of heat shock proteins and adipogenic regulators in bovine subcutaneous adipocytes following thermal exposure. Post-differentiation, mature adipocytes were subjected to three treatments of control (CON), moderate (MHS), and extreme (EHS) heat stress. These treatments consist of thermal conditions at temperatures of 38 °C (CON), 39.5 °C (MHS), or 41 °C (EHS) along with of 3 or 12 h. There was no statistically significant variations observed in the gene expressions of HSP27 and HSP70 when comparing CON with MHS across both exposures. Contrastingly, when comparing CON with EHS, an upregulation (P < 0.01) in HSP27 gene expression was evident for both 3 and 12 h of incubation, while HSP70 gene expression exhibited elevation (P < 0.01) at the 3-h mark, with no change observed at 12 h. Protein quantification, however, revealed an elevation (P < 0.01) in HSP27 and HSP70 for both CON vs. MHS and CON vs. EHS at the 12-h exposure. This trend in protein level mirrored (P < 0.05) that of proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARγ). Elevated (P < 0.05) protein levels of fatty acid synthase (FAS) were exclusively discernible in the CON vs. MHS. Increased (P < 0.01) transcriptional activity of PPARγ, CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein alpha (C/EBPα), stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD), and FAS was evident in the CON vs. EHS comparison. Complementary to these molecular findings, an augmented lipid droplet accumulation was observed (P < 0.01) in EHS-exposed adipocytes progressively from day 6 through day 9. Our current study highlights how different levels and lengths of heat stress can impact the activity of important heat-related proteins and factors that play a role in fat development in beef cattle. These findings can help guide strategies to manage how beef cattle are exposed to heat, which can affect fat storage and ultimately the quality of the meat's marbling.
Won Seob Kim, Boon Hong Keng, Jongkyoo Kim

1126 related Products with: Transcriptional modulation of heat shock proteins and adipogenic regulators in bovine adipocytes following heat exposure.

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#38428103   2024/01/28 To Up

Heat stress enhances the occurrence of erythromycin resistance of Enterococcus isolates in mice feces.

Heat stress is a common environmental factor in livestock breeding that has been shown to impact the development of antibiotic resistance within the gut microbiota of both human and animals. However, studies investigating the effect of temperature on antibiotic resistance in Enterococcus isolates remain limited. In this study, specific pathogen free (SPF) mice were divided into a control group maintained at normal temperature and an experimental group subjected to daily 1-h heat stress at 38 °C, respectively. Gene expression analysis was conducted to evaluate the activation of heat shock responsive genes in the liver of mice. Additionally, the antibiotic-resistant profile and antibiotic resistant genes (ARGs) in fecal samples from mice were analyzed. The results showed an upregulation of heat-inducible proteins HSP27, HSP70 and HSP90 following heat stress exposure, indicating successful induction of cellular stress within the mice. Furthermore, heat stress resulted in an increase in the proportion of erythromycin-resistant Enterococcus isolates, escalating from 0 % to 0.23 % over a 30-day duration of heat stress. The resistance of Enterococcus isolates to erythromycin also had a 128-fold increase in minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) within the heated-stressed group compared to the control group. Additionally, a 2∼8-fold rise in chloramphenicol MIC was observed among these erythromycin-resistant Enterococcus isolates. The acquisition of ermB genes was predominantly responsible for mediating the erythromycin resistance in these Enterococcus isolates. Moreover, the abundance of macrolide, lincosamide and streptogramin (MLS) resistant-related genes in the fecal samples from the heat-stressed group exhibited a significant elevation compared to the control group, primarily driven by changes in bacterial community composition, especially Enterococcaceae and Planococcaceae, and the transfer of mobile genetic elements (MGEs), particularly insertion elements. Collectively, these results highlight the role of environmental heat stress in promoting antibiotic resistance in Enterococcus isolates and partly explain the increasing prevalence of erythromycin-resistant Enterococcus isolates observed among animals in recent years.
Lingxian Yi, Rui Xu, Xiaowu Yuan, Zining Ren, Huihui Song, Huamin Lai, Zhihua Sun, Hui Deng, Bo Yang, Daojin Yu

2966 related Products with: Heat stress enhances the occurrence of erythromycin resistance of Enterococcus isolates in mice feces.

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#38323458   2024/02/27 To Up

Effective Anticancer Potential of a New Sulfonamide as a Carbonic Anhydrase IX Inhibitor Against Aggressive Tumors.

This study examines efficiency of a newly synthesized sulfonamide derivative 2-bromo-N-(4-sulfamoylphenyl)propanamide (MMH-1) on the inhibition of Carbonic Anhydrase IX (CA IX), which is overexpressed in many solid tumors including breast cancer. The inhibitory potential of MMH-1 compound against its four major isoforms, including cytosolic isoforms hCA I and II, as well as tumor-associated membrane-bound isoforms hCA IX and XII, was evaluated. To this context, the cytotoxic effect of MMH-1 on cancer and normal cells was tested and found to selectively affect MDA-MB-231 cells. MMH-1 reduced cell proliferation by holding cells in the G0/G1 phase (72 %) and slowed the cells' wound healing capacity. MMH-1 inhibited CA IX under both hypoxic and normoxic conditions and altered the morphology of triple negative breast cancer cells. In MDA-MB-231 cells, inhibition of CA IX was accompanied by a decrease in extracellular pH acidity (7.2), disruption of mitochondrial membrane integrity (80 %), an increase in reactive oxygen levels (25 %), and the triggering of apoptosis (40 %). In addition, the caspase cascade (CASP-3, -8, -9) was activated in MDA-MB-231 cells, triggering both the extrinsic and intrinsic apoptotic pathways. The expression of pro-apoptotic regulatory proteins (Bad, Bax, Bid, Bim, Cyt-c, Fas, FasL, TNF-a, TNF-R1, HTRA, SMAC, Casp-3, -8, P21, P27, and P53) was increased, while the expression of anti-apoptotic proteins, apoptosis inhibitor proteins (IAPs), and heat shock proteins (HSPs) (Bcl-2, Bcl-w, cIAP-2, HSP27, HSP60, HSP70, Survivin, Livin, and XIAP) was decreased. These results propose that the MMH-1 compound could triggers apoptosis in MDA-MB-231 cells via the pH/MMP/ROS pathway through the inhibition of CA IX. This compound is thought to have high potential and promising anticancer properties in the treatment of aggressive tumors.
Ismail Koyuncu, Ebru Temiz, Eray Metin Güler, Mustafa Durgun, Ozgür Yuksekdag, Simone Giovannuzzi, Claudiu T Supuran

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