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Search results for: Immunohistochemical Localization of a GnRH-Like Peptide in the Nerve Ganglion of Three Classes of Crustaceans, the Tadpole Shrimp (Branchiopoda), the Barnacle (Hexanauplia), and the Hermit Crab (Malacostraca).

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Immunohistochemical Localization of a GnRH-Like Peptide in the Nerve Ganglion of Three Classes of Crustaceans, the Tadpole Shrimp (Branchiopoda), the Barnacle (Hexanauplia), and the Hermit Crab (Malacostraca).

In vertebrates, gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) regulates gonadal maturation by stimulating the synthesis and release of pituitary gonadotropins. GnRH has also been identified in invertebrates. Crustacea consists of several classes including Cephalocarida, Remipedia, Branchiopoda (e.g., tadpole shrimp), Hexanauplia (e.g., barnacle) and Malacostraca (e.g., shrimp, crab). In the malacostracan crustaceans, the presence of GnRH has been detected in several species, mainly by immunohistochemistry. In the present study, we examined whether a GnRH-like peptide exists in the brain and/or nerve ganglion of three classes of crustaceans, the tadpole shrimp (Branchiopoda), the barnacle (Hexanauplia), and the hermit crab (Malacostraca), by immunohistochemistry using a rabbit polyclonal antibody raised against chicken GnRH-II (GnRH2). This antibody was found to recognize the giant freshwater prawn GnRH (MroGnRH). In the tadpole shrimp, GnRH-like-immunoreactive (ir) cell bodies were located in the circumesophageal connective of the deuterocerebrum, and GnRH-like-ir fibers were detected also in the ventral nerve cord. In the barnacle, GnRH-like-ir cell bodies and fibers were located in the supraesophageal ganglion (brain), the subesophageal ganglion, and the circumesophageal connective. In the hermit crab, GnRH-like-ir cell bodies were detected in the anterior-most part of the supraesophageal ganglion and the subesophageal ganglion. GnRH-like-ir fibers were observed also in the thoracic ganglion and the eyestalk. These results suggest that a GnRH-like peptide exists widely in crustacean species.
Masafumi Amano, Noriko Amiya, Takuji Okumura, Ryusuke Kado

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