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Search results for: Glutathione (GSH GSSG Total) Assay Kit100 assays

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#32921657   2020/09/14 To Up

The neuroprotective effect of submicron and blended Lycium barbarum for experiment retinal ischemia and reperfusion injury in rats.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the neuroprotective potential of submicron (milled) and blended Lycium barbarum (LB) in glaucomatous retinal neuropathy using a rat model of high intraocular pressure (HIOP) induced retinal ischemia. The rats were treated with 500, 250, 100 mg/kg LB (submicron or blended form) orally once daily for 56 days respectively after 1 week of retinal ischemia induction. We conducted electroretinography (ERG), histopathological analysis in retina and antioxidative level assays, such as total glutathione (GSH (glutathione) + reduced glutathione) + GSSH (glutathione disulfide), catalase activity, SOD (superoxide dismutase) activity, and lipid peroxidant malondialdehyde (MDA) in the retina and plasma of test rats. The results indicated that the amplitudes of a and b wave of ERG were preserved in rats treated with submicron and blended LB groups, the best protective effect on ERG b wave amplitudes was observed at the dosage of 250 mg/kg of both forms of LB. Retinal thickness was best preserved, particularly significant in the retinal inner nuclear layer in submicron 250 mg/kg LB group. The levels of antioxidant GSSH+GSH, SOD and catalase activity in the retina were higher in blended 500 mg/kg and submicron 250 mg/kg groups than other groups, while the MDA level was lower in submicron LB groups than that in blended LB and non-LB IR group. In the plasma, there was no significant difference in the levels of GSSH+GSH and catalase activity between treated groups, but higher levels of SOD and lower levels of MDA were observed in 250 mg/kg submicron and 500 mg/kg submicron LB groups than the blended LB and non-LB IR groups. Generally better antioxidative effects were observed in the submicron LB than blended LB among treated groups, especially the 250 mg/kg submicron LB, providing good retinal neuroprotection by preserving retinal structure and function with improved antioxidative capacity. The submicron LB may have clinical implication as an adjuvant therapy of oxidative stress and retinal damage caused by HIOP induced retinal ischemia and reperfusion injury.
I-Han Wu, Sze-Min Chan, Chung-Tien Lin

2120 related Products with: The neuroprotective effect of submicron and blended Lycium barbarum for experiment retinal ischemia and reperfusion injury in rats.

200ug10 mg1000 TESTS/0.65ml200ul200 25 mg 5 G1000 tests100ug

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#29760314   2018/05/11 To Up

The Neuroprotective and antioxidative effects of submicron and blended Lycium barbarum in experimental retinal degeneration in rats.

The object is to determine the neuroprotective and antioxidative effects of submicron and blended Lycium barbarum (LB) on retinal degeneration as evaluated by ERG, retinal histopathology and assays of antioxidant (total GSH) and peroxidant (MDA) in the retina. A rat model of light-induced retinal degeneration was used to assess the protective effect of different forms of Lycium barbarum (LB) on retinal degeneration. Rats were divided into four experimental groups, normal control, light-induced untreated, submicron LB and blended LB treated. The rats of submicron and blended groups were treated with 250 mg/kg LB orally once daily for 54 days, followed by induction of retinal degeneration. Retinal function was assessed by electroretinography (ERG). Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay of the retina lysates was measured for the levels of antioxidants, reduced glutathione and glutathione disulfide, and peroxidants, malondialdehyde, in the retina. The ERG results showed a protective effect in LB treated groups with a greater effect observed in submicron LB treated group than the blended LB treated group. There were higher levels of GSH plus GSSG and lower MDA in submicron LB treated group than other groups. In conclusion, LB provided protective and antioxidative effects on the rat retina with light-induced retinal degeneration. Submicron LB protected degenerative retina better than blended LB. LB is effective against oxidative stress in the degenerative retina.
Jen-Shuai Chang, Yih-Jing Lee, David A Wilkie, Chung-Tien Lin

2523 related Products with: The Neuroprotective and antioxidative effects of submicron and blended Lycium barbarum in experimental retinal degeneration in rats.

1100 μg5 mg

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#28757214   2017/07/27 To Up

Vulnerability of marsh frog Pelophylax ridibundus to the typical wastewater effluents ibuprofen, triclosan and estrone, detected by multi-biomarker approach.

Pharmaceutical and personal care products (PPCPs) are the environmental pollutants of growing concern. The aim of this study was to indicate the effects of typical PPCPs on the marsh frog Pelophylax ridibundus. We treated male frogs with waterborne ibuprofen (IBU, 250ng·L), triclosan (TCS, 500ng·L), or estrone (E1, 100ng·L) for 14days. Common vulnerability of the frogs was detected from dramatic decrease of Zn, total and metalated metallothionein (MT) concentrations, Zn/Cu ratio, the elevation of activity of glutathione-S-transferase, cathepsin D and DNA instability in the liver, the depletion of cholinesterase in the brain and cortisol in the blood plasma in all exposures. Nevertheless, lipofuscin concentration in the liver was always decreased. The groups were best distinguished by cytochrome P450 (CYP450) activity determined by ELISA. The exposure to IBU caused lesser damage, but elevated the levels of oxyradicals and glutathione (GSH and GSSG) and lysosomal membrane instability. Exposures to TCS and E1 provoked the endocrine disturbance (increased levels of vitellogenin and thyrotropin in blood plasma), decreased lactate dehydrogenase activity and increased level of pyruvate in the liver. TCS caused the increase of GSSG by 7.3 times and lactate levels. Only E1 lead to decrease of deiodinase activity in the liver, activation of CYP450 and caspase-3 and efflux of cathepsin D from lysosomes. Spectrophotometric and ELISA assays of MTs and CYP450 gave distinct results in E1-group. Broad disruption of the hormonal pathways caused by E1 could be of concern for the health status of frogs in their habitats.
Halina I Falfushynska, Lesya L Gnatyshyna, Oksana Horyn, Oksana B Stoliar

1844 related Products with: Vulnerability of marsh frog Pelophylax ridibundus to the typical wastewater effluents ibuprofen, triclosan and estrone, detected by multi-biomarker approach.

100 μg101 module10 mg1 moduleOne 96-Well Strip Micropl1 ml

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#28735403   // To Up

Determining Glutathione Levels in Plants.

Upon exposure to abiotic stresses, plants tend to accumulate excessive amounts of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that inturn react with cellular lipids, proteins, and DNA. Therefore, decreasing ROS accumulation is indispensible to survive under stress, which is accomplished by inducing enzymatic and nonenzymatic antioxidant defense pathways. Glutathione, particularly reduced glutathione (GSH), represents a principal anitioxidant that could decrease ROS through scavenging them directly or indirectly through ascorbate-glutathione cycle or GSH peroxidases. Glutathione content can be determined using HPLC or spectrophotometric assays. In this chapter, we provided detailed assays to determine total, reduced, and oxidized gluathione using spectrophotometric method.
Smita Sahoo, Jay Prakash Awasthi, Ramanjulu Sunkar, Sanjib Kumar Panda

2008 related Products with: Determining Glutathione Levels in Plants.

100 μg100 μg100 assays100 μg100ug Lyophilized100 μg100ug100ug25

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#28212001   2017/02/17 To Up

Rapid Method for the Quantification of Reduced and Oxidized Glutathione in Human Plasma and Saliva.

A new method is developed to determine the concentrations of reduced (GSH) and oxidized glutathione (GSSG), and it enables the calculation of the GSH:GSSG ratios in human plasma and saliva samples. The assay is based on the masking of GSH in a GSH and GSSG mixture via a 1,4-addition reaction with p-benzoquinone (BQ), followed by enzymatic kinetic measurement. The enzyme, glutathione reductase, is highly specific to glutathione. Excess BQ can thus be easily removed by the addition of non-GSH thiols. The assay takes less than 2 min, is suitable for a short-time-scale study, and minimizes the in vitro underestimation of the GSH:GSSG ratio arising from the degradation of GSH and formation of GSSG. We further show in this paper that the stability of the total glutathione content (GSH + GSSG) and GSH in saliva is significantly greater than in plasma, encouraging the development of noninvasive saliva sensing.
Kamonwad Ngamchuea, Christopher Batchelor-McAuley, Richard G Compton

1503 related Products with: Rapid Method for the Quantification of Reduced and Oxidized Glutathione in Human Plasma and Saliva.

96T100 μg200 100 μg1000 0.05 mg0.1 mg100ul1 mg96T400Tests1 ml

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#28183062   2017/01/31 To Up

Thioredoxin (Trxo1) interacts with proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and its overexpression affects the growth of tobacco cell culture.

Thioredoxins (Trxs), key components of cellular redox regulation, act by controlling the redox status of many target proteins, and have been shown to play an essential role in cell survival and growth. The presence of a Trx system in the nucleus has received little attention in plants, and the nuclear targets of plant Trxs have not been conclusively identified. Thus, very little is known about the function of Trxs in this cellular compartment. Previously, we studied the intracellular localization of PsTrxo1 and confirmed its presence in mitochondria and, interestingly, in the nucleus under standard growth conditions. In investigating the nuclear function of PsTrxo1 we identified proliferating cellular nuclear antigen (PCNA) as a PsTrxo1 target by means of affinity chromatography techniques using purified nuclei from pea leaves. Such protein-protein interaction was corroborated by dot-blot and bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC) assays, which showed that both proteins interact in the nucleus. Moreover, PsTrxo1 showed disulfide reductase activity on previously oxidized recombinant PCNA protein. In parallel, we studied the effects of PsTrxo1 overexpression on Tobacco Bright Yellow-2 (TBY-2) cell cultures. Microscopy and flow-cytometry analysis showed that PsTrxo1 overexpression increases the rate of cell proliferation in the transformed lines, with a higher percentage of the S phase of the cell cycle at the beginning of the cell culture (days 1 and 3) and at the G2/M phase after longer times of culture (day 9), coinciding with an upregulation of PCNA protein. Furthermore, in PsTrxo1 overexpressed cells there is a decrease in the total cellular glutathione content but maintained nuclear GSH accumulation, especially at the end of the culture, which is accompanied by a higher mitotic index, unlike non-overexpressing cells. These results suggest that Trxo1 is involved in the cell cycle progression of TBY-2 cultures, possibly through its link with cellular PCNA and glutathione.
Aingeru Calderón, Ana Ortiz-Espín, Raquel Iglesias-Fernández, Pilar Carbonero, Federico Vicente Pallardó, Francisca Sevilla, Ana Jiménez

2101 related Products with: Thioredoxin (Trxo1) interacts with proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and its overexpression affects the growth of tobacco cell culture.

100 20010x72 mg5 x 2 ml1 mg96testscase0.1ml (1mg/ml)1 kit(96 Wells)100 g

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#26873487   2016/02/12 To Up

Correlation of TGF-β1 and oxidative stress in the blood of patients with melanoma: a clue to understanding melanoma progression?

TGF-β1 and oxidative stress are involved in cancer progression, but in melanoma, their role is still controversial. Our aim was to correlate plasma TGF-β1 levels and systemic oxidative stress biomarkers in patients with melanoma, with or without disease metastasis, to understand their participation in melanoma progression. Thirty patients were recruited for melanoma surveillance, together with 30 healthy volunteers. Patients were divided into two groups: Non-metastasis, comprising patients with tumor removal and no metastatic episode for 3 years; and Metastasis, comprising patients with a metastatic episode. The plasmatic cytokines TGF-β1, IL-1 β, and TNF-α were analyzed by ELISA. For oxidative stress, the following assays were performed: malondialdehyde (MDA), advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP) levels, total radical-trapping antioxidant parameter (TRAP) and thiol in plasma, and lipid peroxidation, SOD and catalase activity and GSH in erythrocytes. Patients with a metastatic episode had less circulating TGF-β1 and increased TRAP, thiol, AOPP and lipid peroxidation levels. MDA was increased in both melanoma groups, while catalase, GSH, and IL-1β was decreased in Non-metastasis patients. Significant negative correlations were observed between TGF-β1 levels and systemic MDA, and TGF-β1 levels and systemic AOPP, while a positive correlation was observed between TGF-β1 levels and erythrocyte GSH. Lower levels of TGF-β1 were related to increased oxidative stress in Metastasis patients, reinforcing new evidence that in melanoma TGF-β1 acts as a tumor suppressor, inhibiting tumor relapse. These findings provide new knowledge concerning this cancer pathophysiology, extending the possibilities of investigating new therapies based on this evidence.
Sara Santos Bernardes, Fernando Pinheiro de Souza-Neto, Gabriella Pasqual Melo, Flávia Alessandra Guarnier, Poliana Camila Marinello, Rubens Cecchini, Alessandra L Cecchini

1467 related Products with: Correlation of TGF-β1 and oxidative stress in the blood of patients with melanoma: a clue to understanding melanoma progression?

100 UG

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