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Search results for: Lower urinary α-Klotho is associated with lower angiotensin-(1-7) and higher blood pressure in young adults born preterm with very low birthweight.

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#32475043   2020/05/31 To Up

Lower urinary α-Klotho is associated with lower angiotensin-(1-7) and higher blood pressure in young adults born preterm with very low birthweight.

Early-life factors including preterm birth and VLBW increase the risk of hypertension, but the mechanisms remain poorly understood. Reductions in the anti-aging protein α-klotho are associated with hypertension, possibly due to angiotensin (Ang) II activation, but the mechanisms are incompletely understood and clinical evidence is lacking. The association of α-klotho with the alternative Ang-(1-7) pathway, which counteracts Ang II to lower BP, is undescribed. We hypothesized that lower urinary α-klotho is associated with higher BP and lower urinary Ang-(1-7) in preterm-born VLBW young adults. In a cross-sectional analysis of data from a prospective cohort of 141 preterm-born VLBW young adults, we assessed the associations among urinary α-klotho/creatinine, Ang II/creatinine, Ang-(1-7)/creatinine, Ang II/Ang-(1-7), and BP using generalized linear models adjusted for age and hypertensive pregnancy and conducted a sensitivity analysis in 32 term-born young adults. Among those born preterm, lower α-klotho/creatinine was associated with higher systolic BP (adjusted β (aβ): -2.58 mm Hg, 95% CI -4.99 to -0.17), lower Ang-(1-7)/creatinine (ln aβ: 0.1, 0.04-0.16), and higher Ang II/Ang-(1-7) (ln aβ: -0.14, -0.21 to -0.07). In term-born participants, α-klotho/creatinine was inversely associated with Ang II/creatinine (ln aβ: -0.15, -0.27 to -0.03) and Ang II/Ang-(1-7) (ln aβ: -0.15, -0.27 to -0.03). In preterm-born young adults with VLBW, lower urinary α-klotho/creatinine was associated with higher SBP, lower urinary Ang-(1-7)/creatinine, and higher urinary Ang II/Ang-(1-7). Reduced renal α-klotho expression could lead to renal Ang-(1-7) suppression as a novel mechanism for the development of hypertension among individuals born preterm with VLBW.
Andrew M South, Hossam A Shaltout, TanYa M Gwathmey, Elizabeth T Jensen, Patricia A Nixon, Debra I Diz, Mark C Chappell, Lisa K Washburn

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