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A regionally adapted HRM-based technique to screen MMACHC carriers for methylmalonic acidemia with homocystinuria in Shandong Province, China.Methylmalonic acidemia with homocystinuria (MMA-cblC) is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder of organic acid metabolism. Shandong, a northern province of China, has a significantly high incidence of about 1/4,000, suggesting a high carrying rate among the local population. The current study established a PCR technique involving high-resolution melting (HRM) to screen for carriers based on hotspot mutation analysis to further develop a preventive strategy to reduce the local incidence of this rare disease. Whole-exome sequencing of 22 families with MMA-cblC and a comprehensive literature review were used to identify MMACHC hotspot mutations in Shandong Province. Subsequently, a PCR-HRM assay based on the selected mutations was established and optimized for large-scale hotspot mutation screening. The accuracy and efficiency of the screening technique was validated using samples from 69 individuals with MMA-cblC and 1,000 healthy volunteers. Six hotspot mutations in the MMACHC gene (c.609G>A, c.658_660delAAG, c.80A>G, c.217C>T, c.567dupT and c.482G>A), which account for 74% of the alleles associated with MMA-cblC, were used to establish a screening technique. The established PCR-HRM assay detected 88 MMACHC mutation alleles in a validation study with 100% accuracy. In the general population in Shandong, the carrying rate of 6 MMACHC hotspot mutations was 3.4%. In conclusion, the 6 hotspots identified cover the majority of the MMACHC mutation spectrum, and the Shandong population has a particularly high carrying rate of MMACHC mutations. The PCR-HRM assay is highly accurate, cost-effective, and easy to use, making it an ideal choice for mass carrier screening.
Haining Yang, Mian Li, Liang Zou, Hui Zou, Yan Zhao, Yazhou Cui, Jinxiang Han