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#36919851 2023/03/15 To Up
Two Hippo signaling modules orchestrate liver size and tumorigenesis.The Hippo pathway is a central regulator of organ size and tumorigenesis and is commonly depicted as a kinase cascade, with an increasing number of regulatory and adaptor proteins linked to its regulation over recent years. Here, we propose that two Hippo signaling modules, MST1/2-SAV1-WWC1-3 (HPO1) and MAP4K1-7-NF2 (HPO2), together regulate the activity of LATS1/2 kinases and YAP/TAZ transcriptional co-activators. In mouse livers, the genetic inactivation of either HPO1 or HPO2 module results in partial activation of YAP/TAZ, bile duct hyperplasia, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). On the contrary, inactivation of both HPO1 and HPO2 modules results in full activation of YAP/TAZ, rapid development of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA), and early lethality. Interestingly, HPO1 has a predominant role in regulating organ size. HPO1 inactivation causes a homogenous YAP/TAZ activation and cell proliferation across the whole liver, resulting in a proportional and rapid increase in liver size. Thus, this study has reconstructed the order of the Hippo signaling network and suggests that LATS1/2 and YAP/TAZ activities are finetuned by HPO1 and HPO2 modules to cause different cell fates, organ size changes, and tumorigenesis trajectories.
Sixian Qi, Zhenxing Zhong, Yuwen Zhu, Yebin Wang, Mingyue Ma, Yu Wang, Xincheng Liu, Ruxin Jin, Zhihan Jiao, Rui Zhu, Zhao Sha, Kyvan Dang, Ying Liu, Dae-Sik Lim, Junhao Mao, Lei Zhang, Fa-Xing Yu