Only in Titles

Search results for: Primary Antibody; Polyclonal Antibody ( Concentrated) CCR7[DISCONTINUED]

paperclip

#26873217   2016/02/12 To Up

Rapid quantification method for Legionella pneumophila in surface water.

World-wide legionellosis outbreaks caused by evaporative cooling systems have shown that there is a need for rapid screening methods for Legionella pneumophila in water. Antibody-based methods for the quantification of L. pneumophila are rapid, non-laborious, and relatively cheap but not sensitive enough for establishment as a screening method for surface and drinking water. Therefore, preconcentration methods have to be applied in advance to reach the needed sensitivity. In a basic test, monolithic adsorption filtration (MAF) was used as primary preconcentration method that adsorbs L. pneumophila with high efficiency. Ten-liter water samples were concentrated in 10 min and further reduced to 1 mL by centrifugal ultrafiltration (CeUF). The quantification of L. pneumophila strains belonging to the monoclonal subtype Bellingham was performed via flow-based chemiluminescence sandwich microarray immunoassays (CL-SMIA) in 36 min. The whole analysis process takes 90 min. A polyclonal antibody (pAb) against L. pneumophila serogroup 1-12 and a monoclonal antibody (mAb) against L. pneumophila SG 1 strain Bellingham were immobilized on a microarray chip. Without preconcentration, the detection limit was 4.0 × 10(3) and 2.8 × 10(3) CFU/mL determined by pAb and mAb 10/6, respectively. For samples processed by MAF-CeUF prior to SMIA detection, the limit of detection (LOD) could be decreased to 8.7 CFU/mL and 0.39 CFU/mL, respectively. A recovery of 99.8 ± 15.9% was achieved for concentrations between 1-1000 CFU/mL. The established combined analytical method is sensitive for rapid screening of surface and drinking water to allow fast hygiene control of L. pneumophila.
Anika Wunderlich, Carmen Torggler, Dennis Elsässer, Christian Lück, Reinhard Niessner, Michael Seidel

1741 related Products with: Rapid quantification method for Legionella pneumophila in surface water.

0.1ml400Tests96T 100 G250 mg1 ml 1 G200 100Tests 1 G50μl

Related Pathways

paperclip

#26350479   2015/09/09 To Up

Post-exposure passive immunisation for preventing rubella and congenital rubella syndrome.

Control of rubella is desired because infection in early pregnancy can result in miscarriage, foetal death or congenital abnormality. Primary studies examining the effectiveness of immunoglobulins for post-exposure prophylaxis of rubella have small sample sizes and varying results. National public health recommendations suggest a degree of effectiveness.
Megan K Young, Allan W Cripps, Graeme R Nimmo, Mieke L van Driel

2087 related Products with: Post-exposure passive immunisation for preventing rubella and congenital rubella syndrome.

100 1 mL1000 1 mg200 100 µg1 mL500 1 mg0.2 mg1 mg100 µg

Related Pathways

paperclip

#26025956   2015/05/29 To Up

Human epicardial cell-conditioned medium contains HGF/IgG complexes that phosphorylate RYK and protect against vascular injury.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the paracrine activity of human epicardial-derived cells (hEPDCs) to screen for secreted vasoprotective factors and develop therapeutics to treat vascular reperfusion injury.
Krithika S Rao, Alexander Aronshtam, Keara L McElory-Yaggy, Benjamin Bakondi, Peter VanBuren, Burton E Sobel, Jeffrey L Spees

1497 related Products with: Human epicardial cell-conditioned medium contains HGF/IgG complexes that phosphorylate RYK and protect against vascular injury.

1 mg96tests96tests25 96T20 1 mg0.5 mgOne 96-Well Microplate Ki1000 100ug Lyophilized

Related Pathways

paperclip

#23996469   2013/09/01 To Up

Intravenous immunoglobulin-mediated immunosuppression and the development of an IVIG substitute.

Immunoglobulins are glycoproteins produced by the cells of the immune system. Their primary function is to protect the body from pathogenic infection. Moreover, a concentrated polyclonal mixture of immunoglobulin G (IgG), the so-called intravenous IgG (IVIG), has been used to treat various chronic and systemic disorders of the immune system. Studies on the effects of IVIG in autoimmune disease models have revealed that IgG Fc fragments confer protection against various autoimmune diseases. The identification of this IgG Fc immunomodulatory component is important for the development of IVIG substitutes. The focus of this review is to introduce one of the Fc regulatory entities and to provide a summary of the current knowledge of the putative general mechanisms underlying IVIG activity in vivo on the basis of these Fc fragments. We also address the recent insights into several approaches for the development of IVIG substitutes.
Miglena G Prabagar, Hyeong-jwa Choi, Jin-Yeon Park, Sohee Loh, Young-Sun Kang

2072 related Products with: Intravenous immunoglobulin-mediated immunosuppression and the development of an IVIG substitute.

1,000 tests100.00 ul50 ug 1 mg100ug1000 tests100ug100 100 mg

Related Pathways

paperclip

#23224898   // To Up

The Na(+)/H (+) exchanger NHE5 is sorted to discrete intracellular vesicles in the central and peripheral nervous systems.

The pH milieu of the central and peripheral nervous systems is an important determinant of neuronal excitability, function, and survival. In mammals, neural acid-base homeostasis is coordinately regulated by ion transporters belonging to the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger (NHE) and bicarbonate transporter gene families. However, the relative contributions of individual isoforms within the respective families are not fully understood. This report focuses on the NHE family, specifically the plasma membrane-type NHE5 which is preferentially transcribed in brain, but the distribution of the native protein has not been extensively characterized. To this end, we generated a rabbit polyclonal antibody that specifically recognizes NHE5. In both central (cortex, hippocampus) and peripheral (superior cervical ganglia, SCG) nervous tissue of mice, NHE5 immunostaining was punctate and highly concentrated in the somas and to lesser amounts in the dendrites of neurons. Very little signal was detected in axons. Similarly, in primary cultures of differentiated SCG neurons, NHE5 localized predominantly to vesicles in the somatodendritic compartment, though some immunostaining was also evident in punctate vesicles along the axons. NHE5 was also detected predominantly in intracellular vesicles of cultured SCG glial cells. Dual immunolabeling of SCG neurons showed that NHE5 did not colocalize with markers for early endosomes (EEA1) or synaptic vesicles (synaptophysin), but did partially colocalize with the transferrin receptor, a marker of recycling endosomes. Collectively, these data suggest that NHE5 partitions into a unique vesicular pool in neurons that shares some characteristics of recycling endosomes where it may serve as an important regulated store of functional transporters required to maintain cytoplasmic pH homeostasis.
Viktoria Lukashova, Tushare Jinadasa, Alina Ilie, David Verbich, Ellis Cooper, John Orlowski

1209 related Products with: The Na(+)/H (+) exchanger NHE5 is sorted to discrete intracellular vesicles in the central and peripheral nervous systems.

96 tests100 ul100ug Lyophilized10 0.1 mg 200 ug0.1ml

Related Pathways

paperclip

#19956447   2009/04/05 To Up

Characterization of the lymphoid stroma in Warthin's tumor of salivary gland by immunohistochemistry, heavy chain gene and Bcl-2 gene rearrangement.

Warthin's tumor is rarely associated with malignant lymphoma. Only 18 cases were reported in the literature so far. In most cases the latter is a low grade process, including Marginal zone/Mucosa associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) type lymphoma, follicular lymphoma, and rarely diffuse large cell lymphoma which may arise de novo or secondary to low grade lymphoma. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of occult B cell monoclones and genetic alterations in Warthin's tumor. Fourteen cases of Warthin's tumor were stained with antibodies to CD3, CD20, kappa and lambda light chains. On six cases of randomly selected Warthin's tumor, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of IgH gene rearrangement (IgH-GR) was performed on genomic DNA extracted from formalin-fixed paraffin embedded tissue. One case of primary salivary gland indolent B-cell lymphoma and 3 cases of sialadenitis were analyzed by the same methods for comparison. In all Warthin's tumor and sialadenitis cases most of lymphoid stroma was B cell phenotype and concentrated in germinal centers. T cells were mostly located between germinal centers. No light chain restriction was demonstrable by kappa and lambda immunostains. Molecular genetic studies failed to show IgH-GR by FISH and showed polyclonal by IgH PCR. In contrast, the lymphoma case showed a diffuse proliferation of small B cells with light chain restriction and a minor component of reactive T cells. FISH showed IgH-GR and bcl-2 gene translocation with monoclonality by IgH PCR. Our study concludes that the lymphoid stroma of Warthin's tumor is reactive.
Kunchang Song, James D Cotelingam, Mary Lowery-Nordberg, Wei Sun

2171 related Products with: Characterization of the lymphoid stroma in Warthin's tumor of salivary gland by immunohistochemistry, heavy chain gene and Bcl-2 gene rearrangement.

300 units50 ug50 ug50 ug96T

Related Pathways

paperclip

#15746254   2005/03/03 To Up

Isolation and identification of histone H3 protein enriched in microvesicles secreted from cultured sebocytes.

Secretion of microvesicles, defined as sebosomes, containing lipid particles were discovered for the first time in cultured sebocytes. After reaching confluency, hamster-cloned sebocytes released bubble-like microvesicles with a diameter range of 0.5-5.0 microm. They had a complex structure containing multiple Oil Red O-stainable particles. The lipid components of the microvesicles were large amounts of squalene both of hamster-cloned and rat primary cultured sebocytes. The microvesicles contained a concentrated 17-kDa cationic protein, which was soluble in sulfate buffer including Nonidet P-40 at pH 1.5. As the protein bound tightly to heparin-Sepharose and eluted with 1.5 M NaCl, it was further purified from a SDS-PAGE gel. Peptide sequencing identified the protein to be histone H3. Polyclonal antibodies against the purified protein detected the antigen in the microvesicles both in the hamster-cloned and rat primary cultured sebocytes. The antibodies demonstrated a distribution of the protein within the nucleus, cytoplasm, and precursor microvesicles. When a gene construct encoding histone H3-enhanced green fluorescent protein was transfected to the sebocytes, fluorescence of the fusion proteins was detected within both the nucleus and the precursor microvesicles of the cytoplasm. The distribution of heparan sulfate was evident in the microvesicles, and it suggested the possibility that the histone H3 protein was recruited and then condensed to the secreted microvesicles by the molecules. In addition, the 14-3-3 protein, which was detected in the microvesicles, also may help incorporate the histone H3 protein in the microvesicles because it can bind to both histone and lipid particles.
Ayako Nagai, Takashi Sato, Noriko Akimoto, Akira Ito, Michihiro Sumida

1462 related Products with: Isolation and identification of histone H3 protein enriched in microvesicles secreted from cultured sebocytes.

96 assays 48 assays 96 assays 1 mg48 assays 96 assays 500 48 assays 10050ul1 Set1 Set

Related Pathways

paperclip

#15266650   // To Up

Myosin Va and kinesin II motor proteins are concentrated in ribosomal domains (periaxoplasmic ribosomal plaques) of myelinated axons.

Periaxoplasmic ribosomal plaques (PARPs) are discrete ribosome-containing domains distributed intermittently along the periphery of axoplasm in myelinated fibers. Thus, they are structural formations in which translational machinery is spatially organized to serve as centers of protein synthesis for local metabolic requirements and perhaps repair as well. Because of evidence that RNA is transported to putative PARP domains, involving both microtubule- and actin-based mechanisms, it was of interest to investigate whether cytoskeletal motor proteins exhibit a nonrandom localization within PARP domains. Axoplasm, from large Mauthner fibers and rat or rabbit spinal ventral nerve root fibers, removed from the myelin sheath in the form of an "axoplasmic whole-mount" was used for this analysis. PARP domains were identified either by specific immunofluorescence of rRNA, ribosomal P antigen, or by nonspecific RNA fluorescence using RNA binding dyes YOYO-1 or POPO-1. A polyclonal antibody (pAb) against the motor domain of myosin Va showed prominent nonrandom immunofluorescence labeling in PARP domains. Similarly, monoclonal antibodies (mAb) against kinesin KIF3A and a pan-specific antikinesin (mAb IBII) also showed a preponderant immunofluorescence in PARP domains. On the other hand, H2, a mAb antikinesin KIF5A, exhibited only random immunofluorescence labeling in axoplasm, as was also the case with pAb antidynein heavy chain immunofluorescence. Several possible explanations for these findings are considered, primary among which is targeted trafficking of translational machinery that results in local accumulation of motor proteins. Additional possibilities are trafficking functions intrinsic to the domain, and/or functions that govern dynamic organizational properties of PARPs.
José R Sotelo-Silveira, Aldo Calliari, Magdalena Cárdenas, Edward Koenig, José R Sotelo

1035 related Products with: Myosin Va and kinesin II motor proteins are concentrated in ribosomal domains (periaxoplasmic ribosomal plaques) of myelinated axons.

100 μg100 μg1000 Units200 101050 1 Set1mg10002

Related Pathways

paperclip

#12108032   // To Up

[Primary antisera before and after the expiration date. Comparative immunohistochemical observations and analysis of data sheets and labels].

By means of positive and negative controls, the immunostaining properties of a series (B) of 78 primary antibodies (PAB) that had expired 7-77 months previously (mean, 26.3 months) were evaluated in comparison those of the same non expired (functioning) PAB. Qualitatively, no significative difference was observed in the specificity and sensitivity. Among all of the PAB (with the exception of one), no immunonegativity was observed. With special reference to immunohistochemical methods, dilution and retrieval procedures, as suggested on data sheets, were additionally considered. Moreover the residual availability of the reagents was checked. In fact 58 PAB were still available for further examination with probable prolongation of the duration of validity. Other observations are analytically reported as far as polyclonal, monoclonal, concentrated and predilluted expired PAB are concerned. In the same way, duration of available validity before the expiration date was examined for the expired PAB and for an additional series of 90 nonexpired PAB. Finally textual information (including intended use) reported on data sheets and labels has been scrutinized in detail. In conclusion, for the diagnostically applied immunohistochemistry on the basis of these findings and the recent American and European rules, the following propositions should be considered: (1) surveillance on methodological technical approach and diagnostic evaluation, with emphasis on accurate standardization and primary responsibility of the pathologist; (2) opportunity of a continuous feed-back between laboratories-customers and producers-traders, in order to render more uniform the information and establish more realistic parameters of utilization; and (3) possibility of cost reduction according to limited financial support from the health care administration.
R Vigliani, N Babache

1648 related Products with: [Primary antisera before and after the expiration date. Comparative immunohistochemical observations and analysis of data sheets and labels].

100ug25 mg1000 tests10 mg200 5 G2.5 mg100ug100ul1 mg1,000 tests

Related Pathways

paperclip

#11935463   // To Up

Isolation and growth of a cytopathic agent from multiple sclerosis brain tissue.

Although many studies support a role for viruses in multiple sclerosis (MS) etiopathology, no specific agent has been consistently associated with significant numbers of MS patients without concomitant detection in non-MS controls. Previous studies have shown the presence of viral-like structures in MS plaques, although the specificity of these structures for MS has been questioned. The present study describes the use of polyclonal antisera against feline and human brain-derived cytopathic agents and immunoaffinity chromatography to purify and partially characterize possible virus-like structures from MS brain tissue. Chromatography eluates from 4 MS brains contained pleomorphic particles up to 350 nm in diameter and tubular/filamentous-like structures approximately 10-18 nm in thickness. Inoculation of primary rat glial cell cultures with chromatography eluates from MS brain tissue resulted in a reproducible pattern of cytopathic effects in the form of multinucleation in cells identified immunocytochemically as oligodendrocytes. Antisera raised against the feline and MS-derived cytopathic agents were used to successfully immunolabel infected oligodendrocyte-like cells and syncytia and to detect a 66,000 M(r) protein on Western blots of inoculated cultures or concentrated MS brain eluates. Similar structures, cytopathic effects (CPE) and protein expression were not observed in eluates from 5 control brains or in cultures inoculated with control brain eluates. These studies demonstrate that cytopathic, virus-like structures can be isolated from MS brain tissue using antisera raised against a cytopathic agent rescued from demyelinating brain lesions in cats. The identity of this agent and its possible role in MS aetio-pathology remains unknown.
Anthony R White, Nichole S Dutton, Robert D Cook

1060 related Products with: Isolation and growth of a cytopathic agent from multiple sclerosis brain tissue.



Related Pathways