Search results for: Phosphatase
#34130228 2021/06/12 To Up
Predictive factors of severe early treatment-related toxicity in patients receiving first-line treatment for metastatic colorectal cancer: Pooled analysis of 2190 patients enrolled in FÃ©dÃ©ration Francophone de CancÃ©rologie Digestive (FFCD) trials.Few studies have explored the association between baseline characteristics and the occurrence of early toxicities in patients treated with first-line chemotherapy for metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC).
ClÃ©mence Breton, Thomas Aparicio, Karine Le Malicot, Michel Ducreux, Thierry Lecomte, Jean-Baptiste Bachet, Julien Taieb, Jean-Louis Legoux, Aimery De Gramont, Jaafar Benouna, Olivier BouchÃ©, Olayide Boussari, Sylvain Manfredi, Jean-Marc Gornet
2616 related Products with: Predictive factors of severe early treatment-related toxicity in patients receiving first-line treatment for metastatic colorectal cancer: Pooled analysis of 2190 patients enrolled in FÃ©dÃ©ration Francophone de CancÃ©rologie Digestive (FFCD) trials.
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#34129877 2021/06/12 To Up
IN VITRO and IN VIVO TRYPANOCIDAL ACTIVITY OF A BENZOFUROXAN DERIVATIVE AGAINST Trypanosoma cruzi.Chagas disease, caused by Trypanosoma cruzi, is a major public health problem and is described as one of the most neglected diseases worldwide. It affects about 6-7 million people. Currently, only two drugs are available for the treatment of this disease: nifurtimox and benznidazole. However, both drugs are highly toxic and have several side effects, which lead many patients to discontinue treatment. Moreover, these compounds show a significant curative efficacy only in the acute phase of the disease. Therefore, searching for new drugs is necessary. The objective of this study was to evaluate the in vitro and in vivo activity of a benzofuroxan derivative (EA2) against T. cruzi, and to evaluate the hematological and biochemical changes induced by its treatment in animals infected with T. cruzi. The results were then compared with those of healthy controls. In vitro testing was first performed with T. cruzi epimastigote forms. In this experiment, EA2 was diluted at three different concentrations (0.25, 0.50, and 1%). In vitro evaluation of the trypanocidal activity was performed 24, 48, and 72 h after incubation. In vivo assays were performed using three different doses (10, 5, and 2,5 mg/kg). Mice were divided into 10 groups (five animals/group), wherein four groups comprised non-infected animals (A, G, H, I) and six groups comprised infected animals (B, C, D E, F, J). Groups B and J represented the negative and positive controls, respectively. Groups G, H, and I were used to confirm that EA2 was not toxic to non-infected animals. Parasitemia was measured in infected animals and the hematological and biochemical profiles (urea, creatinine, albumin, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, and alkaline phosphatase) were evaluated in all animals. EA2 demonstrated in vitro trypanocidal activity at all concentrations tested. Although it did not demonstrate a curative effect in vivo, EA2 was able to retard the onset of parasitemia, and significantly reduced the parasite count in groups D and E (treated with 5 and 2.5 mg/kg, respectively). EA2 did not induce changes in hematological and biochemical parameters in non-infected animals, demonstrating that it is not toxic. However, further assessments should aim to confirm the safety of EA2 since this was the first in vitro and in vivo study conducted with this molecule.
LetÃcia Dos Santos Petry, JoÃ£o CÃ¢ndido Pillar Mayer, Marjorie de Giacommeti, Dionatan Teixeira de Oliveira, LitiÃ©rria Razia Garzon, Ana Martiele Engelmann, AntÃ´nio Francisco Igor MagalhÃ£es de Matos, Matheus DellamÃ©a Baldissera, Luciano Dornelles, Cinthia Melazzo de Andrade, Silvia Gonzalez Monteiro
2868 related Products with: IN VITRO and IN VIVO TRYPANOCIDAL ACTIVITY OF A BENZOFUROXAN DERIVATIVE AGAINST Trypanosoma cruzi.1 kit400Tests48 assays 96 assays 48 samples50 ug48 assays 96 assays
#34129537 2021/06/15 To Up
Tension-Sided Femoral Neck Stress Fracture in an Adolescent with Vitamin D Deficiency and Osteomalacia: A Case Report.An adolescent girl presented with groin pain without any history of trauma. Imaging showed a tension-sided stress fracture of the femoral neck. Vitamin D deficiency (VDD), and raised alkaline phosphatase and parathyroid hormone levels were found. Pain relief was not achieved with nonoperative treatment. Considering the risk of fracture progression and displacement, the fracture was fixed with cannulated cancellous screws. Fracture healed without any complications.
Neeraj Vij, Ashish S Ranade, Supriya Gupte, Gauri A Oka, Mohan V Belthur
2054 related Products with: Tension-Sided Femoral Neck Stress Fracture in an Adolescent with Vitamin D Deficiency and Osteomalacia: A Case Report.100 μg
#34129238 2021/06/15 To Up
Systemic administration of cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4)-Ig abrogates alveolar bone resorption in induced periodontitis through inhibition of osteoclast differentiation and activation: An experimental investigation.Cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) is a critical immunoregulatory molecule expressed on T cells. CTLA-4 also binds to the surfaces of monocytes and macrophages, precursors of osteoclasts. Research on rheumatoid arthritis demonstrated that CTLA-4Â suppresses inflammation and bone resorption. However, its effects on alveolar bone have yet to be understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role and potential mechanism of CTLA-4 in bone resorption in periodontitis.
Saki Nakane, Kentaro Imamura, Rio Hisanaga, Kazuyuki Ishihara, Atsushi Saito
2340 related Products with: Systemic administration of cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4)-Ig abrogates alveolar bone resorption in induced periodontitis through inhibition of osteoclast differentiation and activation: An experimental investigation.0.1ml0.1ml0.1ml (1mg/ml)1mg0.1ml100 ul0.1ml (1mg/ml)1mg0.1ml0.1ml0.1ml0.1ml (1mg/ml)
#34129057 2021/06/15 To Up
The phosphatase PRL-3 affects intestinal homeostasis by altering the crypt cell composition.Expression of the phosphatase of regenerating liver-3 (PRL-3) is known to promote tumor growth in gastrointestinal adenocarcinomas, and the incidence of tumor formation upon inflammatory events correlates with PRL-3 levels in mouse models. These carcinomas and their onset are associated with the impairment of intestinal cell homeostasis, which is regulated by a balanced number of Paneth cells and Lgr5 expressing intestinal stem cells (Lgr5+ ISCs). Nevertheless, the consequences of PRL-3 overexpression on cellular homeostasis and ISC fitness in vivo are unexplored. Here, we employ a doxycycline-inducible PRL-3 mouse strain to show that aberrant PRL-3 expression within a non-cancerous background leads to the death of Lgr5+ ISCs and to Paneth cell expansion. A higher dose of PRL-3, resulting from homozygous expression, led to mice dying early. A primary 3D intestinal culture model obtained from these mice confirmed the loss of Lgr5+ ISCs upon PRL-3 expression. The impaired intestinal organoid formation was rescued by a PRL inhibitor, providing a functional link to the observed phenotypes. These results demonstrate that elevated PRL-3 phosphatase activity in healthy intestinal epithelium impairs intestinal cell homeostasis, which correlates this cellular mechanism of tumor onset with PRL-3-mediated higher susceptibility to tumor formation upon inflammatory or mutational events.Key messagesâ¢ Transgenic mice homozygous for PRL-3 overexpression die early.â¢ PRL-3 heterozygous mice display disrupted intestinal self-renewal capacity.â¢ PRL-3 overexpression alone does not induce tumorigenesis in the mouse intestine.â¢ PRL-3 activity leads to the death of Lgr5+ ISCs and Paneth cell expansion.â¢ Impairment of cell homeostasis correlates PRL-3 action with tumor onset mechanisms.
Teresa Rubio, Judith Weyershaeuser, Marta G Montero, Andreas Hoffmann, Pablo Lujan, Martin Jechlinger, Rocio Sotillo, Maja KÃ¶hn
1300 related Products with: The phosphatase PRL-3 affects intestinal homeostasis by altering the crypt cell composition.130ml200 units100 6/12 Packing /sleeve/box30ml500IU1.00 mg
#34128860 // To Up
Determining the association between hypertension and bone metabolism markers in osteoporotic patients.The aim of the case study is to examine the association between hypertension and the level of bone metabolism markers in newly diagnosed osteoporotic patients.A cross-sectional study of 518 subjects was done to see the association between hypertension and the level of osteocalcin (OC), bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (B-ALP), Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP.5B), and 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25-OHD). There were 243 (46.9%) osteoporosis patients with hypertension. Both univariate and multivariate analysis have suggested that lower OC and 25-OHD levels were associated with hypertension. The potential confounders-adjusted OC level was significantly lower in hypertensive female group than that in the female without hypertension group [Î²â=â-0.20, 95% confidence interval (95% CI)â=â-0.37 to -0.03, Pâ=â.02 in final adjust model]. The potential confounders-adjusted 25-OHD level was significantly lower in hypertensive male group than that in male without hypertension group (Î²â=â-0.34, 95% CIâ=â-0.58 to -0.10, Pâ=â.01 in final adjust model). The B-ALP and TRACP.5B levels were positively associated with hypertension in all patients or subgroup analysis. However, all the correlations had no statistical significance for the B-ALP and TRACP.5B.In conclusion, the hypertension was associated with low level of OC and 25-OHD. Hypertension probably led to low bone turnover, which may be one of the mechanisms of hypertension-related osteoporosis.
Zhuoqing Hu, Kevin Yang, Zhihui Hu, Miaosheng Li, Hao Wei, Zheng Tang, Baitong Chen, Chengbiao Su, De Cai, Jinrong Xu
1455 related Products with: Determining the association between hypertension and bone metabolism markers in osteoporotic patients.116-22 Sample Kit96 tests1-8 Sample Kit
#34128694 2021/06/15 To Up
LA14 Alleviates Liver Injury.Although the probiotic Lactobacillus acidophilus LA14 is used worldwide, its effect on liver diseases remains unelucidated. Here, 32 rats were divided into four groups, gavaged with L. acidophilus LA14 (3âÃâ10 CFU) or phosphate-buffered saline for 7âdays, and then intraperitoneally injected with d-galactosamine or saline. After 24 h, blood, liver, ileum, and feces samples were collected for liver injury, inflammation, intestinal barrier, gut microbiota, metabolome, and transcriptome analyses. Pretreatment with L. acidophilus LA14 alleviated the d-galactosamine-induced elevation of serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and bile acids; mitigated the histological injury to the liver and gut; and suppressed the inflammatory cytokines macrophage inflammatory protein 1Î± (MIP-1Î±), MIP-3Î±, and MCP-1. L. acidophilus LA14 also ameliorated the d-galactosamine-induced dysbiosis of the gut microbiota and metabolism, such as the enrichment of sp. strain dnLKV3 and the depletion of Streptococcus, butanoic acid, and acetyl-d-glucosamine. The underlying mechanism of L. acidophilus LA14 included prevention of not only the d-galactosamine-induced upregulation of infection- and tumor-related pathways but also the d-galactosamine-induced downregulation of antioxidation-related pathways during this process, as reflected by the liver transcriptome and proteome analyses. Furthermore, the administration of L. acidophilus LA14 to healthy rats did not alter the tested liver indicators but significantly enriched the beneficial and species, promoted metabolism and regulated pathways to improve immunity. The ability of L. acidophilus LA14 to alleviate liver injury was further confirmed with an acetaminophen-induced mouse model. These results might provide a reference for future studies on the application of L. acidophilus LA14 for the prevention of liver injury. The probiotic Lactobacillus acidophilus LA14 is widely used, but its effect on liver diseases has not been elucidated. We explored the protective effect of L. acidophilus LA14 on the liver using rats with d-galactosamine-induced liver injury. Pretreatment with L. acidophilus LA14 alleviated the d-galactosamine-induced elevation of serum ALT, AST, ALP, and bile acids, mitigated the histological injury to the liver and gut, and suppressed the inflammatory cytokines MIP-1Î±, MIP-3Î±, and MCP-1. These effects were correlated with the modulations of the gut microbiome, metabolome, and hepatic gene expression induced by L. acidophilus LA14. Moreover, the ability of L. acidophilus LA14 to alleviate liver injury was further confirmed with an acetaminophen-induced mouse model. These results might provide a reference for future studies on the application of L. acidophilus LA14 for the prevention of liver injury.
Longxian Lv, Chunyan Yao, Ren Yan, Huiyong Jiang, Qiangqiang Wang, Kaicen Wang, Siqi Ren, Shandong Jiang, Jiafeng Xia, Shengjie Li, Ying Yu250ul10 mg96T10 mg
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