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#36613519 2022/12/21 To Up
Association between Downstream Taste Signaling Genes, Oral Microbiome, and Severe Early Childhood Caries.Polymorphisms in taste receptor genes have been shown to play a role in early childhood caries (ECC), a multifactorial, biofilm-mediated disease. This study aimed to evaluate associations between severe-ECC (S-ECC), the oral microbiome, and variants in genes that encode components of the G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) signaling cascade involved in taste sensation. A total of 176 children (88 caries-free; 88 with S-ECC) were recruited. Analyses of and microbial genes and seven (, and ) human genes were pursued using next-generation sequencing. Regression analyses were performed to evaluate associations between genetic variants, S-ECC, and the supragingival plaque microbiome. Results suggest that rs2305645 (T), rs1869901 (G), and rs2305649 (G) alleles had a protective effect on S-ECC (rs2305645, odds ratio (OR) = 0.27 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.14-0.51); rs1869901, OR = 0.34 (95% CI: 0.20-0.58); and rs2305649, OR = 0.43 (95% CI: 0.26-0.71)). Variants in , and were associated with oral fungal and bacterial community composition. This study revealed that three loci at are significantly associated with S-ECC. Variants in multiple genes were associated with the composition of dental biofilm. These findings contribute to the current knowledge about the role of genetics in S-ECC.
Vivianne Cruz de Jesus, Betty-Anne Mittermuller, Pingzhao Hu, Robert J Schroth, Prashen Chelikani