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Search results for: Rabbit Anti-MIDN Polyclonal Antibody, Gold Conjugated

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#32930214   // To Up

A one-step potentiometric immunoassay for plasma cardiac troponin I using an antibody-functionalized bis-MPA-COOH dendrimer as a competitor with improved sensitivity.

Herein, we have reported a new one-step potentiometric immunoassay for the sensitive and specific detection of human plasma cardiac troponin I (cTnI), a biomarker of cardio-cerebrovascular diseases. Initially, the cTnI biomolecules were immobilized on the surface of a gold nanoparticle-functionalized screen-printed graphite electrode (SPGE). Thereafter, rabbit polyclonal antibodies to cTnI were covalently conjugated to the bis-MPA-COOH dendrimers through typical carbodiimide coupling. The introduction of the target analyte caused a competitive immunoreaction between the immobilized cTnI on the electrode and the conjugated antibody on the dendrimers. The potentiometric measurement was mainly derived from the change in the surface charge on the surface of the modified electrode due to the negatively charged bis-MPA-COOH dendrimers after the immunoreaction. On increasing target cTcI, the number of charged dendrimers on the immunosensor decreased, resulting in a change in the electric potential. Under optimum conditions, the potentiometric immunosensor exhibited good potentiometric responses for the detection of cTcI and allowed the determination of the target analyte at a concentration as low as 7.3 pg mL-1. An intermediate precision of ≤8.7% was accomplished with batch-to-batch identification. Meanwhile, the potentiometric immunosensor showed good anti-interfering capacity and selectivity against other proteins and biomarkers. Importantly, our system displayed high accuracy for the analysis of human plasma serum samples containing target cTcI relative to commercial human cTcI enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits.
Erru Ni, Yizhen Fang, Fangfang Ma, Gaoshun Ge, Jingyi Wu, Yingying Wang, Yao Lin, Huabin Xie

1003 related Products with: A one-step potentiometric immunoassay for plasma cardiac troponin I using an antibody-functionalized bis-MPA-COOH dendrimer as a competitor with improved sensitivity.

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#32663533   2020/07/11 To Up

A rapid and sensitive lateral flow immunoassay (LFIA) test for the on-site detection of banana bract mosaic virus in banana plants.

Banana bract mosaic virus (BBrMV) is a serious pathogen threatening the cultivation of banana and plantain worldwide. This study reports the development of a practical, rapid, sensitive, specific and user-friendly lateral flow immunoassay (LFIA) test for the on-site detection of BBrMV. The BBrMV coat protein (CP) was expressed in Escherichia coli and purified and used to immunize rabbits to produce a polyclonal antiserum (anti-BBrMVCP). The test was based on a double-antibody sandwich format. Protein-A affinity column-purified anti-BBrMVCP Immunoglobulins (IgG) (16 μg/mL), conjugated to ∼30 nm gold nanoparticles, was applied onto the conjugate pad. The anti-BBrMVCP IgG and goat anti-rabbit IgG were printed on the surface of a nitrocellulose filter membrane as the test line and control line, respectively. A positive result could be confirmed visually by the presence of a pink band that developed on the LFIA strip within 5-10 min. The detection limit of the test was 10 ng of the expressed recombinant BBrMV CP (rBBrMVCP), and a 1:20 dilution of the BBrMV-infected crude extract. This LFIA test was validated using 114 banana leaf samples randomly collected from the field and the results indicated a very high diagnostic sensitivity (99.04 %) and specificity (100 %) for the test. A Cohen's kappa coefficient of 0.861 obtained also indicated a very good agreement between the LFIA developed in this study and ELISA. This assay could be adopted by farmers, tissue culture industries and quarantine departments for surveys and surveillance. This is the first report on the development of a LFIA-based test for BBrMV detection.
Ramasamy Selvarajan, Prasanya Selvam Kanichelvam, Velusamy Balasubramanian, Sundaram Sethurama Subramanian

2312 related Products with: A rapid and sensitive lateral flow immunoassay (LFIA) test for the on-site detection of banana bract mosaic virus in banana plants.

96 tests100tests1 kit 96 Tests 24 tests20 ul100tests25

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#32342306   2020/04/27 To Up

Obtaining and Characteristic of Antibodies to Vibrio cholerae Protective Antigens Conjugated with Gold Nanoparticles.

Gold nanoparticle conjugates with Vibrio cholerae antigens were synthesized. The animals were immunized with the obtained conjugates. Rabbit polyclonal antibodies to the antigens were obtained, which showed high specific activity. On the model of white laboratory mice, the protective activity of conjugates of cholera antigens with nanoparticles during infection of vaccinated animals was evaluated using a commercial vaccine as a control. It was shown that in terms of immunogenicity, the created prototypes of cholera vaccine using gold nanoparticles as a carrier and adjuvant complied with the production regulations for the Russian national cholera chemical vaccine.
L A Dykman, O A Volokh, O V Gromova, O S Durakova, S A Vorobeva, M N Kireev, L F Livanova, A K Nikiforov, S Y Shchyogolev, V V Kutyrev

1818 related Products with: Obtaining and Characteristic of Antibodies to Vibrio cholerae Protective Antigens Conjugated with Gold Nanoparticles.

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#32300204   2020/04/16 To Up

Development of a Nanoparticle-based Lateral Flow Strip Biosensor for Visual Detection of Whole Nervous Necrosis Virus Particles.

Effective analysis of pathogens causing human and veterinary diseases demands rapid, specific and sensitive detection methods which can be applied in research laboratory setups and in field for routine diagnosis. Paper lateral flow biosensors (LFBs) have been established as attractive tools for such analytical applications. In the present study a prototype LFB was designed for whole particles (virions) detection of nodavirus or fish nervous necrosis virus. Nodavirus is an important threat in the aquaculture industry, causing severe economic losses and environmental problems. The LFB was based on polyclonal antibodies conjugated on gold nanoparticles for signal visualization. Brain and retinas from fish samples were homogenized, centrifuged and the supernatant was directly applied on the LFB. Formation of a red test line was indicative of nodavirus virions presence. Nodavirus visual detection was completed in short time (30 min). Key factors of the LFB development influencing the assays' detection limit were characterized and the optimum parameters were determined, enabling increased efficiency, excluding non-specific interactions. Therefore, the proposed LFB assay consists a robust, simple, low cost and accurate method for detection of nodavirus virions in fish samples. The proposed biosensor is ideal for development of a commercial kit to be used on aquaculture facilities by fish farmers. It is anticipated that disease monitoring and environmental safety will benefit from the simplification of time consuming and costly procedures.
Dimitra K Toubanaki, Maritsa Margaroni, Athanasios Prapas, Evdokia Karagouni

1160 related Products with: Development of a Nanoparticle-based Lateral Flow Strip Biosensor for Visual Detection of Whole Nervous Necrosis Virus Particles.

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#32199081   2020/02/24 To Up

Early diagnosis of experimental Trichinella spiralis infection by nano-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (nano-based ELISA).

Trichinellosis is a serious foodborne zoonotic disease. It is an important threat to public health all over the world. Although anti-Trichinella IgG detection is the most widely used method for diagnosis of trichinellosis, but there is an obvious window between clinical symptoms and positive serology. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) can be conjugated with antibodies affording them promising applications for bio-chemical detection. Herein, AuNPs-based ELISA was evaluated for the first time in the detection of Trichinella spiralis circulating antigen (CAg) for its potential as a diagnostic tool of experimental infection. Swiss Albino mice were orally inoculated with 100 muscle larvae/mouse. Animals were sacrificed 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 22 and 28 day-post infection (dpi). Blood samples were tested for CAg by both standard ELISA and nano-based ELISA using anti-rabbit polyclonal IgG conjugated with AuNPs. CAg was only detected by nano-based ELISA 6, 8, 10 dpi and by both formats 12-28 dpi. Nano-based assay recorded a statistically significant high sensitivity (58.33%, 91.67%) and accuracy (72.22%, 94.44%) 8 and 10 dpi, respectively in comparison to standard ELISA. Both assays showed high sensitivity and accuracy 12-28 dpi. Thus, nano-based ELISA could be considered as an early sensitive diagnostic method for experimental trichinellosis.
Maha M Gomaa

1503 related Products with: Early diagnosis of experimental Trichinella spiralis infection by nano-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (nano-based ELISA).

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#31583234   2019/08/06 To Up

Production of a polyclonal antibody against acrylamide for immunochromatographic detection of acrylamide using strip tests.

To produce, purify, and characterize a polyclonal antibody against acrylamide (anti-AA) for an application to immunochromatographic strip tests for AA.
Lusiani Dewi Assaat, Endang Saepudin, Retno Damayanti Soejoedono, Rahmat Setya Adji, Okti Nadia Poetri, Tribidasari Anggraningrum Ivandini

2874 related Products with: Production of a polyclonal antibody against acrylamide for immunochromatographic detection of acrylamide using strip tests.

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#30984949   // To Up

Click-conjugated photon-upconversion nanoparticles in an immunoassay for honeybee pathogen Melissococcus plutonius.

European foulbrood (EFB) is an infectious disease affecting honeybee larvae caused by the bacterium Melissococcus plutonius. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is the gold standard for antibody-based bacteria detection, however, its sensitivity is not high enough to reveal early-stage EFB infection. Photon-upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) are lanthanide-doped nanomaterials that emit light of shorter wavelength under near-infrared (NIR) excitation and thus avoid optical background interference. After conjugation with specific biorecognition molecules, UCNPs can be used as ultrasensitive labels in immunoassays. Here, we introduce a method for conjugation of UCNPs with streptavidin based on copper-free click chemistry, which involves surface modification of UCNPs with alkyne-modified bovine serum albumin (BSA) that prevents the non-specific binding and provides reactive groups for conjugation with streptavidin-azide. To develop a sandwich upconversion-linked immunosorbent assay (ULISA) for M. plutonius detection, we have prepared a rabbit polyclonal anti-Melissococcus antibody. The specific capture of the bacteria was followed by binding of biotinylated antibody and UCNP-BSA-streptavidin conjugate for a highly sensitive upconversion readout. The assay yielded an LOD of 340 CFU mL-1 with a wide working range up to 109 CFU mL-1, which is 400 times better than the LOD of the conventional ELISA. The practical applicability of the ULISA was successfully demonstrated by detecting M. plutonius in spiked real samples of bees, larvae and bottom hive debris. These results show a great potential of the assay for early diagnosis of EFB, which can prevent uncontrolled spreading of the infection and losses of honeybee colonies.
Veronika Poláchová, Matěj Pastucha, Zuzana Mikušová, Matthias J Mickert, Antonín Hlaváček, Hans H Gorris, Petr Skládal, Zdeněk Farka

1947 related Products with: Click-conjugated photon-upconversion nanoparticles in an immunoassay for honeybee pathogen Melissococcus plutonius.

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#30612650   2018/10/21 To Up

Ultrasensitive immunosensor for acrylamide based on chitosan/SnO-SiC hollow sphere nanochains/gold nanomaterial as signal amplification.

An electrochemical immunosensor for ultrasensitive detection of acrylamide (AA) in water and food samples was developed. SnO-SiC hollow sphere nanochains with high surface area and gold nanoparticles with good electroconductivity were fabricated onto the surface of a glassy carbon electrode pre-coated with chitosan. The coating antigen (AA-4-mercaptophenylacetic acid-ovalbumin conjugate, AA-4-MPA-OVA) was immobilized on the electrode. Polyclonal antibody specific for AA-4-MPA was conjugated to gold nanorod (AuNR) as primary antibody (AuNR-Ab). Horseradish peroxidase labelled anti-rabbit antibody produced in goat was conjugated to AuNR as secondary antibody (HRP-AuNR-Ab). For detection, the analyte (AA-4-MPA) in sample competed with coating antigen for binding with AuNR-Ab. After washing, HRP-AuNR-Ab was added to capture the AuNR-Ab, and the electrical signal was obtained by addition of hydroquinone and HO. After investigation of the binding ability on nanomaterials and optimization of competitive immunoassay conditions, the proposed immunosensor exhibited a sensitive response to AA with a detection limit of 45.9 ± 2.7 ng kg, and working range of 187 ± 12.3 ng kg to 104 ± 8.2 μg kg for drinking water samples. Recoveries of AA from spiked samples were ranged from 86.0% to 115.0%. The specificity, repeatability and stability of the immunosensor were also proved to be acceptable, indicating its potential application in AA monitoring.
Min-Fu Wu, Yu Wang, Sha Li, Xiu-Xiu Dong, Jin-Yi Yang, Yu-Dong Shen, Hong Wang, Yuan-Ming Sun, Hong-Tao Lei, Zhen-Lin Xu

1726 related Products with: Ultrasensitive immunosensor for acrylamide based on chitosan/SnO-SiC hollow sphere nanochains/gold nanomaterial as signal amplification.

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#30458123   2018/11/17 To Up

Lateral flow dipstick antigen assay for human cystic echinococcosis.

Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a neglected zoonotic disease with a worldwide distribution and is a major public health problem in some areas. Diagnosis of CE is mainly based on clinical symptoms, imaging and serological testing, however, improvement in serodiagnosis is still needed. This study was aimed at detecting circulating Echinococcus antigen in CE patients using a lateral flow dipstick (LFD) assay. Three types of hydatid antigens i.e. hydatid cyst fluid (HCF), native antigen B (nAgB) and recombinant antigen B (rAgB) were prepared and polyclonal rabbit antiserum was raised against each antigen. Purified IgG fractions were prepared and a portion was conjugated to gold nanoparticles. After a series of optimizations, a final antigen detection LFD assay was developed using a combination of anti-nAgB-IgG and gold-conjugated anti-HCF-IgG. Evaluation of the assay showed that 27 out of 35 (77%) serum samples from CE patients gave positive results. Meanwhile, the test showed a diagnostic specificity of 82% when tested with sera from 38 healthy individuals and 13 patients with other parasitic diseases. In conclusion, the antigen detection LFD assay seemed to be useful for diagnosis of CE and possibly for post-treatment follow-up, and merit further evaluation studies. We foresee that it may improve serodiagnosis of CE when used in tandem with an antibody detection test.
Sam Khanbabaie, Mehdi Riazi, Chiat Han Chang, Muhammad Hafiznur Yunus, Rahmah Noordin

1623 related Products with: Lateral flow dipstick antigen assay for human cystic echinococcosis.

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