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Search results for: Recombinant Human HINT1 Proteins

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#25459554   2014/12/02 To Up

Migration and invasion of oral squamous carcinoma cells is promoted by WNT5A, a regulator of cancer progression.

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) constitutes 90% of all cancers in the oral cavity, and the prognosis for patients diagnosed with OSCC is still poor. The identification of novel therapeutic targets and prognostic markers for OSCC is therefore essential. Previous studies of OSCC revealed an increased expression of WNT5A in the tumor tissue. However, no functional studies of WNT5A-induced effects in OSCC have been performed.
Zdenka Prgomet, Lena Axelsson, Pia Lindberg, Tommy Andersson

1205 related Products with: Migration and invasion of oral squamous carcinoma cells is promoted by WNT5A, a regulator of cancer progression.

100ug Lyophilized

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#23934318   2013/08/07 To Up

Recombinant human histidine triad nucleotide-binding protein 1 attenuates liver fibrosis induced by carbon tetrachloride in rats.

It is currently thought that the transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)/Smad signaling pathway acts as a central pathway leading to liver fibrosis, and that the aberrant Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway also plays a vital role in the development of liver fibrosis. There is evidence that the histidine triad nucleotide-binding protein 1 (Hint1) was capable of inhibiting these two pathways. However, little data regarding the effects of Hint1 on liver fibrosis exists. Thus, we sought to investigate whether the recombinant human Hint1 protein (rhHint1) was capable of attenuating liver fibrosis induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) in rats and the possible underlying mechanism(s) of action. In the present study, purified rhHint1 was obtained using genetic engineering technology. Liver fibrosis was induced in male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats by the subcutaneous injection of CCl4. The rats were randomly divided into the normal control, the liver fibrosis model and the rhHint1 (doses, 50 and 100 µg/kg)‑treated groups. Following four weeks of treatment, the rhHint1-treated rats exhibited significantly reduced liver fibrosis upon histopathological analysis and lower levels of hydroxyproline. Furthermore, rhHint1 inhibited the expression of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) in the liver tissues. Additionally, rhHint1 lowered the gene expression levels of TGF-β1/Smad3 and β-catenin/cyclin D1, whereas it increased the gene expression levels of Smad7. In conclusion, the results of this study indicated that rhHint1 is capable of attenuating CCl4-induced liver fibrosis by simultaneously targeting multiple pathogenic pathways, which may be developed as a new treatment for liver fibrosis.
Fei Wu, Shaofang Huang, Nanlan Zhu, Wei Liu, Yanan Zhang, Yongwen He

1338 related Products with: Recombinant human histidine triad nucleotide-binding protein 1 attenuates liver fibrosis induced by carbon tetrachloride in rats.

100ul10IU1500IU50 100ug1000 10ìg100100 μg100ug Lyophilized10.00 ug100ug Lyophilized

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#21553179   // To Up

Chemically induced self-assembly of enzyme nanorings.

Continued exploration into the field of chemically induced dimerization (CID) has revealed a number of applications for its use in a broader context as a method of structural assembly (1-4). In particular, the use of CID technology to generate self-assembled (and selectively disassembled) protein toroids serves as a key advancement toward developing stable and controllable protein-based platforms. Such structures have broad application to the development of novel therapeutics, lab-on-a-chip technologies, and multi-enzyme assemblies (5, 6). This chapter describes a method of developing an enzymatically active protein nanostructure incorporating both a CID-based assembly region containing dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) and an enzymatic region consisting of histidine triad nucleotide binding protein 1 (Hint1). Details of both the production and the characterization of this structure are provided.
Brian R White, Qing Li, Carston R Wagner

1295 related Products with: Chemically induced self-assembly of enzyme nanorings.

4 x 10,000 Units 500 ml 100 ug5x96 well plate2ug 5 G100 units100μg100μg250 Package u.a.250ul100ul

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#17939685   2007/10/16 To Up

Impact of the C-terminal loop of histidine triad nucleotide binding protein1 (Hint1) on substrate specificity.

Although highly sequence similar, human histidine triad nucleotide binding protein (hHint1) and E. coli hinT (echinT) exhibit significant differences in their phosphoramidase substrate specificity and lysyl-adenylate hydrolytic activity. Observing that the C termini of each enzyme are highly dissimilar, we created two chimeric Hint's: one in which the C terminus of hHint1 was replaced with the C terminus of echinT (Hs/ec) and the other in which the C terminus of echinT was replaced with the C terminus of hHint1 (ec/Hs). The Hs/ec chimera exhibited nearly identical specificity constants (kcat/Km) to those found for echinT, whereas the specificity constants of the ec/Hs chimera were found to approximate those for hHint1. In particular, as observed for echinT, the Hs/ec chimera does not exhibit a preference for phosphoramidates containing d- or l- tryptophan, while the ec/Hs chimera adopts the human enzyme preference for the l configuration. In addition, the studies with each chimera revealed that differences in the ability of hHint1 and echinT to hydrolyze lysyl-AMP generated by either E. coli or human lysyl-tRNA synthetase were partially transferable by C-terminal loop exchange. Hence, our results support the critical role of the C-terminal loop of human and E. coli Hint1 on governing substrate specificity.
Tsui-Fen Chou, Yuk Y Sham, Carston R Wagner

1562 related Products with: Impact of the C-terminal loop of histidine triad nucleotide binding protein1 (Hint1) on substrate specificity.

5 G1000 assays 100ul100 ug 500 ml

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#15703176   2005/02/09 To Up

31P NMR and genetic analysis establish hinT as the only Escherchia coli purine nucleoside phosphoramidase and as essential for growth under high salt conditions.

Eukaryotic cells encode AMP-lysine (AMP-N-epsilon-(N-alpha-acetyl lysine methyl ester) 5'-phosphoramidate) hydrolases related to the rabbit histidine triad nucleotide-binding protein 1 (Hint1) sequence. Bacterial and archaeal cells have Hint homologs annotated in a variety of ways, but the enzymes have not been characterized, nor have phenotypes been described due to loss of enzymatic activity. We developed a quantitative (31)P NMR assay to determine whether Escherichia coli possesses an adenosine phosphoramidase activity. Indeed, soluble lysates prepared from wild-type laboratory E. coli exhibited activity on the model substrate adenosine 5'-monophosphoramidate (AMP-NH(2)). The E. coli Hint homolog, which had been comprehensively designated ycfF and is here named hinT, was cloned, overexpressed, purified, and characterized with respect to purine nucleoside phosphoramidate substrates. Bacterial hinT was several times more active than human or rabbit Hint1 on five model substrates. In addition, bacterial and mammalian enzymes preferred guanosine versus adenosine phosphoramidates as substrates. Analysis of the lysates from a constructed hinT knock-out strain of E. coli demonstrated that all of the cellular purine nucleoside phosphoramidase activity is due to hinT. Physiological analysis of this mutant revealed that the loss of hinT results in failure to grow in media containing 0.75 m KCl, 0.9 m NaCl, 0.5 m NaOAc, or 10 mm MnCl(2). Thus, cation-resistant bacterial cell growth may be dependent on the hydrolysis of adenylylated and/or guanylylated phosphoramidate substrates by hinT.
Tsui-Fen Chou, Pawel Bieganowski, Kara Shilinski, Jilin Cheng, Charles Brenner, Carston R Wagner

1752 related Products with: 31P NMR and genetic analysis establish hinT as the only Escherchia coli purine nucleoside phosphoramidase and as essential for growth under high salt conditions.

20 ug96 Tests100 assays50 assays1000 assays100 assays1,000 tests100Tests

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#9642138   // To Up

Transcriptional activity of RBCK1 protein (RBCC protein interacting with PKC 1): requirement of RING-finger and B-Box motifs and regulation by protein kinases.

The RBCK1 protein was recently identified as a protein kinase C-interacting protein with a new type of RBCC (RING-B-Box-Coiled-coil) region, possessing both DNA-binding and transcriptional activities unlike other proteins in the RBCC protein family (Tokunaga et al. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 244, 353-359, 1998). To identify protein motifs in the RBCC region of RBCK1 essential for the transcriptional activity, RBCK1 mutant proteins have been constructed and analyzed by using the GAL4 chimeric transcription regulator system. We have found that both of the RING-finger and the B-Box motifs are indispensable for the transcriptional activity of RBCK1. This is the first observation that these protein motifs of the RBCC protein family play a crucial role in transcriptional activation. In addition, we have examined the effect of co-expression of several protein kinases on the transcriptional activity of RBCK1. Protein kinase A (PKA) was found to enhance the activity by about eightfold, whereas both ERK (extracellular signal-regulated kinase) activator kinase 1 (MEK1) and MEK kinase 1 (MEKK1) significantly repressed the activity. Because RBCC proteins are presumed to act as a proto-oncoprotein, these results suggest that the RBCK1 protein is involved in the intracellular signaling cascades along with PKA, MEK1, and MEKK1 and mediates cell growth and differentiation.
K Tatematsu, C Tokunaga, N Nakagawa, K Tanizawa, S Kuroda, U Kikkawa

2132 related Products with: Transcriptional activity of RBCK1 protein (RBCC protein interacting with PKC 1): requirement of RING-finger and B-Box motifs and regulation by protein kinases.

100 1000 TESTS/0.65ml100ul100ug Lyophilized100ug Lyophilized100ug Lyophilized100ug Lyophilized50ul100ug Lyophilized100ug Lyophilized100ug Lyophilized

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#9067284   // To Up

Identification of constitutive and gamma-interferon- and interleukin 4-regulated proteins in the human renal carcinoma cell line ACHN.

The effects of IFN-gamma and interleukin 4 (IL-4) on cell proliferation and two-dimensional gel electrophoretic protein patterns of the human renal carcinoma cell line ACHN were studied. Treatment of the cells with IFN-gamma resulted in a 40-50% decrease in their proliferation. IL-4 treatment resulted in a 30-40% decrease. Treating cells with both cytokines had the same effect as with IFN-gamma alone, thus precluding a synergistic antiproliferative interaction of these two cytokines. To identify IL-4- and IFN-gamma-regulated proteins in ACHN, two-dimensional preparative gel electrophoresis was used, combined with either capillary electrophoresis or high-performance liquid chromatography and either Edman or mass spectrometric sequencing. The following cytokine-induced proteins were identified: tropomyosin, heat shock protein 27, manganese superoxide dismutase, glutathione S-transferase pi, and protein kinase C inhibitor I. Tropomyosin increased 2-fold when cells were treated with IFN-gamma. Levels of heat shock protein 27 increased 2-fold with IL-4, 3-fold with IFN-gamma, and 4-fold when the cytokines were used in combination. Manganese superoxide dismutase increased 3-fold with IFN-gamma but was unaffected by IL-4. Glutathione S-transferase pi increased 3-fold with IFN-gamma. Levels of protein kinase C inhibitor I increased greater than 3-fold with IL-4, 4-fold with IFN-gamma, and 7-fold when both cytokines were used. In addition, the following constitutive ACHN proteins were identified: copper zinc superoxide dismutase, 60S acidic ribosomal protein P2, and a second heat shock protein 27 isoform. These findings help define the biochemical modes of action of IFN-gamma and IL-4 and their potential in the biological therapy of renal cell carcinoma.
C M Sullivan, D M Smith, N M Matsui, L E Andrews, K R Clauser, A Chapeaurouge, A L Burlingame, L B Epstein

2659 related Products with: Identification of constitutive and gamma-interferon- and interleukin 4-regulated proteins in the human renal carcinoma cell line ACHN.

20ug100ul11 kit(96 Wells)20 1005ug1010 100ul

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#8812426   // To Up

Cloning, mapping, and in vivo localization of a human member of the PKCI-1 protein family (PRKCNH1).

We report here the complete cDNA sequence, genomic mapping, and immunolocalization of the first human member of the protein kinase C inhibitor (PKCI-1) gene family. The predicted human protein (hPKCI-1) is 96% identical to bovine and 53% identical to maize members, indicating the great evolutionary conservation of this protein family. The hPKCI-1 gene (HGMV-approved symbol PRKCNH1) maps to human chromosome 5q31.2 by fluorescence in situ hybridization. Indirect immunofluorescence shows that hPKCI-1 localizes to cytoskeletal structures in the cytoplasm of a human fibroblast cell line and is largely excluded from the nucleus. The cytoplasmic localization of hPKCI-1 is consistent with a postulated role in mediating a membrane-derived signal in response to ionizing radiation.
P M Brzoska, H Chen, N A Levin, W L Kuo, C Collins, K K Fu, J W Gray, M F Christman

2420 related Products with: Cloning, mapping, and in vivo localization of a human member of the PKCI-1 protein family (PRKCNH1).

100ul 100ul 100 UG100ug Lyophilized100ul100ug Lyophilized 100ul100ug Lyophilized 100ul100ug Lyophilized 100ul 100ul

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#8643579   // To Up

Three-dimensional structure of human protein kinase C interacting protein 1, a member of the HIT family of proteins.

The three-dimensional structure of protein kinase C interacting protein 1 (PKCI-1) has been solved to high resolution by x-ray crystallography using single isomorphous replacement with anomalous scattering. The gene encoding human PKCI-1 was cloned from a cDNA library by using a partial sequence obtained from interactions identified in the yeast two-hybrid system between PKCI-1 and the regulatory domain of protein kinase C-beta. The PKCI-1 protein was expressed in Pichia pastoris as a dimer of two 13.7-kDa polypeptides. PKCI-1 is a member of the HIT family of proteins, shown by sequence identity to be conserved in a broad range of organisms including mycoplasma, plants, and humans. Despite the ubiquity of this protein sequence in nature, no distinct function has been shown for the protein product in vitro or in vivo. The PKCI-1 protomer has an alpha+beta meander fold containing a five-stranded antiparallel sheet and two helices. Two protomers come together to form a 10-stranded antiparallel sheet with extensive contacts between a helix and carboxy terminal amino acids of a protomer with the corresponding amino acids in the other protomer. PKCI-1 has been shown to interact specifically with zinc. The three-dimensional structure has been solved in the presence and absence of zinc and in two crystal forms. The structure of human PKCI-1 provides a model of this family of proteins which suggests a stable fold conserved throughout nature.
C D Lima, M G Klein, I B Weinstein, W A Hendrickson

1390 related Products with: Three-dimensional structure of human protein kinase C interacting protein 1, a member of the HIT family of proteins.

100 UG 100ul100 10220100ug Lyophilized2 Pieces/Box31mg1010

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