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#38016211 2023/11/27 To Up
First molecular detection of a novel Babesia species from Haemaphysalis hystricis in Taiwan.Newly recorded ticks and emerging tick-borne pathogens have recently been reported in subtropical and tropical East Asia. In this study, a total of 1,615 ticks (259 Haemaphysalis hystricis, 1334 Rhipicephalus microplus, 19 H. flava, and 3 R. haemaphysaloides) were collected by flagging from vegetation in Taiwan during 2019-2021. All 1,615 captured tick samples tested negative for SFTSV and Borrelia, but 12 of 356 tick samples tested positive for PCR amplification of a fragment of the 18S rRNA gene of Babesia spp., with an infection rate of 3.37 % (12/356) and a minimum infection rate of 0.74 % (12/1,615). Among the 12 detected Babesia spp., 11 were identified as Babesia bigemina in R. microplus, and the other one, detected in H. hystricis, was classified as an unnamed novel Babesia sp. Interestingly, the 18S rRNA sequence from the isolate detected in H. hystricis shared 98.79 % to 99.50 % identity with those of recent isolates from Japan, China and Nigeria. The exact origin of the Babesia species is not known, but the findings highlight the importance of international cooperation and the exchange of information on ticks and tick-borne pathogens. This represents a rare report of a Babesia sp. identified in H. hystricis, a tick species that has been proposed as a novel vector for some Babesia spp. This study supports H. hystricis as a possible vector of Babesia spp.
Pai-Shan Chiang, Yi-Wen Lai, Han-Hsuan Chung, Yung-Ting Chia, Chien-Cheng Wang, Hwa-Jen Teng, Shiu-Ling Chen
1384 related Products with: First molecular detection of a novel Babesia species from Haemaphysalis hystricis in Taiwan.100ul 100ul 100ul 100ul 100ul50 ug 1 Product tipe: Instrumen 100ul 100ul 100ul
#38016208 2023/11/27 To Up
RNA-sequencing analysis reveals the co-biodegradation performance of crude oil by marine Chlorella vulgaris under norfloxacin stress.In this study, the microalgal growth and crude oil (CRO) biodegradation by marine Chlorella vulgaris (C. vulgaris) were assessed under norfloxacin (NFX) stress. The presence of NFX negatively affected the bio-removal of CRO within 5 days, as the NFX concentration increased from 100 to 1600 μg/L, due to its toxicity as an antibiotic. However, its negative impact on the final degradation capabilities of C. vulgaris was less significant (P-value <0.05). After 9 days of cultivation, CRO bio-removal efficiencies still exceeded 90 %, while NFX bio-removal efficiencies maintained over 47 %. RNA-seq analysis revealed that the degradation of CRO and NFX was attributed to the combined action of functional genes involved in scavenging reactive oxygen species. The production of pigments and the bio-removal performance of C. vulgaris in CRO, NFX, and CRO & NFX coexistence media were consistent with the changes in the number of differentially expressed genes in these samples.
Yingqi Wu, Jingjing Li, Siqi Wang, Junhao Bi, Taili Ren, Yifei Liu, Mei Liu, Baikang Zhu, Qingguo Chen
1711 related Products with: RNA-sequencing analysis reveals the co-biodegradation performance of crude oil by marine Chlorella vulgaris under norfloxacin stress.500IU1 module 15 ml 1 module1 module1 module1 module1 module 1 G1 ml100.00 ul
#38016205 2023/11/27 To Up
The concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in fish: A systematic review.This study was conducted on the concentrations of PAHs, including benzo[a]pyrene and the sum of four PAHs (benz[a]anthracene, chryseno, benzo[b]fluoranthene, and benzo[a]pyrene), in unsmoked fish tissues. The values were related to the time period, locality (country and region), living habits, eating habits, and types of environments of the fish species. The data obtained has been also compared with the limits established by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) and European Union (E.U.) legislation. The data were collected through a PRISMA systematic review (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) from 1982 to 2020. Only documents that presented the PAHs concentration values were selected. China, Nigeria, and Iran had the highest number of studies. The species Coptodon zillii, Siganus punctatus, and Liza abu were the most commonly used bioindicators. Fish inhabiting demersal and pelagic environments showed the highest concentrations of PAHs. The majority of PAH concentrations of the analyzed documents fell within permissible limits for human consumption, representing a total percentage of 79.49 % for benzo[a]pyrene and 82.86 % for the sum of the 4 PAHs. Although some studies identified concentrations of benzo[a]pyrene alone and benzo[a]pyrene, benz[a]anthracene, chryseno, benzo[b]fluoranthene above the legislation limits, in most of them, the concentrations reported in fish tissue were below the limits defined by European Legislation for human consumption.
André Vieira Kuhn, Giorgi Dal Pont, Nathieli Cozer, Helen Sadauskas-Henique
2363 related Products with: The concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in fish: A systematic review.1100.00 ug1 Set
#38016191 2023/11/27 To Up
Root-associated bacterial microbiome shaped by root selective effects benefits phytostabilization by Athyrium wardii (Hook.).The root-associated microbiome assembly substantially promotes (hyper)accumulator plant growth and metal accumulation and is influenced by multiple factors, especially host species and environmental stress. Athyrium wardii (Hook.) is a phytostabilizer that grows in lead (Pb)-zinc (Zn) mine tailings and shows high root Pb accumulation. However, there remains little information on the assembly of the root-associated microbiome of A. wardii and its role in phytostabilization. A field study investigated the structural and functional variation in the root-associated bacterial microbiome of Athyrium wardii (Hook.) exposed to different levels of contamination in Pb-Zn mine tailings. The root compartment dominated the variation in the root-associated bacterial microbiome but the levels of contaminants showed less impact. Bacterial co-occurrence was enhanced in the rhizosphere soil and rhizoplane but tended to be much simpler in the endosphere in terms of network complexity and connectivity. This indicates that the microbial community assembly of A. wardii was non-random and shaped by root selective effects. Proteobacteria, Chloroflexi, Actinobacteria, Cyanobacteria, and Acidobacteriota were generally the dominant bacterial phyla. The genera Crossiella and Bradyrhizobium were enriched in the rhizosphere and cyanobacterial genera were enriched in the endosphere, demonstrating substantial advantages to plant survival and adaptation in the harsh mine environment. Functional categories involved in amino acid and carbohydrate metabolism were abundant in the rhizosphere soil, thus contributing to metal solubility and bioavailability in the rhizosphere. Membrane transporters, especially ATP-binding cassette transporters, were enriched in the endosphere, indicating a potential role in metal tolerance and transportation in A. wardii. The study shows substantial variation in the structure and function of microbiomes colonizing different compartments, with the rhizosphere and endophytic microbiota potentially involved in plant metal tolerance and accumulation during phytostabilization.
Yunhong Zhang, Juan Zhan, Chuang Ma, Wuxing Liu, Huagang Huang, Haiying Yu, Peter Christie, Tingxuan Li, Longhua Wu
1005 related Products with: Root-associated bacterial microbiome shaped by root selective effects benefits phytostabilization by Athyrium wardii (Hook.).0.2 mg1001 eachBacterial streak1g1 KITBacterial streak
#38016183 2023/11/28 To Up
Occupational asthma induced by fish exposure.Occupational asthma triggered by inhaling fish-derived aerosols is estimated to affect 2-8% of exposed individuals. This primarily affects workers in the fish processing industry. Fishmongers, rarely experience this issue, as recent research found no significant difference in asthma rates compared to a control group. We report the case of a fishmonger who presented with a 1-year history of rhinoconjunctivitis and asthma. The patient attributed these symptoms to his occupational exposure within the fish market environment, which worsened in the cold storage warehouse. Symptoms improved during holidays. Diagnosis involved skin-prick tests, sIgE (ImmunoCAP-specific IgE) measurements, and bronchial challenge tests, confirming occupational asthma from fish bioaerosol exposure. Parvalbumins, common fish proteins, share structural similarities, leading to cross-reactivity in fish allergy sufferers. In this case, sensitivity to rGad c1 (cod parvalbumin) was identified as the primary trigger for the patient's asthma, and responsible for sensitizations observed across various tested fish species.
B Añibarro, L Feijoo, N de Las Cuevas, F J Seoane 2.5L50 ul100ug Lyophilized200 uL 2.5L1 mg200 uL 2.5L 100ul200 uL
#38016113 2023/11/28 To Up
Single-Molecule Graphene Liquid Cell Electron Microscopy for Instability of Intermediate Amyloid Fibrils.Single-molecule techniques are powerful microscopy methods that provide new insights into biological processes. Liquid-phase transmission electron microscopy (LP-TEM) is an ideal single-molecule technique for overcoming the poor spatiotemporal resolution of optical approaches. However, single-molecule LP-TEM is limited by several challenges such as electron-beam-induced molecular damage, difficulty in identifying biomolecular species, and a lack of analytical approaches for conformational dynamics. Herein, we present a single-molecule graphene liquid-cell TEM (GLC-TEM) technique that enables the investigation of real-time structural perturbations of intact amyloid fibrils. We demonstrate that graphene membranes significantly extend the observation period of native amyloid beta proteins without causing oxidative damage owing to electron beams, which is necessary for imaging. Stochastic and time-resolved investigations of single fibrils reveal that structural perturbations in the early fibrillar stage are responsible for the formation of various amyloid polymorphs. The advantage of observing structural behavior in real time with unprecedented resolution will potentially make GLC-TEM a complementary approach to other single-molecule techniques. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Jungjae Park, Hyeongseop Jeong, Namgyu Noh, Ji Su Park, Sanghyeon Ji, Sung Kang, Yoon Huh, Jaekyung Hyun, Jong Min Yuk
1689 related Products with: Single-Molecule Graphene Liquid Cell Electron Microscopy for Instability of Intermediate Amyloid Fibrils.96tests25 mg500 ml1 g500 ml10 lt100 mg50 ml100ug Lyophilized10 ml96tests
#38016103 2023/11/28 To Up
A major role of coumarin-dependent ferric iron reduction in strategy I-type iron acquisition in Arabidopsis.Many non-graminaceous species release various coumarins in response to iron (Fe) deficiency. However, the physiological relevance of these coumarins remains poorly understood. Here, we show that the three enzymes leading to sideretin biosynthesis co-exist in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) epidermal and cortical cells and that the shift to fraxetin at alkaline pH depends on MYB72-mediated repression of CYTOCHROME P450, FAMILY 82, SUBFAMILY C, POLYPEPTIDE 4 (CYP82C4). In vitro, only fraxetin and sideretin can reduce part of the Fe(III) that they mobilize. We demonstrate that coumarin-mediated Fe(III) reduction is critical under acidic conditions, as fraxetin and sideretin can complement the Fe(III)-chelate reductase mutant ferric reduction oxidase 2 (fro2), and disruption of coumarin biosynthesis in fro2 plants impairs Fe acquisition similar to in the Fe(II) uptake-deficient mutant iron-regulated transporter 1 (irt1). Disruption of sideretin biosynthesis in a fro2 cyp82C4-1 double mutant revealed that sideretin is the dominant chemical reductant that functions with FRO2 to mediate Fe(II) formation for root uptake. At alkaline pH, Fe(III) reduction by coumarins becomes almost negligible but fraxetin still sustains high Fe(III) mobilization, suggesting that its main function is to provide chelated Fe(III) for FRO2. Our study indicates that strategy-I plants link sideretin and fraxetin biosynthesis and secretion to external pH to recruit distinct coumarin chemical activities to maximize Fe acquisition according to prevailing soil pH conditions.
Vanessa Paffrath, Yudelsy A Tandron Moya, Günther Weber, Nicolaus von Wirén, Ricardo F H Giehl
1513 related Products with: A major role of coumarin-dependent ferric iron reduction in strategy I-type iron acquisition in Arabidopsis.100.00 ug100 μg100 μg50ul96T 100 UG
#38016080 2023/11/28 To Up
Assessing the chemical composition, antioxidant and enzyme inhibitory effects of Pentapleura subulifera and Cyclotrichium glabrescens extracts.In the study, Pentapleura subulifera and Cyclotrichium glabrescens, relatively unexplored species, were investigated for their chemical composition, antioxidant capacity, and enzyme-inhibiting effects. The chemical composition of hexane, methanolic, and aqueous extracts from P. subulifera and C. glabrescens were analyzed using LC-ESI-MS/MS and the non-polar hexane fraction was investigated via GC-MS. The antioxidant potential of the extracts was determined through DPPH, ABTS, CUPRAC, FRAP, PBD, and MCA assays. Additionally, inhibitory activity against six enzymes-AChE, BChE, tyrosinase, amylase, and glucosidase-was examined. The water extract of P. subulifera and the methanolic extract of C. glabrescens exhibited elevated phenolic content at 129.47 mg GAE/g and 55.97 mg GAE/g, respectively. Among all antioxidant assays, the aqueous extracts of P. subulifera demonstrated superior antioxidant activity, with the highest recorded activity of 404.93 mg TE/g in the CUPRAC test. Meanwhile, the hexane extract of C. glabrescens exhibited the highest AChE inhibitory activity at 2.71 mg GALAE/g, followed by the methanol extract of P. subulifera at 2.41 mg GALAE/g. These findings unequivocally establish the notable antioxidant and enzyme inhibitory activity of P. subulifera and C. glabrescens extracts, underscoring their potential as a source of valuable natural antioxidants.
Nilofar Nilofar, Gokhan Zengin, Mikail Acar, Abdelhakim Bouyayha, Aalilou Youssra, Omayma A Eldahshan, Shaimaa Fayez, Nouran M Fahmy
2134 related Products with: Assessing the chemical composition, antioxidant and enzyme inhibitory effects of Pentapleura subulifera and Cyclotrichium glabrescens extracts.50 ug 200ul100ug10 mg100 mg100ug25 mg100 mg100ul 25 MG10 mg
#38016007 // To Up
Molecular identification and functional analysis of chitinase genes reveal their importance in the metamorphosis of Sarcophaga peregrina (Diptera: Sarcophagidae).Chitinases play a crucial role in insect metamorphosis by facilitating chitin degradation. Sarcophaga peregrina (Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830) (Diptera: Sarcophagidae) is a typical holometabolous insect and an important hygiene pest that causes myiasis in humans and other mammals and acts as a vector for various parasitic agents, including bacteria, viruses, and parasites. Enhancing the understanding of the metamorphosis in this species has significance for vector control. In this study, we identified a total of 12 chitinase genes in S. peregrina using bioinformatic analysis methods. Based on transcriptome data, SpIDGF2 and SpCht10 were selected for further functional investigation. The down-regulation of these genes by RNA interference led to developmental delays, disruptions in molting, and differences in cuticle composition during the pupal stage. These findings underscore the pivotal role of chitinase genes in the metamorphic process and offer valuable insights for effective control strategies.
Yakai Feng, Shiwen Wang, Fengqin Yang, Yanjie Shang, Fernand Jocelin Ngando, Jingjing Huang, Yadong Guo
1429 related Products with: Molecular identification and functional analysis of chitinase genes reveal their importance in the metamorphosis of Sarcophaga peregrina (Diptera: Sarcophagidae).1 5 G1 Set
#38016006 // To Up
Carabidae and Tenebrionidae diversity in the Great Basin Province of California.The high desert regions of eastern California within the Great Basin are vast areas of shrub-dominated habitat heavily impacted by invasive exotic grasses and forbs. Trapping efforts within these areas provided distributional information about various surface-active arthropod taxa. Two groups with high species diversity and abundance encountered at our sites were the coleopteran families Carabidae and Tenebrionidae. Here, we report trapping of 45 species of carabids and 46 species of tenebrionids, along with mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (COI) sequence data for 65 of these 92 species. These results build upon existing distributional information regarding these families in California and further refine our knowledge of the biodiversity of the understudied Great Basin provinces.
Kirk C Tonkel, Veronica S Kirchoff, Brian G Rector
1797 related Products with: Carabidae and Tenebrionidae diversity in the Great Basin Province of California.1100102
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