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The Profile of Post-translational Modifications of Histone H1 in Chromatin of Mouse Embryonic Stem Cells.

Linker histone H1 is one of the main chromatin proteins which plays an important role in organizing eukaryotic DNA into a compact structure. There is data indicating that cell type-specific post-translational modifications of H1 modulate chromatin activity. Here, we compared histone H1 variants from NIH/3T3, mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs), and mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ ionization Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (MALDI-FT-ICR-MS). We found significant differences in the nature and positions of the post-translational modifications (PTMs) of H1.3-H1.5 variants in ES cells compared to differentiated cells. For instance, methylation of K75 in the H1.2-1.4 variants; methylation of K108, K148, K151, K152 K154, K155, K160, K161, K179, and K185 in H1.1, as well as of K168 in H1.2; phosphorylation of S129, T146, T149, S159, S163, and S180 in H1.1, T180 in H1.2, and T155 in H1.3 were identified exclusively in ES cells. The H1.0 and H1.2 variants in ES cells were characterized by an enhanced acetylation and overall reduced expression levels. Most of the acetylation sites of the H1.0 and H1.2 variants from ES cells were located within their C-terminal tails known to be involved in the stabilization of the condensed chromatin. These data may be used for further studies aimed at analyzing the functional role played by the revealed histone H1 PTMs in the self-renewal and differentiation of pluripotent stem cells.

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Hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 (6%) and succinylated gelatine (4%) interfere with refractometry in dogs with haemorrhagic shock.

To determine if low molecular weight synthetic colloid fluids administered to dogs interfere with refractometric estimates of total plasma protein (TPPr) and urine osmolality (UOsm).

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Syringe pump can be contr Androstadienone C19H26O C Breast invasive ductal ca (S)-N-[6-Benzyloxy-5-brom 1,1,2 Trimethyl 1H benz(e α-Acetamino-α-carboxy-( 5 Chloro 1 indanone CAS N AZD-4547 Mechanisms: FGFR Androst-4-ene-3,17-dion-1 Indazole 3 carboxylic aci Incu Tissue(square vessel PLX-4032 Mechanisms: B-Ra

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Ruthenium(II) complexes with 6-methyl-2-thiouracil selectively reduce cell proliferation, cause DNA double-strand break and trigger caspase-mediated apoptosis through JNK/p38 pathways in human acute promyelocytic leukemia cells.

Ruthenium(II) complexes with 6-methyl-2-thiouracil cis-[Ru(6m2tu)(PPh)] (1) and [Ru(6m2tu)(dppb)] (2) (where PPhtriphenylphosphine; dppb = 1,4-bis(diphenylphosphino)butane; and 6m2tu = 6-methyl-2-thiouracil) are potent cytotoxic agents and able to bind DNA. The aim of this study was to evaluate in vitro cellular underlying mechanism and in vivo effectiveness of these ruthenium(II) complexes in human acute promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 cells. Both complexes displayed potent and selective cytotoxicity in myeloid leukemia cell lines, and were detected into HL-60 cells. Reduction of the cell proliferation and augmented phosphatidylserine externalization, caspase-3, -8 and -9 activation and loss of mitochondrial transmembrane potential were observed in HL-60 cells treated with both complexes. Cotreatment with Z-VAD(OMe)-FMK, a pan-caspase inhibitor, reduced Ru(II) complexes-induced apoptosis. In addition, both metal complexes induced phosphorylation of histone H2AX (S139), JNK2 (T183/Y185) and p38α (T180/Y182), and cotreatment with JNK/SAPK and p38 MAPK inhibitors reduced complexes-induced apoptosis, indicating DNA double-strand break and activation of caspase-mediated apoptosis through JNK/p38 pathways. Complex 1 also reduced HL-60 cell growth in xenograft model. Overall, the outcome indicated the ruthenium(II) complexes with 6-methyl-2-thiouracil as a novel promising antileukemic drug candidates.

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Ru(II)-thymine complex causes DNA damage and apoptotic cell death in human colon carcinoma HCT116 cells mediated by JNK/p38/ERK1/2 via a p53-independent signaling.

Ru(II)-thymine complex [Ru(PPh)(Thy)(bipy)]PF (where PPh = triphenylphosphine, Thy = thyminate and bipy = 2,2'-bipyridine) is a potent cytotoxic agent with ability to bind to DNA, inducing caspase-mediated apoptosis in leukemia cells. In this study, we investigated the mechanism underlying the cell death induction by Ru(II)-thymine complex in human colon carcinoma HCT116 cells, as well as its effect in xenograft tumor model. The Ru(II)-thymine complex increased significantly the percentage of apoptotic HCT116 cells. Co-treatment with a JNK/SAPK inhibitor, p38 MAPK inhibitor and MEK inhibitor, which inhibit the activation of ERK1/2, caused a marked reduction of the percentage of complex-induced apoptotic cells. Moreover, the Ru(II)-thymine complex induced an increase in phospho-JNK2 (T183/Y185), phospho-p38α (T180/Y182) and phospho-ERK1 (T202/Y204) levels in HCT116 cells. Treatment with the Ru(II)-thymine complex increased significantly the phospho-histone H2AX (S139) expression, a DNA damage marker. The expression of phospho-p53 (S15) and MDM2 were not changed, and the co-treatment with a p53 inhibitor (cyclic pifithrin-α) did not reduce the complex-induced apoptosis in HCT116 cells, indicating that the Ru(II)-thymine complex induces DNA damage-mediated apoptosis by JNK/p38/ERK1/2 via a p53-independent signaling. The Ru(II)-thymine complex (1 and 2 mg/kg/day) also inhibited HCT116 cell growth in a xenograft model, reducing the tumor mass at 32.6-40.1%. Altogether, indicate that the Ru(II)-thymine complex is a promising anti-colon cancer drug candidate.

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