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#33073920   2020/10/19 To Up

Dorsolateral prefrontal circuit effective connectivity mediates the relationship between white matter structure and PASAT-3 performance in multiple sclerosis.

Three decades ago a series of parallel circuits were described involving the frontal cortex and deep grey matter structures, with putative roles in control of motor and oculomotor function, cognition, behaviour and emotion. The circuit comprising the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, caudate, globus pallidus and thalamus has a putative role in regulating executive functions. The aim of this study is to investigate effective connectivity (EC) of the dorsolateral-prefrontal circuit and its association with PASAT-3 performance in people with multiple sclerosis(MS). We use Granger causality analysis of resting-state functional MRI from 52 people with MS and 36 healthy people to infer that reduced EC in the afferent limb of the dorsolateral prefrontal circuit occurs in the people with MS with cognitive dysfunction (left: p = .006; right: p = .029), with bilateral EC reductions in this circuit resulting in more severe cognitive dysfunction than unilateral reductions alone (p = .002). We show that reduced EC in the afferent limb of the dorsolateral prefrontal circuit mediates the relationship between cognitive performance and macrostrucutral and microstructural alterations of white matter tracts in components of the circuit. Specificity is shown by the absence of any relationship between cognition and EC in the analogous and anatomically proximal motor circuit. We demonstrate good stability of the EC measures in people with MS over an interval averaging 8-months. Key positive and negative results are replicated in an independent cohort of people with MS. Our findings identify the dorsolateral prefrontal circuit as a potential target for therapeutic strategies aimed at improving cognition in people with MS.
Dewen Meng, Thomas Welton, Afaf Elsarraj, Paul S Morgan, Roshan das Nair, Cris S Constantinescu, Nikos Evangelou, Dorothee P Auer, Rob A Dineen

2773 related Products with: Dorsolateral prefrontal circuit effective connectivity mediates the relationship between white matter structure and PASAT-3 performance in multiple sclerosis.

12 mg16 Arrays/Slide

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#33073888   2020/10/19 To Up

SH3PXD2A-AS1/miR-330-5p/UBA2 ceRNA network mediates the progression of colorectal cancer through regulating the activity of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway.

Long non-coding RNAs have important roles in the occurrence and progression of various cancers. However, the molecular mechanism of lncRNAs in colorectal cancer (CRC) is not well illustrated. Thus, we used bioinformatics methods to find potential lncRNAs associated with CRC progression, and chose SH3PXD2A-AS1 as a candidate for further analysis. The roles of SH3PXD2A-AS1 in CRC cells were determined by CCK-8, transwell invasion, wound healing and flow cytometry assays. Besides, we established the CRC tumor models in nude mice to study the effect of SH3PXD2A-AS1 on the tumor growth. Based on the ceRNA hypothesis, we used miRDB and miRTarBase websites to identify the SH3PXD2A-AS1-related ceRNA regulatory network, and measured the roles of this network in CRC cells. The results revealed that the expression profiles of SH3PXD2A-AS1 from GEO and TCGA databases showed an aberrant high level in CRC tissues compared with colorectal normal tissues. SH3PXD2A-AS1 over-expression was also found in CRC cells. SH3PXD2A-AS1 knockdown inhibited the CRC cellular proliferation, invasion and migration but induced apoptosis. Besides, SH3PXD2A-AS1 knockdown also suppressed the growth of CRC tumors. Furthermore, SH3PXD2A-AS1 could function as a ceRNA of miR-330-5p. Additionally, UBA2 was proved to be a target gene of miR-330-5p. Moreover, SH3PXD2A-AS1 knockdown downregulated UBA2 expression through sponging miR-330-5p to inactivate the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, thereby inhibiting the cell growth and promoting apoptosis. Therefore, the SH3PXD2A-AS1/miR-330-5p/UBA2 network could regulate the progression of CRC through the Wnt/β-catenin pathway. These findings offer new sights for understanding the pathogenesis of CRC and provide potential biomarkers for CRC treatment.
Shuang Guo, Kong-Xi Zhu, Wei-Hua Yu, Teng Wang, Shuai Li, Yun-Xia Wang, Chen-Chen Zhang, Jian-Qiang Guo

2242 related Products with: SH3PXD2A-AS1/miR-330-5p/UBA2 ceRNA network mediates the progression of colorectal cancer through regulating the activity of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway.

500 Units 100 G110100 IU0.1 mg500 Units

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#33073877   2020/10/19 To Up

Atorvastatin and pravastatin stimulate nitric oxide and reactive oxygen species generation, affect mitochondrial network architecture and elevate nicotinamide N-methyltransferase level in endothelial cells.

Statins belong to the most often prescribed medications, which efficiently normalise hyperlipidaemia and prevent cardiovascular complications in obese and diabetic patients. However, beside expected therapeutic results based on the inhibition of 3-hydroxyl-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase, these drugs exert multiple side effects of poorly understood characteristic. In this study, side effects of pravastatin and atorvastatin on EA.hy926 endothelial cell line were investigated. It was found that both statins activate proinflammatory response, elevate nitric oxide and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and stimulate antioxidative response in these cells. Moreover, only slight stimulation of the mitochondrial biogenesis and significant changes in the mitochondrial network organisation have been noted. Although biochemical bases behind these effects are not clear, they may partially be explained as an elevation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activity and an increased activating phosphorylation of sirtuin 1 (Sirt1), which were observed in statins-treated cells. In addition, both statins increased nicotinamide N-methyltransferase (NNMT) protein level that may explain a reduced fraction of methylated histone H3. Interestingly, a substantial reduction of the total level of histone H3 in cells treated with pravastatin but not atorvastatin was also observed. These results indicate a potential additional biochemical target for statins related to reduced histone H3 methylation due to increased NNMT protein level. Thus, NNMT may directly modify gene activity.
Dorota Dymkowska, Antoni Wrzosek, Krzysztof Zabłocki

1843 related Products with: Atorvastatin and pravastatin stimulate nitric oxide and reactive oxygen species generation, affect mitochondrial network architecture and elevate nicotinamide N-methyltransferase level in endothelial cells.

50 ug 50 ug 50 ug 96T10 mg100ug500 MG25 mg25 mg1,000 tests100ug

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#33073770   2020/10/19 To Up

Novel SIRT Inhibitor, MHY2256, Induces Cell Cycle Arrest, Apoptosis, and Autophagic Cell Death in HCT116 Human Colorectal Cancer Cells.

We examined the anticancer effects of a novel sirtuin inhibitor, MHY2256, on HCT116 human colorectal cancer cells to investigate its underlying molecular mechanisms. MHY2256 significantly suppressed the activity of sirtuin 1 and expression levels of sirtuin 1/2 and stimulated acetylation of forkhead box O1, which is a target protein of sirtuin 1. Treatment with MHY2256 inhibited the growth of the HCT116 ( wild-type), HT-29 ( mutant), and DLD-1 ( mutant) human colorectal cancer cell lines. In addition, MHY2256 induced G0/G1 phase arrest of the cell cycle progression, which was accompanied by the reduction of cyclin D1 and cyclin E and the decrease of cyclin-dependent kinase 2, cyclin-dependent kinase 4, cyclin-dependent kinase 6, phosphorylated retinoblastoma protein, and E2F transcription factor 1. Apoptosis induction was shown by DNA fragmentation and increase in late apoptosis, which were detected using flow cytometric analysis. MHY2256 downregulated expression levels of procaspase-8, -9, and -3 and led to subsequent poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase cleavage. MHY2256-induced apoptosis was involved in the activation of caspase-8, -9, and -3 and was prevented by pretreatment with Z-VAD-FMK, a pan-caspase inhibitor. Furthermore, the autophagic effects of MHY2256 were observed as cytoplasmic vacuolation, green fluorescent protein-light-chain 3 punctate dots, accumulation of acidic vesicular organelles, and upregulated expression level of light-chain 3-II. Taken together, these results suggest that MHY2256 could be a potential novel sirtuin inhibitor for the chemoprevention or treatment of colorectal cancer or both.
Min Jeong Kim, Young Jung Kang, Bokyung Sung, Jung Yoon Jang, Yu Ra Ahn, Hye Jin Oh, Heejeong Choi, Inkyu Choi, Eunok Im, Hyung Ryong Moon, Hae Young Chung, Nam Deuk Kim

1739 related Products with: Novel SIRT Inhibitor, MHY2256, Induces Cell Cycle Arrest, Apoptosis, and Autophagic Cell Death in HCT116 Human Colorectal Cancer Cells.

1.00 flask100ug Lyophilized1 mg1.00 flask100ug Lyophilized10 ug1.00 flask1.00 flask 100ul100ug Lyophilized1.00 flask

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#33073766   // To Up

Comparing Methods for Modeling Acquiescence in Multidimensional Partially Balanced Scales.

The inclusion of direct and reversed items in scales is a commonly-used strategy to control acquiescence bias. However, this is not enough to avoid the distortions produced by this response style in the structure of covariances and means of the scale in question. This simulation study provides evidence on the performance of two different procedures for modelling the influence of acquiescence bias on partially balanced multidimensional scales: a method based on exploratory factor analysis (EFA) with target rotation, and a method based on random intercept factor analysis (RIFA).
Javier de la Fuente, Francisco J Abad

1677 related Products with: Comparing Methods for Modeling Acquiescence in Multidimensional Partially Balanced Scales.

100 G250 mg 1 G 1 G 5 G500 MG100 μg1 g10 mg20

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