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#36942595 2023/03/21 To Up
De novo triplication at 1p36.23p36.22 further refines the dosage sensitive region of overlap in Setleis syndrome (focal facial dermal dysplasia type III).Setleis syndrome (SS), or focal facial dermal dysplasia type III (FFDD3, MIM #227260), is an autosomal recessive condition caused by biallelic loss-of-function variants in TWIST2. It is characterized by bitemporal atrophic skin lesions and distinctive facial features. Individuals with de novo or inherited duplication or triplication of the chromosomal region 1p36.22p36.21 have also been reported to have the SS phenotype with additional neurodevelopmental challenges (rarely seen in individuals with TWIST2 mutations) and variable expressivity and penetrance. Triplication of this region is also associated with more severe manifestations compared to a duplication. We report a 2-year-old female patient with features of SS associated with a de novo 3.603 Mb triplication at 1p36.23p36.22 identified on postnatal microarray analysis. Her triplication shares a 281.263 kb overlap with gains at 1p36.22, reported by previous groups, delineating the shortest region of overlap (SRO) to date. This SRO involves 10 RefSeq and 4 OMIM morbid map genes and highlights the candidate dosage-sensitive element(s) underlying the cardinal features of SS phenotype in individuals with gains at 1p36.
Rachel Youjin Oh, Kathy Chun, Paul E Kowalski, David Chitayat