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Search results for: VCPIP1


#37176056   2023/05/06 To Up

miR-145-3p Inhibits MuSCs Proliferation and Mitochondria Mass via Targeting MYBL1 in Jianzhou Big-Eared Goats.

Muscle growth and injury-induced regeneration are controlled by skeletal muscle satellite cells (MuSCs) through myogenesis in postnatal animals. Meanwhile, myogenesis is accompanied by mitochondrial function and enzyme activity. Nevertheless, the underlying molecular mechanisms involving non-coding RNAs including circular RNAs (circRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs) remain largely unsolved. Here, we explored the myogenic roles of miR-145-3p and MYBL1 on muscle development and mitochondrial mass. We noticed that overexpression of miR-145-3p inhibited MuSCs proliferation and reduced the number of viable cells. Meanwhile, deficiency of miR-145-3p caused by LNAantimiR-145-3p or an inhibitor retarded the differentiation of MuSCs. miR-145-3p altered the mitochondrial mass in MuSCs. Moreover, miR-145-3p targeted and negatively regulated the expression of CDR1as and MYBL1. The knockdown of the MYBL1 using ASO-2'MOE modification simulated the inhibitory function of miR-145-3p on cell proliferation. Additionally, MYBL1 mediated the regulation of miR-145-3p on Vexin, VCPIP1, COX1, COX2, and Pax7. These imply that CDR1as/miR-145-3p/MYBL1/COX1, COX2, VCPIP1/Vexin expression at least partly results in a reduction in mitochondrial mass and MuSCs proliferation. These novel findings confirm the importance of mitochondrial mass during myogenesis and the boosting of muscle/meat development in mammals.
Emmanuel Odame, Li Li, Joshua Abdulai Nabilla, He Cai, Miao Xiao, Jiangfeng Ye, Yuan Chen, Bismark Kyei, Dinghui Dai, Siyuan Zhan, Jiaxue Cao, Jiazhong Guo, Tao Zhong, Linjie Wang, Hongping Zhang

1198 related Products with: miR-145-3p Inhibits MuSCs Proliferation and Mitochondria Mass via Targeting MYBL1 in Jianzhou Big-Eared Goats.

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#36915397   2023/03/07 To Up

Alternative Polyadenylation Results in mRNA Transcript Instability in Gestational Diabetes Mellitus.

To study the characteristics of selective polyadenylation (APA) in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) by poly(A) site sequencing and to explore the role of APA process in the pathogenesis of GDM.
Yujing He, Na Wu

1618 related Products with: Alternative Polyadenylation Results in mRNA Transcript Instability in Gestational Diabetes Mellitus.

50 UG2 Pieces/Box100 100 μg1 Set4 Sample Kit100 μg

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#36754960   2023/02/08 To Up

Accelerating inhibitor discovery for deubiquitinating enzymes.

Deubiquitinating enzymes (DUBs) are an emerging drug target class of ~100 proteases that cleave ubiquitin from protein substrates to regulate many cellular processes. A lack of selective chemical probes impedes pharmacologic interrogation of this important gene family. DUBs engage their cognate ligands through a myriad of interactions. We embrace this structural complexity to tailor a chemical diversification strategy for a DUB-focused covalent library. Pairing our library with activity-based protein profiling as a high-density primary screen, we identify selective hits against 23 endogenous DUBs spanning four subfamilies. Optimization of an azetidine hit yields a probe for the understudied DUB VCPIP1 with nanomolar potency and in-family selectivity. Our success in identifying good chemical starting points as well as structure-activity relationships across the gene family from a modest but purpose-build library challenges current paradigms that emphasize ultrahigh throughput in vitro or virtual screens against an ever-increasing scope of chemical space.
Wai Cheung Chan, Xiaoxi Liu, Robert S Magin, Nicholas M Girardi, Scott B Ficarro, Wanyi Hu, Maria I Tarazona Guzman, Cara A Starnbach, Alejandra Felix, Guillaume Adelmant, Anthony C Varca, Bin Hu, Ariana S Bratt, Ethan DaSilva, Nathan J Schauer, Isabella Jaen Maisonet, Emma K Dolen, Anthony X Ayala, Jarrod A Marto, Sara J Buhrlage

1738 related Products with: Accelerating inhibitor discovery for deubiquitinating enzymes.

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#36300783   2022/11/07 To Up

PTP4A2 promotes lysophagy by dephosphorylation of VCP/p97 at Tyr805.

Overexpression of PTP4A phosphatases are associated with advanced cancers, but their biological functions are far from fully understood due to limited knowledge about their physiological substrates. VCP is implicated in lysophagy via collaboration with specific cofactors in the ELDR complex. However, how the ELDR complex assembly is regulated has not been determined. Moreover, the functional significance of the penultimate and conserved Tyr805 phosphorylation in VCP has not been established. Here, we use an unbiased substrate trapping and mass spectrometry approach and identify VCP/p97 as a substrate of PTP4A2. Biochemical studies show that PTP4A2 dephosphorylates VCP at Tyr805, enabling the association of VCP with its C-terminal cofactors UBXN6/UBXD1 and PLAA, which are components of the ELDR complex responsible for lysophagy, the autophagic clearance of damaged lysosomes. Functionally, PTP4A2 is required for cellular homeostasis by promoting lysophagy through facilitating ELDR-mediated K48-linked ubiquitin conjugate removal and autophagosome formation on the damaged lysosomes. Deletion of compromises the recovery of glycerol-injection induced acute kidney injury due to impaired lysophagy and sustained lysosomal damage. Taken together, our data establish PTP4A2 as a critical regulator of VCP and uncover an important role for PTP4A2 in maintaining lysosomal homeostasis through dephosphorylation of VCP at Tyr805. Our study suggests that PTP4A2 targeting could be a potential therapeutic approach to treat cancers and other degenerative diseases by modulating lysosomal homeostasis and macroautophagy/autophagy. AAA+: ATPases associated with diverse cellular activities; AKI: acute kidney injury; CBB: Coomassie Brilliant Blue; CRISPR: clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats; ELDR: endo-lysosomal damage response; GFP: green fluorescent protein; GST: ‎glutathione S-transferase; IHC: immunohistochemistry; IP: immunoprecipitation; LAMP1: lysosomal-associated membrane protein 1; LC-MS: liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry; LGALS3/Gal3: galectin 3; LLOMe: L-leucyl-L-leucine methyl ester; MAP1LC3/LC3: microtubule associated protein 1 light chain 3; MEF: mouse embryonic fibroblast; PLAA: phospholipase A2, activating protein; PTP4A2: protein tyrosine phosphatase 4a2; PUB: NGLY1/PNGase/UBA- or UBX-containing protein; PUL: PLAP, Ufd3, and Lub1; TFEB: transcription factor EB; UBXN6/UBXD1: UBX domain protein 6; UPS: ubiquitin-proteasome system; VCP/p97: valosin containing protein; VCPIP1: valosin containing protein interacting protein 1; YOD1: YOD1 deubiquitinase.
Yunpeng Bai, Guimei Yu, Hong-Ming Zhou, Ovini Amarasinghe, Yuan Zhou, Peipei Zhu, Qinglin Li, Lujuan Zhang, Frederick Nguele Meke, Yiming Miao, Eli Chapman, W Andy Tao, Zhong-Yin Zhang

2743 related Products with: PTP4A2 promotes lysophagy by dephosphorylation of VCP/p97 at Tyr805.

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#35695579   2022/06/13 To Up

Hepatitis B Virus X Protein Is Stabilized by the Deubiquitinating Enzyme VCPIP1 in a Ubiquitin-Independent Manner by Recruiting the 26S Proteasome Subunit PSMC3.

Hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the sixth most common cancer worldwide, and the viral X protein (HBx) is an etiological factor in HCC development. HBx is a high-turnover protein, but knowledge of the role of deubiquitinating enzymes (DUBs) in maintaining HBx homeostasis is very limited. We used a 74-DUB library-based yeast two-hybrid assay and determined that a novel DUB, valosin-containing protein-interacting protein 1 (VCPIP1), interacted with HBx. VCPIP1 and its C-terminal amino acids 863 to 1221 upregulated the HBx protein expression, with or without HBV infection. Mechanistically, VCPIP1 stabilized HBx protein through a ubiquitin-independent pathway, which was validated by the HBx ubiquitination site mutant plasmid. Coimmunoprecipitation assays demonstrated the potency of VCPIP1 in recruiting 26S proteasome regulatory subunit 6A (PSMC3) and forming a ternary complex with HBx through mutual interaction. , purified His-tagged PSMC3 protein rescued HBx degradation induced by the 20S proteasome, and VCPIP1 synergized the mechanism. Functionally, HBx specifically binding to VCPIP1 significantly enhanced the transcriptional transactivation of HBx by activating NF-κB, AP-1, and SP-1 and inhibited hepatoma cell clonogenicity in Huh7 and HepG2 cells. Moreover, we further demonstrated that overexpression of VCPIP1 significantly affected the HBV covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA) transcription in HBV-infected HepG2-NTCP cells. Altogether, our results indicate a novel mechanism by which VCPIP1 recruits PSMC3 to bind with HBx, stabilizing it in a ubiquitin-independent manner, which might be critical for developing DUB inhibitors in the future. HBx is a multifunctional viral oncoprotein that plays an essential role in the viral life cycle and hepatocarcinogenesis. HBx degradation occurs through the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS). However, whether novel compartments of the DUBs in the UPS also act in regulating HBx stability is not fully understood. Here, for the first time, we defined VCPIP1 as a novel DUB for preventing HBx degradation by the 20S proteasome in a ubiquitin-independent manner. PSMC3, encoding the 26S proteasome regulatory subunit, directly stabilized HBx through physical binding instead of a common approach in protein degradation, serving as the key downstream effector of VCPIP1 on HBx. Therefore, the ternary binding pattern between VCPIP1, HBx, and PSMC3 is initiated for the first time, which eventually promotes HBx stability and its functions. Our findings provide novel insights into host-virus cross talk by targeting DUBs in the UPS.
Qiong Wu, Lu Zhang, Xiazhen Xu, Yi Zhang, Jiajian Shi, Xu Lin, Wannan Chen

1583 related Products with: Hepatitis B Virus X Protein Is Stabilized by the Deubiquitinating Enzyme VCPIP1 in a Ubiquitin-Independent Manner by Recruiting the 26S Proteasome Subunit PSMC3.

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#34614178   // To Up

USP39 promotes non-homologous end-joining repair by poly(ADP-ribose)-induced liquid demixing.

Mutual crosstalk among poly(ADP-ribose) (PAR), activated PAR polymerase 1 (PARP1) metabolites, and DNA repair machinery has emerged as a key regulatory mechanism of the DNA damage response (DDR). However, there is no conclusive evidence of how PAR precisely controls DDR. Herein, six deubiquitinating enzymes (DUBs) associated with PAR-coupled DDR were identified, and the role of USP39, an inactive DUB involved in spliceosome assembly, was characterized. USP39 rapidly localizes to DNA lesions in a PAR-dependent manner, where it regulates non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ) via a tripartite RG motif located in the N-terminus comprising 46 amino acids (N46). Furthermore, USP39 acts as a molecular trigger for liquid demixing in a PAR-coupled N46-dependent manner, thereby directly interacting with the XRCC4/LIG4 complex during NHEJ. In parallel, the USP39-associated spliceosome complex controls homologous recombination repair in a PAR-independent manner. These findings provide mechanistic insights into how PAR chains precisely control DNA repair processes in the DDR.
Jae Jin Kim, Seo Yun Lee, Yiseul Hwang, Soyeon Kim, Jee Min Chung, Sangwook Park, Junghyun Yoon, Hansol Yun, Jae-Hoon Ji, Sunyoung Chae, Hyeseong Cho, Chan Gil Kim, Ted M Dawson, Hongtae Kim, Valina L Dawson, Ho Chul Kang

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#34176176   2021/07/08 To Up

Targeted RNA sequencing in the routine clinical detection of fusion genes in salivary gland tumors.

Salivary gland tumors represent a diverse group of neoplasms that occasionally pose a diagnostic challenge for pathologists, particularly with limited sampling. Gene fusions, which may reflect genetic drivers, are increasingly recognized in a subset of these neoplasms, and can be leveraged for diagnostic purposes. We performed a retrospective analysis on a cohort of 80 benign and malignant salivary gland tumors, enriched for subtypes known to harbor recurrent fusion events, to validate the diagnostic use of a targeted RNA sequencing assay to detect fusion transcripts. Testing identified fusion genes in 71% (24/34) of pleomorphic adenoma and carcinoma-ex-pleomorphic adenoma, with 56% of cases showing rearrangement of PLAG1 and 15% HMGA2. In addition to confirming known partners for these genes, novel PLAG1 fusion partners were identified, including DSTN, NTF3, and MEG3; CNOT2 was identified as a novel fusion partner for HMGA2. In adenoid cystic carcinoma, 95% of cases (19/20) were positive for a fusion event. MYB was rearranged in 60% (12/20), MYBL1 in 30% (6/20), and NFIB in 5% (1/20); two tumors exhibited novel fusion products, including NFIB-TBPL1 and MYBL1-VCPIP1. Fusion genes were identified in 64% (9/14) of cases of mucoepidermoid carcinoma; MAML2 was confirmed to partner with either CRTC1 (43%) or CRTC3 (21%). One salivary duct carcinoma was found to harbor a novel RAPGEF6-ACSL6 fusion gene. Finally, as anticipated, gene fusions were not detected in any of the five acinic cell carcinomas included in the cohort. In summary, targeted RNA sequencing represents a diagnostically useful ancillary technique for identifying a variety of existing, and novel, fusion transcripts in the classification of salivary gland neoplasms.
Justin Bubola, Christina M MacMillan, Elizabeth G Demicco, Rose A Chami, Catherine T-S Chung, Iona Leong, Paula Marrano, Zeynep Onkal, David Swanson, Brandon M Veremis, Ilan Weinreb, Lei Zhang, Cristina R Antonescu, Brendan C Dickson

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#33567341   2021/02/07 To Up

USP11 mediates repair of DNA-protein cross-links by deubiquitinating SPRTN metalloprotease.

DNA-protein cross-links (DPCs) are toxic DNA lesions that interfere with DNA metabolic processes such as replication, transcription, and recombination. USP11 deubiquitinase participates in DNA repair, but the role of USP11 in DPC repair is not known. SPRTN is a replication-coupled DNA-dependent metalloprotease that cleaves proteins cross-linked to DNA to promote DPC repair. SPRTN function is tightly regulated by a monoubiquitin switch that controls SPRTN auto-proteolysis and chromatin accessibility during DPC repair. Previously, VCPIP1 and USP7 deubiquitinases have been shown to regulate SPRTN. Here, we identify USP11 as an SPRTN deubiquitinase. USP11 interacts with SPRTN and cleaves monoubiquitinated SPRTN in cells and in vitro. USP11 depletion impairs SPRTN deubiquitination and promotes SPRTN auto-proteolysis in response to formaldehyde-induced DPCs. Loss of USP11 causes an accumulation of unrepaired DPCs and cellular hypersensitivity to treatment with DPC-inducing agents. Our findings show that USP11 regulates SPRTN auto-proteolysis and SPRTN-mediated DPC repair to maintain genome stability.
Megan Perry, Meghan Biegert, Sai Sundeep Kollala, Halle Mallard, Grace Su, Manohar Kodavati, Natasha Kreiling, Alexander Holbrook, Gargi Ghosal

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#32649882   2020/07/09 To Up

Tandem Deubiquitination and Acetylation of SPRTN Promotes DNA-Protein Crosslink Repair and Protects against Aging.

DNA-protein crosslinks (DPCs) are highly toxic DNA lesions that threaten genomic integrity. Recent findings highlight that SPRTN, a specialized DNA-dependent metalloprotease, is a central player in proteolytic cleavage of DPCs. Previous studies suggest that SPRTN deubiquitination is important for its chromatin association and activation. However, the regulation and consequences of SPRTN deubiquitination remain unclear. Here we report that, in response to DPC induction, the deubiquitinase VCPIP1/VCIP135 is phosphorylated and activated by ATM/ATR. VCPIP1, in turn, deubiquitinates SPRTN and promotes its chromatin relocalization. Deubiquitination of SPRTN is required for its subsequent acetylation, which promotes SPRTN relocation to the site of chromatin damage. Furthermore, Vcpip1 knockout mice are prone to genomic instability and premature aging. We propose a model where two sequential post-translational modifications (PTMs) regulate SPRTN chromatin accessibility to repair DPCs and maintain genomic stability and a healthy lifespan.
Jinzhou Huang, Qin Zhou, Ming Gao, Somaira Nowsheen, Fei Zhao, Wootae Kim, Qian Zhu, Yusuke Kojima, Ping Yin, Yong Zhang, Guijie Guo, Xinyi Tu, Min Deng, Kuntian Luo, Bo Qin, Yuichi Machida, Zhenkun Lou

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#32543267   2020/06/26 To Up

LUBAC and OTULIN regulate autophagy initiation and maturation by mediating the linear ubiquitination and the stabilization of ATG13.

Macroautophagy/autophagy is a membrane-mediated intracellular degradation pathway, through which bulky cytoplasmic content is digested in lysosomes. How the autophagy initiation and maturation steps are regulated is not clear. In this study, we found an E3 ubiquitin ligase complex, linear ubiquitin chain assembly complex (LUBAC) and a deubiquitinating enzyme (DUB) OTULIN localize to the phagophore area to control autophagy initiation and maturation. LUBAC key component RNF31/HOIP translocates to the LC3 puncta area when autophagy is induced. knockdown inhibits autophagy initiation, and cells are more sensitive to bacterial infection. knockdown, however, promotes autophagy initiation but blocks autophagy maturation. In knockdown cells, excessive ubiquitinated ATG13 protein was recruited to the phagophore for prolonged expansion, and therefore inhibits autophagosome maturation. Together, our study provides evidence that LUBAC and OTULIN cooperatively regulate autophagy initiation and autophagosome maturation by mediating the linear ubiquitination and the stabilization of ATG13. ATG: autophagy-related; CALCOCO2/NDP52: calcium binding and coiled-coil domain 2; CQ: chloroquine; CUL1-FBXL20: cullin 1-F-box and leucine rich repeat protein 20; CUL3-KLHL20: cullin 3-kelch like family member 20; CUL4-AMBRA1: cullin 4-autophagy and beclin 1 regulator 1; CYLD: CYLD lysine 63 deubiquitinase; DAPI: 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole; DUB: deubiquitinating enzyme; EBSS: Earle's Balanced Salt Solution; GFP: green fluorescent protein; GST: glutathione S-transferase; IKBKG/NEMO: inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa B kinase regulatory subunit gamma; LUBAC: linear ubiquitin chain assembly complex; MAP1LC3/LC3: microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3; MAP1LC3B/LC3B: microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3B; MIM: MIT-interacting motif; mRFP: monomeric red fluorescent protein; NEDD4: NEDD4 E3 ubiquitin protein ligase; NFKB: NF-kappaB complex; OPTN: optineurin; OTULIN: OTU deubiquitinase with linear linkage specificity; PIK3C3/Vps34: phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase catalytic subunit type 3; PtdIns: phosphatidylinositol; PtdIns3K: class III phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase complex; PtdIns3P: phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate; RBCK1/HOIL1: RANBP2-type and C3HC4-type zinc finger containing 1; RB1CC1/FIP200: RB1-inducible coiled-coil 1; RIPK1: receptor interacting serine/threonine kinase 1; RNF216: ring finger protein 216; RNF31/HOIP: ring finger protein 31; RT-PCR: reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction; S. Typhimurium: serovar Typhimurium; SHARPIN: SHANK associated RH domain interactor; SMURF1: SMAD specific E3 ubiquitin protein ligase 1; SQSTM1: sequestosome 1; STING: stimulator of interferon response cGAMP interactor 1; STUB1/CHIP: STIP1 homology and U-box containing protein 1; TNF/TNF-alpha: tumor necrosis factor; TNFAIP3/A20: TNF alpha induced protein 3; TRAF6: TNF receptor associated factor 6; TRIM32: tripartite motif containing 32; UBAN: ubiquitin binding in TNIP/ABIN and IKBKG/NEMO proteins; ULK1/2: unc-51 like autophagy activating kinase 1/2; USP: ubiquitin specific peptidase; UVRAG: UV radiation resistance associated; VCPIP1: valosin containing protein interacting protein 1; WIPI2: WD repeat domain, phosphoinositide interacting protein 2; ZBTB16-CUL3-RBX1: zinc finger and BTB domain containing protein 16-cullin 3-ring-box 1; ZRANB1: zinc finger RANBP2-type containing 1.
Yuanyuan Chu, Yingjin Kang, Cong Yan, Cuiwei Yang, Tao Zhang, Huanhuan Huo, Yanfen Liu

1176 related Products with: LUBAC and OTULIN regulate autophagy initiation and maturation by mediating the linear ubiquitination and the stabilization of ATG13.

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