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Statistical model for prediction of ABO hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn in India.

ABO incompatibility is the most common cause of immune hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN). The American Academy of Pediatrics lists blood group incompatibility as one of the major risk factors for severe hyperbilirubinemia in newborns. We have estimated the risk of ABO HDFN to determine the need for its routine screening. Blood group data from all blood donors who donated in the last 10 years were collected and analyzed. The population prevalence of ABO blood group genes using the phenotype data of blood donors was estimated. This information was further used to calculate an incidence of ABO HDFN requiring intervention in the population. ABO blood group typing was analyzed in 425,743 blood donors. The ABO phenotypes of A, B, O, and AB were 22.48, 36.73, 31.59, and 9.2 percent, respectively. The gene frequencies were 0.1733, 0.2647, and 0.5620 for , , and , respectively. It was estimated that 13.84 percent of group O women would give birth to a non-group O baby and that approximately 2.77 percent of deliveries would likely have ABO HDFN in the study population. In India, the estimated risk of ABO HDFN is 2.9 percent, with a daily 2196 babies at risk of ABO HDFN requiring intervention. This analysis estimates the overall burden of ABO HDFN in the population, which could aid in the decision-making of policymakers, physicians, and community health practitioners to improve neonatal care.
D S Patale, T L Lokhande, R K Chaudhary

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