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#7833475   // To Up

Calin from Hirudo medicinalis, an inhibitor of platelet adhesion to collagen, prevents platelet-rich thrombosis in hamsters.

Interaction between exposed collagen and platelets and/or von Willebrand factor is believed to be one of the initiating events for thrombus formation at sites of damaged endothelium. Interference with this mechanism may provide an anti-thrombotic potential. Calin, a product from the saliva of the leech Hirudo medicinalis, was tested in vitro and for its in vivo activity in a thrombosis model in hamsters. Calin specifically and dose dependently (IC50:6.5 to 13 micrograms/mL) inhibited human platelet aggregation induced by collagen. In addition, specific platelet adhesion onto microtiter wells coated with collagen and detected with a monoclonal antiglycoprotein IIb/IIIa antibody-conjugated with horseradish peroxidase, could be completely prevented with Calin (IC50:22 micrograms/mL). A dose-response curve was constructed in groups of six hamsters in whom a standardized trauma was induced on the femoral vein. Thrombus formation was followed continuously using video recording and processing of the image obtained upon transillumination of the vessel. Intravenous Calin dose-dependently inhibited platelet-rich thrombus formation in this model with an ED50 of 0.07 mg/kg and complete inhibition with 0.2 mg/kg. No effects were seen on coagulation tests or bleeding times, whereas ex vivo aggregation induced by collagen was inhibited dose dependently. Local application of leech saliva, Calin, hirudin, or the combination of the latter two into the bleeding time wound of hamsters resulted in a mild prolongation of the bleeding time (twofold to threefold). A similar experiment in baboons did not cause any prolongation of the bleeding time. This is in sharp contrast with the long-lasting bleeding after a leech bite itself in both species. Calin from the leech Hirudo medicinalis is able, by binding to collagen, to effectively interfere with platelet-collagen interaction, which results in an antithrombotic effect observed in a platelet-rich thrombosis model in hamsters.
H Deckmyn, J M Stassen, I Vreys, E Van Houtte, R T Sawyer, J Vermylen

1877 related Products with: Calin from Hirudo medicinalis, an inhibitor of platelet adhesion to collagen, prevents platelet-rich thrombosis in hamsters.

100 100 µg100ug Lyophilized100ug100 ul100ul100ug Lyophilized100μg100ug Lyophilized1mg100 μg

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#1711719   // To Up

Western blot analyses of prekallikrein and its activation products in human plasma.

Prekallikrein (PK), a zymogen of the contact system, and its activation products, kallikrein (KAL), KAL-inhibitor complexes and fragments containing KAL epitope(s) have been detected in human plasma by immunoblotting with a monoclonal anti-human plasma PK antibody, MAb 13G11. Detection of antigen-MAb 13G11 complexes with peroxidase-conjugated anti-IgG showed that the two variants of PK (85- and 88-kDa) are the only major antigen species in normal, non-activated plasma. Upon plasma activation with kaolin, the intensity of the PK bands decreased with formation of complexes of KAL with C1 inhibitor (C1 INH) and alpha 2-macroglobulin (alpha 2 M) identical to those formed by the purified proteins. Immunoblots of normal plasma showed good correlation between the PK detected and the amount of plasma assayed. Increasing amounts of KAL incubated with a constant volume of PK-deficient plasma showed increasing amounts of KAL and of KAL-C1 INH and KAL-alpha 2 M complexes. Complexes of KAL-antithrombin III (ATIII) and the ratio of KAL-alpha 2 M/KAL-C1 INH were higher in activated C1 INH-deficient plasmas than in activated normal plasmas. Protein resolution by 3-12% gradient SDS-PAGE and epitope detection with [125I]MAb 13G11 showed four KAL-alpha 2 M species and a 45-kDa fragment(s) in both surface-activated normal plasma and complexes formed by purified KAL and alpha 2 M. Immunoblots of activated plasma also showed bands at the position of KAL-C1 INH and KAL-ATIII complexes. When alpha 1-antitrypsin Pittsburgh (alpha 1-AT. Pitts) was added to plasma before activation, KAL-alpha 1-AT. Pitts was the main complex.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
D Veloso, R W Colman

1223 related Products with: Western blot analyses of prekallikrein and its activation products in human plasma.

1 mg96T1.0mg0.05 mg2ug100 μg1 mg100 mg1ml100 μg100.00 ug4 Membranes/Box

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#2465214   // To Up

Determination of human thrombin-antithrombin III complex by enzyme immunoassay.

We have developed a specific and sensitive ELISA for the measurement of the TAT in human plasma. The assay follows the sandwich principle and uses two different antibodies directed against human thrombin and human antithrombin III, respectively. The anti-thrombin antibody population used for coating was purified by immunoadsorption on immobilized prothrombin and thrombin, respectively. Antithrombin III antibodies were conjugated with peroxidase. Plasma samples containing TAT were incubated in polystyrene tubes coated with anti-thrombin antibodies; after washing, peroxidase-conjugated antithrombin III antibodies were added and bound enzyme activity was subsequently measured using o-phenylenediamine. The assay was calibrated with definite concentrations (2.0 to 60 micrograms/l) of preformed purified TAT added to TAT-poor plasma. Plots of absorbance at 492 nm against TAT concentrations revealed a linear correlation (r = 0.98). A reference range from 0.85 to 3.0 micrograms/l was calculated from TAT concentration in plasma samples from 88 healthy donors (mean value +/- SD: 1.45 +/- 0.4 micrograms/l). In patients with deep vein thrombosis confirmed by phlebography (n = 15), TAT was found up to 7-13 micrograms/l. Patients with septicemia associated with a consumption coagulopathy (n = 10) showed markedly increased TAT values (greater than or equal to 10 micrograms/l). From these data it can be concluded that measurement of TAT might be a parameter for detection of a latent clotting pathway activation.
N Heimburger, H Pelzer

1348 related Products with: Determination of human thrombin-antithrombin III complex by enzyme immunoassay.

1 kit96T100μg0.1mg100 Tests100 1.0ml100μg1x96 well plate100 ul0.1mg250 µl

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