Only in Titles

Search results for: Anti Aflatoxin Purified Preparations

paperclip

Error loading info... Pleas try again later.
paperclip

#1690539   // To Up

An anti-peptide antibody targeted to a specific region of rat cytochrome P-450IA2 inhibits enzyme activity.

An anti-peptide antibody has been produced which binds to and specifically inhibits the activity of cytochrome P-450IA2 in rat hepatic microsomes. This was achieved by raising an antibody against a synthetic peptide (Ser-Glu-Asn-Tyr-Lys-Asp-Asn), the sequence of which occurs in cytochrome P-450IA2 at positions 290-296. The selection of this region of cytochrome P-450IA2 was based on several criteria, including prediction of surface and loop areas, identification of variable regions between cytochromes P-450IA2 and P-450IA1, and consideration of a site on cytochrome P-450IA1 where chemical modification has been shown to cause substantial enzyme inactivation. The specificity of antibody binding was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and by immunoblotting using hepatic microsomal preparations and purified cytochrome P-450 isoenzymes. This showed that the antibody binds specifically to rat and mouse cytochrome P-450IA2 and to no other cytochrome P-450, as was predicted from the amino acid sequences of the peptide and the cytochromes P-450. The effect of the antibody upon enzyme activity was studied in hepatic microsomes from rats treated with 3-methylcholanthrene. The antibody was shown to inhibit specifically the activity of reactions catalysed by cytochrome P-450IA2 (phenacetin O-de-ethylase and 2-acetylaminofluorene activation), but had no effect on aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase activity, which is catalysed by cytochrome P-450IA1, or on aflatoxin B1 activation.
R J Edwards, A M Singleton, B P Murray, D Sesardic, K J Rich, D S Davies, A R Boobis

2634 related Products with: An anti-peptide antibody targeted to a specific region of rat cytochrome P-450IA2 inhibits enzyme activity.

100μg100ug Lyophilized100ug Lyophilized100μg100ug 100 UG100ug100μg100ug100ug Lyophilized100ug Lyophilized100ug

Related Pathways

paperclip

#6436235   // To Up

Hepatic mitochondrial cytochrome P-450 system. Distinctive features of cytochrome P-450 involved in the activation of aflatoxin B1 and benzo(a)pyrene.

Rat liver mitoplasts containing less than 1% microsomal contamination contain cytochrome P-450 at 25% of the microsomal level and retain the capacity for monooxygenase activation of structurally different carcinogens such as aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), benzo(a)pyrene (BaP), and dimethylnitrosamine. Both phenobarbital (PB) and 3-methylcholanthrene (3-MC) induce the level of mitochondrial cytochrome P-450 by 2.0- to 2.5-fold above the level of control mitoplasts. The enzyme activities for AFB1 (3-fold) and BaP (16-fold) metabolism were selectively induced by PB and 3-MC, respectively. Furthermore, the metabolism of AFB1 and BaP by intact mitochondria was supported by Krebs cycle substrates but not by NADPH. Both PB and 3-MC administration cause a shift in the CO difference spectrum of mitoplasts (control, 448 nm; PB, 451 nm; and 3-MC, 446 nm) suggesting that they induce two different forms of mitochondrial cytochromes P-450. Mitoplasts solubilized with cholate and fractionated with polyethylene glycol exhibit only marginal monooxygenase activities. The activity, however, was restored to preparations from both PB-induced and 3-MC-induced mitochondrial enzymes (AFB1 activation, ethylmorphine, and benzphetamine deamination and BaP metabolism) by addition of purified rat liver cytochrome P-450 reductase, and beef adrenodoxin and adrenodoxin reductase. The latter proteins failed to reconstitute activity to purified microsomal cytochromes P-450b and P-450c that were fully active with P-450 reductase. Monospecific rabbit antibodies against cytochrome P-450b and P-450c inhibited both P-450 reductase and adrenodoxin-supported activities to similar extents. Anti-P-450b and anti-P-450c provided Ouchterlony precipitin bands against PB- and 3-MC induced mitoplasts, respectively. We conclude that liver mitoplasts contain cytochrome P-450 that is closely similar to the corresponding microsomal cytochrome P-450 but can be distinguished by a capacity to interact with adrenodoxin. These inducible cytochromes P-450 are of mitochondrial origin since their levels in purified mitoplasts are over 10 times greater than can arise from the highest possible microsomal contamination.
B G Niranjan, N M Wilson, C R Jefcoate, N G Avadhani

2486 related Products with: Hepatic mitochondrial cytochrome P-450 system. Distinctive features of cytochrome P-450 involved in the activation of aflatoxin B1 and benzo(a)pyrene.

1000 2 Pcs Per Pack2 mg450ML2 Pcs Per Pack50 ug 100ul100 MG100 ul96 wells (1 kit)

Related Pathways