Search results for: Anti-Bordetella pertussis Purified Preparations Antibody
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#24738289 // To Up
[Immunobiological properties of Bordetella pertussis lipopolysaccharide in the acellular pertussis vaccine].Study of Bordetella pertussis lipopolysaccharide (LPS) immunobiological properties in the acellular pertussis vaccine.
E M Zaĭtsev, A V Poddubikov, M V Britsina, N U Mertsalova, M N Ozeretskovskaia, I G Bazhanova, N G Plekhanova
1380 related Products with: [Immunobiological properties of Bordetella pertussis lipopolysaccharide in the acellular pertussis vaccine].100μg100μg100μg25100μg125
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#21782823 2011/07/18 To Up
EUVAC.NET collaborative study: evaluation and standardisation of serology for diagnosis of pertussis.As part of the new EUVAC.NET contract with ECDC (Pertussis Work Area 4), a collaborative study was organised in July-December 2010. Two well-defined reference preparations with high and low IgG antibodies to pertussis toxin (PT), were sent to participants. The purposes of this study were to assess current laboratory performance of serological assays for pertussis; to compare in-house reference preparations that are currently used by participants for the serological assay; and to identify needs for standardisation of the serological assay. Reference Laboratories in Europe currently performing serological assays for the diagnosis of pertussis by measuring antibody to PT, were invited to participate in the study. A total of 17 laboratories/countries participated in this study. Results were reported from a total of 9 participants who used in-house ELISA assays and 10 participants who used commercial kits. All participants using in-house ELISA with purified PT coating plates distinguished the 2 preparations and gave results that were comparable to the expected values. A total of 6 commercial kits included in the study showed different results. The kits coated with mixture antigens did not appear to be able to give results that were correlated to the WHO reference preparations.
Dorothy Xing, Kevin Markey, Penny Newland, Peter Rigsby, Jason Hockley, Qiushui He
1528 related Products with: EUVAC.NET collaborative study: evaluation and standardisation of serology for diagnosis of pertussis.5 G 500 ml 10 mg1 mg1 mg 5 G0.1 mg 100 G2100 assays
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#20943873 2010/10/13 To Up
Performance of commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays for detection of antibodies to Bordetella pertussis.Measuring antibodies to Bordetella pertussis antigens is mostly done by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs). We compared the performance of ELISA kits that were commercially available in Germany. Eleven measured IgG antibodies, and nine measured IgA antibodies. An in-house ELISA with purified antigens served as a reference method. Samples included two WHO reference preparations, the former Food and Drug Administration (FDA)/Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER) reference preparations, serum samples from patients with clinically suspected pertussis, and serum samples from patients having received a combined tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis (Tdap) vaccination. Kits using pertussis toxin (PT) as an antigen showed linearity compared to the WHO Reference preparation (r2 between 0.82 and 0.99), and these kits could quantify antibodies according to the reference preparation. ELISA kits using mixed antigens showed no linear correlation to the reference preparations. Patient results were compared to results of in-house ELISAs using a dual cutoff of either ≥100 IU/ml anti-PT IgG or ≥40 IU/ml anti-PT IgG together with ≥12 IU/ml anti-PT IgA. The sensitivities of kits measuring IgG antibodies ranged between 0.84 and 1.00. The specificities of kits using PT as an antigen were between 0.81 and 0.93. The specificities of kits using mixed antigens were between 0.51 and 0.59 and were thus not acceptable. The sensitivities of kits measuring IgA antibodies ranged between 0.53 and 0.73, and the specificities were between 0.67 and 0.94, indicating that IgA antibodies may be of limited diagnostic value. Our data suggest that ELISAs should use purified PT as an antigen and be standardized to the 1st International Reference preparation.
M Riffelmann, K Thiel, J Schmetz, C H Wirsing von Koenig
2182 related Products with: Performance of commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays for detection of antibodies to Bordetella pertussis.0.2 mg1 mL1 mL100 μg100 1 mg200 ug0.5 ml
#18602434 2008/07/03 To Up
European Sero-Epidemiology Network 2: standardisation of immunoassay results for pertussis requires homogeneity in the antigenic preparations.A standardisation process, already developed during the earlier European Sero-Epidemiology Network (ESEN) project, was employed with a more robust algorithm to harmonise results of pertussis serological assays performed in 12 European and non-European countries. Initially, results from each country's own assay were compared with those obtained at the reference laboratory by means of an in-house pertussis toxin (PT)-based ELISA: seven countries used in-house or commercial PT-ELISAs; the other countries used assays based on Bordetella pertussis whole cell extracts (WCE) (three countries) or on combined PT-FHA (filamentous haemagglutinin) antigenic preparations (two countries). The WCE assays, although admitted for diagnostic purposes, confirmed their low correlation with the PT-ELISAs and their results could not be used for standardisation; the PT-FHA ELISAs gave results that were suitable for standardisation in one country but unsatisfactory in the other; the use of purified PT in serological assays confirmed its better reliability than other preparations and all PT-ELISAs results could be calibrated against those of the reference centre. In the standardisation process two high-titre cut-offs indicative of likelihood of recent infection (from within 4 weeks of disease onset up to 1 year after) were included for evaluations as they are suggested to be more useful, for the sero-epidemiological assays of immunity to pertussis, than the cut-off of protection, commonly employed, but still not defined for pertussis. Providing PT-ELISAs are used, standardisation of pertussis assay results is always possible and, when standardisation is performed, evaluation and comparison of the impact of different interventions can be also allowed, by measuring at the distribution of high antibody titres in the populations.
Anna Giammanco, Antony Nardone, Richard Pebody, George Kafatos, Nick Andrews, Alfredo Chiarini, Susanna Taormina, Fernando de Ory, Katarina Prosenc, Bohumir Krize, Hans Hallander, Margaretha Ljungman, Esther Marva, Athanassios Tsakris, Darina O'Flanagan, François Schneider, Algirdas Griskevicius, Robert Vranckx, Ildiko Karacs
2080 related Products with: European Sero-Epidemiology Network 2: standardisation of immunoassay results for pertussis requires homogeneity in the antigenic preparations.1500 MG 100 G
#14977963 // To Up
Adenylate cyclase toxin from Bordetella pertussis synergizes with lipopolysaccharide to promote innate interleukin-10 production and enhances the induction of Th2 and regulatory T cells.Adenylate cyclase toxin (CyaA) from Bordetella pertussis can subvert host immune responses allowing bacterial colonization. Here we have examined its adjuvant and immunomodulatory properties and the possible contribution of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), known to be present in purified CyaA preparations. CyaA enhanced antigen-specific interleukin-5 (IL-5) and IL-10 production and immunoglobulin G1 antibodies to coadministered antigen in vivo. Antigen-specific CD4(+)-T-cell clones generated from mice immunized with antigen and CyaA had cytokine profiles characteristic of Th2 or type 1 regulatory T (Tr1) cells. Since innate immune cells direct the induction of T-cell subtypes, we examined the influence of CyaA on activation of dendritic cells (DC) and macrophages. CyaA significantly augmented LPS-induced IL-6 and IL-10 and inhibited LPS-driven tumor necrosis factor alpha and IL-12p70 production from bone marrow-derived DC and macrophages. CyaA also enhanced cell surface expression of CD80, CD86, and major histocompatibility class II on immature DC. The stimulatory activity of our CyaA preparation for IL-10 production and CD80, CD86, and major histocompatibility complex class II expression was attenuated following the addition of polymyxin B or with the use of DC from Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4-defective mice. However, treatment of DC with LPS alone at the concentration present in the CyaA preparation (0.2 ng/ml) failed to activate DC in vitro. Our findings demonstrate that activation of innate cells in vitro by CyaA is dependent on a second signal through a TLR and that CyaA can promote Th2/Tr1-cell responses by inhibiting IL-12 and promoting IL-10 production by DC and macrophages.
Pádraig J Ross, Ed C Lavelle, Kingston H G Mills, Aoife P Boyd
1836 related Products with: Adenylate cyclase toxin from Bordetella pertussis synergizes with lipopolysaccharide to promote innate interleukin-10 production and enhances the induction of Th2 and regulatory T cells.1000 tests1000 TESTS/0.65ml1000 tests1000 tests0.2 mg1000 tests100ug100ug25 mg100ug 100ul100μg
#14532091 // To Up
Identification of peptides that mimic the pertussis toxin binding site on bovine fetuin.The introduction of acellular pertussis vaccines has greatly enhanced the safety profile of vaccines to prevent whooping cough. Pertussis toxin (Ptx) is one component produced by Bordetella pertussis that is contained in all of these vaccines, either in combination with other known pertussis virulence factors or as the sole pertussis component, combined with tetanus and diphtheria toxoids. A hydrogen peroxide toxoid of Ptx has been shown to be efficacious in preventing pertussis infections in a mass vaccination trial and is presently licensed in the United States and Europe (B. Trollfors, J. Taranger, T. Lagergard, L. Lind, V. Sundh, G. Zackrisson, C. U. Lowe, W. Blackwelder, and J. B. Robbins, N. Engl. J. Med. 333:1045-1050, 1995). The industrial production of Ptx can be performed through the cultivation of B. pertussis in well-defined growth media, in which the components can be well characterized and their origins can be documented. Once the bacteria are removed from the culture, Ptx can be isolated from the supernatant and purified by using the technique described by Sekura et al. (R. D. Sekura, F. Fish, C. R. Manclark, B. Meade, and Y. L. Zhang, J. Biol. Chem. 258:14647-14651, 1983). The only drawback of this procedure, which combines two affinity chromatography steps, one with Blue Sepharose and a second with matrix-bound bovine fetuin (BF), is the source and purity of the BF. Concern about vaccine preparations that may possibly risk contamination by material associated with bovine spongioform encephalopathy has continued to increase. We thus sought a replacement for the BF affinity chromatography and, more specifically, for the glycosidic moiety on BF. We describe here the identification of a seven-amino-acid peptide that mimics the glycosidic moiety on BF to which Ptx binds. Furthermore, we have constructed an affinity column containing this peptide that can be used to replace BF in Ptx purification. Finally, we used the X-ray crystallographic structure of Ptx bound to the oligosaccharide moiety of BF as a scaffold and replaced the oligosaccharide with the peptide.
John A Bogdan, Wei Yuan, Karen O Long-Rowe, Jawad Sarwar, Eric Allen Brucker, M S Blake
2199 related Products with: Identification of peptides that mimic the pertussis toxin binding site on bovine fetuin.0.2 mg1 mg0.2 mg1 ml1 100ul100ug Lyophilized200 6 ml Ready-to-use
#11580218 // To Up
International collaborative study: evaluation of proposed International Reference Reagent of pertussis antiserum (mouse) 97/642.A freeze dried preparation of mouse serum in vials coded 97/642 containing antibodies to five pertussis antigens [pertussis toxin (PT), filamentous hemagglutinin (FHA), pertactin (PRN), fimbriae type 2 and 3 (Fim 2 and 3)] has been assessed for its suitability as an international reference reagent in an international collaborative study by thirteen laboratories in nine countries. This serum has been compared with U.S. Standard Pertussis Antiserum (mouse) Lot No. 1 (US Lot 1), which has been in use since 1995, for antibodies for each antigen. Calibration of the proposed International Reference Reagent of Pertussis Antiserum (pIRR) in terms of US Lot 1 gives results which are broadly consistent between laboratories for antibodies to each antigen, although the between-laboratory differences are larger than those seen for comparison of identical sera. Calibration of two positive control sera in terms of the pIRR gave similar between laboratory variability of estimates to that obtained when the same sera were calibrated in terms of US Lot 1. Overall continuity of estimates is maintained if units are assigned to the pIRR based on its calibration in terms of US Lot 1 in this study. Data presently available indicate that the pIRR is sufficiently stable to serve as a reference reagent. It was therefore recommended, with the agreement of all participants, that the preparation in vials coded 97/642 be established as the First International Reference Reagent for Pertussis Antiserum, mouse, with assigned unitages 16 units of anti-PT per vial, 143 units of anti-FHA per vial and 30 units of anti-PRN per vial based on its calibration in terms of US Lot 1. These unitages are also consistent with calibration of 97/642 in terms of the Japanese preparations JNIH-11 for anti-FHA and of JNIH-12 for anti-PT. Purified antigens for Fim 2 and Fim 3 are not readily available and an arbitrary value of 32 units per vial is suggested for anti-Fim 2 and 3 mixture. These recommendations were agreed by the Expert Committee on Biological Standardization of the World Health Organization.
R Gaines Das, D Xing, P Rigsby, P Newland, M Corbel
1827 related Products with: International collaborative study: evaluation of proposed International Reference Reagent of pertussis antiserum (mouse) 97/642.1ml1ml 125 ml 1ml1ml1mlmouse ear (50 ml)1ml10ml 15 ml 10ml500 mouse tails (100 ml)
#10225286 // To Up
Adjuvant and protective properties of native and recombinant Bordetella pertussis adenylate cyclase toxin preparations in mice.Bordetella pertussis produces a cell-invasive adenylate cyclase toxin which is synthesised from the cyaA gene as an inactive protoxin that is post-translationally activated by the product of the cyaC gene. Purified active and inactive CyaA proteins were prepared from B. pertussis or from recombinant Escherichia coli expressing both cyaA and cyaC genes or the cyaA gene alone. respectively. In addition, a hybrid toxin (Hyb2) in which an internal region of CyaA had been replaced with the analogous region from the leukotoxin (LktA) of Pasteurella haemolytica, and which had low cell-invasive activity, was also prepared from E. coli expressing the cyaC gene. The CyaA preparations showed no evidence of toxicity in a mouse weight-gain test. Active toxin preparations were protective in mice against intranasal challenge with wild-type B. pertussis, as evidenced by lung:body weight ratios and bacterial numbers in the lungs, which were comparable to those in mice given whole-cell DPT vaccine. Hyb2 was not as protective as active CyaA and inactive CyaA preparations were not protective. Active CyaA, when co-administered with ovalbumin (OA), had a marked adjuvant effect on the anti-OA IgG antibody response which was not as apparent with inactive CyaA preparations. Similarly, active CyaA stimulated a greater anti-CyaA response than the inactive form.
K Hormozi, R Parton, J Coote
2450 related Products with: Adjuvant and protective properties of native and recombinant Bordetella pertussis adenylate cyclase toxin preparations in mice.0.1mg100μg100ul100 100μg1 mg2 100.00 ul250 mg10
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