Search results for: autopsy
#32790260 2020/05/18 To Up
[Peroral toxicological assessment of bentonite nanoclay used in the food industry].Bentonite nanoclay (NC) manufactured from the natural sedimentary mineral bentonite contains more than 90% montmorillonite. Currently, it is widely used in food industry as processed aids - adsorbents for the purification of vegetable oils and beverages. Clay minerals have also applications as food additives and components in composite package materials. In vitro studies have shown that various forms of NC exerted cytotoxicity in many cell lines, whereas in vivo evidence of NC oral toxicity is contradictory. Therefore, this study to assess the acute oral toxicity of NC and to evaluate its toxicological characteristics in a subacute 92-day experiment on Wistar rats with a daily oral administration in doses of 1, 10, and 100 mg/kg body weight (bw). . The NC acute toxicity was evaluated in 8 male and 8 female rats with the initial bw 236±10 and 203± 10 g, respectively. NC was administered as an aqueous dispersion intragastrically at a dose of 5 g/kg bw. On the 14th day (end of the experiment), an autopsy of the chest and abdominal organs was performed. The subacute experiment was carried out on 64 male rats with an average initial bw of 117±7 g. During the experiment the levels of anxiety and memory function were evaluated using the test "Conditional reflex of passive avoidance". On the 90th day of the experiment, diurnal urinary excretion of creatinine and selenium was evaluated. At the end of the experiment, the integral parameters, the state of the intestinal wall permeability were assessed. Hematological and biochemical parameters were examined in blood, the content of non-protein thiols and the number of cells in apoptosis were determined in liver, and the state of cultivated microbiome populations was studied in cecum. . The results of the determination of NC acute toxicity showed the absence of rat's mortality and specific pathological changes in the internal organs at a dose as large as 5000 mg/kg bw, which allowed attributing NC to the V hazard class. Nevertheless, under the conditions of the 92-day experiment, NC caused some adverse biological effects on rat's organism. So, even at an NC dose of 1 mg/kg bw, there was a sharp inhibition of the symbiotic bifidobacterium growth, an increase in platelet count, in LDL and the LDL/HDL ratio, together with the presence of hypertriglyceridemia. At a dose of 10 mg/kg bw, an increase in spleen mass and a decrease in the de Ritis coefficient (AsAT/AlAT) were established. At a dose of 100 mg/kg bw there were shifts in the leukocyte blood count, an excessive enterococci growth in the cecum, significantly increased animal bw, along with the decrease of AsAT/AlAT and the level of serum nitrogen metabolites, indirectly indicating inhibition of catabolic processes. However, at the highest dose of NC, intestinal absorption of the protein antigen - ovalbumin, was apparently completely blocked. . The data obtained have shown that NC has potentially adverse effects on the rats mainly at a dose of 100 mg/kg bw, nevertheless, its NOAEL in the 92-day daily oral exposure experiment is probably less than 1 mg/kg bw.
V A Shipelin, A A Shumakova, A D Musaeva, E N Trushina, O K Mustafina, Yu M Markova, I B Bykova, A G Masyutin, I V Gmoshinsky, S A Khotimchenko
2141 related Products with: [Peroral toxicological assessment of bentonite nanoclay used in the food industry].196 wells100 μg
#32789763 2020/08/13 To Up
Signet-ring cell appearance of atrophic fat cells.Cells with 'signet-ring' appearance were found at post-mortem examination of a man with a history of chronic illness, weight loss and multiple regions of 'bowel thickening' during life. Due to the decedent's history, the finding raised the possibility of disseminated signet-ring adenocarcinoma. However, the vacuoles did not stain for mucin and the cells did not stain for keratin. The cells did stain for calretinin and so a diagnosis of signet ring mesothelioma was considered. However, it was suggested that the cells with a cytoplasmic vacuole displacing the nucleus to one side producing the signet-ring appearance were instead atrophic fat cells. This was subsequently proven by Oil Red O staining.
John D Gilbert, Neil E I Langlois, Andrew Ruszkiewicz, David Moffat, Kathy Cash96 tests1 mg2 ml1.00 flask96 rxns 1 kit(s) 15ml1mg1.5x10(6) cells25 96 tests1.00 flask
#32789730 2020/08/13 To Up
In vivo demonstration of microvascular thrombosis in severe COVID-19.Several autopsy studies showed microthrombi in pulmonary circulation of severe COVID-19 patients. The major limitation of these investigations is that the autopsy provided static information. Some of these alterations could be secondary to the disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) observed as the final standard route to the multisystem organ failure exhibited in critically ill patients. We report preliminary results of an in vivo evaluation of sublingual microcirculation in thirteen patients with severe COVID-19 requiring mechanical ventilation. We observed multiple filling defects moving within the microvessels indicative of thrombi in most of the cases 11/13 (85%). This is the first imaging documentation of microvascular thrombosis in living severe COVID-19 patients since the beginning of the hospitalization. The clinical relevance of microvascular thrombosis in this disease requires further research.
Douglas Alexandre do Espírito Santo, Anna Cristina Bertoldi Lemos, Carlos Henrique Miranda1.00 flask48 samples1.00 flask96 tests100 μg100 μg 5 G2 mg1 kit
#32789579 2020/08/12 To Up
Post-mortem genetic investigation of cardiac disease-associated genes in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) cases.The sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is one of the leading causes of postneonatal infant death. It has been shown that there exists a complex relationship between SIDS and inherited cardiac disease. Next-generation sequencing and surveillance of cardiac channelopathy and cardiomyopathy genes represent an important tool for investigating the cause of death in SIDS cases. In the present study, targeted sequencing of 80 genes associated with genetic heart diseases in a cohort of 31 SIDS cases was performed. To determine the spectrum and prevalence of genetic heart disease associated mutations as a potential monogenic basis for SIDS, a stringent variant classification was applied and the percentage of rare (minor allele frequency ≤ 0.2%) and ultra-rare variants (minor allele frequency ≤ 0.005%) in these genes was assessed. With a minor allele frequency of ≤ 0.005%, about 20% of the SIDS cases exhibited a variant of uncertain significance (VUS), but in only 6% of these cases, gene variants proved to be "potentially informative." The present study shows the importance of careful variant interpretation. Applying stringent criteria misinterpretations are avoided, as the results of genetic analyses may have an important impact of the family members involved.
Jasmin Köffer, Stefanie Scheiper-Welling, Marcel A Verhoff, Thomas Bajanowski, Silke Kauferstein
1162 related Products with: Post-mortem genetic investigation of cardiac disease-associated genes in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) cases.
#32789477 2020/08/13 To Up
Two Fatalities Involving Mebroqualone.Mebroqualone is an analogue of methaqualone, and there is a very little published information regarding the toxicity of this designer drug. We describe two cases with non-lethal levels of mebroqualone in blood collected at autopsy. Case 1 was an accidental death that involved a house fire, and the decedent was found to have a blood mebroqualone concentration of 10,228 ng/mL. Case 2 was a completed suicide by train, and the decedent was found to have a blood concentration of 115 ng/mL. To our knowledge, this is the first report in the scientific literature to compare two postmortem blood concentrations of mebroqualone. Mebroqualone was extracted from postmortem blood using a simple liquid-liquid extraction procedure and analyzed via gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
K M Woods 1 kit(s)
#32789109 2020/07/08 To Up
Hypereosinophilic syndrome with abundant Charcot-Leyden crystals in spleen and lymph nodes.Hypereosinophilic syndrome, which is characterized by eosinophilia in the peripheral blood, often causes various organ disorders. Charcot-Leyden crystals are recognized features of various diseases, such as parasite infection and asthma, and are known to be classic hallmarks of eosinophilic inflammation. Our recent study revealed the mechanism of Charcot-Leyden crystal formation (i.e., galectin-10 crystallization), namely the involvement of eosinophil extracellular trap cell death, a nonapoptotic cell death. Here we report an autopsy case of a 57-year-old man who had died of hypereosinophilic syndrome. We found numerous eosinophil extracellular trap cell death-associated Charcot-Leyden crystals in the spleen and lymph nodes. Observation of abdominal lymph nodes by electron microscopy revealed eosinophil extracellular traps and free extracellular granules, which are characteristic of typical eosinophil extracellular trap cell death. In this case, we observed various sizes of Charcot-Leyden crystals that were stained with anti-galectin-10 immunofluorescent staining. Further studies are required to understand the pathophysiological roles of Charcot-Leyden crystals and these may lead to the development of novel therapeutic modalities for severe eosinophilic inflammation.
Masahide Takeda, Shigeharu Ueki, Yohei Yamamoto, Miho Nara, Mineyo Fukuchi, Katsutoshi Nakayama, Yasufumi Omori, Naoto Takahashi, Makoto Hirokawa
1658 related Products with: Hypereosinophilic syndrome with abundant Charcot-Leyden crystals in spleen and lymph nodes.200 200
#32788544 2020/08/12 To Up
Extensive Loss of Myocardium due to Lymphocytic Fulminant Myocarditis: An Autopsy Case Report of a Patient with Persistent Cardiac Arrest for 25 Days.We herein report the histological findings of a patient who had progressed to persistent cardiac arrest for 25 days due to lymphocytic fulminant myocarditis despite mechanical circulatory support (MCS). There were few residual cardiomyocytes, and extensive replacement fibrosis was present. Therefore, improvement of the cardiac function for this patient was considered improbable. Further research is warranted to improve predictions for the recovery of the cardiac function and optimize MCS strategies for patients with fulminant myocarditis.
Kei Morikawa, Seiji Takashio, Ryota Sato, Eiichiro Yamamoto, Koichi Kaikita, Kenichi Tsujita, Yoshihiro Komohara
1152 related Products with: Extensive Loss of Myocardium due to Lymphocytic Fulminant Myocarditis: An Autopsy Case Report of a Patient with Persistent Cardiac Arrest for 25 Days.100ug Lyophilized250ul0,25ml / 50 test1 module100 µg
#32787936 2020/08/12 To Up
Novel CHP1 mutation in autosomal-recessive cerebellar ataxia: autopsy features of two siblings.
Rie Saito, Norikazu Hara, Mari Tada, Yoshiaki Honma, Akinori Miyashita, Osamu Onodera, Takeshi Ikeuchi, Akiyoshi Kakita
2232 related Products with: Novel CHP1 mutation in autosomal-recessive cerebellar ataxia: autopsy features of two siblings.100 μg
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#32787909 2020/08/12 To Up
Unspecific post-mortem findings despite multiorgan viral spread in COVID-19 patients.Post-mortem studies can provide important information for understanding new diseases and small autopsy case series have already reported different findings in COVID-19 patients.
Myriam Remmelink, Ricardo De Mendonça, Nicky D'Haene, Sarah De Clercq, Camille Verocq, Laetitia Lebrun, Philomène Lavis, Marie-Lucie Racu, Anne-Laure Trépant, Calliope Maris, Sandrine Rorive, Jean-Christophe Goffard, Olivier De Witte, Lorenzo Peluso, Jean-Louis Vincent, Christine Decaestecker, Fabio Silvio Taccone, Isabelle Salmon
2249 related Products with: Unspecific post-mortem findings despite multiorgan viral spread in COVID-19 patients.50μgMG15 mg50μg100 μg100 μg20 µl (10 mM)100 μg
#32786148 2020/08/12 To Up
A novel SNCA E83Q mutation in a case of dementia with Lewy bodies and atypical frontotemporal lobar degeneration.In this case report, we discuss a patient presenting with parkinsonism followed by a non-amnestic dementia with aphasic clinical features, as well as frontal dysexecutive syndrome. There was a family history of dementia with an autopsy diagnosis of "Pick's disease" in the proband's father. Neuroimaging of the patient revealed focal and severe temporal lobe and lesser frontoparietal lobe atrophy. At autopsy, there was severe frontotemporal lobar degeneration. Histologic evaluation revealed an absence of tau or transactivation response DNA-binding protein of 43 kDa (TDP) pathology but rather severe Lewy body deposition in the affected cortices. Genetic phenotyping revealed a novel missense mutation (p.E83Q) in exon 4 of the gene encoding α-synuclein (SNCA). This case study presents a patient with a novel SNCA E83Q mutation associated with widespread Lewy body pathology with prominent severe atrophy of the frontotemporal lobes and corresponding cognitive impairment.
Alifiya Kapasi, Jared R Brosch, Kelly N Nudelman, Sonal Agrawal, Tatiana M Foroud, Julie A Schneider
2304 related Products with: A novel SNCA E83Q mutation in a case of dementia with Lewy bodies and atypical frontotemporal lobar degeneration.
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