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Development of time-resolved immunofluorometric assays for rat follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone and application on sera of cycling rats.

The aim of this study was to develop time-resolved immunofluorometric assays (TR-IFMA) for measuring rat (r)FSH and rLH. The advantages of these IFMAs are higher sensitivity due to lower background values, higher specificity as only intact molecules of FSH and LH can be measured, and a very long shelf life of the nonradioactive biotin antigens compared with radiolabeled iodine antigens. For rFSH, IFMAs are lacking, while for rLH, if present, the resources for antibodies are scarce or the mouse monoclonal antibodies (mMAbs) against LHalpha are inactive with FSH. Thus specific antibodies need to be obtained. With the final TR-IFMAs, rFSH and rLH levels were assessed during the estrous cycle and compared with those obtained with the more classical RIAs and fluoroimmunoassays (FIAs). Two IFMAs for rFSH were developed with mMAbs against the recombinant human (rec h)FSHbeta subunit (FSH56A) attached to the wall and two different rabbit polyclonal antibodies (PAbs) against the alpha subunit of rec hFSH (R93-2705) or recombinant rat (rec r)LH (R95-2715) conjugated with biotin as signal antibody. With both IFMAs, rFSH holo-molecules can be measured. Rat FSH standards could be assessed between 0.02 and 10 ng/ml with a detection limit of 0.05 and 0.24 ng/ml in buffer and serum, respectively. These detection limits in four IFMAs were 8- to 16-fold lower than those in RIAs and FIAs. This detection level allowed the measurement of FSH levels in serum of hypophysectomized (HYPEX) rats at 0.18 ng/ml. In serum of cycling rats, the FSH levels of the IFMA were 2-fold lower than those of the FIA, while in ovariectomized (OVX) rats the IFMA levels were comparable. A peak level of FSH was found during proestrus of Day 2 and gestation with both RIA and FIA, but with IFMAs at gestation only. An IFMA for rLH was set up with mMAb (hCG77A) reacting with rLHbeta as capture and rabbit PAb to rec rLHalpha (R95-2712) as signal antibody. Rat LH standard could be assessed between 0.001 and 10 ng/ml with a detection limit of 0.012 and 0.1 ng/ml in buffer and serum, respectively, which was 8-fold lower than that in RIA/FIA. In serum of HYPEX rats, LH was undetectable (< 0.04 ng/ml), whereas a high background level of 2.5 ng/ml was measured in the FIA. In serum of cycling rats, only a very low LH level of 0.14 ng/ml was measured, which strongly deviated from the level of 3.46 ng/ml with an FIA. The load of LH in serum of OVX rats was 2.91 ng/ml, which was 12-fold lower than that for the FIA. The peak level of LH was detected on proestrus Day 2 with RIA, FIA, and IFMA. In conclusion, two IFMAs for rFSH and one for rLH have been developed with high sensitivity and specificity for intact gonadotropins. The LH pattern during the estrous cycle was comparable between IFMA, RIA, and FIA, although the overall level in the IFMA was much lower, as were HYPEX levels. The FSH pattern differed only on proestrus Day 2 in the IFMA from that of RIA/FIA, showing a peak level with RIA/FIA and a basal level with the IFMA. This implies that in RIA/FIA measurements, proteins other than intact FSH and LH interfere with the analysis at proestrus Day 2 for FSH and in HYPEX, cycling, and OVX rats for LH.
J I van Casteren, W G Schoonen, H J Kloosterboer

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1 mg1 mg500 96/kit96T0.1ml (2mg/ml)0.1ml (1mg/ml)1 kit(96 Wells)96/kit125 RIA tubes96 assays

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