Search results for: Rabbit Anti-CD200R Orexin receptor Polyclonal Antibody
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#26011475 2015/05/24 To Up
The Receptor for the CD200 Tolerance-Signaling Molecule Associated with Successful Pregnancy is Expressed by Early-Stage Breast Cancer Cells in 80% of Patients and by Term Placental Trophoblasts.The CD200 tolerance-signaling molecule that is expressed by a wide variety of tissues, including placental trophoblast and epithelial tumor cells, lacks an intracytoplasmic tail and must act by binding to CD200 receptors that have a limited expression on lymphomyeloid cells. This binding can inhibit inflammation and NK cells, promote macrophage secretion of indoleamine-2,3 dioxygenase (IDO), and promote generation of Treg cells. Recently, CD200R1 was reported on human first trimester placental villous trophoblast cells. CD200R1 has not been described on malignant tumor cells. As malignant tumor cells exhibit a number of characteristics of trophoblast, is CD200R1 expressed?
David A Clark, Sukhbinder Dhesy-Thind, Jorge L Arredondo, Peter M Ellis, Jennifer A Ramsay
2642 related Products with: The Receptor for the CD200 Tolerance-Signaling Molecule Associated with Successful Pregnancy is Expressed by Early-Stage Breast Cancer Cells in 80% of Patients and by Term Placental Trophoblasts.
#22740944 2011/12/19 To Up
Orexin 2 receptor as a potential target for immunotoxin and antibody-drug conjugate cancer therapy.Targeting tumor-specific receptors is a promising approach for cytotoxic agents. The orexin 2 receptor (OX2R) has reportedly been expressed in a few types of cancer, but not in normal, cells. This study aimed to explore and assess the expression levels of OX2R in a wide range of cancer cell lines and clinical samples to identify its localization. To analyze OX2R expression, we developed a polyclonal antibody specific to OX2R by immunizing two rabbits with a peptide cocktail. A total of 36 cancer cell lines were employed for reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and western blot analysis, and 221 samples from various tissue arrays were used for the immunohistochemistry of OX2R expression. OX2R was identified in three cancerous cell lines, from the gallbladder, squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) and glioblastoma. With clinical samples of tissue arrays, 69/221 (31.2%) samples reacted positively with the OX2R antibody. We confirmed its presence on the cell membrane. In conclusion, OX2R was identified on several cancer cells as well as clinical samples. Further studies with larger numbers of clinical samples are required to confirm the statistical significance of the presence and relationships of OX2R with tumor histology. Results of the current study suggested that OX2R is a potent target for immunotoxin or antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) cancer therapy on OX2R-positive cancer cells.
Masato Kishida, Kazunori Ishige, Tomohisa Horibe, Noriko Tada, Nobutaka Koibuchi, Junichi Shoda, Kiyoshi Kita, Koji Kawakami
1925 related Products with: Orexin 2 receptor as a potential target for immunotoxin and antibody-drug conjugate cancer therapy.100ug100ug100ug100ug Lyophilized100ug100ug100ug Lyophilized100ug100ug200ul100ug Lyophilized100ug
#11849298 // To Up
Orexin receptor-1 (OX-R1) immunoreactivity in chemically identified neurons of the hypothalamus: focus on orexin targets involved in control of food and water intake.The neuropeptides orexin-A and orexin-B are produced in neurons of the lateral hypothalamic area and have been implicated to be involved in the regulation of food/water intake and sleep-wake control. The orexins act at two different G-protein-coupled orexin receptors (OX-R1 and OX-R2) that are derived from separate genes and expressed differentially throughout the central nervous system. In the present study, we have used a polyclonal antipeptide antiserum to analyse in detail the distribution of OX-R1-immunoreactive neurons in the rat hypothalamus. In order to identify the chemical mediators of orexin action in the hypothalamus, the OX-R1-containing neurons were characterized with regard to the content of peptides shown previously to affect ingestive and drinking behaviour. Neurons containing OX-R1 immunoreactivity were widely distributed in the hypothalamus with cell bodies located in the suprachiasmatic, periventricular, paraventricular (both magno- and parvocellular division), supraoptic, arcuate, ventromedial, dorsomedial and tuberomammillary nuclei and the lateral hypothalamic area. In magnocellular neurons of the paraventricular and supraoptic nuclei, OX-R1 immunoreactivity was seen in both vasopressin- and oxytocin-containing neurons. OX-R1 immunoreactivity was demonstrated in vasopressin and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) neurons of the suprachiasmatic nucleus, in somatostatin neurons of the periventricular nucleus and in corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) neurons of the parvocellular paraventricular nucleus. In the arcuate nucleus, OX-R1 immunoreactivity was present in neuropeptide Y (NPY) and agouti-related peptide (AGRP) neurons of the ventromedial part as well as in proopiomelanocortin (POMC) and cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART) neurons of the ventrolateral division. In the lateral hypothalamic area, OX-R1 immunoreactivity was demonstrated in melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH)- and orexin-containing neurons. In the hypothalamic tuberomammillary nucleus, OX-R1-immunoreactivity was shown in many histamine-containing neurons. The results support the idea that orexins have important actions on hypothalamic neurons that control food intake and fluid balance, but also that orexins may regulate other neuroendocrine systems.
Matilda BÃ¤ckberg, Guillaume Hervieu, Shelagh Wilson, BjÃ¶rn Meister
1007 related Products with: Orexin receptor-1 (OX-R1) immunoreactivity in chemically identified neurons of the hypothalamus: focus on orexin targets involved in control of food and water intake.96 wells100ug Lyophilized100ug Lyophilized100ug100ug100ug100ug100ug100ug Lyophilized100ug Lyophilized100ug Lyophilized100ug
#11722699 // To Up
Evidence that orexin-containing neurones provide direct input to gonadotropin-releasing hormone neurones in the ovine hypothalamus.Orexins A and B (ORX) have been added recently to the growing list of neuropeptides implicated in feeding and drinking behaviour as well as neuroendocrine function. In the present study, we have used single and dual labelling immunohistochemistry and a rabbit polyclonal anti-orexin-A antibody, which recognizes both ORX A and B, to examine ORX pathways in the sheep hypothalamus. ORX immunoreactive cells were distributed in the dorsomedial hypothalamic nucleus, lateral hypothalamic area, zona incerta and perifornical area; a few cells were also observed in the anterior hypothalamic area. In contrast to distribution in the rat brain, most of the ORX immunoreactive cells are localized to the dorsomedial hypothalamic nucleus and perifornical area; scattered cells are found in lateral hypothalamic area. ORX immunoreactive fibres were widely distributed throughout the hypothalamus and preoptic area with dense innervation of the medial preoptic area and bed nucleus of stria terminalis. Dual labelling demonstrated widespread expression of the long form of the leptin receptor within all ORX cells that were examined. Thirty percent of the gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) cells that were examined had ORX immunoreactive terminals in close contact with no regional or sex differences. FluoroGold injections into the preoptic area retrogradely labelled a subpopulation of ORX cells in the lateral hypothalamic/perifornical area, showing ORX cells of this region project to the preoptic and could potentially provide input to GnRH cells. These findings suggest an integral role for ORX in the regulation of GnRH cells in the sheep and thus provide evidence of a novel mechanism whereby leptin can influence reproductive neuroendocrine function.
J Iqbal, S Pompolo, T Sakurai, I J Clarke
1089 related Products with: Evidence that orexin-containing neurones provide direct input to gonadotropin-releasing hormone neurones in the ovine hypothalamus.1 mg 100 UG125 RIA tubes25 96 wells (1 kit)96T
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