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Search results for: Rabbit Anti-AGPA Alpha 1 Acid Glycoprotein Polyclonal Antibody

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#28551395   2017/04/08 To Up

A sandwich ELISA for porcine alpha-1 acid glycoprotein (pAGP, ORM-1) and further demonstration of its use to evaluate growth potential in newborn pigs.

A simple, reproducible sandwich, ELISA was developed to measure porcine alpha-1 acid glycoprotein (pAGP, ORM-1) in pig plasma. Porcine AGP isolated from serum was purchased and a polyclonal antisera was prepared in rabbits using the whole pAGP molecule as immunogen. The antiserum was affinity purified, and a portion of the purified antibody fraction was labeled with horseradish peroxidase. Porcine AGP protein was used as a standard, whereas commercially available buffers and reagents were utilized throughout the assay. The assay was specific for pAGP, had a lower limit of detection of 3.2 ng/mL, and could be used to quantify pAGP in plasma or serum. Using this ELISA, we corroborated our previous findings obtained by RID assay, which demonstrated that the AGP concentration in newborn piglets is negatively associated with preweaning growth rate. The current data were obtained using piglets from a different geographical location and genetic background and showed that elevated AGP at birth was associated with reduced preweaning growth rate (P < 0.001, r = 0.433, n = 19 litters). In addition, litters with a greater average AGP at birth were at a growth disadvantage compared with litters with reduced average AGP plasma concentrations (P < 0.001, r = 0.708, n = 19 litters). Litter average plasma AGP was a better predictor of litter preweaning growth rate than average litter birth weight. The data represent further support for using perinatal AGP concentrations as a tool to identify potential slower growing pigs and as a plasma biomarker for predicting litter growth rate.
T J Caperna, A E Shannon, M Stoll, S Kahl, L A Blomberg, J L Vallet, T G Ramsay

2313 related Products with: A sandwich ELISA for porcine alpha-1 acid glycoprotein (pAGP, ORM-1) and further demonstration of its use to evaluate growth potential in newborn pigs.

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#22359529   2012/02/09 To Up

A 40-50kDa Glycoprotein Associated with Mucus is Identified as α-1-Acid Glycoprotein in Carcinoma of the Stomach.

Secreted gastric mucins are large O-glycosylated proteins of crude mucus gels which are aberrantly expressed in malignancy. An albumin associated 55-65kDa glycoprotein was previously shown in mucus gels in gastric cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate its expression and identification in human gastric tissue.
Nthato Chirwa, Dhirendra Govender, Bongani Ndimba, Zoe Lotz, Marilyn Tyler, Eugenio Panieri, Delawir Kahn, Anwar S Mall

1899 related Products with: A 40-50kDa Glycoprotein Associated with Mucus is Identified as α-1-Acid Glycoprotein in Carcinoma of the Stomach.

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#11506464   // To Up

Sensitive chemiluminescence immunoassay for the determination of rat serum alpha1-acid glycoprotein.

We present the establishment of a sensitive immunoassay for the determination of alpha1-acid glycoprotein (orosomucoid, AGP) in rat serum. The assay is based upon antigen capture by surface-immobilized specific polyclonal rabbit anti-AGP antibodies with biotinylated rat AGP (rAGP) as the tracer, and formatted as competitive enzyme immunoassay. Signaling is performed by streptavidin-conjugated horseradish peroxidase. Enzyme activity is quantified by an enhanced chemiluminometric method, allowing the sensitive detection of rAGP serum levels in small sample volumes.
J Metzger, M Blobner, P B Luppa

1189 related Products with: Sensitive chemiluminescence immunoassay for the determination of rat serum alpha1-acid glycoprotein.

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#8872121   // To Up

Detection of human asialo-alpha(1)-acid glycoprotein using a heterosandwich immunoassay in conjunction with the light addressable potentiometric sensor.

Highly specific detection of human alpha 1-acid glycoprotein (AGP) and asialo-alpha 1-acid glycoprotein (asialo-AGP) was made possible by use of a sandwich immunoassay. The glycoproteins were sandwiched between biotinylated and fluoresceinated polyclonal rabbit anti-human AGP antibodies. Additionally, asialo-AGP could be distinctly detected, apart from AGP, via the formation of a heterosandwich immunoassay using biotinylated polyclonal rabbit anti-human AGP and the lectin, fluoresceinated ricin toxin. Streptavidin was added to the formed immunocomplexes and the immunocomplexes captured on a biotinylated nitrocellulose membrane. The signal generator, urease conjugate of an anti-fluorescein antibody, was then bound to the complex on the membrane. The rate of pH change under microvolume conditions (0.6 microliters) was monitored using a silicon chip-based, light addressable potentiometer sensor. Results indicated that AGP and asialo-AGP can be detected to the 2 pg level when two antibodies are used to form the immunocomplex. Asialo-AGP can be detected down to 250 pg when the heterosandwich immunoassay is used; this assay exhibited no response up to 10 ng for native AGP or asialofetuin. Both immunoassays can be used to quantify the level of AGP and asialo-AGP in solution. Although the assay presented is very specific for AGP, asialo-AGP and terminal galactose, it is readily adaptable for the detection of any glycoprotein and terminal carbohydrate (or branched structure) by use of a protein-specific antibody and various lectins.
K Dill, D W Bearden

2255 related Products with: Detection of human asialo-alpha(1)-acid glycoprotein using a heterosandwich immunoassay in conjunction with the light addressable potentiometric sensor.

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#1380928   // To Up

Polyclonal antibodies against the polypeptide and carbohydrate epitopes of recombinant human choriogonadotropin beta-subunit.

In our previous paper (Chen et al. (1991) J. Biol. Chem. 266, 4081-4087) we reported the preparation and characterization of recombinant human choriogonadotropin beta subunit (hCG beta) using the baculovirus-insect cell expression system. The rhCG beta was found to contain high mannose type N-linked carbohydrates and 3-4 serine-linked disaccharide chains. Despite the carbohydrate structural variation, the rhCG beta was similar to hCG beta in in vitro immunological and biological properties. In order to evaluate its in vivo immunological properties, rabbit antiserum against rhCG beta was produced. The antiserum was found to be almost identical to anti-hCG beta in binding to hCG beta as well as in its crossreactivity with human lutropin (hLH), hCG and human follitropin (hFSH) as indicated by radioimmunoassays using 125I-hCG beta as a tracer. Further characterization of the anti-rhCG beta antiserum revealed that there are three types of antibodies in terms of antigenic specificity present in the anti-rhCG beta antisera pool as shown by dot blot and radioimmunoassays. The carbohydrate-specific antibodies were separated by affinity chromatography using an ovalbumin-glycopeptide-Sepharose column. The antibodies held on the ovalbumin affinity adsorbent were specific for the high mannose type carbohydrates such as those present in rhCG beta, rhCG and thyroglobulin and failed to react with transferrin, alpha 1-acid glycoprotein and hCG alpha, all containing complex type carbohydrates. This was further supported by the fact that the recombinant unglycosylated hCG or periodate oxidized rhCG beta also did not show any reactivity with the carbohydrate specific antibodies. Two types of peptide epitopes seemed to be present in rhCG beta since when the flowthrough fraction from the ovalbumin-glycopeptide-affinity column was passed through the hCG beta-Sepharose column, the antibodies in the flowthrough from the latter column were specific to the unique antigenic determinants present only in the rhCG beta and not in hCG beta. The eluate from the hCG beta-Sepharose column contained the third type of antibodies, being the predominant ones, directed to the common epitopes between rhCG beta and hCG beta. The high mannose type specific antibodies are potentially useful in differentiating between the high mannose and complex type of N-linked carbohydrates present in a glycoprotein. Also, the antibody could provide an effective reagent in studying the intracellular processing of the N-linked oligosaccharides.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
W Chen, O P Bahl

1200 related Products with: Polyclonal antibodies against the polypeptide and carbohydrate epitopes of recombinant human choriogonadotropin beta-subunit.

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#2108825   // To Up

Polyclonal antibody-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay of alpha 1-acid glycoprotein.

This is a noncompetitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for measuring low concentrations (2 to 100 micrograms/L) of human alpha 1-acid glycoprotein (AGP; orosomucoid). The method is based on a simple "sandwich" technique involving polyclonal rabbit antisera against AGP. Mean within-run and total (between-run) CVs were 6.2% and 9.7%, respectively. Analytical recovery, tested in various biological fluids, averaged 101%. The technique has been successfully applied to diluted biological fluids such as bronchoalveolar lavage, cerebrospinal and amniotic fluids, and hepatocyte-culture supernates. Because of its analytical validity and the commercial availability of the reagents, this assay is suitable for large-scale determinations of AGP concentrations in those biological fluids in which its concentration is relatively low.
B Tissot, N Seta, G Durand, J Feger

2871 related Products with: Polyclonal antibody-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay of alpha 1-acid glycoprotein.

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#3690844   // To Up

A monoclonal antibody-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay of alpha 1-acid glycoprotein.

A "sandwich"-type enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for determining concentrations of human alpha 1-acid glycoprotein (AGP) is described. Microtiter plates coated with a polyclonal rabbit antibody to human AGP were subsequently incubated with the antigen, with a specific murine monoclonal antibody, and with goat anti-mouse immunoglobulins conjugated to alkaline phosphatase. To evaluate the method for assay of AGP in human sera, we compared it with single radial immunodiffusion and "rocket" electroimmunoassay. The respective correlations were r = 0.988 (n = 45) and r = 0.973 (n = 47). Repeated assays of a human serum sample with an average AGP concentration of 859 mg/L yielded within-day and between-day CVs of 1.4% (n = 5) and 6.3% (n = 10), respectively. Because of its low detection limit (4.4 micrograms/L), this assay is also suitable for determination of AGP concentrations in other biological fluids, such as dialysates of patients being treated by continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis.
N H Fraeyman, E J Van de Velde, F H De Smet

2701 related Products with: A monoclonal antibody-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay of alpha 1-acid glycoprotein.

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#3759960   // To Up

The glycocalicin portion of platelet glycoprotein Ib expresses both high and moderate affinity receptor sites for thrombin. A soluble radioreceptor assay for the interaction of thrombin with platelets.

A soluble radioreceptor assay has been developed to characterize thrombin receptor activities of the human platelet membrane. 125I-Thrombin was added to platelet membranes solubilized in 1% Triton X-100, and thrombin bound to platelet receptors was separated from free thrombin by precipitation with wheat germ agglutinin (WGA) in the presence of alpha 1-acid glycoprotein as carrier. Both high affinity binding (Ki, 0.09 nM; R1, 0.30 pmol/mg protein) and moderate affinity binding (K2, 38 nM; R2, 72 pmol/mg protein) were detected in the detergent-solubilized membrane preparations and these binding parameters were in excellent agreement with values previously determined using intact platelets (Harmon, J. T., and Jamieson, G. A. (1985) Biochemistry 24, 58-64). Using the soluble radioreceptor assay, both high and moderate affinity binding was detected in highly purified preparations of glycoprotein Ib (GPIb) and glycocalicin, and the binding isotherms were identical with those of the crude detergent-solubilized membrane preparation. Treatment of detergent-solubilized membranes with increasing concentrations of a monospecific polyclonal antibody to glycocalicin resulted in the stepwise depletion of GPIb and concomitant reductions of thrombin binding activity. These results demonstrate that both high and moderate affinity binding of thrombin to platelets is completely expressed in the glycocalicin portion of GPIb.
J T Harmon, G A Jamieson

1758 related Products with: The glycocalicin portion of platelet glycoprotein Ib expresses both high and moderate affinity receptor sites for thrombin. A soluble radioreceptor assay for the interaction of thrombin with platelets.

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