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#32663533   2020/07/11 To Up

A rapid and sensitive lateral flow immunoassay (LFIA) test for the on-site detection of banana bract mosaic virus in banana plants.

Banana bract mosaic virus (BBrMV) is a serious pathogen threatening the cultivation of banana and plantain worldwide. This study reports the development of a practical, rapid, sensitive, specific and user-friendly lateral flow immunoassay (LFIA) test for the on-site detection of BBrMV. The BBrMV coat protein (CP) was expressed in Escherichia coli and purified and used to immunize rabbits to produce a polyclonal antiserum (anti-BBrMVCP). The test was based on a double-antibody sandwich format. Protein-A affinity column-purified anti-BBrMVCP Immunoglobulins (IgG) (16 μg/mL), conjugated to ∼30 nm gold nanoparticles, was applied onto the conjugate pad. The anti-BBrMVCP IgG and goat anti-rabbit IgG were printed on the surface of a nitrocellulose filter membrane as the test line and control line, respectively. A positive result could be confirmed visually by the presence of a pink band that developed on the LFIA strip within 5-10 min. The detection limit of the test was 10 ng of the expressed recombinant BBrMV CP (rBBrMVCP), and a 1:20 dilution of the BBrMV-infected crude extract. This LFIA test was validated using 114 banana leaf samples randomly collected from the field and the results indicated a very high diagnostic sensitivity (99.04 %) and specificity (100 %) for the test. A Cohen's kappa coefficient of 0.861 obtained also indicated a very good agreement between the LFIA developed in this study and ELISA. This assay could be adopted by farmers, tissue culture industries and quarantine departments for surveys and surveillance. This is the first report on the development of a LFIA-based test for BBrMV detection.
Ramasamy Selvarajan, Prasanya Selvam Kanichelvam, Velusamy Balasubramanian, Sundaram Sethurama Subramanian

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