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Search results for: hnRNP

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#38760174   2024/05/17 To Up

Glycolic acid and D-lactate-putative products of DJ-1-restore neurodegeneration in FUS - and SOD1-ALS.

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) leads to death within 2-5 yr. Currently, available drugs only slightly prolong survival. We present novel insights into the pathophysiology of (SOD1)- and in particular (FUS)-ALS by revealing a supposedly central role of glycolic acid (GA) and D-lactic acid (DL)-both putative products of the Parkinson's disease associated glyoxylase DJ-1. Combined, not single, treatment with GA/DL restored axonal organelle phenotypes of mitochondria and lysosomes in FUS- and SOD1-ALS patient-derived motoneurons (MNs). This was not only accompanied by restoration of mitochondrial membrane potential but even dependent on it. Despite presenting an axonal transport deficiency as well, TDP43 patient-derived MNs did not share mitochondrial depolarization and did not respond to GA/DL treatment. GA and DL also restored cytoplasmic mislocalization of FUS and FUS recruitment to DNA damage sites, recently reported being upstream of the mitochondrial phenotypes in FUS-ALS. Whereas these data point towards the necessity of individualized (gene-) specific therapy stratification, it also suggests common therapeutic targets across different neurodegenerative diseases characterized by mitochondrial depolarization.
Arun Pal, Dajana Grossmann, Hannes Glaß, Vitaly Zimyanin, René Günther, Marica Catinozzi, Tobias M Boeckers, Jared Sterneckert, Erik Storkebaum, Susanne Petri, Florian Wegner, Stephan W Grill, Francisco Pan-Montojo, Andreas Hermann

1039 related Products with: Glycolic acid and D-lactate-putative products of DJ-1-restore neurodegeneration in FUS - and SOD1-ALS.

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#38750024   2024/05/15 To Up

MAPP unravels frequent co-regulation of splicing and polyadenylation by RNA-binding proteins and their dysregulation in cancer.

Maturation of eukaryotic pre-mRNAs via splicing and polyadenylation is modulated across cell types and conditions by a variety of RNA-binding proteins (RBPs). Although there exist over 1,500 RBPs in human cells, their binding motifs and functions still remain to be elucidated, especially in the complex environment of tissues and in the context of diseases. To overcome the lack of methods for the systematic and automated detection of sequence motif-guided pre-mRNA processing regulation from RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) data we have developed MAPP (Motif Activity on Pre-mRNA Processing). Applying MAPP to RBP knock-down experiments reveals that many RBPs regulate both splicing and polyadenylation of nascent transcripts by acting on similar sequence motifs. MAPP not only infers these sequence motifs, but also unravels the position-dependent impact of the RBPs on pre-mRNA processing. Interestingly, all investigated RBPs that act on both splicing and 3' end processing exhibit a consistently repressive or activating effect on both processes, providing a first glimpse on the underlying mechanism. Applying MAPP to normal and malignant brain tissue samples unveils that the motifs bound by the PTBP1 and RBFOX RBPs coordinately drive the oncogenic splicing program active in glioblastomas demonstrating that MAPP paves the way for characterizing pre-mRNA processing regulators under physiological and pathological conditions.
Maciej Bak, Erik van Nimwegen, Ian U Kouzel, Tamer Gur, Ralf Schmidt, Mihaela Zavolan, Andreas J Gruber

1142 related Products with: MAPP unravels frequent co-regulation of splicing and polyadenylation by RNA-binding proteins and their dysregulation in cancer.

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#38744970   2024/05/14 To Up

Conserved role of hnRNPL in alternative splicing of epigenetic modifiers enables B cell activation.

The multifunctional RNA-binding protein hnRNPL is implicated in antibody class switching but its broader function in B cells is unknown. Here, we show that hnRNPL is essential for B cell activation, germinal center formation, and antibody responses. Upon activation, hnRNPL-deficient B cells show proliferation defects and increased apoptosis. Comparative analysis of RNA-seq data from activated B cells and another eight hnRNPL-depleted cell types reveals common effects on MYC and E2F transcriptional programs required for proliferation. Notably, while individual gene expression changes are cell type specific, several alternative splicing events affecting histone modifiers like KDM6A and SIRT1, are conserved across cell types. Moreover, hnRNPL-deficient B cells show global changes in H3K27me3 and H3K9ac. Epigenetic dysregulation after hnRNPL loss could underlie differential gene expression and upregulation of lncRNAs, and explain common and cell type-specific phenotypes, such as dysfunctional mitochondria and ROS overproduction in mouse B cells. Thus, hnRNPL is essential for the resting-to-activated B cell transition by regulating transcriptional programs and metabolism, at least in part through the alternative splicing of several histone modifiers.
Poorani Ganesh Subramani, Jennifer Fraszczak, Anne Helness, Jennifer L Estall, Tarik Möröy, Javier M Di Noia

1271 related Products with: Conserved role of hnRNPL in alternative splicing of epigenetic modifiers enables B cell activation.

100 ml.1 L.25 ml.500 ml96 tests25 Bags/Unit 100 UGcase

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#38732249   2024/05/05 To Up

TGF-β2 Induces Ribosome Activity, Alters Ribosome Composition and Inhibits IRES-Mediated Translation in Chondrocytes.

Alterations in cell fate are often attributed to (epigenetic) regulation of gene expression. An emerging paradigm focuses on specialized ribosomes within a cell. However, little evidence exists for the dynamic regulation of ribosome composition and function. Here, we stimulated a chondrocytic cell line with transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β2) and mapped changes in ribosome function, composition and ribosomal RNA (rRNA) epitranscriptomics. 35S Met/Cys incorporation was used to evaluate ribosome activity. Dual luciferase reporter assays were used to assess ribosomal modus. Ribosomal RNA expression and processing were determined by RT-qPCR, while RiboMethSeq and HydraPsiSeq were used to determine rRNA modification profiles. Label-free protein quantification of total cell lysates, isolated ribosomes and secreted proteins was done by LC-MS/MS. A three-day TGF-β2 stimulation induced total protein synthesis in SW1353 chondrocytic cells and human articular chondrocytes. Specifically, TGF-β2 induced cap-mediated protein synthesis, while IRES-mediated translation was not (P53 IRES) or little affected (CrPv IGR and HCV IRES). Three rRNA post-transcriptional modifications (PTMs) were affected by TGF-β2 stimulation (18S-Gm1447 downregulated, 18S-ψ1177 and 28S-ψ4598 upregulated). Proteomic analysis of isolated ribosomes revealed increased interaction with eIF2 and tRNA ligases and decreased association of eIF4A3 and heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein (HNRNP)s. In addition, thirteen core ribosomal proteins were more present in ribosomes from TGF-β2 stimulated cells, albeit with a modest fold change. A prolonged stimulation of chondrocytic cells with TGF-β2 induced ribosome activity and changed the mode of translation. These functional changes could be coupled to alterations in accessory proteins in the ribosomal proteome.
Guus G H van den Akker, Alzbeta Chabronova, Bas A C Housmans, Laura van der Vloet, Don A M Surtel, Andy Cremers, Virginie Marchand, Yuri Motorin, Marjolein M J Caron, Mandy J Peffers, Tim J M Welting

2726 related Products with: TGF-β2 Induces Ribosome Activity, Alters Ribosome Composition and Inhibits IRES-Mediated Translation in Chondrocytes.

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#38720641   2024/05/09 To Up

Heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A3 binds to the internal ribosomal entry site of enterovirus A71 and affects virus replication in neural cells.

Enterovirus A71 (EV-A71) belongs to the genus Enterovirus of the Picornaviridae family and often causes outbreaks in Asia. EV-A71 infection usually causes hand, foot, and mouth disease and can even affect the central nervous system, causing neurological complications or death. The 5'-untranslated region (5'-UTR) of EV-A71 contains an internal ribosome entry site (IRES) that is responsible for the translation of viral proteins. IRES-transacting factors can interact with the EV-A71 5'-UTR to regulate IRES activity. Heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein (hnRNP) A3 is a member of the hnRNP A/B protein family of RNA-binding proteins and is involved in RNA transport and modification. We found that hnRNP A3 knockdown promoted the replication of EV-A71 in neural calls. Conversely, increasing the expression of hnRNP A3 within cells inhibits the growth of EV-A71. HnRNP A3 can bind to the EV-A71 5'-UTR, and knockdown of hnRNP A3 enhances the luciferase activity of the EV-A71 5'-UTR IRES. The localization of hnRNP A3 shifts from the nucleus to the cytoplasm of infected cells during viral infection. Additionally, EV-A71 infection can increase the protein expression of hnRNP A3, and the protein level is correlated with efficient viral growth. Based on these findings, we concluded that hnRNP A3 plays a negative regulatory role in EV-A71 replication within neural cells.
Jhao-Yin Lin, Jing-Yi Lin, Rei-Lin Kuo, Hsing-I Huang

1642 related Products with: Heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A3 binds to the internal ribosomal entry site of enterovirus A71 and affects virus replication in neural cells.

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#38701759   // To Up

Alternative splicing of a chromatin modifier alters the transcriptional regulatory programs of stem cell maintenance and neuronal differentiation.

Development of embryonic stem cells (ESCs) into neurons requires intricate regulation of transcription, splicing, and translation, but how these processes interconnect is not understood. We found that polypyrimidine tract binding protein 1 (PTBP1) controls splicing of DPF2, a subunit of BRG1/BRM-associated factor (BAF) chromatin remodeling complexes. Dpf2 exon 7 splicing is inhibited by PTBP1 to produce the DPF2-S isoform early in development. During neuronal differentiation, loss of PTBP1 allows exon 7 inclusion and DPF2-L expression. Different cellular phenotypes and gene expression programs were induced by these alternative DPF2 isoforms. We identified chromatin binding sites enriched for each DPF2 isoform, as well as sites bound by both. In ESC, DPF2-S preferential sites were bound by pluripotency factors. In neuronal progenitors, DPF2-S sites were bound by nuclear factor I (NFI), while DPF2-L sites were bound by CCCTC-binding factor (CTCF). DPF2-S sites exhibited enhancer modifications, while DPF2-L sites showed promoter modifications. Thus, alternative splicing redirects BAF complex targeting to impact chromatin organization during neuronal development.
Mohammad Nazim, Chia-Ho Lin, An-Chieh Feng, Wen Xiao, Kyu-Hyeon Yeom, Mulin Li, Allison E Daly, Xianglong Tan, Ha Vu, Jason Ernst, Michael F Carey, Stephen T Smale, Douglas L Black

1855 related Products with: Alternative splicing of a chromatin modifier alters the transcriptional regulatory programs of stem cell maintenance and neuronal differentiation.

24 wells635 x 50 ug24 wells100 μg50 ug50 mg

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#38690287   2024/04/16 To Up

PCBP1 interacts with the HTLV-1 Tax oncoprotein to potentiate NF-κB activation.

Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is the etiological agent of adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma. The HTLV-1 Tax constitutively activates nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) to promote the survival and transformation of HTLV-1-infected T cells. Despite extensive study of Tax, how Tax interacts with host factors to regulate NF-κB activation and HTLV-1-driven cell proliferation is not entirely clear. Here, we showed that overexpression of Poly (rC)-binding protein 1 (PCBP1) promoted Tax-mediated IκB kinase (IKK)-NF-κB signaling activation, whereas knockdown of PCBP1 attenuated Tax-dependent IKK-NF-κB activation. However, Tax activation of HTLV-1 long terminal repeat was unaffected by PCBP1. Furthermore, depletion of PCBP1 led to apoptosis and reduced proliferation of HTLV-1-transformed cells. Mechanistically, PCBP1 interacted and co-localized with Tax in the cytoplasm, and PCBP1 KH3 domain was indispensable for the interaction between PCBP1 and Tax. Moreover, PCBP1 facilitated the assembly of Tax/IKK complex. Collectively, our results demonstrated that PCBP1 may exert an essential effect in Tax/IKK complex combination and subsequent NF-κB activation, which provides a novel insight into the pathogenetic mechanisms of HTLV-1.
Rui Su, Xue Kang, Yifan Niu, Tiesuo Zhao, Hui Wang

2277 related Products with: PCBP1 interacts with the HTLV-1 Tax oncoprotein to potentiate NF-κB activation.

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#38682349   // To Up

Exosomal HSPB1, interacting with FUS protein, suppresses hypoxia-induced ferroptosis in pancreatic cancer by stabilizing Nrf2 mRNA and repressing P450.

Ferroptosis is a new type of programmed cell death, which has been involved in the progression of tumours. However, the regulatory network of ferroptosis in pancreatic cancer is still largely unknown. Here, using datasets from GEO and TCGA, we screened HSPB1, related to the P450 monooxygenase signalling, a fuel of ferroptosis, to be a candidate gene for regulating pancreatic cancer cell ferroptosis. We found that HSPB1 was enriched in the exosomes derived from human pancreatic cancer cell lines SW1990 and Panc-1. Then, hypoxic SW1990 cells were incubated with exosomes alone or together with HSPB1 siRNA (si-HSPB1), and we observed that exosomes promoted cell proliferation and invasion and suppressed ferroptosis, which was reversed by si-HSPB1. Moreover, we found a potential binding affinity between HSPB1 and FUS, verified their protein interaction by using dual-colour fluorescence colocalization and co-IP assays, and demonstrated the promoting effect of FUS on oxidative stress and ferroptosis in hypoxic SW1990 cells. Subsequently, FUS was demonstrated to bind with and stabilize the mRNA of Nrf2, a famous anti-ferroptosis gene that negatively regulates the level of P450. Furthermore, overexpressing FUS and activating the Nrf2/HO-1 pathway (using NK-252) both reversed the inhibitory effect of si-HSPB1 on exosome functions. Finally, our in vivo studies showed that exosome administration promote tumour growth in nude mice of xenotransplantation, which was able to be eliminated by knockdown of HSPB1. In conclusion, exosomal HSPB1 interacts with the RNA binding protein FUS and decreases FUS-mediated stability of Nrf2 mRNA, thus suppressing hypoxia-induced ferroptosis in pancreatic cancer.
Lun Zhang, Liuxu Yang, Keyuan Du

1793 related Products with: Exosomal HSPB1, interacting with FUS protein, suppresses hypoxia-induced ferroptosis in pancreatic cancer by stabilizing Nrf2 mRNA and repressing P450.

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#38678331   // To Up

[Clinicopathological and molecular characteristics of angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma in children].


X Feng, J Tao, Y Wang, A Y Long, L J He, N Zhang

1491 related Products with: [Clinicopathological and molecular characteristics of angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma in children].

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#38678326   // To Up

[Detection of EWSR1 gene rearrangement by fluorescence in situ hybridization in bone and soft tissue tumors: clinical application evaluation and atypical signal analysis].

To investigate the clinical application of EWSR1 gene rearrangement by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in bone and soft tissue tumors and to analyze the cases with atypical signal pattern. The cases detected for EWSR1 gene rearrangement by FISH in Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, Capital Medical University from 2014 to 2021 were collected, and the value of detecting EWSR1 gene rearrangement for diagnosing bone and soft tissue tumors was analyzed. The cases with atypical positive signals were further analyzed by next generation sequencing (NGS). FISH using EWSR1 break-apart probe kit was successfully performed in 97% (205/211) of cases, 6 cases failed. Four of the 6 failures were due to improper decalcification, 1 case due to signal overlap caused by thick slices, and 1 case due to signal amplification and disorder. EWSR1 gene rearrangements were positive in 122 cases (122/205, 59%), atypical positive signal in 8 cases (8/205, 4%), and negative in 75 cases (75/205, 37%). In cases testing positive, the percentage of positive cells ranged from 34% to 98%, with 120 cases (120/122, 98%) showing a positive cell percentage greater than 50%. Among the 205 successfully tested cases, 156 cases were histologically diagnosed as Ewing's sarcoma, of which 110 were positive (110/156, 71%), 7 were atypical positive (7/156, 4%), and 39 were negative (39/156, 25%). Nine cases were histologically diagnosed as clear cell sarcoma of soft tissue, of which 6 were positive (6/9), 1 was atypical positive (1/9), and 2 were negative (2/9). Five cases were histologically diagnosed as extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma, of which 2 were positive (2/5) and 3 were negative (3/5). Three cases were histologically diagnosed as angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma, of which 2 were positive (2/3) and 1 was negative (1/3). Two cases were histologically diagnosed as myoepithelioma of soft tissue, of which 1 was positive (1/2) and 1 was negative (1/2). One case was histologically diagnosed as olfactory neuroblastoma with a positive result. The 29 other tumor cases including osteosarcoma, synovial sarcoma, and malignant melanoma and others were all negative. Basing on histology as the standard for diagnosis and considering atypical positive cases as negative, comparing with the 29 cases of other tumors as control group, the sensitivity for diagnosing Ewing's sarcoma through the detection of EWSR1 gene rearrangement was 71%, and the specificity was 100%; the sensitivity for diagnosing clear cell sarcoma of soft tissue was 67%, and the specificity was 100%; the sensitivity for diagnosing extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma was 40%, and the specificity was 100%; the sensitivity for diagnosing angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma was 67%, and the specificity was 100%; the sensitivity for diagnosing myoepithelioma of soft tissue was 50%, and the specificity was 100%; the sensitivity for diagnosing olfactory neuroblastoma was 100%, and the specificity was 100%. Four of 8 cases with atypical positive signals analyzed by NGS showed EWSR1 rearrangement, including EWSR1::FLI1 in one case of Ewing sarcoma, EWSR1::NFATC2 in one case of EWSR1::NFATC2-rearranged sarcoma, EWSR1::ATF1 in one case of clear cell sarcoma of soft tissue and EWSR1::NR4A3 in one case of extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma. Detection of EWSR1 rearrangement by FISH is of utmost significance in the diagnosis of bone and soft tissue tumors. Cases with atypical positive signals should be further scrutinized, correlating with their histomorphology and verifying by NGS if necessary.
L Li, M Zhang, T T Zhang, Y Ding

2318 related Products with: [Detection of EWSR1 gene rearrangement by fluorescence in situ hybridization in bone and soft tissue tumors: clinical application evaluation and atypical signal analysis].



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