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#36719911   2023/01/31 To Up

Facile and dynamic cleavage of every iron-sulfide bond in cuboidal iron-sulfur clusters.

Nature employs weak-field metalloclusters to support a wide range of biological processes. The most ubiquitous metalloclusters are the cuboidal Fe-S clusters, which are comprised of Fe sites with locally high-spin electronic configurations. Such configurations enhance rates of ligand exchange and imbue the clusters with a degree of structural plasticity that is increasingly thought to be functionally relevant. Here, we examine this phenomenon using isotope tracing experiments. Specifically, we demonstrate that synthetic [FeS] and [MoFeS] clusters exchange their Fe atoms with Fe ions dissolved in solution, a process that involves the reversible cleavage and reformation of every Fe-S bond in the cluster core. This exchange is facile-in most cases occurring at room temperature on the timescale of minutes-and documented over a range of cluster core oxidation states and terminal ligation patterns. In addition to suggesting a highly dynamic picture of cluster structure, these results provide a method for isotopically labeling pre-formed clusters with spin-active nuclei, such as Fe. Such a protocol is demonstrated for the radical -adenosyl-l-methionine enzyme, RlmN.
Niklas B Thompson, Gil Namkoong, Brighton A Skeel, Daniel L M Suess

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