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#36724672   2023/01/24 To Up

Methylomonas rapida sp. nov., a novel species of fast-growing, carotenoid-producing obligate methanotrophs with high biotechnological potential.

The genus Methylomonas accommodates strictly aerobic, obligate methanotrophs, with their sole carbon and energy sources restricted to methane and methanol. These bacteria inhabit oxic-anoxic interfaces of various freshwater habitats and have attracted considerable attention as potential producers of a single-cell protein. Here, we characterize two fast-growing representatives of this genus, strains 12 and MP1, which are phylogenetically distinct from the currently described Methylomonas species (94.0-97.3 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity). Strains 12 and MP1 were isolated from freshwater sediments collected in Moscow and Krasnodar regions, respectively. Cells of these strains are Gram-negative, red-pigmented, highly motile thick rods that contain a type I intracytoplasmic membrane system and possess a particulate methane monooxygenase (pMMO) enzyme. These bacteria grow between 8 and 45 °C (optimum 35 °C) in a relatively narrow pH range of 5.5-7.3 (optimum pH 6.6-7.2). Major carotenoids synthesized by these methanotrophs are 4,4'-diaplycopene-4,4'-dioic acid, 1,1'-dihydroxy-3,4-didehydrolycopene and 4,4'-diaplycopenoic acid. High biomass yield, of up to 3.26 g CDW/l, is obtained during continuous cultivation of MP1 on natural gas in a bioreactor at a dilution rate of 0.22 h. The complete genome sequence of strain MP1 is 4.59 Mb in size; the DNA G + C content is 52.8 mol%. The genome encodes four rRNA operons, one pMMO operon and 4,216 proteins. The genome sequence displays 82-85 % average nucleotide identity to those of earlier described Methylomonas species. We propose to classify these bacteria as representing a novel species of the genus Methylomonas, M. rapida sp. nov., with the type strain MP1 (=KCTC 92586 = VKM B-3663).
Ekaterina N Tikhonova, Ruslan Z Suleimanov, Kirill K Miroshnikov, Igor Y Oshkin, Svetlana E Belova, Olga V Danilova, Aleksandr A Ashikhmin, Aleksey A Konopkin, Sergey Y But, Valentina N Khmelenina, Nikolai V Pimenov, Svetlana N Dedysh

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