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#34130214   2021/06/08 To Up

Lectins: Biological significance to biotechnological application.

Dixita Chettri, Manswama Boro, Lija Sarkar, Anil Kumar Verma

2906 related Products with: Lectins: Biological significance to biotechnological application.

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#34129781   2021/06/16 To Up

Structural basis for the coiled-coil architecture of human CtIP.

The DNA repair factor CtIP has a critical function in double-strand break (DSB) repair by homologous recombination, promoting the assembly of the repair apparatus at DNA ends and participating in DNA-end resection. However, the molecular mechanisms of CtIP function in DSB repair remain unclear. Here, we present an atomic model for the three-dimensional architecture of human CtIP, derived from a multi-disciplinary approach that includes X-ray crystallography, small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and diffracted X-ray tracking (DXT). Our data show that CtIP adopts an extended dimer-of-dimers structure, in agreement with a role in bridging distant sites on chromosomal DNA during the recombinational repair. The zinc-binding motif in the CtIP N-terminus alters dynamically the coiled-coil structure, with functional implications for the long-range interactions of CtIP with DNA. Our results provide a structural basis for the three-dimensional arrangement of chains in the CtIP tetramer, a key aspect of CtIP function in DNA DSB repair.
C R Morton, N J Rzechorzek, J D Maman, M Kuramochi, H Sekiguchi, R Rambo, Y C Sasaki, O R Davies, L Pellegrini

1514 related Products with: Structural basis for the coiled-coil architecture of human CtIP.

100ul25 µg25 μg 100ul 100ul50 ug 100 TESTS0.1 mg20 ug0.1 mg 100ul1mg

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#34129336   2021/06/15 To Up

Self-Assembled Nanobodies as Selectively Targeted, Nanostructured, and Multivalent Materials.

Nanobodies represent valuable tools in advanced therapeutic strategies but their small size (∼2.5 × ∼ 4 nm) and limited valence for interactions might pose restrictions for applications, especially regarding their modest capacity for multivalent and cooperative interaction. In this work, modular protein constructs have been designed, in which nanobodies are fused to protein domains to provide further functionalities and to favor oligomerization into stable self-assembled nanoparticles. The nanobody specificity for their targets is maintained in such supramolecular complexes. Also, their diameter around 70 nm and multivalent interactivity should favor binding and penetrability into target cells via solvent-exposed receptor. These concepts have been supported by unrelated nanobodies directed against the ricin toxin (A3C8) and the Her2 receptor (EM1), respectively, that were modified with the addition of a reporter protein and a hexa-histidine tag at the C-terminus that promotes self-assembling. The A3C8-based nanoparticles neutralize the ricin toxin efficiently, whereas the EM1-based nanoparticles enable to selective imaging Her2-positive cells. These findings support the excellent extracellular and intracellular functionality of nanobodies organized in form of oligomeric nanoscale assemblies.
Laura Sánchez-García, Eric Voltà-Durán, Eloi Parladé, Elisa Mazzega, Alejandro Sánchez-Chardi, Naroa Serna, Hèctor López-Laguna, Mara Mitstorfer, Ugutz Unzueta, Esther Vázquez, Antonio Villaverde, Ario de Marco

1780 related Products with: Self-Assembled Nanobodies as Selectively Targeted, Nanostructured, and Multivalent Materials.

10 plates100tests200 assays100 assays1000 assays100 assays 25 MG100ug Lyophilized1 kit1 kit

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#34129147   2021/06/15 To Up

Atherogenic oxoaldehyde of cholesterol induces innate immune response in monocytes and macrophages.

Cholesterol oxidation product, 3β-hydroxy-5-oxo-5,6-secocholestan-6-al (cholesterol 5,6-secosterol, ChSeco or Atheronal-A), formed at inflammatory sites, has been shown to promote monocyte differentiation into macrophages and cause elevated expression of macrophage scavenger receptors. Since inflammation is a key event at all stages of atherosclerotic plaque formation, the pro-inflammatory actions of ChSeco in human THP-1 monocytes and mouse J774 macrophages were investigated in the present study by employing ELISA, qRT-PCR, and functional assays. An increase in the secretion of interleukin-8 and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) isoform AA and, to a limited extent, PDGF isoform BB was observed into the culture medium of THP-1 monocytes exposed to ChSeco. However, no changes were seen in the secretion of tumor necrosis factor-alpha. In J774 macrophages treated with ChSeco, there was an upregulation of gene expression of several pro-inflammatory cytokines and their receptors. Concomitantly, there was down-regulation of gene expression of interleukin-1ß, interleukin-10, and lymphotoxin-beta. An increase in the release of interleukin-18 and chemokine (C-C motif) ligand-20 from J774 macrophages (which corroborated well with their gene expression profiles) and increased binding of THP-1 monocytes to ChSeco-exposed human aortic endothelial cells were observed. The results of the present study, for the first time, demonstrate the pro-inflammatory action of ChSeco and suggest the underlying pro-atherogenic mechanisms. These could be mediated through enhanced monocyte recruitment into the sub-endothelial space and subsequent proliferation of smooth muscle cells under the influence of monocyte-derived PDGF.
Xueli Gao, Achuthan C Raghavamenon, Deidra S Atkins-Ball, Rao M Uppu

1097 related Products with: Atherogenic oxoaldehyde of cholesterol induces innate immune response in monocytes and macrophages.

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#34129078   2021/06/15 To Up

The converging path of protein SUMOylation in phytohormone signalling: highlights and new frontiers.

The intersection of phytohormone signalling pathways with SUMOylation, a key post-translational modification, offers an additional layer of control to the phytohormone signalling for sophisticated regulation of plant development. Plants live in a constantly changing environment that are often challenging for the growth and development of plants. Phytohormones play a critical role in modulating molecular-level changes for enabling plants to resist climatic aberrations. The orchestration of such effective molecular responses entails rapid regulation of phytohormone signalling at transcriptional, translational and post-translational levels. Post-translational modifications have emerged as a key player in modulating hormonal pathways. The current review lays emphasis on the role of SUMOylation, a key post-translational modification, in manipulating individual hormone signalling pathways for better plant adaptability. Here, we discuss the recent advancement in the field and highlights how SUMO targets key signalling intermediates including transcription factors to provide a quick response to different biotic or abiotic stresses, sometimes even prior to changes in hormone levels. The understanding of the convergence of SUMOylation and hormonal pathways will offer an additional layer of control to the phytohormone signalling for an intricate and sophisticated regulation of plant development and can be utilised as a tool to generate climate-resilient crops.
Moumita Srivastava, Vivek Verma, Anjil Kumar Srivastava

2479 related Products with: The converging path of protein SUMOylation in phytohormone signalling: highlights and new frontiers.

1 Set1 Set1 Set21 Set0.05 mg

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#34128986   2021/06/15 To Up

TEAD family transcription factors in development and disease.

The balance between stem cell potency and lineage specification entails the integration of both extrinsic and intrinsic cues, which ultimately influence gene expression through the activity of transcription factors. One example of this is provided by the Hippo signalling pathway, which plays a central role in regulating organ size during development. Hippo pathway activity is mediated by the transcriptional co-factors Yes-associated protein (YAP) and transcriptional co-activator with PDZ-binding motif (TAZ), which interact with TEA domain (TEAD) proteins to regulate gene expression. Although the roles of YAP and TAZ have been intensively studied, the roles played by TEAD proteins are less well understood. Recent studies have begun to address this, revealing that TEADs regulate the balance between progenitor self-renewal and differentiation throughout various stages of development. Furthermore, it is becoming apparent that TEAD proteins interact with other co-factors that influence stem cell biology. This Primer provides an overview of the role of TEAD proteins during development, focusing on their role in Hippo signalling as well as within other developmental, homeostatic and disease contexts.
Laura Currey, Stefan Thor, Michael Piper

2739 related Products with: TEAD family transcription factors in development and disease.

100 units5x25 µl96100 ul96 tests96

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#34128693   2021/06/15 To Up

Antibody Levels to Plasmodium falciparum Erythrocyte Membrane Protein 1-DBLγ11 and DBLδ-1 Predict Reduction in Parasite Density.

Plasmodium falciparum erythrocyte membrane protein 1 (PfEMP1) is a variant surface antigen family expressed on infected red blood cells that plays a role in immune evasion and mediates adhesion to vascular endothelium. PfEMP1s are potential targets of protective antibodies as suggested by previous seroepidemiology studies. Here, we used previously reported proteomic analyses of PfEMP1s of clinical parasite isolates collected from Malian children to identify targets of immunity. We designed a peptide library representing 11 PfEMP1 domains commonly identified on clinical isolates by membrane proteomics and then examined peptide-specific antibody responses in Malian children. The number of previous malaria infections was associated with development of PfEMP1 antibodies to peptides from domains CIDRα1.4, DBLγ11, DBLβ3, and DBLδ1. A zero-inflated negative binomial model with random effects (ZINBRE) was used to identify peptide reactivities that were associated with malaria risk. This peptide selection and serosurvey strategy revealed that high antibody levels to peptides from DBLγ11 and DBLδ1 domains correlated with decreased parasite burden in future infections, supporting the notion that specific PfEMP1 domains play a role in protective immunity. infection causes devastating disease and high mortality in young children. Immunity develops progressively as children acquire protection against severe disease, although reinfections and recrudescences still occur throughout life in areas of endemicity, partly due to parasite immunoevasion via switching of variant proteins such as Plasmodium falciparum erythrocyte membrane protein 1 (PfEMP1) expressed on the infected erythrocyte surface. Understanding the mechanisms behind antibody protection can advance development of new therapeutic interventions that address this challenge. PfEMP1 domain-specific antibodies have been linked to reduction in severe malaria; however, the large diversity of PfEMP1 domains in circulating parasites has not been fully investigated. We designed representative peptides based on B cell epitopes of PfEMP1 domains identified in membranes of clinical parasite isolates and surveyed peptide-specific antibody responses among young Malian children in a longitudinal birth cohort. We examined previous infections and age as factors contributing to antibody acquisition and identified antibody specificities that predict malaria risk.
Brittany N Araj, Bruce Swihart, Robert Morrison, Patricia Gonzales Hurtado, Andrew Teo, Almahamoudou Mahamar, Oumar Attaher, Bacary S Diarra, Santara Gaoussou, Djibrilla Issiaka, Alassane Dicko, Patrick E Duffy, Michal Fried

1197 related Products with: Antibody Levels to Plasmodium falciparum Erythrocyte Membrane Protein 1-DBLγ11 and DBLδ-1 Predict Reduction in Parasite Density.

100μg100ug Lyophilized100ug Lyophilized100ug Lyophilized100ug Lyophilized 100ul100ug Lyophilized100ug Lyophilized100ug Lyophilized100ug Lyophilized100ug Lyophilized100ug Lyophilized

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#34128175   2021/06/10 To Up

The ER membrane protein complex subunit Emc3 controls angiogenesis via the FZD4/WNT signaling axis.

The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane protein complex (EMC) regulates the synthesis and quality control of membrane proteins with multiple transmembrane domains. One of the membrane spanning subunits, EMC3, is a core member of the EMC complex that provides essential hydrophilic vestibule for substrate insertion. Here, we show that the EMC subunit Emc3 plays critical roles in the retinal vascular angiogenesis by regulating Norrin/Wnt signaling. Postnatal endothelial cell (EC)-specific deletion of Emc3 led to retarded retinal vascular development with a hyperpruned vascular network, the appearance of blunt-ended, aneurysm-like tip endothelial cells (ECs) with reduced numbers of filopodia and leakage of erythrocytes at the vascular front. Diminished tube formation and cell proliferation were also observed in EMC3 depleted human retinal endothelial cells (HRECs). We then discovered a critical role for EMC3 in expression of FZD4 receptor of β-catenin signaling using RNA sequencing, real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) and luciferase reporter assay. Moreover, augmentation of Wnt activity via lithium chloride (LiCl) treatment remarkably enhanced β-catenin signaling and cell proliferation of HRECs. Additionally, LiCl partially reversed the angiogenesis defects in Emc3-cKO mice. Our data reveal that Emc3 plays essential roles in angiogenesis through direct control of FZD4 expression and Norrin/β-catenin signaling.
Mu Yang, Shujin Li, Wenjing Liu, Xiao Li, Yunqi He, Yeming Yang, Kuanxiang Sun, Lin Zhang, Wanli Tian, Lixin Duan, Huafu Chen, Dezhong Yao, Zhenglin Yang, Xianjun Zhu

1345 related Products with: The ER membrane protein complex subunit Emc3 controls angiogenesis via the FZD4/WNT signaling axis.

100 U1mg102100μg100μg4 Membranes/Box1 Set500 Units100 ul1 mg

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