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#35973592   2022/08/13 To Up

Dual-jet electrospun PDLGA/PCU nonwovens as promising mesh implant materials with controlled release of sirolimus and diclofenac.

Dual-jet electrospinning was employed to produce two-component, partially degradable drug releasing nonwovens with interlacing of poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PDLGA) and different poly(carbonate urethanes) (PCUs). Diclofenac sodium and sirolimus were released simultaneously from the copolyester carrier. The research focused on determining of release profiles of drugs, depending on the hydrophilicity of introduced PCU nanofibers. The influence of drugs incorporation on the hydrolytic degradation of the PDLGA and mechanical properties of nonwovens was also studied. Evaluation for interaction with cells in vitro was investigated on a fibroblast cell line in cytotoxicity and surface adhesion tests. Significant changes in drugs release rate, depending on the applied PCU were observed. It was also noticed, that hydrophilicity of drugs significantly influenced the hydrolytic degradation mechanism and surface erosion of the PDLGA, as well as the tensile strength of nonwovens. Tests carried out on cells in an in vitro experiment showed that introduction of sirolimus caused a slight reduction in the viability of fibroblasts as well as a strong limitation in their capability to colonize the surface of fibers. Due to improvement of mechanical strength and the ability to controlled drugs release, the obtained material may be considered as prospect surgical mesh implant in the treatment of hernia.
Jakub Wlodarczyk, Monika Musial-Kulik, Katarzyna Jelonek, Mateusz Stojko, Paulina Karpeta-Jarzabek, Malgorzata Pastusiak, Henryk Janeczek, Piotr Dobrzynski, Michal Sobota, Janusz Kasperczyk

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