Search results for: organs
#32272474 2020/04/10 To Up
Gonadal Dominance and Internal Genitalia Phenotypes of Patients with Ovotesticular Disorders of Sex Development: Report of 22 Cases and Literature Review.This study aimed to delineate internal genitalia phenotypes in patients with ovotesticular disorders of sex development (OT-DSD). Therefore, a cohort of 22 OT-DSD patients admitted to the Peking Union Medical College Hospital from March 1977 to August 2019 was analyzed retrospectively. The characteristics of karyotype, gonad type and location, and internal genital organs were reviewed and compared to 242 pooled cases from the Chinese literature. As a result, the most common karyotype was 46,XX (68.2% in 22 cases of our hospital, 60.8% in the domestic literature). The combination of gonads was separated (ovary-testis, 45.1%), unilateral (ovotestis-ovary, 17.4%; ovotestis-testis, 13.0%), and bilateral (ovotestis-ovotestis, 24.5%). All the cases in our hospital had a uterus on the side of the ovary or ovotestis. Among the 19 female patients, 5 had a hysterectomy due to genital tract obstruction, 9 had vaginal dysplasia, 3 had premature ovarian failure, and only 2 women gave birth to a child. In conclusion, OT-DSD is a typical model of unilateral gonadal determinism: the uterus is present on the side of the ovotestis and ovary and the internal genital organs predominantly exhibit female characteristics. However, combined reproductive tract malformation and ovarian function of premature failure are not uncommon.
Shan Deng, Aijun Sun, Rong Chen, Qi Yu, Qinjie Tian
1226 related Products with: Gonadal Dominance and Internal Genitalia Phenotypes of Patients with Ovotesticular Disorders of Sex Development: Report of 22 Cases and Literature Review.10 mg 5 G200ug1 g96 wells (1 kit)1000 200ul10 mg100 mg100ug100ug10 mg
#32272418 2020/04/01 To Up
Neuronal ERK MAPK signaling in response to low-dose nanopolystyrene exposure by suppressing insulin peptide expression in Caenorhabditis elegans.T
Man Qu, Dan Li, Yuexiu Qiu, Dayong Wang
2537 related Products with: Neuronal ERK MAPK signaling in response to low-dose nanopolystyrene exposure by suppressing insulin peptide expression in Caenorhabditis elegans.2 Pieces/Box96 tests100 μg2 Pieces/Box96 assays100ug100ug1 Set100ug50 1 Set
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#32272301 2020/03/27 To Up
Exosome-mimetics as an engineered gene-activated matrix induces in-situ vascularized osteogenesis.Exosome has been considered as an instructive supplement between complicated cell therapy and single gene/protein drug treatment in the field of regenerative medicine due to its excellent biocompatibility, efficient cellular internalization and large loading capacity. Nevertheless, one major issue that extremely restricts the potential application as gene/drug vehicles is the low yield of nanoscale exosome. Moreover, the intravenous injection of targeted exosomes may cause the obstruction of blood-rich organs. Thus, herein we fabricated a specific exosome-mimetics (EMs) that could come true mass and fast production exhibited the similar size, morphology and membrane protein markers in comparison with conventional exosomes. To bypass the risk of intravenous injection and improve the efficiency of topical therapy, we simultaneously applied the engineered EMs to design a gene-activated matrix (GAM) that could be locally released by encapsulating the plasmid of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and flexibly binding onto a core-shell nanofiber film. Our findings showed that the well-designed engineered EMs-mediated GAM was able to sustainably deliver VEGF gene and significantly enhance the vascularized osteogenesis in vivo. The current work can not only consolidate the applied foundation of EMs through the breakthrough of high yield, but also provide a local and effective delivery of engineered EMs for the in-situ therapy.
Yao Zha, Tianyi Lin, Yawu Li, Xin Zhang, Zihao Wang, Zubing Li, Yongqin Ye, Bin Wang, Shengmin Zhang, Jianglin Wang
1218 related Products with: Exosome-mimetics as an engineered gene-activated matrix induces in-situ vascularized osteogenesis.50μl100ug Lyophilized100ug Lyophilized200ul100μg100 assays96 T 100ul100ug
#32272132 2020/04/06 To Up
Bioluminescence in lanternsharks: insight from hormone receptor localization.As part of the study of their bioluminescence, the deep-sea lanternshark Etmopterus spinax and Etmopterus molleri (Chondrichthyes, Etmopteridae) received growing interest over the past ten years. These mesopelagic sharks produce light thanks to a finely tuned hormonal control involving melatonin, adrenocorticotropic hormone and α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone. Receptors of these hormones, respectively the melatonin receptors and the melanocortin receptors, are all members of the G-protein coupled receptor family i.e. coupled with specific G proteins involved in the preliminary steps of their transduction pathways. The present study highlights the specific localization of the hormonal receptors, as well as of their associated G-proteins within the light organs, the so-called photophores, in E. spinax and E. molleri through immunohistofluorescence technic. Our results allow gaining insight into the molecular actors and mechanisms involved in the control of the light emission in Etmopterid sharks.
Laurent Duchatelet, Jérôme Delroisse, Jérôme Mallefet
2864 related Products with: Bioluminescence in lanternsharks: insight from hormone receptor localization.100 μg100ug0.2 mg100ug100ug100 μg100ug100ug Lyophilized100ug Lyophilized100 μg100ug100ug
#32271999 2020/04/09 To Up
Clinical value of multiorgan damage in hypertensive crises: A prospective follow-up study.Hypertensive crises are associated with high rates of target organ complications and poor outcomes. A recent shift from the definition of malignant hypertension to hypertension-multiorgan damage (MOD) contributes to the diagnosis and management of hypertensive crises. Here, we prospectively included 166 adult (≥18 years old) patients with hypertensive crises (blood pressure >180/120 mm Hg). Target organs and causes of hypertension were assessed. Patients who were diagnosed with malignant hypertensive retinopathy, the absence of malignant hypertensive retinopathy but the presence of damage to at least 3 organs, and the absence of both retinopathy and MOD were classified as the malignant hypertension (n = 48), hypertension-MOD (n = 42), and hypertension without MOD (n = 76) groups, respectively. Patients were followed to evaluate renal and cardiovascular prognoses. At baseline, patients with malignant hypertension had worse renal function, higher level of albuminuria, and more severe microvascular damage than those with hypertension-MOD. Both had similar proportions of malignant arteriolar nephrosclerosis (83% vs 64%), left ventricular hypertrophy (90% vs 88%), abnormal repolarization (71% vs 60%), and left ventricular dysfunction (12% vs 21%). At the twenty months of follow-up, both the malignant hypertension and hypertension-MOD groups had similar blood pressure control rates and proteinuria. Both groups had worse renal outcomes than the hypertension without MOD group (P = .002). Patients with hypertension-MOD (HR = 0.67, [95% CI: 0.30-1.46], P = .31) had similar renal event-free survival than patients with MHT after adjustments of age, sex, blood pressure, and proteinuria control. These results suggest that in hypertensive crises, both malignant hypertension and hypertension-MOD have impact on adverse renal outcomes.
Hongkun Ma, Mengdi Jiang, Zongjie Fu, Zhiyu Wang, Pingyan Shen, Hao Shi, Xiaobei Feng, Yongxi Chen, Xiaoyi Ding, Zhiyuan Wu, Wen Zhang
2516 related Products with: Clinical value of multiorgan damage in hypertensive crises: A prospective follow-up study.
#32271948 2020/04/09 To Up
Intercontinental Test of Constraint-Breaking Adaptations; Testing Behavioural Plasticity in the Face of a Predator with Novel Hunting Strategies.Constraint-breaking adaptations are evolutionary tools that provide a mechanism for incumbent-replacement between species filling similar ecological roles. In common-garden experiments, we exposed populations of two desert rodents to two different viper species, testing their ability to adjust to novel predators that use different hunting strategies. We aimed to understand whether both predators and prey with constraint-breaking adaptations actually manifest comparative advantage over their counterparts. We used convergent species from desert dunes in the Mojave Desert in North America, Merriam's kangaroo rat (Dipodomys merriami) and the sidewinder rattlesnake (Crotalus cerastes), and from the Negev Desert in the Middle East, the greater Egyptian gerbil (Gerbillus pyramidum) and the Saharan horned vipers (Cerastes cerastes). Both Mojave species hold constraint-breaking adaptations in relation to their counterparts from the Negev. The rattlesnakes have heat sensing organs (pits) and the kangaroo rats have fur-lined cheek pouches that allow for greater foraging efficiency and food preservation. Using patch-use, we assessed the rodents' risk-assessment from each snake- separately, together and in combination with barn owls. Initially each rodent species foraged less in the presence of its familiar snake, but within a month both foraged less in the presence of the pit-viper (sidewinder). Our findings indicate a level of learning, and behavioural plasticity, in both rodents and ability to assess the risk from novel predators. The kangaroo rats were capable of harvesting far greater amounts of resources under the same conditions of elevate risk. However, the reason for their advantage may lay in bi-pedal agility and not only their ability collect food more efficiently.
Sonny S Bleicher, Burt P Kotler, Cynthia J Downs, Joel S Brown
1104 related Products with: Intercontinental Test of Constraint-Breaking Adaptations; Testing Behavioural Plasticity in the Face of a Predator with Novel Hunting Strategies.500 tests96 tests
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#32271825 2020/04/09 To Up
Performance of risk prediction scores for cardiovascular mortality in older persons: External validation of the SCORE OP and appraisal.European guidelines recommend the use of the Systematic COronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE) to assess 10-year risk of fatal cardiovascular events in people aged 40 to 65. The SCORE Older Persons (SCORE OP, 5-year and 10-year versions) was recently developed for people aged 65 or older. We assessed the performance of these risk scores in predicting fatal cardiovascular events in older persons in Berlin.
Marco Piccininni, Jessica L Rohmann, Dörte Huscher, Nina Mielke, Natalie Ebert, Giancarlo Logroscino, Elke Schäffner, Tobias Kurth
2499 related Products with: Performance of risk prediction scores for cardiovascular mortality in older persons: External validation of the SCORE OP and appraisal.150 ul1 kit
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#32271766 2020/04/09 To Up
Phenogenon: Gene to phenotype associations for rare genetic diseases.As high-throughput sequencing is increasingly applied to the molecular diagnosis of rare Mendelian disorders, a large number of patients with diverse phenotypes have their genetic and phenotypic data pooled together to uncover new gene-phenotype relations. We introduce Phenogenon, a statistical tool that combines, Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) annotated patient phenotypes, gnomAD allele population frequency, and Combined Annotation Dependent Depletion (CADD) score for variant pathogenicity, in order to jointly predict the mode of inheritance and gene-phenotype associations. We ran Phenogenon on our cohort of 3,290 patients who had undergone whole exome sequencing. Among the top associations, we recapitulated previously known, such as "SRD5A3-Abnormal full-field electroretinogram-recessive" and "GRHL2 -Nail dystrophy-recessive", and discovered one potentially novel, "RRAGA-Abnormality of the skin-dominant". We also developed an interactive web interface available at https://phenogenon.phenopolis.org to visualise and explore the results.
Nikolas Pontikos, Cian Murphy, Ismail Moghul, Gavin Arno, Kaoru Fujinami, Yu Fujinami, Dayyanah Sumodhee, Susan Downes, Andrew Webster, Jing Yu, 430 Tests / Kit 1 G600 Tests / Kit430 tests501 module 1L1 mL50 ug1 module25
#32271751 2020/04/09 To Up
A pilot study of the shapes of ablation lesions in the canine prostate by laser, radiofrequency and microwave and their clinical significance.To explore the shape characteristics of ablation lesions created via laser ablation (LA), radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and microwave ablation (MWA) in canine prostates and the clinical significance of these characteristics, six adult male beagles were randomly assigned to the LA, RFA, and MWA groups. These ablations were performed with common parameters applied in clinical practice (LA, 3 W/1200 J; RFA and MWA, 30 W/120 s). One ablation lesion was created in each lobe of the prostate via the ablation technique, resulting in a total of twelve ablation lesions. Transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) was used as guidance during puncture and to monitor changes in the ablation lesions. Finally, the ablation efficacy was assessed using transrectal contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS), and the transverse diameter (TRD), anteroposterior diameter (APD) and longitudinal diameter (LD) of each ablation lesion were measured. The volume (V) and the ratio (R) value were calculated. R reflects the shape characteristic of the ablation lesion (the R value close to 1.0 indicates a more spherical shape). The R values of the ablation lesions were 0.89 ± 0.02, 0.72 ± 0.01, and 0.65 ± 0.03 for RFA, MWA and LA, respectively, and they were significantly different (P = 0.027). The volumes of the ablation lesions were 2.17 ± 0.10 ml, 1.51 ± 0.20 ml, and 0.79 ± 0.07 ml for MWA, LA and RFA, respectively, and they were also significantly different (P = 0.001). The three abovementioned thermal ablation techniques with common parameters in clinical practice can be used for ablation in the prostate. The shapes and volumes of the ablation lesions of the three techniques were varied: The RFA-created lesions had the lowest volumes and were more spherical in shape, demonstrating that RFA could be used for the treatment of relatively small lesions or tumours adjacent to vital organs. The MWA lesions had the largest size with a spherical shape, which could be advantageous for the ablation of tumours with relatively large sizes. The sizes of the ablation lesions created via LA were between those of RFA and MWA but presented more oval in shape, suggesting that this method is highly appropriate for the ablation of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).
Ruiqing Liu, Shaobo Duan, Huicun Cao, Guangshao Cao, Zhiyang Chang, Ye Zhang, Yaqiong Li, Yuejin Wu, Luwen Liu, Lianzhong Zhang
2201 related Products with: A pilot study of the shapes of ablation lesions in the canine prostate by laser, radiofrequency and microwave and their clinical significance.
#32271384 2020/04/09 To Up
Exosomes facilitate transmission of Enterovirus A71 from human intestinal epithelial cells.Enterovirus A71 (EV-A71) has been noted for its tendency to lead to neurological manifestations in young children and infants. Although the alimentary tract has been identified as the primary replication site of this virus, how EV-A71 replicates in the gut and is transmitted to other organs remains unclear. By using differentiated C2BBe1 cells as a model, we observed that intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) were permissive to EV-A71 infection and viral particles were released in a nonlytic manner. The coexistence of active caspase 3 and EV-A71 protein was observed in the infected undifferentiated C2BBe1 and RD cells but not in the infected and differentiated C2BBe1 cells. Furthermore, EV-A71 infection caused differentiated C2BBe1 and intestinal organoids to secrete exosomes containing viral components and have the ability to establish active infection. Inhibition of the exosome pathway decreased EV-A71 replication and release in vitro and increased the survival rates of infected animals. Our findings showed that EV-A71 is able to be actively replicated in enterocytes, and that the exosome pathway is involved in the nonlytic release of viral particles, which may be useful for developing antiviral strategies.
Hsing-I Huang, Jhao-Yin Lin, Hsiao-Chu Chiang, Pen-Nien Huang, Qing-Dong Lin, Shin-Ru Shih
2764 related Products with: Exosomes facilitate transmission of Enterovirus A71 from human intestinal epithelial cells.25 TESTS25 4 X 250 ml.1.00 flask20.5 ml96 assays200 21.00 flask0.1 mg1.00 flask
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